Alpes-Maritimes department

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Coat of arms of the Alpes-Maritimes department
Finistère Côtes-d’Armor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Loire-Atlantique Vendée Manche Mayenne Orne Calvados Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Indre-et-Loire Vienne Deux-Sèvres Indre Loir-et-Cher Eure Eure-et-Loir Seine-Maritime Oise Aisne Somme Pas-de-Calais Nord Ardennes Marne Meuse Meurthe-et-Moselle Haute-Marne Vosges Moselle Haut-Rhin Bas-Rhin Territoire de Belfort Cher Loiret Yonne Aube Côte-d’Or Nièvre Haute-Saône Essonne Yvelines Seine-et-Marne Val-d’Oise Hauts-de-Seine Val-de-Marne Seine-Saint-Denis Paris Doubs Jura Saône-et-Loire Allier Creuse Haute-Vienne Charente Charente-Maritime Corrèze Dordogne Gironde Puy-de-Dôme Loire Rhône Ain Haute-Savoie Cantal Lot Savoie Haute-Loire Isère Ardèche Landes Lot-et-Garonne Hautes-Alpes Drôme Alpes-Maritimes Var Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Vaucluse Bouches-du-Rhône Gard Hérault Lozère Aveyron Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Gers Pyrènèes-Atlantiques Hautes-Pyrénées Aude Pyrénées-Orientales Haute-Garonne Ariège Haute-Corse Corse-du-Sud Vereinigtes Königreich Andorra Guernsey Jersey Niederlande Belgien Luxemburg Deutschland Liechtenstein Monaco Österreich Schweiz Italien SpanienLocation of the Alpes-Maritimes department in France
About this picture
region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur
prefecture Nice (Nice)
Sub-prefecture (s) Grasse
Residents 1,083,310 (Jan. 1, 2017)
Population density 252 inhabitants per km²
surface 4,301.50 km²
Arrondissements 2
Community associations 7th
Cantons 27
Communities 163
President of the
Department Council
Eric Ciotti
ISO-3166-2 code FR-06
Location of the Alpes-Maritimes
Location of the department of Alpes-Maritimes in the
region d'Azur Provence-Alpes-Cote

The department Alpes-Maritimes [ ALP maʀitim ] ( Italian Maritime Alps ) is the French department with the atomic number 06. It is in the southeast of the country in the region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur and is in accordance with the Maritime Alps named that here the Form border mountains to Italy .


The department is part of Provence and extends from the Côte d'Azur to the alpine hinterland. It borders the Var department to the west, the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department to the northwest, Italy ( Piedmont and Liguria ) to the east and north and the Mediterranean Sea to the south , where it encloses the Principality of Monaco . The capital is Nice , other well-known cities are Cannes and Grasse .

coat of arms

Description: In silver on a black three-mountain with blue waves, a red eagle with a crown of the same color .


Claude Salicis lists 26 dolmens , 39 pseudodolmen, 183 tumuli and 33 menhirs ( Pierres dressées in French ) for the department.

As early as 7 BC, the Romans had A province of Alpes Maritimae was founded. Their capital was Cemenelum , today Cimiez, a district of Nice . During its greatest expansion at the end of the 3rd century, the province also included Digne and Briançon , and its capital had been moved to Embrun .

An Alpes-Maritimes department with the capital Nice existed in France from 1793 to 1815. Its borders differed from those of today's department, especially since it included Monaco and Sanremo .

The current Alpes-Maritimes department was created in 1860 when the county of Nice became part of France. It was formed from the county that made up the Arrondissement of Nice and part of the Var department that made up the Arrondissement of Grasse . The latter explains why the Var river does not flow through the department of the same name: it previously formed the border between France and the county of Nice, but today it is the border between the two arrondissements.

In 1947 the territory of the Alpes-Maritimes department was expanded to include the municipalities of Tende and La Brigue , whose residents voted in a referendum in the same year to join France and as a result Italy had to cede the two villages.

The original Provencal (or Occitan) place names and other geographical names (which were Italianized while belonging to the House of Savoy ) were largely francophone when the county of Nice was annexed to France - unlike in Corsica municipalities mentioned in the last section. The municipality of Isola could be an exception . In addition to the French Nice , the Italian name is also known for Nice , but not in use locally. In addition, the districts of Monte-Carlo , Larvotto , and Les Moneghetti in the Principality of Monaco, which is surrounded by the department , have been preserved in their Italian spelling.



