The New York Times
|The New York Times|
|description||National daily newspaper|
|publisher||The New York Times Company|
|head office||New York City|
|First edition||September 18, 1851|
Henry J. Raymond &
|Frequency of publication||Monday to Sunday|
|Sold edition||Mon. – Fri .: 483,701 (2019)
Sun .: 1,085,700 (2016) copies
( December 2016
Top 10 US Daily Newspapers )
|Manager||Meredith Kopit Levien|
www.nytimes3xbfgragh.onion - Onion Service , only accessible via the Tor network .
|Article archive||1851-1922; 1981 ff.|
The New York Times Company is listed on the S&P 500 stock index. It publishes a total of over 30 print media. At the end of 2016, the New York Times had a print run of 571,500 on weekdays and 1,085,700 on weekends. In 2019, the weekly circulation had dropped to 483,701 copies. With currently 1,250 editorial staff, the company has the largest newspaper editorial team in the USA. Arthur Gregg "AG" Sulzberger has been the publisher since January 1, 2018 ; Editor-in-chief since May 2014 Dean Baquet . Mededith Kopit Levien has been the commercial director as CEO and President of the publishing company since September 2020 . With 126 million different visitors (June 2016), the Gray Lady has the largest online reach among the news sites and is 25th in the Alexa ranking of all websites. It is the newspaper with the most Pulitzer prizes (130) and also has the most subscribers with almost eight million subscribers (2021).
The beginnings of the New York Times
The New York Times was founded as "The New-York Daily Times" in 1851 by Henry J. Raymond and George Jones ; the first edition appeared on September 18, 1851. Before that, Raymond was for years a close associate of Horace Greeley , who edited the New York Tribune . The intention of the founders was to offer another serious alternative to the lurid newspapers that dominated New York at the time. The New York Times became famous between 1860 and 1870 through its chief editor at the time, John Swinton . Adolph Ochs (1858–1935) took over the newspaper in 1896. Under him, the newspaper achieved international reach and recognition. The current owner of the New York Times, the New York Times Company, is still dominated by some of Ochs' descendants to this day (2016).
Ochs changed the title of the newspaper to “New York Times” and created its slogan “All the news that's fit to print”. This goes hand in hand with the self-image of the NYT as a “Newspaper of record” - as a newspaper with thorough and comprehensive reporting. In general, the NYT is a trusted source of news. Your editorial orientation in interpreting events is considered liberal; however, the New York Times employs commentators from all major political directions in the United States.
The New York Times Magazine has appeared as a Sunday newspaper supplement since September 1896 . In October 1896, the New York Times also began publishing a weekly supplement that published book reviews and is now called The New York Times Book Review .
Modernization from 1969
During the editorial work under AM Rosenthal from 1969 to 1988, the New York Times (NYT) was fundamentally modernized in editorial terms. Rosenthal expanded the NY Times with new daily sections, the "sections", namely the "SportsMonday", "Science Times" on Tuesday, the "Living section" on Wednesday, the "Home section" on Thursday and "Weekend" on Friday. Furthermore, the reading public enjoyed many Sunday supplements on the topics of business, travel, entertainment games, leisure activities, education, fashion, health and others at the weekend. During this time the advertising business flourished; total NYT sales nominally increased sevenfold in the seventeen years from 1969 ($ 238 million) to 1986 ($ 1.6 billion). As a rule, Rosenthal paid attention to a separation of commentary and reporting, whereby NYT should be "straight". Topical diversification became the model for US and foreign daily newspapers. In 1997, a redesign took place in which NYTimes, often referred to as the Gray Lady , got color photos on the front page for the first time, long after most other newspapers.
In June 1971 the New York Times published a first part of the Pentagon papers that Daniel Ellsberg had leaked to the newspaper. The federal government obtained an interim order from a district court that prohibited further publication. The trial went to the US Supreme Court , which made a landmark decision on freedom of the press in the context of the 1st Amendment to the United States Constitution . The court ruled that the freedom of the press prohibits the government from enacting a prior publication ban under the Espionage Act unless the government demonstrates that the publication would "grave and irreparable" harm to interests the public would mean.
