The editorial (English) usually describes the foreword by the editor in a magazine or the leading article in a newspaper (main meaning).
In Anglo-Saxon, especially American, media, the editorial usually expressly reflects the opinion of the editor (s) and / or the chief editor, which is usually the case with a European editorial - however, there are some notable differences. Election recommendations have always been made there in editorials, which was quite unusual in Europe until a few years ago, until the Financial Times Deutschland, which was discontinued in 2012 (offshoot of the mother paper published in London), broke this “ taboo ” before the 2002 federal elections .
The Opposite Editorial
In the USA in particular there is the institution of the Opposite Editorial ( Op-Ed for short ), which has been cultivated since the late 1930s . This includes comments from columnists who often deliberately deviate from the editorial line. The expression originally comes from the fact that these opinion articles were contrasted with the editor's editorials in newspaper printing.
The New York Times, for example, employed a number of columnists from different political camps such as the left-wing liberal Maureen Dowd , the late right-wing conservative William Safire , who wrote 27 op-eds in support of the war between March 2002 and the start of the Iraq war, z. B. the article Iraqis, cheering their liberators, will lead the Arab world toward democracy , or the conservative journalist David Brooks . The first two authors named are Pulitzer Prize winners and their Op-Eds appear in the same issue. In Europe, on the other hand, guest commentary usually takes on the role of Op-Eds.
- ^ William Safire: 'To Fight Freedom's Fight'. In: International New York Times . January 31, 2002, accessed May 31, 2016 .