New York University
|New York University|
|motto||Perstare et praestare|
|place||New York City , New York , United States|
|Foundation assets||$ 3.0 billion (2013)|
|University sports||University Athletic Association|
|Networks||Association of American Universities|
The New York University ( NYU ) is a university in New York City , United States . The university is the largest private university in the United States with a total of 54,919 students (fall 2009) - of which 21,636 are undergraduate degrees, 21,766 are master's degrees, doctoral degrees, or doctorate degrees (medicine / law). It had a total budget of approximately $ 2 billion in 2010, excluding the NYU Langone Medical Center and NYU School of Medicine. NYU is a member of the Association of American Universities , an association of leading research-intensive North American universities that has existed since 1900. The university campus is located in Greenwich Village in Manhattan , New York. The university consists of 14 faculties and colleges.
The university is particularly known for its business and economics, law, medicine, computer science, mathematics, philosophy, political science, and neuroscience faculties. Due to its prestige, the quality of the teaching as well as its attractiveness and importance, which in many respects is at least equal to or sometimes even superior to the classic Ivy League universities, it is considered a “New Ivy”.
New York University was founded on April 21, 1831 by a group of prominent New Yorkers, including former US Treasury Secretary Albert Gallatin . Conceived as a counter-model to the established universities on the east coast, it should be open to all classes, especially the working class, and all denominations. Models were the universities in Paris, Vienna and the University College London . In contrast to what was customary at the time, the teaching canon was adapted to the requirements and - in contrast to the classic teaching canon - new courses such as B. Introduced economic policy, history and modern languages. The university has retained this attitude to this day and so clearly differs from other elite universities such as B. the members of the Ivy League (Sport Ivy League).
After two years of rented premises at Clinton Hall, the university acquired land around Washington Square in 1833 and began extensive construction. In 1894, the university acquired another campus on University Heights in the Bronx, near Columbia University, under the direction of Chancellor Mitchel MacCracken. The College of Arts and Sciences and the School of Engineering were moved there, and the remaining faculties were merged to form Washington Square College. The original name University of the City of New York was changed to New York University in 1896.
In the early 1970s, the university was near bankruptcy and had to sell the University Heights campus to the City University of New York. Despite this process, which is unique in American university history, the NYU has since consolidated again and, thanks to various multi-billion dollar donation campaigns, has returned to the league of institutions with large foundation assets. Today the university is the third largest real estate owner in New York City after the City of New York and the Catholic Church.
In the 1960s and 1970s, NYU was the site of violent student riots. In Washington Square Park, the students first protested for equality for African Americans, and later against the Vietnam War.
Washington Square Park has been the hub of NYU's activity since the 1970s . Located in picturesque Greenwich Village, one of New York's oldest neighborhoods, the university was the center of the romantic bohemian of the late 19th century.
Well-known buildings of the university are the Elmer Holmes Bobst Library , built by the architects Philip Johnson and Richard Foster, who also designed Tisch Hall, Meyer Hall and the Hagop Kevorkian Center. Listed buildings are still the Silver Center (formerly Main building ), the Brown Building, the Judson Hall Block, which houses the King Juan Carlos I of Spain Center, as well as Vanderbilt Hall and Townhouse Row on Washington Square North . The Kaufman Management Center and the Torch Club are also worth seeing.
NYU Village spreads out beyond Washington Square, a collection of high-rise apartment buildings for the university's professors and employees. The Silver Towers were designed by IM Pei, and a copy of Picasso's bust of Sylvette (1934) can be seen in the courtyard.
Various International Houses are also distributed around the campus , such as B. the German House , La Maison Francaise , the Glucksman Ireland House , the Casa Italiana , the King Juan Carlos I of Spain Center and the Hagop Kevorkian Center .
In the 1990s, NYU expanded its campus and purchased some land in Union Square to build student dormitories, such as a college campus. B. Carlyle Court, University Hall, Palladium Residence Hall, Coral Towers, Alumni and Third North Residence Hall.
- Arts and Sciences - College of Arts and Science (1832)
- Individual Studies - Gallatin School of Individualized Study (1972)
- Engineering - Polytechnic Institute of New York University
- Arts - Tisch School of the Arts (1965)
- Arts and Sciences - Graduate School of Arts and Science (1886)
- Mathematics - Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences (1934)
- Medicine - School of Medicine (1841)
- Public Service - Wagner Graduate School of Public Service (1938)
- Pedagogy and Music - Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development (1890)
- Law - School of Law (1835)
- Fine Arts - Institute of Fine Arts (1922)
- Social Work - Ehrenkranz School of Social Work (1960)
- Continuing Education and Training - School of Continuing and Professional Studies (1934)
- Economics - Stern School of Business (1900)
- Dentistry - College of Dentistry (1865)
In contrast to many American universities, New York University has its own academic centers in Europe and is not only dependent on partner universities there. Most notable is the 57 acre NYU campus in Florence , Villa LaPietra, which was bequeathed to the university in 1994 by British historian Sir Harold Acton.
