A comment in journalism is a contribution to an opinion on a topic that names the author. In the print media , the author is often depicted; in radio and television, the author usually speaks the comment himself. Special forms of comment are glosses and columns .
Opinion contributions in the media are protected by Article 5 of the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany. The separation of opinions and information should create transparency for the reader. In tabloid journalism in particular , newsworthy ( report ) and opinion-oriented presentation (commentary) are also mixed within one article.
“The comment usually takes a position on a current message. He explains the importance of the topic, interprets the meaning, makes you familiar with contexts, makes combinations, weighs up different opinions, deals with other points of view and helps the reader to get a well-rounded picture of the event. "All in one For a good commentary, the background should be analyzed and explained, and the writer's opinion should be substantiated with arguments. It is intended to encourage readers to form their own opinion on the topic.
Walther von La Roche distinguishes between three types of comment: the argumentation comment, the “straightforward comment” and the “either / or comment”. Nowag / Schalkowski divide into explanatory, evaluative and argumentative comments.
- Gabriele Hooffacker , Klaus Meier : La Roche's introduction to practical journalism: With a detailed description of all training paths Germany · Austria · Switzerland , Springer VS, Wiesbaden 2017, ISBN 978-3-658-16657-1 (= journalistic practice )
- Werner Nowag and Edmund Schalkowski: Commentary and Glossary . UVK, Konstanz 1998, ISBN 3-89669-212-7 .
- BR pages on journalistic commentary , accessed on February 9, 2014.
- Local journalists project team (ed.): ABC of Journalism. 6th edition. 1990, p. 109.
- Website with more information on La Roche's Introduction to Practical Journalism