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coat of arms
Sanremo (Italy)
Country Italy
region Liguria
province Imperia  (IM)
Coordinates 43 ° 49 '  N , 7 ° 47'  E Coordinates: 43 ° 49 '0 "  N , 7 ° 47' 0"  E
height 15  m slm
surface 54 km²
Residents 54,850 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 1,016 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 18038
prefix 0184
ISTAT number 008055
Popular name Sanremesi
Patron saint San Romolo
Detail of the historic center “La Pigna” of Sanremo
Passage in the old town "La Pigna" of Sanremo
The famous Sanremos casino

Sanremo (also San Remo ) is an Italian spa town with 54,850 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) on the Riviera di Ponente in Liguria . The city is about 20 kilometers from the French border .


Sanremo is located in the center of a wide bay between Capo Nero and Capo Verde and has an evenly mild climate in winter due to the protected location of the nearby mountains of the Maritime Alps, which protrude to the sea . In summer it is a popular seaside resort. Traditional hotels line the coastal road.

The “Kasbah” of Sanremo is particularly well-known, an oriental-looking, very winding tangle of passages and alleys in the old town, the so-called La Pigna . The casino, Casino Municipale di Sanremo , is also widely known .

Sanremo has churches of the Roman Catholic , Russian Orthodox , Waldensian , Lutheran and Romanian Orthodox communities. There used to be an Anglican and a Presbyterian congregation, and they still have their own cemetery in the neighboring town of Bordighera . The Russian Orthodox Church from 1914 housed the remains of the last Montenegrin monarch Nikola I. Petrović Njegoš and his family until 1989 .

Sanremo, the main town on the Riviera dei Fiori ( Riviera of Flowers ), is very famous for its carnation and rose cultivation and the flower market. Sanremo is not for nothing that the city of flowers called it owes but the flower and plant breeding much of its economic prosperity. The plant breeding industry has around 200 companies and numerous export companies (as of 2004). From 1980 to 2013 the city sponsored the flower arrangements (with up to 30,000 flowers) for the New Year's Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic

Sanremo is also the location for the Italian Sanremo Music Festival, which has been held annually at the end of February or beginning of March since 1951 . Sports fans are also familiar with Sanremo as the destination of the classic Milan – Sanremo cycling race . International car rallies and the annual sailing regatta at Easter are also held. From 1955 to 1966 there was the Festival Internazionale del Jazz di Sanremo . Occasional art exhibitions are held in the Villa Angerer , the so-called villa was built at the end of the 19th century for the Austrian lawyer Leopold Angerer.

In addition, the International Institute for Humanitarian Law is located in Sanremo . This is an independent body that has existed since 1970 and is dedicated to the development and dissemination of international humanitarian law and related areas of law. The institute occupies the Villa Ormond , which is surrounded by a public park and built for the Swiss tobacco industrialist Louis Ormond .

In and around Sanremo, the transport company Riviera Trasporti (RT) also operates the trolleybus Sanremo , the city is one of the smallest Italian cities with a trolleybus system. Today's tunnel stop at Sanremo is on the Genoa – Ventimiglia railway line ; the former route along the coast is used as a cycle path.

Alfred Nobel lived and died in Sanremo. The Villa Nobel is located in the eastern villa district, where he carried out numerous experiments. The painter Edward Lear is buried in Sanremo.


In the Middle Ages, the oldest part of town, the Pigna , was built on a hill . Its houses were built on top of each other to defend themselves against Muslim pirates ( Saracens and corsairs ), with steep streets, covered passages and many small squares. In Via Palma , the main street of the Pigna , is the small Palais Casa Manara , where in 1538 Pope Paul III. stayed overnight on his trip to Nice. Further down, in Via Montà No. 18 , Napoleon was staying in 1794 .

The writer Giovanni Domenico Ruffini had one of his novels set in Sanremo around 1855, and so the first guests came to spend the winter months in the mild climate of the Riviera coast. This was the beginning of the rapid rise of Sanremo to a spa town of the Belle Époque . In just a few years, the former fishing village became an elegant tourist center with a reputation that spread around the world. By 1900, 25 hotels and almost 200 villas had been built. Including the Villa Noseda, which was acquired by one of the most important German art collectors and patrons of the time, Adolph Thiem , in 1880 and rebuilt in a neo-Gothic style. The Grand Hotel Londra was built in 1860. Famous spa guests were Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary , Emperor Friedrich III. and the Russian tsarina Marija Alexandrovna .

The modern city center emerged at the beginning of the 20th century after San Remo was discovered by aristocratic and wealthy idlers. In 1905 the casino, undoubtedly the most famous building in the city, was built. In 1920 the city was the venue for the Sanremo Conference , at which the victorious Allied powers made agreements on the division of the Ottoman Empire , which had been defeated in World War I. From 1922 to 1924, Sanremo was the exile of the last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI. Vahdettin.

Population development
year 1861 1881 1911 1931 1951 1971 1991 2007 2016
Residents 12,464 18,760 27,013 29,583 40,464 62.210 56.003 56,385 54,824

Town twinning

Sanremo is in partnership with:

sons and daughters of the town

Literary processing

One of the most famous murders in modern literature happens in Sanremo. Tom Ripley, the main character of the novel The Talented Mr. Ripley by Patricia Highsmith , murdered his host on a boat ( The Talented Mr. Ripley , filmed in 1960 as Purple Noon and 1999 as The Talented Mr. Ripley ).

Web links

Commons : Sanremo  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
  2. The New Year's Concert of the Vienna Philharmonic
  3. ^ Gilbert Marion: Ormond, Louis. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland, Bern. October 17, 2009, accessed December 3, 2018 .
  4. Wolf Traud de Concini, Eva Ambros: Liguria: Italian Riviera and Cinque Terre. Hamburg 2011.
  5. AICCRE Liguria - Comuni liguri gemellati , accessed on March 26, 2018