Jim Jarmusch [ ˌdʒɪm ˈdʒɑːɹməʃ ], born: James R. Jarmusch , (born January 22, 1953 in Cuyahoga Falls , Ohio ) is an American auteur filmmaker , actor and film producer . He is one of the best-known representatives of American independent film .
Jim Jarmusch grew up as a second child with his siblings Ann and Tom in a not very diverse middle class suburb of Akron , Ohio . His father was an executive at the BF Goodrich Company tire company , a hard-working businessman, according to Jarmusch. His family has European ancestry: the father came from a family of Bohemian- German immigrants, and his mother had Irish-German parents. Before they got married, his mother wrote film reviews and was a reporter for entertainment events and more for the local daily Akron Beacon Journal . To keep her calm, she often sent Jim to the movies as a child, where he watched B-movies with growing enthusiasm .
Already at the age of 14 Jarmusch became interested in the counterculture , for example in books by the beatniks William S. Burroughs and Jack Kerouac or records by the Mothers of Invention , which he stole from their older siblings together with friends. Using forged IDs, he and friends went to a weekend movie theater that showed underground films such as Andy Warhol's The Chelsea Girls and Robert Downey's Putney Swope . One of his grandmothers is said to have encouraged him to read sophisticated literature and to have given him Proust's novel cycle In Search of Lost Time for his 16th birthday . Jarmusch later published poetry himself .
After graduating from high school in 1972 he went to Chicago at age 19 and enrolled at the School of Journalism of Northwestern University one. The following year he moved to Columbia University in New York , where he studied English and American literature . There he mainly attended lectures on modern American poetry such as the beatniks and the poets of the subversive New York School . He also wrote for the university literary magazine The Columbia Review . In 1975, in his final semester, he first went to Paris for ten months . He worked as a delivery driver for an art gallery and spent a lot of time in the cinema and in the archives of the Cinémathèque française . There he discovered European and Japanese cinema, among other things. After returning to New York in 1976, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts . His literature at that time became more cinematic, that is, pictorially descriptive: “ My writing was becoming more cinematic in certain ways, more visually descriptive ”.
He then studied film studies at the prestigious Tisch School of the Arts at New York University . He learned to direct with Nicholas Ray, among others . In the late 1970s he joined the post-punk scene in the East Village and tried his hand at keyboardist, singer and lyricist for the no-wave group The Del-Byzanteens .
In 1980 he shot his graduation and first film, Permanent Vacation , which premiered at the Mannheim Film Week and was awarded a prize. Then he became production assistant to Wim Wenders , who gave him the remaining film roles. With this material and a budget of $ 7,000, he made the 30-minute short film The New World , the forerunner of Stranger than Paradise , in 1982 . The German producer Otto Grokenberger saw the film at the Salsomaggiore film festival in Italy and gave Jarmusch USD 110,000 so that he could create a full version.
When the directors Sam Fuller and John Boorman pointed out his resemblance to the actor Lee Marvin , he founded the exclusive and self-deprecating circle " Sons of Lee Marvin ", whose only inclusion criterion was a certain resemblance to Marvin. Members include his friends Nick Cave , Tom Waits and John Lurie .
Jarmusch has been in a relationship with filmmaker and actress Sara Driver since the early 1980s .
Jarmusch's work revolves again and again about being foreign, the clash of different cultures and the bonding force of family relationships. While one could often suspect a pessimistic, sometimes anti-American undertone behind these conflicted constellations, his films consistently refuse such a valuation.
Jarmusch is one of the few truly independent directors or auteur filmmakers , which means that he retains control over the entire film production and the rights to the negatives of his films. Another specialty is his unorthodox work habits. He writes his plots for very specific actors and then builds a story around this character (s). He consciously renounces the usual means of shooting schedules or storyboards . Like some of his contemporaries ( Paul Thomas Anderson , Quentin Tarantino , John Cassavetes ), Jarmusch distributes some of the roles to members of a tribal ensemble with whom he is friends, such as Iggy Pop , Tom Waits , John Lurie , Roberto Benigni , Isaach de Bankolé , Bill Murray or Tilda Swinton .
Jarmusch's films are carried by slowness and laconic humor. Popular stylistic devices are the black and white film, the targeted and deliberately grotesque use of musical elements and the scenic resolution in plan sequences , mostly master shots .
