January 1st

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The Jan. 1 (in Austria and South Tyrol : January 1 ) is the first day of the Gregorian calendar , so stay 364 days (in leap years 365 days) by year end.

New Year (also New Year's Day ) is the first day of the calendar year. Due to the different part in individual cultures and religions chronologies and therefore calendars there are years beginning at different times.

Historic anniversaries
December · January · February
1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th
8th 9 10 11th 12th 13th 14th
15th 16 17th 18th 19th 20th 21
22nd 23 24 25th 26th 27 28
29 30th 31

State authorities usually assign 1 January of the presumed or known year of birth as their official birthday to living persons with an unknown date of birth . This rarely happens today, but occurs, for example, with orphans from war zones or from countries without well-organized state bookkeeping.


Politics and world events

1438: Albrecht II.
1651: Charles II.
1739: Bouvet Island
1814: Blücher near Kaub on the Rhine
1877: Victoria, Empress of India
1912: Sun Yat-sen
1934: Alcatraz
1949: Territorial claims in Kashmir
1959: Flag of the July 26th Movement

Entry into force of laws and international treaties

January 1st is often used for the entry into force of laws and international treaties. This applies, among other things, to:

1834: The German Customs Union (blue) at the time it was founded
1863: The Emancipation Proclamation
Law to prevent hereditary offspring ( in force from 1934)
1948: The three Benelux countries
1994: The member states of NAFTA
Development of the EU from 1957 to 2013
2016: The new French regions
  • 2016: the law on regional reform in France. Instead of the previous 22 regions , metropolitan France will only have 13 in the future.


The following states will gain their independence on January 1st:

1956: Sudan

Taking office

The following people will take office on January 1st:

1997: Kofi Annan
  • 1997: the Ghanaian Kofi Annan as UN Secretary General.
2002: Hamid Karzai


Important events in the world economy

1875: Danish 2 Reichstaler coin
  • 1875: In Denmark , the Coin Act passed in 1873 comes into force. With this, the Danish Krone replaces the Reichstaler, which was valid until then, as currency . It is still the country's official currency today .
1876: Reichsbank building on Jägerstrasse in Berlin
1927: 10 pengős
1951: Laying of the foundation stone in the Hüttenkombinat Ost
Logo of WDR 4

Business start-ups

January 1st is also a commonly used day for setting up businesses. The following companies are founded:

1842: Rheinische Zeitung
1924: Krasnaya Zvezda

science and technology


1781: Cast iron bridge over the Severn
1867: The Roebling Bridge

Natural sciences

1758: Systema Naturæ - 10th ed.
1801: Piazzi's discovery of Ceres (1802)


More scientific events

1908: The departure of the Nimrod
  • 1908: The British schooner Nimrod under the command of Ernest Shackleton leaves the New Zealand port of Lyttelton . The Nimrod expedition is in search of the magnetic south pole .
  • 1921: The NC-5, a US naval aircraft manufactured by the Naval Aircraft Factory according to Curtiss ' plans , flies a distance of 702 miles (1129.5 km) in a record time of 9 hours 15 minutes with five passengers on board with an average speed of 123.44 km / h.
  • 1970: The Unix -Zeitrechnung Epoch begins.
  • 1983: In the Arpanet , the forerunner of the Internet , the NCP protocol is exchanged for the TCP / IP that is still used today .
  • 1985: The generic domain .net is set up and, at the same time, the first domain registration is carried out with nordu.net .
  • 1995: On the Norwegian oil drilling platform Draupner-E in the North Sea, the automatic wave measuring system reports a single wave with a height of 26 m in a storm with waves 12 m high: the first unequivocal scientific evidence for the existence of monster waves .



1660: Samuel Pepys
  • 1660: Samuel Pepys begins his secret diary, which he will keep until March 31, 1669.
  • 1974: In the West German Federal Republic, three-point seat belts for the front seats are mandatory for newly registered cars.
  • 1976: In the Federal Republic of Germany, seat belts are compulsory for front seats and adults.



  • 1968: Floods in the state of Bahia in Brazil leave over 200 dead and around 50,000 homeless.
  • 1978: A Boeing 747 of Air India crash minutes after the start of Bombay into the sea. All 213 people on board die.

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .

nature and environment


The Olympic hill in Garmisch-Partenkirchen

Entries of track and field world records can be found under the respective discipline under track and field .


Before the 17th century

Margareta Eriksdotter Leijonhufvud (* 1516)

17th century

Christian Thomasius (* 1655)

18th century

Therese Malfatti (* 1792)

19th century


Guglielmo Libri (* 1803)
Franziska Lechner (* 1833)


Alfred Stieglitz (* 1864)
Wilhelm Canaris (* 1887)
J. Edgar Hoover (* 1895)

20th century


Anna Langfus (* 1920)


Vernon Smith (born 1927)
Ack van Rooyen (* 1930)
Heribert Rahdjian (* 1936)
Phil Read (* 1939)
Alassane Ouattara (* 1942)
Jon Corzine (born 1947)


  • 1951: Luc Ferry , French politician and philosopher, minister
Ulrike Flach (* 1951)
Philippe Douste-Blazy (* 1953)
Christine Lagarde (* 1956)
Sergei Glasjew (* 1961)
Jörg Dräger (* 1968)
Tuncay Gary (* 1971)
André Marx (* 1973)


Nina Bott (* 1978)
Jeff Carter (* 1985)
Elena Kömmling (* 2000)

21st century


Before the 18th century

Aelius Caesar († 138)

18th century

Giuseppe Maria Tomasi († 1713)

19th century

Franziska von Hohenheim († 1811)

20th century


Ignatius Donnelly († 1901)
Jakob Wassermann († 1934)


Robert Kerr († 1963)
Alexis Korner († 1984)
Helen Wills Moody († 1998)

21st century

Hank Häberle († 2007)
Freya von Moltke († 2010)

Holidays and memorial days

Individual evidence

  1. see also: circumcision style

Further entries can be found in the list of days of remembrance and action .

Commons : January 1st  - Collection of images, videos and audio files