Stanislaw Moniuszko

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Stanisław Moniuszko, Warsaw 1865
Moniuszko's coat of arms, Herb Krzywda

Stanisław Moniuszko Herb Krzywda (born May 5, 1819 in Ubiel near Minsk , † June 4, 1872 in Warsaw , Congress Poland ) was a Polish nobleman , composer , conductor and teacher . His compositional work mainly includes songs and operas , many of which are full of patriotic folk melodies by the founders of Poland-Lithuania . He is known as the "father of the Polish National Opera". The history painter Jan Czesław Moniuszko was his son.


Organ in St. Peter and Paul (Vilnius) , on which Moniuszko played for years

Born into a noble Polish-Armenian family of landowners, Moniuszko showed musical talent at an early age and took private music lessons with Karl August Freyer in Warsaw from 1827 to 1830 and then continued his musical training in Minsk . From 1837 to 1839 he studied composition at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin with Carl Friedrich Rungenhagen , director of the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin , and received lessons in choral conducting from him. During this time Moniuszko studied the main works of classical music and their performance practices. He had surprising early success in Berlin when he performed Three Songs based on words by the Polish writer Adam Mickiewicz . Some of his songs, which he composed as a student in Berlin, have been published by Bote & Bock and have received positive reviews from music critics.

House in Vilnius , where Moniuszko lived from 1839–1858.

After three years in Berlin, he returned to Vilnius in 1839 to marry Aleksandra Müller. There he got a job as an organist and worked as a private piano accompanist. He often had to struggle with financial difficulties after having had to support a family with 10 children thanks to a happy married life, plus carers (18 people at the table every day). He made great contributions to music in the Vilnius region; Stage performances of large choral works such as the Mozart Requiem , excerpts from Joseph Haydn's The Creation and Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy's Paulus . And Moniuszko also performed well-known orchestral works by Spontini , Mendelssohn and Ludwig van Beethoven .

Cover d. House song book

During this time he met the novelist Józef Ignacy Kraszewski and the comedian Aleksander Fredro , who stimulated his interest in dramatic music. Around 1840 Moniuszko began to compose intensively, writing his first operas and other stage works as well as sacred music and secular cantatas . Around this time he began one of his most popular works, the 12-volume Śpiewnik domowy (house songbook) for piano and voice, 268 songs to poems of his era.

During his life Moniuszko traveled several times to Saint Petersburg , where his concerts were well received. There Michail Glinka and Alexander Dargomyschski showed great appreciation for Moniuszko's talent; Moniuszko became Dargomyschski's friend and dedicated his fantastic overture Bajka to him . In Petersburg Moniuszko met greats like Mili Balakirew , Mussorgsky and Alexander Serow ; his style of music was appreciated by Hans von Bülow . Moniuszko was the mentor of the Russian composer César Cui . His visit to Warsaw in 1848, where he met Jozef Sikorski, the future editor of the most important Polish music journal Ruch Muzyczny (Music Movement), Oskar Kolberg and Włodzimierz Wolski (1824–1882), the Polish writer and future librettist of his, was decisive for his career famous opera, Halka .

Father of the Polish National Opera

Stanisław Moniuszko bust

In 1848 Moniuszko privately conducted the premiere of the first version of his opera Halka (opera in two acts) in Vilnius ; It took 10 years for the political situation to calm down enough to be able to put a nationally themed opera for a second performance. After the triumph of the second version of Halka (opera in four acts) at the Warsaw premiere on January 1, 1858, he toured France with the help of the pianist Maria Kalergis, where he met Daniel-François-Esprit Auber and Gioachino Rossini in Paris . After a visit to Berlin , he met the Czech national composer Bedřich Smetana in Prague , who was preparing the Prague premiere of his opera Halka there. Ultimately, Moniuszko also visited Weimar and Franz Liszt there .

