Columbia University


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Columbia University
logo
motto In lumine tuo videbimus lumen

("In your light we will see light")

founding October 31, 1754
Sponsorship Private
place New York City , United States
president Lee C. Bollinger
Students 29,870 (fall 2014)
Employee 15,900 (fall 2015)
including professors 3,806 (Fall 2014; full-time)
Annual budget $ 3.221.787 billion (July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2009)
Foundation assets $ 9.639.065 billion as of June 30, 2015
University sports Columbia Lions ( NCAA Division I - Ivy League ; EARC - MAISA (sailing))
Networks Association of American Universities
Website www.columbia.edu

The Columbia University (officially Columbia University in the City of New York or Columbia University in the City of New York ) is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities of the United States . The decor is older than the United States itself. The Columbia University is located in the district of Morningside Heights of the New York District Manhattan . She is a member of the Ivy League and the Association of American Universities , an association of leading research-intensive North American universities that has existed since 1900. Columbia is regularly among the top ten universities in the world in university rankings. In 2017 over 32,000 students were enrolled. The motto of the university is in lumine tuo videbimus lumen ( Ps 36,10  VUL in the Vulgate ; Eng . In your light we will see light ).

history

Low Library

On October 31, 1754, King's College was founded under royal decree by King George II . It is the oldest college in New York State and the fifth oldest in the United States.

In July 1754, the first lecture by Samuel Johnson (1696–1772) took place in a building connected to Trinity Church . Today it is located on Lower Broadway in Manhattan . The lecture was given to eight students. In 1767 King's College was allowed to become the first American medical school to award a doctorate in medicine.

During the American War of Independence , teaching was suspended for eight years from 1776. King's College's early students and curators included John Jay , the first Chief Justice of the United States , Alexander Hamilton , the first Treasury Secretary of the United States, and Robert R. Livingston , one of the five men who drafted the Declaration of Independence .

In 1784 the college reopened as Columbia College. In 1849 the college moved from Park Place, near what is now City Hall, to 49th Street and Madison Avenue , where it remained for the next fifty years. During the last half of the nineteenth century Columbia College took on the features of a modern university. The Law School was founded in 1858 and the first academic lectures in mining, as the predecessor of today's Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science , were given in 1864. The Barnard College , the first only women was reserved, was affiliated with Columbia 1889th The Medical School was placed under the auspices of the university in 1891, followed by Teachers College in 1893.

The postgraduate faculties of Political Science , Philosophy, and Philosophy of Science became one of the earliest centers for postgraduate education at Columbia College.

In 1896 the new name of the college was set by the curators after the female national personification of the USA, " Columbia ", at "Columbia University". At the same time, the campus moved from 49th Street to the 10.5 acre campus on Morningside Heights (114th to 120th Streets, Broadway to Amsterdam Avenue West), where the university is still located today. The campus was designed by the well-known architects from McKim, Mead, and White .

In 1902 the New York newspaper magnate Joseph Pulitzer donated a large sum to the university in order to set up a department for journalism . In 1912 the Graduate School of Journalism opened - the only journalism department at universities in the Ivy League. The school annually awards the Pulitzer Prize and the Dupont Award in Broadcast Journalism.

In 1928, Columbia University's second campus was opened in Washington Heights (from 165th to 168th Street, Riverside Drive to Audubon Avenue) with the Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center .

The Columbia Business School was added in 1916, partly through the initiative of the then president of Chase Manhattan Bank , Alonzo Barton Hepburn .

The atomic research by the faculty members II Rabi , Enrico Fermi and Polykarp Kusch moved the physics faculty into the focus of the world public in the 1940s after the first nuclear reactor had been built and the Manhattan project had started.

