|Residents||1,083,310 (Jan. 1, 2017)|
|Population density||252 inhabitants per km²|
President of the
Location of the department of Alpes-Maritimes in the
region d'Azur Provence-Alpes-Cote
The department Alpes-Maritimes [ ALP maʀitim ] ( Italian Maritime Alps ) is the French department with the atomic number 06. It is in the southeast of the country in the region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur and is in accordance with the Maritime Alps named that here the Form border mountains to Italy .
The department is part of Provence and extends from the Côte d'Azur to the alpine hinterland. It borders the Var department to the west, the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department to the northwest, Italy ( Piedmont and Liguria ) to the east and north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south , where it encloses the Principality of Monaco . The capital is Nice , other well-known cities are Cannes and Grasse .
coat of arms
As early as 7 BC, the Romans had A province of Alpes Maritimae was founded. Their capital was Cemenelum , today Cimiez, a district of Nice . During its greatest expansion at the end of the 3rd century, the province also included Digne and Briançon , and its capital had been moved to Embrun .
The current Alpes-Maritimes department was created in 1860 when the county of Nice became part of France. It was formed from the county that made up the Arrondissement of Nice and part of the Var department that made up the Arrondissement of Grasse . The latter explains why the Var river does not flow through the department of the same name: it previously formed the border between France and the county of Nice, but today it is the border between the two arrondissements.
In 1947 the territory of the Alpes-Maritimes department was expanded to include the municipalities of Tende and La Brigue , whose residents voted in a referendum in the same year to join France and as a result Italy had to cede the two villages.
The original Provencal (or Occitan) place names and other geographical names (which were Italianized while belonging to the House of Savoy ) were largely francophone when the county of Nice was annexed to France - unlike in Corsica municipalities mentioned in the last section. The municipality of Isola could be an exception . In addition to the French Nice , the Italian name is also known for Nice , but not in use locally. In addition, the districts of Monte-Carlo , Larvotto , and Les Moneghetti in the Principality of Monaco, which is surrounded by the department , have been preserved in their Italian spelling.
The official language is French. Until 1860, the official language in what was then the Contea di Nice was Italian . The annexation by France resulted in an aggressive language policy of Frenchization in the region . Due to the ongoing immigration of Italians, for example to Menton (Italian Mentone ), the Italian language has recently gained some ground in the region.
Due to the history of the county of Nice, which was administratively separated from Provence between 1388 and 1860, a dialect of the Provencal or Occitan language is still spoken in Nice and the surrounding area , which has an old Provencal form and is called Nissart . In the northern, alpine parts of the department, Alpine Provençal ( Gavot ) and Brigasque are spoken, while Maritime Provençal can still be heard in the west .
January 1, 2017
population / km²
- List of communes in the Alpes-Maritimes department
- List of cantons in the Alpes-Maritimes department
- List of associations of municipalities in the Alpes-Maritimes department
The department is bordered in the north by the Maritime Alps with the southernmost three-thousand-meter peaks in the Alps ( Mont Clapier 3045 m and the Cime du Gélas 3143 m), in the east by the Ligurian Alps and in the west by the Provencal Pre-Alps. This offers excellent hiking opportunities in the Vallée du Verdon , Vallée de la Tinée , Vallée du Var , Vallée de l ' Estéron , Vallée du Cians, Vallée de la Vésubie and Vallée de la Roya . Several large French GR long-distance hiking trails , Sentiers de grande randonnée , run through the department ( GR 4 , GR 5 , GR 52 , GR 52A and the Via Alpina ) and in some cases also lead through the Mercantour National Park .
Places of interest in the department:
- Bévéra (river / valley / canyon)
- Daluis Canyon (Haute Vallée du Var - Entraune)
- Estéron (river / valley / canyon)
- Colle della Bonette
- Colle di Tenda
- Col di Turini
- Mercantour National Park
- Vallée des Merveilles
- Roya (river / valley / canyon)
- Siagne (river / valley)
- Tete de Chien
- Tropaeum Alpium in La Turbie
- Var (river) (valley)
- Vésubie (river / valley / canyon)
Monitoring station: Cap Ferrat, 200 meters from the sea
|maritime climate data||J||F.||M.||A.||M.||J||J||A.||S.||O||N||D.|
|mean maximum temperature||12||13||14th||16||20th||23||27||27||24||20th||16||13|
|mean low temperature||6th||6th||8th||10||13||16||19th||19th||17th||14th||10||8th|
|Number of very sunny days||5||5||6th||5||4th||5||11||9||8th||8th||6th||5|
|Number of days with an overcast sky||10||9||10||7th||6th||4th||1||2||5||7th||9||8th|
|Number of rainy days||7th||7th||7th||6th||5||4th||2||3||4th||6th||8th||6th|
|Rainfall in mm||75||77||70||55||44||32||18th||33||60||95||110||73|
|Water temperature near the coast||14th||13||13||14th||17th||20th||22nd||24||23||21st||18th||16|
Days per year with
- Rainfalls over 1 mm: 64
- Frost: frost-free in 9 out of 10 years
- Snow: 1
- Thunderstorm: 20
- Hail: 1
As of 1991
- General Council of the Alpes-Maritimes Department (French)
- Prefecture of the Alpes-Maritimes department (French)
- http://www.cg06.fr/fr/le-cg06/les-alpes-maritimes-institution/organisation-politique/le-president/le-president/ accessed on March 26, 2013
- Jump up Claude Salicis, Germaine Salicis, Georges Brétaudeau, Marie-Claude Gérard: Dolmens, pseudo-dolmens, tumulus et pierres dressées des Alpes-Maritimes (06). In: Mémoire de l'Institut de Préhistoire et d'Archéologie Alpes Méditerranée - Hors Série (= Mémoires de l'IPAAM. Hors Série 7). Éditions IPAAM, Nice 2014, online ) . (
- Reinhard Scholl: French Maritime Alps, Alpes-Maritimes: Mercantour - Merveilles Rother hiking guide, 2nd edition 2011, ISBN 978-3-7633-4146-7 .
- Climate data from: Jean-Noël Darde, Plages et côtes de France, Éditions Balland, Paris 1991