Teatr Wielki Warsaw
Stanislaw Moniuszko

On August 1, 1858, Moniuszko was appointed chief conductor of the Opera Narodowa (Polish National Opera) in the Teatr Wielki in Warsaw . During the first year he managed to put one of his operas on the repertoire (Flis) and for the following 15 years in office he conducted almost exclusively his own compositions. Hoping that the Parisians would include one of his operas in their program, Moniuszko returned to France in 1862 . There was no success. Due to the change in political conditions in the wake of the Polish January Uprising , which was unfavorable for artistic activities abroad, he returned home early. In 1864 Moniuszko began to teach harmony , counterpoint and composition at the Warsaw Conservatory , where he led the choir. His students there were u. a. Zygmunt Noskowski and Henryk Jarecki. In 1865 the world premiere of his new opera Straszny Dwór enjoyed an enthusiastic reception and proved a success comparable to that of Halka . He was appointed professor of composition and music theory at the Warsaw Conservatory .

From Halka's success to his other operatic works such as 1858 Flis (Der Flößer) / 1860 Hrabina (The Countess) / 1861 Verbum nobile and most importantly 1865 Straszny Dwór (The Ghost Castle): the general characteristics of all these works are librettos, which - in spite of the performing aristocracy - emphasize Polish customs and traditions and maintain and promote patriotic feelings during the time of the national struggle . The importance of Halka for national culture is proven by the fact that the city opera house was reopened with it in autumn 1945 after the establishment of the Polish administration in Wroclaw .

Stanisław Moniuszko died of a heart attack on June 4, 1872 and was buried in the historically important Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw.


Moniuszko's autograph of 4 bars of a polonaise

In Moniuszko's Grove Music entry it says: Like Glinka in Russia, Erkel in Hungary, and Smetana in the Czech lands, Moniuszko has become associated above all with the concept of a national style in opera. Moniuszko's operas and music as a whole are representative of 19th century Romanticism , in which the composer makes extensive use of arias , recitatives, and ensembles that play a major role in his operas. Straszny Dwór is an exception , where beautifully placed chorus parts demonstrate Moniuszko's compositional mastery of writing for many voices. The source of the Moniuszko melodies and rhythmic grids are often found in Polish folklore. One of the most obvious Polish aspects of his music lies in the form he uses, including popular and upscale dances such as polonaise and mazurka , as well as folk melodies and dances such as Kujawiak and Krakowiak . The most important of these choral works are the cantatas Sonety krymskie (Krim-Sonnete) and Widma (Phantoms) on the texts of Adam Mickiewicz , the leading writer of Polish Romanticism.

His 12-volume series Śpiewnik domowy is as remarkable in terms of quantity as it is of quality. Although many songs are simple, mostly strophic, some adopt some form of dialogue or ballad, and the majority of his songs attest to Moniuszko's originality and melodic ingenuity. The origin of Moniuszko's melodic and rhythmic patterns often lie in the Polish and Belarusian musical folklore; Most of the texts set to music are by prominent Polish writers, many of whom trace their roots in what is now Belarus . E.g .: Mickiewicz , Pol , Kraszewski , Syrokomla , Lenartowicz , Czeczot , Odyniec , Dunin-Marcinkiewicz . Many of his songs became extremely popular, they took on the character of folk songs. Moniuszko was therefore called "the Polish Schubert " by contemporaries .

An English version of the opera Straszny Dwór (The Haunted Manor) was created in 1970 by students of the Operatic society at the University of Bristol and premiered; this version has since been performed by the semi-professional British opera company Opera South , especially in 2001. This company also presented the world premiere of the newly created English version of the Moniuszko opera Verbum Nobile in 2002 .

The Pocket Opera Company in San Francisco presented Donald Pippin's English language version of the opera Straszny Dwór (The Haunted Manor) in 2009 and the Polish national opera Halka (Helen) in 2010.

Impact and Legacy

Bust of Stanisław Moniuszko in the old town of Vilnius , Lithuania

Stanisław Moniuszko's funeral ceremony became a national event. To this day his music is widely acclaimed in Poland and generally accepted as a model for Slavic music. From statues to parks named after him, music competitions, music groups, and music institutions - the name Stanisław Moniuszko has a meaning throughout Polish society. It is printed on postage stamps , banknotes and other official Polish documents.