The publication caused a worldwide sensation and contributed to the increased rejection of the Vietnam War in the American public.
Developments after 2000
Together with the Washington Post , the NYT published the International Herald Tribune , which is published worldwide . On December 30, 2002, the NYT took over the shares in the Washington Post and has been the sole editor of the “Tribune” ever since.
The NYT's image as a trustworthy news source was shaken in March 2003 when it became known that its reporter Jayson Blair had not researched numerous articles on site and had simply invented some of them. Editor-in-chief Howell Raines and managing editor Gerald Boyd resigned. The NYT announced it would review its publication practices. Raine's successor as editor-in-chief was long-time NYT editor and manager Bill Keller .
Power struggle with Morgan Stanley (2006-2008)
In April 2006, Hassan Elmasry, the portfolio manager of the investment bank Morgan Stanley, announced that he would break the influence of the Sulzberger family. To this end, he allied himself with the media investor Bruce Sherman, whose "Fund Private Capital Management" held the largest share in the Times Company at the time with 15 percent. 7.15 percent shares of Morgan Stanley were added. This declaration of war was preceded by angry criticism from the White House and the US Republicans for the cautious withdrawal of NYT support for the increasingly controversial Iraq war . Elmasry criticized that there were two classes of stocks in the NYT, Class B stocks with full voting rights for the family's eight trustees and less voting Class A stocks for institutional investors. In the opinion of fund manager Elmasry, a change in the supervisory board would be necessary at the NYT, since the NYT lacks economic reason. This claim was countered by drastic savings measures in the printing area and a larger expenditure in terms of content. In addition, the Wall Street Journal and Washington Post publishing families have used the same process to maintain control of their startups, and it is the entire newspaper industry that has been struggling with falling circulation and falling advertising revenues for years. In February 2007, the Sulzberger family withdrew their money from Morgan Stanley.
Pressure from the main shareholders did its job: the New York Times Company raised dividends, sold unprofitable local TV channels, and cut management salaries. In May 2007, the NYT Co. sold its television stations for $ 575 million to pay off its debt. Furthermore, 250 positions should be cut by April 2008 and the paper format of the NYT should be reduced; this in turn resulted in a five percent cut in all messages.
On October 17, 2007, it was announced that Morgan Stanley had sold its entire stake in the New York Times Company to previously unknown investors. This ended the power struggle for society in favor of the Sulzberger family. An investment advisor from Mediatech Capital Partners LLC confirmed that Elmasry was also acting on behalf of other influential interested parties. In the third quarter of 2007, the company was able to report a slight increase in profits for the first time in a long time. The advertising business grew by eleven percent and the circulation of the NYT by four percent, the online department recorded 26 percent more sales.
After the sale of the Morgan Stanley shares, the threat scenario for the Ochs Sulzberger publishing family was repeated. The hedge fund manager Scott Galloway, majority owner of the "Firebrand Partners" fund, bought NYT shares together with Philip Falcones "Harbinger Capital" fund. In mid-February 2008 they increased their stake to 14.3 million shares or 9.96 percent and doubled their stake at the end of March 2008 to 19.8 percent. Initially, the two shareholders no longer insisted on a formal disempowerment of the Ochs Sulzberger family, although it should be possible to overrule them in matters of content by four of their own directors. On 18 March 2008, both parties agreed to an election of Scott Galloway (born 1965) and James Kohlberg, son of co-founder of private equity firm Kohlberg Kravis Roberts , Jerome Kohlberg, Jr. , as an additional board members. In principle, a majority of shares from non-family shareholders is impossible and publisher Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. made it clear that quality journalism does not want to sacrifice short-term profit interests.
