Wroclaw Opera

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Wroclaw Opera House
The opera house at night
View of the tiers in the building
View of the stage during a performance

The Breslau Opera (Polish: Opera Wrocławska ) is an institution that plays operas in the former Wroclaw City Theater. The opera house is located in the Stare Miasto district of Wroclaw near the Dorotheenkirche .


In 1841, the building of the City Theater in Breslau replaced a considerably smaller and at the time already very dilapidated theater building by Carl Gotthard Langhans from 1782. The new building on the elegant Schweidnitzer Straße was based on a design by his son, the architect Carl Ferdinand Langhans .

After two fires in 1865 and 1871, the house was considerably rebuilt by Carl Johann Lüdecke and Karl Schmidt, but it was not destroyed in the two world wars. The stage building was expanded from 1954 to 1956 according to plans by Andrzej Frydecki towards the palace square, continuing the classicist-eclectic facade structure. The flood of the Oder (and the neighboring city ​​moat ) in 1997 caused severe damage, which was removed during the renovation and fire protection refurbishment completed in 2005.

Game operation

In 1804, the German composer Georg Joseph Vogler recommended the then 17-year-old Carl Maria von Weber to the Breslau Opera as Kapellmeister. He became the first general music director in music history - even if not officially called that . From 1830 to 1864 Eugen Seidelmann was Kapellmeister of the Stadttheater.

On September 8, 1945, the performance of the Polish Opera in Wroclaw resumed with the premiere of Halka by Stanisław Moniuszko (directed by Stanislaw Drabik).

Since 1995 the house has been directed by the conductor Ewa Michnik (born 1943), who previously worked at the Kraków Opera (from 1980 to 1995) .

More recently, the Breslau Opera has also attracted attention with spectacular large-scale productions - which took place temporarily in the Jahrhunderthalle - as well as its Wagner productions.

Directors (selection)

Theater poet (selection)


  • Johann Gottlieb Rhode: About the current situation of the theater in Breslau and the administration of the same from the years 1813 to 1817. Breslau 1817.
  • Carl Ferdinand Langhans: New Theater in Breslau. Wroclaw 1840.
  • The new Breslau theater, its festive opening on November 13, 1841 and historical reviews of the previous theater in Breslau. Wroclaw 1841.
  • Memorandum in memory of Bierey and his administration of the Breslau theater at the opening of the new theater in Breslau in October 1841. Breslau 1841.
  • Maximilian Schlesinger: History of the Breslau Theater. 1522-1841 (Volume 1). Berlin 1898.
  • Walter Meckauer (Ed.): The theater in Breslau and Theodor Loewe 1802-1917. Contributions by German poets and artists. Wroclaw 1917.
  • B. Rudin, B. Vogelsang: Finds and findings on the Silesian theater history. Theater construction in Silesia. Dortmund 1984.

Web links

Commons : Wroclaw Opera House  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wroclaw Opera House. In: ZEIT Reisen , accessed on October 11, 2017.
  2. Ludwig Sittenfeld, History of the Breslau Theater from, 1841 to 1900 , Breslau, Verlag von Preuß & Jünger, 1909, www.ForgottenBooks.com

Coordinates: 51 ° 6 ′ 20.7 "  N , 17 ° 1 ′ 50.2"  E