The world is hardly aware of Moniuszko's work and then only as a marginal phenomenon - like many other Polish artists of the time, Stanisław Moniuszko directed his patriotic, hopeful works primarily to his own people as a reflection of the depressing reality that the fatherland was created by the three partitions of Poland disappeared from the map of Europe. Artists like Stanisław Moniuszko were therefore a thorn in the side of the Poles' Russian , Prussian and Austrian policies, which were strictly followed by the Russian , Prussian and Austrian policies. It became law not to observe them, to defame them or to strictly refuse to promote them. The compositions of Moniuszko therefore hardly had a chance of attracting greater attention outside Polish society, similar to the works of the national poet Adam Mickiewicz , which are not to be found in world literature today, but Moniuszko composed numerous songs for his texts. Fryderyk Chopin, on the other hand, was fortunate to be able to hide Polish motifs under the strong originality of his works (mostly piano compositions, no operas or hardly any songs whose texts could have offended) from the watchful eyes of the dividing powers.

Since the 1990s, Stanisław Moniuszko has been regarded in Belarus as an important figure in Belarusian culture (against the background that Belarus as part of the Poland-Lithuanian Union was strongly influenced by Poland). Moniuszko's operas have therefore been regularly performed at the Национальный Академический Большой Театр Оперы (Belarusian National Opera) and the Stanisław Moniuszko Museum is now there.


Stage works


plant shape composed libretto premiere
Biuraliści ("The Bureaucrats") Operetta in one act circa 1835 Fryderyk Skarbek not listed
Nocleg w Apeninach
("The night camp in the Apennines")
Operetta in one act approx. 1837-1839 Aleksander Fredro Vilnius , 1839
Cudowna woda
("The miraculous waters")
Operetta in two acts; Lost except for the overture 1840-1841
Ideał, czyli Nowe Precjoza
("Perfection, or The New Prezjosa")
Operetta in two acts circa 1841 Oskar Korwin-Milewski Vilnius, 1840
Karmaniol, czyli Francuzi lubią żartować
("Carmagnole, or The French-like Joke")
operetta approx. 1840-1841 Oskar Korwin-Milewski (after Emmanuel Théaulon , Auguste Pittaud de Forges and Ernest Jaime) not listed
Nowy Don Kiszot
("The New Don Quixote")
Operetta in three acts 1843 Aleksander Fredro
(after Miguel de Cervantes )
Lviv 1849
Warsaw , 1923
Żółta szlafmyca
("The yellow sleeping cap")
operetta circa 1841 Franciszek Zablocki lost
("The Lottery")
Operetta in one act approx. 1842–1843 Oskar Korwin-Milewski Minsk , 1843
Cyganie ("The Gypsies")
(modified to Jawnuta in 1860 )
operetta circa 1852 Franciszek Dionizy kneeling Vilnius, May 20, 1852
Beata Operetta in one act approx. 1870–1871 Jan Chęciński Warsaw, February 2, 1872
Pobór rekrutów
("The Convocation")
operetta 1842 Wincenty Dunin-Marcinkiewicz lost


plant shape composed libretto premiere
Halka ("Helen") Opera in two acts, later expanded to four acts approx. 1847–1848
and 1857
Włodzimierz Wolski (after Kazimierz Władysław Wójcicki ) Vilnius ,
January 1, 1848
Opera in two acts around 1848? Wincenty Dunin-Marcinkiewicz lost
Betty Comic opera in two acts circa 1852 Franz von Schober (after Eugène Scribe and
Mélesville )
May 20, 1852
Flis ("The Raftsman") Opera in one act circa 1858 Stanisław Bogusławski Warsaw ,
September 24, 1858
("The King of the Poor Peasants")
incomplete circa 1859 Józef Korzeniowski not listed
("The Countess")
Opera in three acts circa 1869 Włodzimierz Wolski Warsaw,
February 7, 1860
Jawnuta Opera in two acts circa 1860 Warsaw
June 5th 1860
Verbum nobile
("The word of honor")
Comic opera in one act circa 1860 Jan Chęciński Warsaw,
January 1, 1861
Straszny Dwór
("The Haunted Castle")
Opera in four acts approx. 1861–1864 Jan Chęciński (after Kazimierz Władysław Wójcicki) Warsaw,
September 28, 1865
pariah Tragic opera in a prologue and three acts approx. 1859–1869 Jan Chęciński (based on a tragedy by Casimir Delavigne ) Warsaw, December 11, 1869
Trea incomplete circa 1872 Jan Jasiński (based on a Flemish legend) not listed
Nowy dziedzic
("The new landlord")
incomplete undated not listed
Sen wieszcza
("The Seer's Dream")
incomplete undated Władysław Syrokomla (after Joseph-Bernard Rosier and Adolphe de Leuven ) not listed
Walka muzyków
("The Musicians' Struggle")
incomplete undated Wincenty Dunin-Marcinkiewicz lost