Effects of the 2009 economic crisis
The 2007 banking crisis and the 2009 recession also hit the New York Times due to lower advertising revenues. On January 19, 2009, the New York Times Company announced that Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim is investing an additional $ 250 million in the New York Times. Slim receives an annual interest rate of a little more than 14 percent. In September 2008 he had already bought a 6.9 percent stake in the newspaper publisher. The NYT issued 15.9 million shares, which mature in 2015 and can then also be converted into publishing shares, which would correspond to about a further eleven percent. In return, Slim expects no coverage of its controversial business practices, as the media suspected. According to Janet L. Robinson , the chairman of the board of the NYT Co., Slim is not connected to any editorial influence . In fact, the NYT continued to report critically on Carlos Slim.
The company had liquidity problems due to declining advertising revenue and the expiry of a $ 400 million line of credit in May 2009 and again in 2011, and debt totaling $ 1.1 billion. To reduce the debt, other sales were discussed, such as the stake in the Boston Red Sox baseball team or a sale of the New York Times Building , which was newly occupied in 2007 , which could bring in around $ 225 million. In 2009, the publishing company cut the annual dividend distribution of $ 34.5 million (29.3 million euros), which until then had been the main source of income for the Ochs Sulzberger family of publishers. The company jet was also sold.
In a March 26, 2009 memo , the New York Times Co. (Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. and Janet L. Robinson) announced a five percent pay cut to its employees from April 2009. They also had to take ten days of unpaid leave that year. On the same day, the editor-in-chief announced the dismissal of 100 editors from the economic department.
On April 4, 2009, the front page of the Boston Globe published a request from its publishing house, NYT Co., to save $ 20 million by the end of the month. Failure to do so would result in losses of $ 85 million by the end of 2009 and the paper threatened with death. The The Boston Globe is one of the most respected daily newspapers in the United States.
The editorial staff was reduced by 80 employees (from 1330 to 1250) in 2008 and by 100 employees in 2009. After that it was still the largest newspaper editor in the USA; the next smaller competitors had around 750 editorial staff at that time.
In the summer of 2011, Editor-in-Chief Bill Keller resigned and was replaced by Senior Editor Jill Abramson , who became the first woman to head the NYT's editorial team. In addition to the austerity measures, Keller's tenure was primarily characterized by the search for an online strategy. At the beginning of December 2011, Sulzberger fired Janet Robinson, who had led the NYT Company as CEO since 2003. During her tenure, the company had lost around 80 percent of its market value. Towards the end of her job, Robinson had again put up a paywall in front of the website against the declared will of the head of the online edition . The dismissal of Robinsons was associated with a severance payment of a good $ 24 million (20 million euros), which corresponded to half of the 2011 annual profit. Around 20 million of these were contractually agreed. The remaining 4.5 million, which were designed as a consultancy agreement for the time after their departure, sparked a heated debate among shareholders and the journalists' union.
In late December 2011, the New York Times announced the sale of 16 small regional newspapers in the southern United States. The newspapers, with 430,000 copies daily, made up 11 percent of total sales of 2.4 billion US dollars in 2010. They were sold to the US company Halifax Media Holdings for $ 143 million. This will help the New York Times "to continue the transformation into a digital and multimedia-oriented company," said Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr.
The company has since been led by Sulzberger as chairman of the supervisory board of the NYT Company and at the same time publisher of the New York Times, next to him is his cousin Michael Golden, who runs the company's only remaining newspaper, the Boston Globe . The structure of corporate management has not been simplified since the shares and local newspapers were dismantled, so that it is considered oversized for the remaining companies. In 2012 the newspaper returned to profitability.
In August 2013, the Times sold the Boston Globe along with the associated local papers, the website and the marketing company Globe Direct to the Boston entrepreneur John W. Henry . The sale price was $ 70 million, a fraction of the $ 1.1 billion the Times paid for the Globe in 1993. Since the New York Times Company kept the Boston Globe pension payments in the contract, which are estimated to be about $ 110 million, the NYT will ultimately pay $ 40 million to give up the Globe.