In the spring of 1968, protesting students occupied five buildings for a week. They protested against the construction of a sports hall in Morningside Park, the presence of officers and government officials on campus to recruit Vietnamese fighters, and against the university administration in general. The design for the sports hall had outraged many students and local activists, as the building in the rear western section was to have a smaller entrance for the public. Since most of the people in the area were black, the plans were reminiscent of the hated Jim Crow system; That is, the racial segregation in the south, where blacks always had to occupy the back seats in the buses and use strictly segregated schools, parks, water fountains, restaurants, hotels and so on. Ordered by then University President Grayson Kirk, the occupation of the campus by the New York police was forcibly ended. After the students boycotted the graduation ceremony, Kirk himself had to resign.

Columbia University's star declined between the 1970s and 1980s. During the 1990s, under its President George Rupp, the university regained one of the top positions among the leading universities in the country.

The university suffers greatly from the constriction caused by urban New York . The university is currently planning to gradually buy up the land north of what is now the Morningside Heights campus and west of Broadway over the next decade and convert it into the university's third campus, which has so far resulted in some protests from the local population.

In 2007 Mahmoud Ahmadineschād gave a controversial speech at the annual World Leaders Forum organized by the university .

Organizational structure

  • General studies
    • Postbaccalaureate Premedical Program
  • Architecture, planning and maintenance (Graduate School)
  • Engineering and Applied Science (The Fu Foundation School of Engineering and Applied Science)
  • International and Public Affairs
  • Journalism (Graduate School)
  • Arts
  • Arts and Sciences (Graduate School)
  • Medicine (College of Physicians and Surgeons)
  • Public Health (Mailman School of Public Health)
  • maintenance
  • law Sciences
  • Social work
  • further education
  • Economics (Graduate School)
  • Dental and oral surgery
  • Columbia College

Other Columbia affiliated entities:

students

Of the 24,417 students enrolled in the 2005/2006 academic year, around 51 percent were women and 49 percent men.

Broken down by ethnicity / origin:

  • 19,480 Americans
    • 12,833 (66%) whites
    • 2,998 (15.4%) Asian Americans
    • 1,310 (6.7%) African Americans
    • 1,288 (6.6%) Hispanics
    • 64 (0.3%) Native Americans
    • 987 Others
  • 4,937 international students from 142 countries (most from China, South Korea, Canada, India and Japan)

Sports

Columbia University is part of the so-called Ivy League , a sports league in the northeastern United States, in which several well-known top universities are represented. Columbia's sports teams are called the Lions .

Personalities

Prizes won

List of eminent graduates and professors

literature

  • Robert A. McCaughey: Stand, Columbia. A History of Columbia University in the City of New York, 1754-2004. Columbia University Press, New York et al. 2003, ISBN 0-231-13008-2 .
  • Wm. Theodore de Bary (Ed.): Living Legacies at Columbia. Columbia University Press, New York et al. 2006, ISBN 0-231-13884-9 .

Web links

Commons : Columbia University  - collection of images, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. https://www.columbia.edu/content/history
  2. http://www.columbia.edu/cu/opir/abstract/enrollment_fte_school_all.htm
  3. http://www.columbia.edu/cu/opir/abstract/opir_fulltime_employee_1.htm
  4. http://www.columbia.edu/cu/opir/abstract/full_time_faculty.htm
  5. Archive link ( Memento from June 22, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), p. 3
  6. Archive link ( Memento from January 31, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), p. 2
  7. https://provost.columbia.edu/sites/default/files/content/Institutional%20Research/Statistical%20Abstract/opir_enrollment_history_2017.pdf
  8. ^ NZZ : An Unwelcome Guest September 27, 2007
  9. http://www.columbia.edu/cu/opir/abstract/enrollment_gender_2005.html Enrollment Gender 2005
  10. http://www.columbia.edu/cu/opir/abstract/enrollment_ethnicity_2005.html Enrollment Ethnicity 2005
  11. See Columbia Nobel Prize Winners, 1906–2004 .

Coordinates: 40 ° 48 ′ 31 ″  N , 73 ° 57 ′ 44 ″  W.