Ballet music

  • Monte Christo , after Alexandre Dumas the Elder (1866)
  • Na kwaterunku ("On the Billet", 1868)
  • Figle szatana ("The Devil's Joke ", 1870)
  • Merry Wives of Windsor (1849), composed as an insert to the opera by Otto Nicolai

Theater music

  • Kasper Hauser (1843), melodrama by Auguste Anicet-Bourgeois and Adolphe d'Ennery . World premiere: Minsk , November 18, 1843
  • Sabaudka ("Savoyardess or The Mother's Blessing"), melodrama in five acts by Adolphe d'Ennery and Gustave Lemoine. First performance: Vilnius, May 6, 1845
  • Hamlet . On William Shakespeare's tragedy. First performance: Warsaw, March 24, 1871
  • Zbojcy ("The Robbers"). On Friedrich Schiller's tragedy. World premiere: Warsaw 1870 and 1871
  • Hans Mathis , Drama (1872). Completed by Adam Munchheimer
  • Karpaccy gorale , drama by Józef Korzeniowski

Vocal works

Secular cantatas

plant shape composed text premiere
Milda Cantata for solo voice,
mixed choir and orchestra
1848 Józef Ignacy Kraszewski (after Witolorauda ) Vilnius ,
December 18, 1848
Nijoła Wundyny Cantata for solo voices,
mixed choir and orchestra
after 1848 partly from Witolorauda Vilnius,
March 8, 1852
Florian Szary
("The Gray")
Ballad from the unfinished opera
Rokiczana for baritone solo ,
choir and orchestra
1858-1859 Józef Korzeniowski Warsaw ,
December 16, 1860
("The Spirits")
Cantata for solo voices,
mixed choir and orchestra
before 1859 Adam Mickiewicz , based on
Dziady ("Ancestral Celebration"), poetic drama
Sonety krymskie
("Crimean Sonnets")
Cantata (8 sonnets for solo voices),
mixed choir and orchestra
1867 Adam Mickiewicz Warsaw,
February 16, 1868
Pani Twardowska Ballad for solo voices, choir
and orchestra
1869 Adam Mickiewicz Warsaw,
December 1869
Kurmine cantata unfinished

Spiritual works

plant shape composed text premiere
Litania ostrobramska No. 1 Solo voices, mixed choir , organ and orchestra 1843 Latin
Mass in A minor Soprano , alto and organ 1848 Polish
(by Antoni Edward Odyniec )
Litania ostrobramska No. 2 Solo voices, mixed choir,
organ and orchestra
1849 Latin
Funeral Mass in D minor SATB and organ 1850 Polish
(by Alojzy Feliński )
Litania ostrobramska No. 3 Solo voices, mixed choir,
organ and orchestra
1854 Latin
Litania ostrobramska No. 4 Solo voices, mixed choir,
organ and orchestra
1855 Latin
Mass in E minor 2 sopranos, alto and organ 1855 Polish
(from Antoni Edward Odyniec)
or Latin
(from Achilles Bonoldi)
Mass in E flat major Solo voices, mixed choir, organ and string quintet 1865 Latin
Mass in B flat major "Piotrowinska" Solo voices, mixed choir and organ 1872 Warsaw , May 19, 1872
Ecce lignum crucis / Oto drzewo krzyza Motet for baritone solo, mixed choir and organ 1872 Latin or Polish (from Miłosz Kotarbiński ) Warsaw, March 29, 1872
Modlitwa Panska
" Ojcze nasz "
SATB with orchestra or organ
(also a cappella)
Polish Warsaw, June 17, 1859
Psalm "Ne memineris" Solo voices, mixed choir, organ and string quintet Latin
Psalm "Vide humilitatem meam" mixed choir, string quintet and organ Polish
Requiem aeternam 11 solo voices, mixed choir and orchestra Latin


more than 300, listing the most popular:

  • Chochlik (The Imp). Text by AE Odyniec
  • Czaty (The Ambush), ballad . Text by A. Mickiewicz . Also as an orchestral song
  • Czarny krzyżyk (The Little Black Cross). Text by Bruno Bielawski.
  • Dziad i baba (The Old Man and The Old Woman). Text by JI Kraszewski
  • Dziadek i babka (Grandpa and Grandma). Text by P. Jankowski
  • Entuzjasta (The Enthusiast). Text by J. Prusinowski
  • Kozak (Cossack). Also known as Tam na gorze jawor stoi
  • Kum i kuma (Chums). Text by J. Czeczot
  • Łzy (Tears). Text by AE Odyniec
  • Maciek . Text by T. Lenartowicz
  • Magda karczmarka (Magda, the Innkeeper). Also known as W pustej karczmie Magda siedzi , ballad. Text by E. Sztyrmer
  • Nad Nidą (On Nida River). Text by Włodzimierz Wolski
  • Panicz i dziewczyna (The Young Master and The Girl). Also known as W gaiku target name . Text by AE Odyniec
  • Pieśń wieczorna (The Song at Dusk). Also known as Po nocnej rosie . Text by W. Syrokomla
  • Piosnka żołnierza (Soldier's Song). Also known as Już matka zasnęła . Text by J. Korzeniowski
  • Polna różyczka (The Little, Field Rose). Text by J. Grajnert
  • Powrót taty (Father's Return). Text by A. Mickiewicz
  • Prząśniczka (The Spinner). Text by J. Czeczot. Also as an orchestral song
  • Rozmowa (conversation). Also known as Kochanko moja, na co nam rozmowa . Text by A. Mickiewicz
  • Rybka (The Fish). Text by A. Mickiewicz
  • Świerszcz (The Cricket). Text by JN Kaminski
  • Świtezianka (The Nymph of Lake Switez). Text by A. Mickiewicz
  • Tren X (Lament No. X). Also known as Urszulo moja wdzieczna . Text by J. Kochanowski
  • Trzech Budrysów (Three Budryses). Text by A. Mickiewicz . Also as an orchestral song
  • Trzy śpiewy: Niepewnosc, Pieszczotka, Sen (Three Chants: Uncertainty, Cuddlesome One, Dream). Text by A. Mickiewicz
  • Wilija (Christmas Eve). Text by A. Mickiewicz
  • Znaszli ten kraj (Do You Know Such Land). Text by A. Mickiewicz , based on Goethe

Instrumental works


  • Bajka (The Fairy Tale), 1848

Chamber music

  • String Quartet No. 1 in D minor (1839)
  • String Quartet No. 2 in F major (before 1840)

Organ works

Piano works

  • Fraszki (Trifles). Two books. Vilnius , 1843
  • Nocturne in A flat major. Vilnius, 1846
  • Mazurka in D major. Vilnius, before 1846
  • Six Polonaises . Vilnius, 1846
  • Polka in C major. Warsaw , 1851
  • Polka, "Daniel". Warsaw, 1852
  • Polka, "Gabriela". Warsaw, 1855
  • "Jump" polka. Warsaw, 1860
  • Vilanelle in B flat major. Warsaw, 1851
  • Three waltzes . Warsaw, 1852
  • "Marriage" Mazurka. Warsaw, 1872
  • Kolysanka (Cradle Song) in D major. Warsaw, 1872
  • Piano transcriptions of the opera fragments and works by other composers, etc. a.
    Six Polonaises by Michal Oginski. Warsaw, before 1858
  • Original compositions and transcriptions for piano duet