In May 2014, Editor-in-Chief Jill Abramson was fired. During the three years she was in charge of the editorial team, she managed to run the newspaper without major upheavals and also to stabilize the online business. As the reason for the dismissal after the comparatively short term of three years, publisher Arthur Sulzberger Jr. named her personal demeanor and the way she dealt with the editorial team. The dismissal sparked a debate about whether women's behavior would be judged differently than men's. Under her leadership, the NYT received eight Pulitzer Awards, increased revenue contrary to industry trends and increased its market value well above the average of the S&P 500 index. As the successor to the first female editor-in-chief, Dean Baquet, editor-in-chief until then, was appointed as the first black editor-in-chief.
In early 2015, Carlos Slim exercised his option on the 2009 loan and acquired around 11 percent of the New York Times for $ 101.1 million, roughly half the market value. Slim thus holds 16.8 percent of the company and is the largest external shareholder. The company intends to use the income from the business to buy back its own shares .
Increased focus on digital content and research
In February 2015, Editor-in-Chief Dean Baquet geared the editorial processes primarily to the digital edition. Instead of the daily editorial meeting, which has been called Page One Meeting for decades because the topics for page one of the following day were determined there, the central editorial conference has since decided twice a day which topics are preferred digitally. Three to four self-made productions, no news, are highlighted via social media and preferred placement in the NYT Now app and on the website. The afternoon conference also determines the layout of page one for the following day; but this is no longer in the foreground.
Michael Golden will end his long-term position as 'Vice Chairman' of the NYT at the end of 2016. Arthur Gregg Sulzberger (* 1980), son of Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., was appointed 'deputy publisher' in October 2016.
US President Donald Trump , elected in 2016 , repeatedly criticized the NYT and predicted bankruptcy within three years during the election campaign. “Our circulation is increasing. Every time he rages, our circulation goes up. Good for business. Actually, he's helping us involuntarily, "says columnist Jim Rutenberg in 2017 about Trump's attacks. In response, the newspaper set up a $ 5 million Washington investigative pool. A similar development could be observed in the competing newspaper Washington Post .
Organizationally, the Times reacted to the media crisis with a radical concentration on the core business of journalism. The holding company and the publishing house have sold practically all external investments since around 2010 and, on the other hand, acquired small projects that were able to offer special journalistic offers. Contrary to the industry trend, the number of journalists in the Times rose to 1,700 by the end of 2019. This is by far the largest team of all media worldwide and, with an estimated number of full- and part-time journalists in the USA of 20,000 to 38,000, a massive proportion of the total Branch. In addition, the Times can afford to pay reasonable salaries. Reporters will get a starting salary of $ 104,600 in early 2020. This concentration and the resulting increase in subscribers and readers also benefited the stock market. At the end of 2019, the value of the publisher was three times the low of 2014. This means that funds are available to buy Serial, a competitor specializing in podcasts , in 2020 in order to expand the range of audio formats. Due to the strong position of the Times, other media are already speaking of the danger of a journalistic monopoly in the USA at the beginning of 2020.
Alignment and controversy
The first major investigation into the objectivity of media coverage, the study A Test of the News of 1920, was devoted to the New York Times and its Russia News from 1917 to 1920. Walter Lippmann's content analysis came to the conclusion that the representations were grossly one-sided and were partial. The cause is the failure to meet journalistic standards, for example in that the Times relies on "official suppliers" of information. It is even more misleading to rely on semi-official, anonymous statements instead of official communications. Journalists should not have too close ties to politics (see p. 41). In addition, not even a newspaper like the Times would meet the need for suitable correspondents. (see p. 42) In critical times, the separation of editorials and news breaks down. The editors' stance on Russia policy influenced the news profoundly and in blatant form. The text design of the news in terms of accentuation and headlines is clearly determined by standards other than professional. This fact is so obvious, so conspicuous is the influence of the editors' bias, that “serious reform will be needed before the code that has been violated can be restored”. (see p. 42)
The New York Times is largely classified as a left-wing liberal newspaper in the major media. On the conservative side, the NYT has been accused of being too leaning towards the Democrats. According to the conservative polling firm Rasmussen Reports, their 2007 poll found that 40 percent of those polled believe the paper prefers liberals; 11 percent see the Conservatives as preferred and 20 percent place the Times as neutral between the two sides. According to an analysis by the economist Riccardo Puglisi on numerous articles published during the election campaigns between 1946 and 1997, the New York Times deals more strongly with topics where the Democratic Party is perceived as more competent ( civil rights , health system , work , social security) when the President is a Republican . Under the assumption, supported by opinion polls, that the political preferences of the readers are not related to the current president, this partisanship is not demand-driven.