The official language is French. Until 1860, the official language in what was then the Contea di Nice was Italian . The annexation by France resulted in an aggressive language policy of Frenchization in the region . Due to the ongoing immigration of Italians, for example to Menton (Italian Mentone ), the Italian language has recently gained some ground in the region.

Due to the history of the county of Nice, which was administratively separated from Provence between 1388 and 1860, a dialect of the Provencal or Occitan language is still spoken in Nice and the surrounding area , which has an old Provencal form and is called Nissart . In the northern, alpine parts of the department, Alpine Provençal ( Gavot ) and Brigasque are spoken, while Maritime Provençal can still be heard in the west .


Administrative division

Communes and arrondissements in the Alpes-Maritimes department
Arrondissement Cantons Communities Residents
January 1, 2017
Density of
population / km²
Grasse 15th 62 000000000562936.0000000000562.936 1,231.23 000000000000457.0000000000457 061
Nice 14th 101 000000000520374.0000000000520.374 3,070.27 000000000000169.0000000000169 062
Alpes-Maritimes department 27 163 000000001083310.00000000001,083,310 4,301.50 000000000000252.0000000000252 06

See also:


Nice, aerial panorama


The department is bordered in the north by the Maritime Alps with the southernmost three-thousand-meter peaks in the Alps ( Mont Clapier 3045 m and the Cime du Gélas 3143 m), in the east by the Ligurian Alps and in the west by the Provencal Pre-Alps. This offers excellent hiking opportunities in the Vallée du Verdon , Vallée de la Tinée , Vallée du Var , Vallée de l ' Estéron , Vallée du Cians, Vallée de la Vésubie and Vallée de la Roya . Several large French GR long-distance hiking trails , Sentiers de grande randonnée , run through the department ( GR 4 , GR 5 , GR 52 , GR 52A and the Via Alpina ) and in some cases also lead through the Mercantour National Park .

Winter sports

Well-known winter sports resorts are Isola 2000 , Auron , Beuil , Valberg , Peira-Cava and Camp d'Argent on the Col de Turini .


Places of interest in the department:


Alpes-Maritimes department, topographer. map

Monitoring station: Cap Ferrat, 200 meters from the sea

maritime climate data J F. M. A. M. J J A. S. O N D.
mean maximum temperature 12 13 14th 16 20th 23 27 27 24 20th 16 13
mean low temperature 6th 6th 8th 10 13 16 19th 19th 17th 14th 10 8th
Number of very sunny days 5 5 6th 5 4th 5 11 9 8th 8th 6th 5
Number of days with an overcast sky 10 9 10 7th 6th 4th 1 2 5 7th 9 8th
Number of rainy days 7th 7th 7th 6th 5 4th 2 3 4th 6th 8th 6th
Rainfall in mm 75 77 70 55 44 32 18th 33 60 95 110 73
Water temperature near the coast 14th 13 13 14th 17th 20th 22nd 24 23 21st 18th 16

Days per year with

  • Rainfalls over 1 mm: 64
  • Frost: frost-free in 9 out of 10 years
  • Snow: 1
  • Thunderstorm: 20
  • Hail: 1

As of 1991

Web links

Commons : Département Alpes-Maritimes  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. accessed on March 26, 2013
  2. Jump up Claude Salicis, Germaine Salicis, Georges Brétaudeau, Marie-Claude Gérard: Dolmens, pseudo-dolmens, tumulus et pierres dressées des Alpes-Maritimes (06). In: Mémoire de l'Institut de Préhistoire et d'Archéologie Alpes Méditerranée - Hors Série (= Mémoires de l'IPAAM. Hors Série 7). Éditions IPAAM, Nice 2014, ISSN  1286-4374 . ( online )
  3. Reinhard Scholl: French Maritime Alps, Alpes-Maritimes: Mercantour - Merveilles Rother hiking guide, 2nd edition 2011, ISBN 978-3-7633-4146-7 .
  4. Climate data from: Jean-Noël Darde, Plages et côtes de France, Éditions Balland, Paris 1991

Coordinates: 43 ° 53 '  N , 7 ° 13'  E