Symphonic works

  • Bajka (fairy tale), fantastic overture (1848). Two versions. First performance: Vilnius , May 1, 1848
  • Cain , Overture (1856). First performance: Saint Petersburg , March 1856
  • Was overture. First performance: Vilnius, March 19, 1857
  • Polonez koncertowy (Concert Polonaise) in A major for large orchestra (1866)
  • Polonez obywatelski , Civic Polonaise in F major (after 1863)

Recordings / discography


  • Halka with Woytowicz (Halka), Ochman (Jontek), Ladysz (Stolnik), Malewicz-Madey (Zofia), Hiolski (Janusz), Saciuk (Dziemba). Chœurs de la Radio-Télévision de Cracovie, choir director: Tadeusz Dobrzański. Orchester Symphonique de la Radio Nationale Polonaise, conductor: Jerzy Semkow. Booklet: French, Polish, English. 2 CDs Harmonia mundi France, 1973 LDC 278-889 / 90
  • Highlights of Halka with Hiolski, Kossowski, Nieman, Slonicka, Paprocki. Opera Narodowa choir and orchestra , conductor: Zdizislaw Gorzynski. CD Polskie Nagrania Muza, April 6, 1994
  • Halka with Hiolski, Zagorzanka, Ostapiuk, Racewicz, Ochman. Opera Narodowa choir and orchestra , conductor: Robert Satanowski. 2 CDs CPO Records, concert recording (recorded 9/1987), January 18, 1995
  • Halka with soloists, choir, ballet and orchestra of Opera Narodowa , duration: 2h10m. DVD ZPR Records, 1999
  • Halka with soloists, choir, ballet and orchestra of Opera Wrocławska , conductor: Ewa Michnik; Subtitles in pl / en / de, duration 2h16m. DVD DUX Records, 2006. Cat. no DVD: DUX 9538
  • Halka with Borodina (Halka), Lykhach (Jontek), Buczek (Zofia) & Mariusz Godlewski (Janusz), choir, orchestra & ballet of Opera Wrocławska , conductor Ewa Michnik. 2 CDs Dux Records, 2010, DUX0538-39
  • Flis with Bidziński, Socha, Skrla, Partyka, Lewandowski, Wolski, choir & orchestra of the Szczecin Palace Opera , conductor: Warcisław Kunc . CD DUX Records 2011
  • Hrabina with Słonicka, Kossakowska, Kossowski, Pustelak, Sokorska. Opera Narodowa choir and orchestra , conductor: Mieczysław Mierzejewski. CD Polskie Nagrania Muza, 2004
  • Verbum nobile with Kizewetter, Pakulska, Kondella, Czekay, Kmiciewicz. Opera Narodowa choir & orchestra , conductor: Robert Satanowski. CD Polskie Nagrania Muza, 1993, PNCD 247
  • Verbum nobile with Teliga, Buczek, Skrla, Partyka, Lewandowski, choir & orchestra of the Szczecin Palace Opera, conductor: Warcisław Kunc, CD DUX Records 2012
  • Straszny dwór with Paprocki, Kossowski, Kawecka, Woźniczko, Kostrzewska, Kurowiak, Peter, Mariański, Łukaszek, choir & orchestra of the Poznań Opera , conductor: Walerian Bierdajew . LP 1954
  • Straszny dwór with Hiolski, Ładysz, Paprocki, Słonicka, Nikodem. Opera Narodowa choir & orchestra , conductor: Witold Rowicki. CD Polskie Nagrania Muza, 1992. PNCD093
  • Straszny dwór with Betley-Sieradzka, Baniewicz, Nikodem, Ochman, Hiolski, Mroz, Saciuk CD , Orchestra & Choir of the PRiTV, Kraków, conductor: Jan Krentz. 4 CDs Polskie Nagrania Muza, 2003. SX 0253
  • The Haunted Manor / Straszny dwór with Kruszewski, Hossa, Lubańska, Szmyt, Stachura, Nowacki, Toczyska, Macias, Tesarowicz, Zwierko, Parol, choir & orchestra of the Polish National Opera Warsaw, conductor: Jacek Kaspszyk, 2 CDs EMI Classics, 2003
  • Paria with Skrla, Lewandowski, Hołysz, Kuk, Lampert, choir & orchestra of the Szczecin Palace Opera, conductor: Warcisław Kunc, 2 CDs DUX Records, 2008