From the liberal to the left-wing liberal side, among other things, the foreign policy positioning is viewed critically. In 1988, for example, the liberal press association Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting accused the Times of adopting the Reagan governments' PR strategy . The reason was that, according to the accusation, the NYT played down the human rights violations of the dictatorships in Guatemala ( Guatemalan civil war ) and El Salvador , i.e. by governments supported by the US government.
The role of the New York Times during World War II is also controversial to this day . The former editor-in-chief, Max Frankel , criticized 2001 for the fact that the Times was one of the newspapers that was late in covering the Holocaust extensively. According to Frankel’s allegation, the Times has thus joined the strategy of the British and US governments, which feared and rejected a wave of immigration in the event of rescuing those threatened by the Holocaust. In addition, according to Frankel's assumption, the editors feared that due to the still prevalent anti-Semitism at this time, the topic could have met with the displeasure of readers. The New York Times' image was further damaged by the fact that one of its most famous journalists, William L. Laurence , received funding from the United States Department of War for its coverage.
After the Second World War, the New York Times was one of the American media that cooperated most closely with the CIA . The New York Times editor Arthur Hays Sulzberger issued a general rule to assist the CIA whenever possible. For example, the New York Times covered CIA agents in several operations.
In 2004, at the instigation of its "Public Editor" (a kind of ombudsman for readers) Daniel Okrent , the New York Times apologized in two articles for reporting before the 2003 attack on Iraq.
During 2018, the Times published the multi-part podcast series Caliphate , which described the alleged terrorist Shehroze Chaudhry's view of his participation in the crimes of the Islamic State (IS). The podcast generated a lot of positive attention, received the prestigious media prize Peabody Award and was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize , among other things (all prizes were withdrawn after the affair became known). In December 2020, however, investigations by the Canadian police revealed that Chaudhry had used a false identity, never belonged to IS and that most of the content of the podcast had been fabricated. The newspaper issued an apology, but the journalist in charge, Rukmini Callimachi, stayed with the Times.
In June 2020, the NYT's opinion page featured a guest post by Republican Senator Tom Cotton entitled "Send In The Troops", in which Cotton used the military to fight the unrest following the death of George Floyd demanded. Around eight hundred NYT employees then signed a letter of protest against the publication of the comment. The head of the opinion department James Bennet initially justified the publication of the commentary by saying that it was in line with the newspaper's policy to offer pluralism of opinion . In response to the protests, he finally announced his resignation. A little later, the editor who had been hired by Bennet, Bari Weiss, also resigned. In an open letter, Weiss then criticized ideologically motivated bullying, an illiberal working atmosphere and self-censorship.
The New York Times was accused of cancel culture in 2021 when editor-in-chief Dean Baquet urged journalist Donald McNeil Jr. to quit for using the word " nigger " as a quote (to criticize racist language) in a discussion on racism . At the same time, the newspaper was accused of firing journalist Lauren Wolfe too quickly for a tweet about Joe Biden . An internal survey by the newspaper in February 2021 showed that almost half of the employees would no longer express their opinion internally or have the impression that different perspectives are no longer desired in the newspaper - a significant deterioration compared to previous surveys.
Editorial building and equipment
On April 17, 2007, the editorial team began to move from the publishing house (229 West 43rd Street), which opened in 1913, to the New York Times Tower , also in Times Square in Manhattan . The new building is 319 meters high, making it one of the tallest buildings in New York City . It was conceived by the architectural office Renzo Piano , built by Fox & Fowle Architects and equipped with an atrium with birch trees and a moss garden to create a contemplative atmosphere in the middle. The outer glass facade is preceded by a steel frame with thousands of horizontally mounted white ceramic tubes that reduce solar radiation and create a veil-like aesthetic effect. The light is also controlled via mechanized window shades and internal dimmable fluorescent lights in order to create optimal lighting conditions with as little energy as possible. The editorial office only occupies the lower 27 floors of the total of 52 floors, the rest is rented out. The cost of the building and the move is estimated at $ 850 million.
