The Pulitzer Prize , officially the Pulitzer Prize , is an American media award for outstanding journalistic , literary and musical contributions. Since it was founded in 1917 by Joseph Pulitzer , the award has enjoyed a similar reputation as the Oscar in the film industry. With its awards for novels and non-fiction books , it is the most important contemporary American literary award . There are also reports excellent, photos, cartoons, poetry, plays and musical recordings.
Every year, the Pulitzer School of Journalism at Columbia University in New York announces the winners, who are selected by a jury made up of American journalists and publishers . The prize money is approximately $ 15,000 per category . The most prestigious award is the award of the gold medal to outstanding newspaper houses for service to the public , officially the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service .
Announcement and award
The winners are usually announced at the end of April. The award ceremony takes place about a month later during lunch in the Columbia University library.
A Pulitzer Prize was first awarded on June 4, 1917.
In 2010, the prize was awarded to an online publication for the first time. Journalist Sheri Fink ( ProPublica ) won the Investigative Journalism category for an article about the work of a hospital in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina .
In response to the often criticized low consideration of minorities in awarding the award, the African-American author Ishmael Reed initiated the American Book Award in 1980 , which is donated annually by the Before Columbus Foundation .
Categories and award winners
German award winners
Over the years, Germans also received the Pulitzer Honor. The first well-known German award winner was the photographer Anja Niedringhaus , who won the 2005 award in the “Breaking News Photography” category. Another German winner is Daniel Etter , who was also one of the 2016 winners in the “Breaking News Photography” category. In 2017, the two German investigative journalists Frederik Obermaier and Bastian Obermayer stood on the stage of the award ceremony at Columbia University and accepted the award - as members of the Panama Papers team - in the "Explanatory Reporting" category. As another author named in the ICIJ texts submitted, the German journalist Petra Blum is one of the direct winners.
The most important of the award categories is the public service , whose winners have received the Pulitzer Gold Medal since 1918 in addition to the prize money.
The Pulitzer Prize is currently awarded in the following 23 categories (including the Special Prize):
|Public service||Public service||1917|
|Current reporting||Breaking news reporting||1953|
|Investigative journalism||Investigative reporting||1953|
|Background reporting||Explanatory reporting||1998|
|Local coverage||Local reporting||2007|
|Domestic reporting||National reporting||1948|
|Foreign reporting||International reporting||1948|
|Feature writing||Feature writing||1979|
|Current photo coverage||Breaking News Photography||2000|
|Feature photo coverage||Feature Photography||1968|
|Audio reporting||Audio reporting||2020|
|Literature, theater and music||Letters, Drama & Music|
|Biography or autobiography||Biography or Autobiography||1917|
|Special Price||Special Awards and Citations|
|Special Price||Special Awards and Citations||1930|
Several categories have been discontinued, expanded or renamed over the years:
- Newspaper History Award was given only once in 1918.
- Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Reporting), 1917–1947.
- Correspondence (Pulitzer Prize for Correspondence), 1929–1947.
- Background Journalism (Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Journalism), 1987–1997 renamed Background Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting).
- Pulitzer Prize for General News Reporting, 1985–1990, became Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting.
- Pulitzer Prize for Local General or Spot News Reporting, 1964-1984, became Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting.
- Local Investigative Expert Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Local Investigative Specialized Reporting), 1964-1984, became Investigative Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting).
- Beat Reporting (Beat Reporting).
- Local Reporting, (Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting), 1948–1952, was split into Local Reporting, Edition Time and Local Reporting, No Edition Time
- Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, Edition Time, 1953-1963, became (Pulitzer Prize for Local Investigative Specialized Reporting).
- Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, No Edition Time, 1953-1963, became (Pulitzer Prize for Investigative Reporting).
- Photography (Pulitzer Prize for Photography), was divided into Feature Photo Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography) and Local News (Spot news category), later renamed Current Photo Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Photography).
- Local News Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Reporting), 1991–1997, became Current News (Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting).
- International Telegraphic Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for Telegraphic Reporting - International), became International Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for International Reporting).
- Telegraphic Reporting, National (Pulitzer Prize for Telegraphic Reporting - National) became National Reporting (Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting).
- Roman (Pulitzer Prize for the Novel) (1917-1947) became fiction (Pulitzer Prize for Fiction) (since 1948).
Pulitzer Prize Category Timeline
|8th||Newspaper History Award||-|
|2||7th||Foreign reporting by telegraph|
|2||3||7th||Domestic reporting by telegraph|
|8th||Feature photo coverage|
|8th||9||Spot News Photography|
|0||Current photo coverage|
|3||3||Local Reporting - Edition time 1|
|4th||4th||Local General or Spot News Reporting 1|
|5||0||General News Reporting|
|1||7th||Spot news reporting|
|3||3||Local Reporting - No Edition time 1|
|4th||4th||Local Investigative Specialized Reporting 1|
|10s||1920s||1930s||1940s||1950s||1960s||1970s||1980s||1990s||2000s||2010s||Literature, theater, music|
|7th||2||Biography or autobiography|
1It appears that it was the Local Reporting - Edition time category that was renamed Local General or Spot News Reporting in 1964 , and Local Reporting - No Edition time was renamed Local Investigative Specialized Reporting . But the pairing could also be the other way around. So far there is no evidence of this.
- Heinz-Dietrich Fischer (Ed.): The Pulitzer prize archive. A history and anthology of award winning materials in journalism, letters, and arts. Saur, Munich 1987ff., ISBN 3-598-30170-7 .
- Hal Buell: Time Images. 45 years of Pulitzer Prize Photography. Könemann, Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-8290-3596-9 .
- Katja Behling: trophy of the publicists. The man behind the award. In: Structure . Issue 11, 2008, pp. 15-17.
- Roy Harris: Pulitzer's Gold: A Century of Public Service Journalism. 2nd, revised and updated edition. Columbia University Press, New York 2015, ISBN 978-0-231-17028-4 .
- Official website (English)
- cf. Pulitzer Prize 2010: Online publication wins coveted prize ( Memento from April 15, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) at tagesschau.de, April 12, 2010 (accessed on April 13, 2010)
- The Pulitzer Prize: Winners 2005 - staff60. Retrieved December 3, 2017 .
- The Pulitzer Prize: Winners 2016 - New York Times. Retrieved December 3, 2017 .
- The Pulitzer Prize: Winners 2017 - Panama Papers. Retrieved December 3, 2017 .
- All Putin's Men: Secret Records Reveal Money Network Tied to Russian Leader . ( icij.org [accessed December 3, 2017]).
- pulitzer.org: the Medal
- The Medal - Pulitzer Gold , Description of the Pulitzer Gold Medal, (English).