  • Canons with Szmyt, Skaluba, Kusiewicz, Minkiewicz. CD DUX Recording Producers, March 27, 2001
  • Litanies of Ostra Brama with Galka, Lubanska, Hossa, Zdunikowski. Warsaw Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra, conductor: Henryk Wojnarowski. CD Accord, September 5, 2006
  • Religious Songs with Hiolski, Malanowicz, Kozlowska, Kusiewicz. CD Accord, June 26, 2001
  • Religious Works with Sawa, Pilewski, Malewicz, Szoslek-Radkowa, Szostek-Radkowa, Warsaw Chamber Orchestra, conductor: Edmund Kajdasz, CD Olympia, October 4, 1993
  • Śpiewnik domowy I with Betley, Bolechowska, Fołtyn, Romańska, Rumowska-Machnikowska, Szymulska. CD Polskie Nagrania Muza, 1996. PNCD348
  • Śpiewnik domowy II with Hiolski, Ładysz, Ochman, Witkiewicz. CD Polskie Nagrania Muza, 1996. PNCD349


  • Opera Overtures with Choir & Orchestra of the Polish Radio Katowice; Warsaw National Philharmonic Orchestra. CD Olympia, 1993
  • Overtures with the Filharmonia Pomorska Bydgoszcz, conductor: Robert Satanowski. CD CPO Records, 1995
  • Overtures & Dances with the Filharmonia Krakowska, conductors: Roland Bader, Koch Schwann, CD 1997
  • String Quartets with Camerata Quartet. CD DUX Records, 2007
  • Новае неба Станіслава Манюшкі with the Classic Avantgarde Ensemble (Belarus). CD 2008
  • Mazur from Act IV Straszny Dwór with the Filharmonia Warszawska, conductor: Witold Rowicki, LP 1967, CD 2011


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  • Igor Belza: Stanisław Moniuszko. Lviv 1924.
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  • Igor Belza: Stanisław Moniuszko. MQ XIV 1928.
  • Igor Belza: The Church Music Moniuszko. Warsaw 1948.
  • Igor Belza: Ze studiów nad okresem Berlińskim wtwórczósa Moniuszkiego (= Studia muzykologiczne. II). 1953.
  • Igor Belza: Stanisław Moniuszko (= Male monograph muzyczne. IV). Krakow 1954.
  • Igor Belza: Stanisław Moniuszko I. (= Studia i materialy do dziejów muzyki polskiej. I). Krakow 1955.
  • Igor Belza: Listy St. Moniuszkiego w latach 1843–1855 (= Studia muzykologiczne. IV). 1955.
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  • Wladyslaw Fabry: Moniuszko. A novel. Warsaw 1938.
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  • Stanisław Moniuszko (edited by Jan Prosnak). Polskie Wydawnictwo Muzyczne, Krakow 1968.
  • Stanisław Niewiadomski : Stanisław Moniuszko. Warsaw 1928.
  • Erwin Nowaczyk: Pieśni solowe Stanisław Moniuszko. Catalog tematyczny, Krakow 1954.
  • Moniuszko: The Haunted Castle (Kaspszyk). In: Opera world. No. 6/2004 (review).
  • Henryk Opieński : La musique polonaise. Paris 1918.
  • Aleksander Poliński: Stanisław Moniuszko. Kiev / Warsaw 1914.
  • Włodzimierz Poźniak: Nie Zrealizowane projekty operowe Moniuszkiego (“Unrealized opera plans of Moniuszko”). Krakow 1949.
  • Jan Prosnak: Listy St. Moniuszkiego. In: Muzyka. I, 1950 (letters from Moniuszko).
  • Hugo Riemann : Riemann Music Lexicon. Person section L – Z, 1961 B. Schott's Sons, Mainz.
  • Rüdiger Ritter: The Comforter of the Nation. Stanisław Moniuszko (1819–1872) and his music (= Polish profiles. 6). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2019, ISBN 978-3-447-11109-6 .
  • Ludomir Michał Rogowski: Moniuszko. Vilnius 1911.
  • Witold Rudziński , Jan Prosnak: Almanach Moniuszkowski. Warsaw 1952.
  • Witold Rudziński: Listy St. Moniuszkiego w okresie 1826–1842 (= Studia muzykologiczne. II). 1953.
  • Witold Rudziński: Stanisław Moniuszko. Cz. I, PWN 1955, p. 477.
  • Witold Rudziński: Moniuszko. Krakow 1972.
  • Stefan Śledziński: Akta Moniuszkowskie w Arch. Konserwatorjum Warszawskiego. In: Muzyka Polska. III, 1936.
  • Aleksander Walicki: Stanisław Moniuszko. Lviv 1873.
  • Bolesław Wilczyński: Stanisław Moniuszko. St. Petersburg 1900.
  • C. Wolniewicz: Moniuszko. Poznan 1919.