Each of the editors' workstations has Gigabit Ethernet , an IP telephone and an integrated voice e-mail chat system. The editorial center is located in a separate building next door, extends over three floors and is designed as a high-tech newsroom "for all platforms". Other online projects are grouped around it, such as the “City Room”, a technically sophisticated website for New York's local politics, local transport, justice and schools, which offers blogs, photos and videos as media. For the US presidential election campaign in 2008 , the advantages of an internal politics wiki were used , which the editors should use as a central information archive. For these elections, the editors gave in January 2008 the election recommendation ("endorsement") to vote for Hillary Clinton for the Democrats and John McCain for the Republicans. On the other hand, the former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani was devastatingly criticized for his attempts to capitalize on the tragedy of September 11, 2001, among other things .
Since April 2, 2006, the "New York Times" website has had a carefully adapted design . Video and multimedia are now "fundamental components" of the website. In September 2005, parts of the site, which at the time required a one-time registration with the exception of the front page , were temporarily paid for under the Times Select label , including contributions by leading Op-Ed authors such as Thomas L. Friedman , Paul Krugman and Maureen Dowd.
In March 2005, the Times website had 555 million page views . In early 2007, the NYT's online presence had 1.5 million daily visitors (which corresponds to an average of 10 to 14 page views per visitor), but the newspaper itself had only 1.1 million subscribers. Those responsible questioned the continued existence of the print edition.
On September 17, 2007 it was announced that all content with the exception of the archive from the period between 1923 and 1986 would be made available online again free of charge. It is hoped that this will increase advertising revenue more than that of paying customers. The prospect of even more search engine hits was the decisive factor for a substantial reduction in paid content. Times Select , the paid part of the website, has been discontinued.
In May 2008, NYT CTO Marc Frons and Aron Pilhofer, heads of the new Interactive Newsroom Technologies group, said that the newspaper's Internet offering would open up to new modes of access. Since October 2008, the newspaper has made new programming interfaces (API) available to online users . The APIs can be used to direct target group-specific search queries to the article archive, which is now free of charge until 1981. The API search masks can be integrated into the websites of other users, as is already possible with Google and Google Maps, for example , this combination is also referred to with the new Anglicism " Mashup ". So far, the following have been published: Best Sellers , an API for booksellers or authors, Congress , an API about the voting behavior of the members of the American Congress since 1989, movie reviews (Movies Review), election campaigns and TimesPeople , an API for readers who are familiar with their e- Register your email address and get free access to breaking news, reviews, classifieds and more. The innovations are announced and explained on the special Open page . For users of mobile phones, netbooks and other mobile devices a radically simplified page design is available with the "skimmer" can be (cross-readers flyer) between 15 departmental pages, the homepage and the recommendation list with a simple key combination (shortcut) back and switch between them and the introductions are spread over a maximum of 19 small squares on each side. With this easier access to the newspaper, a new type of reader loyalty is to be established and new readership groups to be gained.
In 2011 it was announced that the online edition of the newspaper would only be freely readable to a limited extent from the end of March. From this point on, non-subscribers would only have access to 20 articles per month. After that, they would be asked to take out a subscription. The top news reports were still freely available on smartphones . There will also be no restrictions for articles that can be found via social networks or search engines. The number of free accesses was reduced to ten per month in April 2012.