Music in Jarmusch's work
In addition to his movies, he made music videos for Talking Heads , Tom Waits , Neil Young and Jack White , among others . For Jarmusch, music is “the highest and most beautiful form of expression. Without music, life would have no meaning ”. The soundtracks are an important part of all of his films, he worked with Waits ( Night on Earth ) , John Lurie ( Stranger than Paradise and Down by Law ) and Young ( Dead Man ) , but also used the music of u. a. Sunn O))) , Boris , RZA , Mulatu Astatke , Jozef Van Wissem . In Stranger Than Paradise plays Screamin 'Jay Hawkins ' song I Put a Spell on You an important role and always reappears. In Mystery Train , Elvis Presley's Blue Moon connects the individual episodes that make up the film. He also made two music films - Year of the Horse, on a concert tour by Neil Young & The Crazy Horse, and Gimme Danger, on Iggy Pop & The Stooges .
While still a student in New York, Jarmusch was a member of the no-wave band The Del-Byzanteenes, with whom he recorded the album Lies to Live By . For The Limits of Control he recorded some songs with his band Bad Rabbit . He released three albums as a duo with the Dutch lute player Jozef Van Wissem ( Concerning the Entrance into Eternity (2011), The Mystery of Heaven (2012), An Attempt to Draw Aside the Veil (2019)). Van Wissem also played most of the soundtrack for Only Lovers Left Alive , in which Jarmusch's band SQÜRL , a sequel to Bad Rabbit, was involved. SQÜRL also recorded the soundtrack for Paterson .
- 1980: Permanent Vacation - also screenplay, production, editing and music
- 1982: Stranger Than Paradise (short film)
- 1984: Stranger than Paradise - also screenplay and editing
- 1986: Coffee and Cigarettes (short film) - also screenplay
- 1986: Down by Law - also screenplay
- 1989: Coffee and Cigarettes II (also: Coffee and Cigarettes, Memphis Version) (short film) - also screenplay
- 1989: Mystery Train - also screenplay
- 1991: Night on Earth - also screenplay and production
- 1993: Coffee and Cigarettes - Somewhere in California (short film) - also editing
- 1995: Dead Man - also screenplay
- 1997: Year of the Horse - also camera
- 1999: Ghost Dog : The Way of the Samurai - also screenplay and production
- 2002: Ten Minutes Older: The Trumpet (Episode Int. Trailer Night ) - also screenplay
- 2003: Coffee and Cigarettes - also script and editing
- 2005: Broken Flowers - also screenplay
- 2009: The Limits of Control - also screenplay
- 2013: Only Lovers Left Alive - also screenplay
- 2016: Paterson - also screenplay
- 2016: Gimme Danger - also script
- 2019: The Dead Don't Die - also script
- 1980: Underground USA - sound
- 1980: Lightning Over Water - production assistant
- 1981: You Are Not I - screenplay, production and camera
- 1982: The state of affairs - music
- 1983: Burroughs sound
- 1984: American Autobahn cast member
- 1986: Sleepwalk camera
- 1987: Straight to Hell - Go to Hell (Straight to Hell) - Performer
- 1987: Helsinki Napoli All Night Long - starring
- 1988: Candy Mountain - starring
- 1989: Leningrad Cowboys Go America - starring
- 1990: The Golden Boat - cast member
- 1991: Fishing with John - starring
- 1992: In the Soup - cast member
- 1993: When Pigs Fly - production
- 1994: Tigrero: A film that was never made - cast
- 1995: Iron Horsemen - starring
- 1995: Blue in the Face - cast member
- 1996: Cannes Man - cast member
- 1996: Sling Blade - Razor (Sling Blade) - Performer
- 2000: SpongeBob SquarePants (Season 1, Episode 40: Hooked as a Fisherman)
- 1980: Josef von Sternberg Prize of the Mannheim Film Week (today the Mannheim-Heidelberg International Film Festival)
- 1984: Golden Leopard of the Locarno International Film Festival for Stranger than Paradise
- 1984: Golden Camera at the Cannes International Film Festival for Stranger than Paradise
- 1987: Independent Spirit Awards - nominated for Best Director (Down by Law)
- 1988: Prize of the Bodil Festival for the best American film (Down by Law)
- 1988: Prize of the Robert Festival for the best foreign film (Down by Law)
- 1989: Award for the best artistic contribution at the Cannes International Film Festival (Mystery Train)
- 1990: Independent Spirit Awards - nominated for Best Screenplay (Mystery Train)
- 1990: Independent Spirit Awards - nominated for best director (Mystery Train)
- 1993: Golden Palm of Cannes for the best short film - Coffee and Cigarettes 3
- 1996: Five Continents Award for Dead Man
- 1997: Independent Spirit Awards - nominated for Best Screenplay (Dead Man)
- 1997: Howard Hawks Storytelling Award
- 2005: Cannes International Film Festival - Grand Jury Prize for Broken Flowers
- 2011: Officier des Arts et Lettres
- 2017: International Film Festival Rotterdam - nominated for the MovieZone Award for Paterson
- Rolf Aurich, Stefan Reinecke (eds.): Jim Jarmusch. Bertz + Fischer, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-929470-80-2 .