Web links

Commons : Stanisław Moniuszko  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Станіслаў Манюшка - паляк, літвін… ( Memento from February 26, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  2. Jan TZ (24 IV 2005 r) "Вспоминая геноцид Армян. Польские армяне" (на польском) ( Memento from March 8, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  3. a b c d e f g Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. a b c d | Stanisław Moniuszko
  5. a b c d e f g h Stanisław Moniuszko
  6. ^ | Stanisław Moniuszko
  7. a b Stanisław Moniuszko ( Memento of October 17, 2004 in the Internet Archive )
  8. a b | Stanisław Moniuszko
  9. a b c d Prominent Poles | Stanisław Moniuszko
  10. ^ Polish Art Center | Stanisław Moniuszko and His Operas
  11. Juliane Weigel-Krämer: Political explosives in opera garb. Program for the performance in Kiel Castle as part of the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival 2010
  12. ^ Ryszard Majewski: Wrocław - godzina "0". Wrocław 2000, p. 84.
  13. «Нацыянальнае, краёвае, мясцовае…"
  14. Rüdiger Ritter: The Comforter of the Nation. Stanisław Moniuszko and his music. Wiesbaden 2019, p. 11.
  15. See Stanisław Moniuszko in Wikimedia Commons
  16. ^ Stanisław Moniuszko Park in Poznań
  17. Stanisław Moniuszko Vocal Competition ( Memento from August 2, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  18. Stanisław Moniuszko Mixed Chorus ( Memento from September 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  19. ^ Stanisław Moniuszko Academy of Music ( Memento of November 8, 2004 in the Internet Archive ) in Gdańsk
  20. Stanisław Moniuszko stamp (also hosted on Wikimedia Commons at Stanisław Moniuszko )
  21. Stanisław Moniuszko bank note (also hosted on Wikimedia Commons at Stanisław Moniuszko )
  22. Schumann: Schriften - Kritische Umschau (II. Piano Concertos; Chopin) (Kreisig 30, II-11) ( Memento of October 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ): But in addition - and for the favorable clash of time and circumstances - fate did one more thing to make Chopin recognizable and interesting before everyone else, a strong original nationality, namely Polish. And as this now goes in black mourning robes, it grips us even more violently in the pensive artist. Hail to him that neutral Germany did not approve of him at first and that his genius immediately carried him off to one of the world's capitals, where he could freely write poetry and be angry. After all know the tremendous selbstherrschende Monarch in the north ( n. Is meant Friedrich Wilhelm III. ), As in Chopin's works, in simple ways his Mazurkas, he faces a dangerous enemy, he would prohibit music. Chopin's works are cannons sunk under flowers.
  23. Праправнучка Станислава Монюшко: “В Минске должен появиться памятник композитору”
  24. ^ Stanisław Moniuszko Museum , Belarus
  25. ^ Presto Classical - Moniuszko: Halka, DVD
  26. ^ Presto Classical - Moniuszko: Halka