In 2013/14, a team led by Arthur Gregg Sulzberger , the publisher's son and his designated successor, produced a 90-page report on the status of the online edition. The report leaked in May 2014 and became the subject of extensive coverage. The Nieman Journalism Lab at Harvard University called the text relentlessly open and praised the NYT; she has thought through the situation of the online medium thoroughly. Key findings included the importance of social media in terms of reader access to Times articles and the proportion of mobile views. Further aspects are the collaboration between editorial and marketing, especially for the marketing of special articles in social media, the use of the archives of the NYT since 1851, but also the alignment of personnel decisions with the needs of the online editorial team. The Nieman Lab concluded:
“So much of the digital work in the New York Times is so good, despite all the obstacles outlined here. Think away these barriers and imagine what they could achieve. "
The implementation of the recommendations can be seen in the development and funding of the NYT Now mobile app and the increasing focus of the editorial processes on digital publications. As a Gray Lady on the Darknet , you have been one of the few traditional companies to be reached in the Tor network since 2017 .
In 2016, the number of subscribers had just passed the one million mark when the goal of winning ten million regular paying readers was announced. Benefiting from the interest in the 2016 and 2020 elections and the subsequent boredom in everyday life during the COVID pandemic , eight million subscriptions were already available in 2021.
At the beginning of the 21st century, the New York Times began to cooperate with other international newspapers and to distribute its own content as a supplement to them. Between 2004 and 2017, the supplement The New York Times International Weekly was included in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, initially every Monday and later every Friday . The English-language supplement was put together in an exclusive cooperation between SZ and the New York Times for the German-speaking region. At the start, the widespread circulation was almost 430,000 copies.
The New York Times International Weekly also appears in La Repubblica , Spanish El Pais , French Le Monde and the British Daily Telegraph . The supplement is part of a European advertising network. In addition to the aforementioned partner newspapers and the New York Times, it also includes the NYT subsidiary International Herald Tribune .
The International Edition of the NYT is available in stationary magazine stores in Germany. The copies are printed by VRM in Rüsselsheim am Main. The international editions are 16 pages long and appear six days a week. The departments are: Page Two, World, Business, Opinion, Science, Sports, Culture and Living.
In 2020, the NYT was the most cited foreign newspaper in Germany and, after the magazine Der Spiegel, the medium that was the second most cited by other German publications.
On October 23, 1978, and November 12, 2008 published parodies of the NYT .
The New York Times itself revealed in 2020 how it was once parodied in style during a strike in 1978 - in-house employees were also involved. The name and motto of the newspaper were expanded to include the word “Not”, it was called Not The New York Times , and the motto was: All the News Not Fit to Print .
In 2008 the parody had a circulation of 1.2 million copies and comprised 14 pages. The NYT motto was changed to All the news we hope to print and the upcoming national holiday , July 4th, 2009, was given as the issue date . Positive but fictitious reports such as the end of the Iraq war were flanked by large advertisements from oil companies who welcomed the end of the war as sensible. Furthermore, the closure of the controversial US prison camp Guantánamo Bay in Cuba was announced and the outgoing US President George W. Bush was charged with high treason . A working group of around 30 opponents of the war, human rights activists and environmentalists such as the NGO United for Peace and Justice , the Anti-Advertising Agency and the globalization-critical action artist group The Yes Men announced themselves as the publisher . To justify this action, it was stated that they wanted to secure the election promises of the newly elected President Barack Obama . The execution took about half a year of preparation, including editors of the NY Times are said to have been involved, the action was financed by donations amounting to 100,000 US dollars. The company spokeswoman announced that she would not take legal action, but filed a complaint against the initiators ten days later.
- Adolph Ochs (1896-1935)
- Arthur Hays Sulzberger (1935–1961)
- Orvil Dryfoos (1961-1963)
- Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (1963-1992)
- Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. (1992-2017)
- Arthur Gregg Sulzberger (since 2018)
- Turner Catledge (1964-1968)
- James Reston (1968-1969)
- Position vacant (1969–1976)
- Abraham Michael Rosenthal (1977–1986)
- Max Frankel (1986-1994)
- Joseph Lelyveld (1994-2001)
- Howell Raines (2001-2003)
- Bill Keller (2003-2011)
- Jill Abramson (2011-2014)
- Dean Baquet (since 2014)
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