- Simone Brandt: Verisimilitude: Realism in Jim Jarmusch's feature films. Diplomica-Verlag, Hamburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-8366-9100-0 .
- Benedikt Feiten: Jim Jarmusch: Music and Narration . transcript, Bielefeld 2017, ISBN 978-3-8376-4024-3 .
- Ludvig Hertzberg: Jim Jarmusch. Interviews. University Press of Mississippi, Jackson 2001, ISBN 1-57806-379-5 .
- Roman Mauer: Jim Jarmusch - Films on a Different America. Bender Verlag, Mainz 2006, ISBN 978-3-936497-09-0 .
- Violetta Parisini : Gilles Deleuze 'Zeitbild and Jim Jarmusch's' Dead Man': the attempt at an application. Diploma thesis, University of Vienna 2005 ( Vienna University Library ).
- Jim Jarmusch in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Jim Jarmusch in the catalog of the German National Library
- Detailed biography on film-zeit.de (with errors)
- Literature and collection of articles. UC Berkeley Libraries
- Scientific literature (Open Access) on Jim Jarmusch on mediarep.org
- The life of the bohemian. Tagesspiegel , May 26, 2009
- Cinema as a declaration of love for artificiality. Frankfurter Rundschau , May 28, 2009
- I study mushrooms and catalog birds ( memento of February 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ). Stern , May 28, 2009
- Lynn Hirschberg: The Last of the Indies. New York Times , July 31, 2005.
- Ludvig Hertzberg: Biography. Jim-Jarmusch.net, 2008 ( Memento from January 6, 2009 in the Internet Archive ).
- Markus Metz and Georg Seeßlen : The Limits of Control - The films by Jim Jarmusch. WDR 5 , May 26, 2009, introduction ( memento from June 10, 2009 in the web archive archive.today ).
- Karen Schoemer: On The Lower East Side With: Jim Jarmusch; Film as Life, and Vice Versa. New York Times, April 29, 1992.
- See Jim Jarmusch: Scene with pearls. In: Language in the Technical Age. Edited by Walter Höllerer , Norbert Miller , No. 105/1988.
- Paul Auster : Night on Earth: New York - Jim Jarmusch, Poet. Criterion.com, September 4, 2007.
- Hannes Wesselkämper: Biography Jim Jarmusch ( Memento from February 21, 2009 in the Internet Archive ). Film-zeit.de, November 2007.
- Lars-Olav Beier : “The film industry is finished.” Interview on Spiegel Online , May 29, 2009
- Simon Hattenstone: A talk on the wild side. Interview in the Guardian , Nov. 13, 2004.
- DANIEL BAX: Two hearts in three-quarter time . In: The daily newspaper: taz . May 8, 2010, ISSN 0931-9085 , p. 13 ( taz.de [accessed on July 13, 2020]).
- Nick Neyland: Sqürl: Sqürl EP. Pitchfork Media , May 20, 2013, accessed March 8, 2015 .
- France Honors Jim Jarmusch. Cultural Services, French Embassy in the USA, June 23, 2011.
- MovieZone Award In: iffr.com. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American film director, screenwriter, actor, and film producer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 22, 1953|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Akron , Ohio|