(since 2007) :
|Postal code :||3000 Elsinore|
|Sister cities :||
City view over the harbor
Helsingør [ hɛlseŋˈøːʔɐ ] ( German Helsingör ) is a city in Denmark with 47,461 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). It is located at the narrowest point of the Oresund on the northeast tip of the island of Zealand . At the Swedish Sundufer over the city is Helsingborg .
The city is the capital of the Helsingør municipality in the administrative region of Hovedstaden . In addition to Helsingør itself, the urban area includes the districts Espergærde , Mørdrup, Skotterup, Snekkersten, Tibberup and Rørtang. A small area of the urban area with (as of January 1, 2020) 101 residents is located within the neighboring commune of Fredensborg .
Development of the population ( January 1st ) :
- 2006: 35.075
- 2007: 34,339
- 2008: 34,350
- 2009: 46,028 + 73
- 2010: 46,125 + 64
Kulturwerft and Kulturhafen
The Kulturværftet , which opened in 2010, is Helsingør's cultural center. A shipyard museum and a branch of the municipal library have been set up on the site of the former Helsingør Skibsværft . In 2012/13 the Maritime Museum (Museet for Søfart) moved here from Kronborg Castle.
After the port was redesigned, the Kronborg Cultural Harbor ( Kulturhavn Kronborg ) opened on May 26, 2013 , a joint initiative of the four institutions Kronborg Castle, Kulturværftet, the Maritime Museum Denmark and Helsingør Havn Harbor Company . The cultural events are aimed at citizens and tourists alike. The sculpture HAN by the artist duo Elmgreen & Dragset has been located in the middle of the harbor basin since 2012. The work of art alluding to the Little Mermaid in Copenhagen is popularly known as Havdreng (something like "sea boy") because, unlike the fairy tale character, it has legs.
- Marienlyst Castle from 1588
- Helsingør Station , a railway station built in 1891 in the Danish neo-renaissance style
- St. Olai Cathedral
- Marienkirche and Liebfrauenkloster, built by Carmelites in 1430
- Helsingør Bymuseum in a Renaissance building from 1520, since 1973 the city museum
- Danmarks Tekniske Museum , since the late 1960s
- Øresundsakvariet , opened in 1973
- several restored streets in the old town
- Danserindebrønden (dancers' fountain ) from 1913
- The old theater, built in 1817, was demolished and rebuilt in 1961 in the open-air museum Den Gamle By .
Kulturhavn Kronborg with Kulturværftet in the background
Helsingør is the north-eastern corner of the railway network of the Danish State Railways . There is a terminus station here with frequent regular traffic to Copenhagen and further via the Öresund connection to Sweden. There used to be a direct rail ferry connection to Helsingborg. The private train to Gilleleje also runs along the edge of the city center , which operates within the city similar to a tram.
The depot that still exists near the station was demolished at the beginning of January 2017 to make room for the planned reconstruction of the coastline to Copenhagen, which is planned for 2017/18.
On behalf of the Danish Crown from 1429 to 1857, a tax, the Sundzoll , was levied on non-Danish shipping traffic, which, thanks to Helsingør's location, passes the narrowest point of the Øresund , which remained the monarchy's most important source of income for centuries and whose register was as of 2011 World Document Heritage has been declared.
Helsingør Havn, the city's port, is one of the most important ports in Denmark with a cargo handling of around four million tons and its ferry port. Car ferries operated by Scandlines and HH-Ferries operate between Helsingør and Helsingborg, and they bridge this section of the E4 European route .
Helsingør is connected to the neighboring city of Helsingborg via a ferry connection. In 2018, two Forsea ferries, the Tycho Brahe and the Aurora af Helsingborg , were converted to battery-electric operation . By converting the two ferries, it was possible to reduce CO 2 emissions by 65%. The batteries are charged after each crossing; this takes about five to nine minutes.
sons and daughters of the town
- Christian Frederik von Hansen (1788–1873), General and Minister of War
- Christian Julius de Meza (1792-1865), general
- Hans Peter Christian Møller (1810–1845), malacologist and inspector of Greenland
- Ludvig Lorenz (1829-1891), physicist
- Edgar Aabye (1865-1941), sportsman
- Julius Thornberg (1883–1945), violinist
- Kai Lindberg (1899–1985), Minister
- Willy Falck Hansen (1906–1978), track cyclist and Olympic champion
- Ove Verner Hansen (1932–2016), actor and singer
- Helle Fagralid (* 1976), actress
- Mikkel Hansen (* 1987), handball player
- Emil Berggreen (* 1993), soccer player
- Statistics Banks -> Befolkning og valg -> BY1: Folketal January 1st efter byområde, alder og køn (Danish)
- The German spelling of the umlauts is used from Schlegel-Tieck's Hamlet translation (1831) through Tucholsky's Gripsholm (1931) and Bernhard Zebrowski's “Die Flöhe von Helsingör” (1946) to this day.
- Kulturhavn Kronborg. Retrieved June 15, 2014 (Danish).
- Kulturhavn Kronborg - strategi for aktiviteter og begivenheder 2013-2016. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on December 24, 2013 ; Retrieved June 15, 2014 (Danish). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Tejs OT Lindhardt: "Havdreng" tog Elsinore med storm. In: XQ28. June 3, 2012, Retrieved June 18, 2017 .
- 'HAN'. In: Helsingør Leksikon. Retrieved June 18, 2017 .
- REMISE RIVES NED. (PDF) In: baneavisen. banedanmark.dk, January 12, 2017, p. 3 , accessed January 16, 2017 (Danish).
- Hållbarhet | Startsida. Retrieved January 2, 2019 .
- Now the blue way is also the gre enest one - HH Ferries becomes ForSea. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on January 2, 2019 ; accessed on January 2, 2019 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.