Libraries and Seminars
The largest university library is the Elmer Holmes Bobst Library with 4.5 million books, 20,000 magazines, more than 3.5 million microfilms and several thousand digital sources. The library has 6,500 visitors a day and circulates more than a million books a year. In addition to Bobst, the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, the Stephen Chan Library of Fine Arts, the Jack Brause Real Estate Library, the Frederick L. Ehrman Medical Library, the Dental Center's Waldman Memorial Library and the Law Library are part of the university system.
Admission to NYU is very selective, depending on the faculty. The acceptance rate, averaged over all faculties, is typically between 20 and 30 percent, and the tuition fees are just under $ 40,000 per year. The university was named "Dream School No. 1" in the Princeton Report polls among college applicants and had the largest number of applicants in 2004 and 2005 of any North American university. The number of international students at NYU is the largest in the country, with approximately 4,000 students from over 100 countries.
In the rankings of the US News and World Report and other publications, NYU faculties are consistently in the top 25; As the NYU Stern School of Business , the NYU School of Law , the Robert F. Wagner School of Public Service . The Tisch School of the Arts is one of the most famous centers for music, theater, directing and stage training. The Faculty of Philosophy is widely known as one of the best in the country: The Philosophical Gourmet Report (2002–2015) even rated it as the best philosophical faculty in the entire English-speaking world year after year.
President of New York University
- 1831-1839: James M. Matthews
- 1839-1850: Theodore Frelinghuysen
- 1853-1870: Isaac Ferris
- 1870-1881: Howard Crosby
- 1881-1891: John Hall
- 1891-1911: Henry Mitchell MacCracken
- 1911-1933: Elmer Ellsworth Brown
- 1933–1951: Harry Woodburn Chase
- 1951–1952: James Loomis Madden
- 1952-1956: Henry Townley Heald
- 1956-1952: Carroll Vincent Newsom
- 1962-1975: James McNaughton Hester
- 1975-1980: John C. Sawhill
- 1980-1981: Ivan Loveridge Bennett
- 1981-1991: John Brademas
- 1991-2002: Jay, L. Oliva
- 2002-2016: John Sexton
- since 2016: Andrew David Hamilton
In recent years New York University has invested in various new buildings:
Furman Hall was named in honor of alumnus Jay Furman (JD. '71). In addition to lecture rooms, club and reading rooms, there is also the Law School clinical program and apartments for teaching staff. The building was designed by Kohn Pederson Fox Associates PC. built. After the experience with the construction of the Kimmel Center, NYU this time made sure not to annoy the residents too much and made far-reaching concessions. The height of the building was reduced and the former home of the poet Edgar Allan Poe (who lived in one of the adjoining buildings for six months and had one of his most sterile creative phases there) was preserved.
The Kimmel Center for University Life is the central collection point for all student activities. It offers space for all major university events, honors and performances. The Skirball Center for the Performing Arts is in the Kimmel Center with more than 2200 seats is one of the largest theaters in New York. The construction of the Kimmel Center was rejected by the surrounding residents, fearing that due to its height it could affect the solar radiation in Washington Square.
The Palladium Residence Hall was built in 2003 on the property of the Palladium, formerly one of the most famous and notorious clubs in New York, and offers more than 2000 students living space. This is also where NYU's second largest sports club is located next to the Coles Sports Center.
The New York University Press was founded in 1916 by the then Chancellor of the University, Elmer Ellsworth Brown, to publish "academic papers by excellent scholars".
For the past 90 years since its inception, NYU Press has endeavored to reflect the intellectual vitality of New York University through the publication of a wide variety of provocative and engaging titles of high academic value. Among other things, the publisher published the collected works of Walt Whitman , the Encyclopedia of Jewish Life, the New Encyclopedia of Judaism as well as selected works in the fields of the history of the city of New York, Balkan studies and in the field of Jewish, African-American, Asian-American and Latin American culture .
NYU Press publishes approximately 100 books a year and has a waiting list of approximately 1,500 titles. The Chronicle of Higher Education identified NYU Press as a major player in scientific publications.
NYU's sports teams are the Violets . The university is a member of the University Athletic Association .
The student body at NYU is known to be very heterogeneous and very liberal. Since NYU does not have a closed campus, student free time is not only focused on what the university has to offer, but spreads across the city. This partly leads to the fact that the contact between the students within the faculties is not very close.
The university is trying to counteract this through massive investments in sports and leisure facilities on campus. The commitment of the students is reflected in the high number of student clubs based at the university (around 150 to 170), which range from the NYU Symphony Orchestra to the Parliamentary Debater's Union.
Studying at NYU is very competitive, especially since the university awards grades in the context of fellow students' performance. Nevertheless, a collegial tone is maintained and teamwork is expressly encouraged by the university.
A series of suicides in 2003 and 2004 brought the issue of a balanced student life at NYU to the fore. Several students rushed from the 12th floor into the atrium of the Bobst Library , whereupon the university sealed all high-level balconies and window openings with glass and made significant efforts in the psychological care of the students. The university regards these incidents as isolated cases.
Membership in fraternities and sororities is low compared to other universities at NYU, accounting for about nine percent of students.
- Saul Bellow - writer and sociologist, 1976 Nobel Prize in Literature
- Baruj Benacerraf - Immunologist, 1980 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Professor (1956–1968)
- Avram Hershko - chemist, 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Otto Loewi - physician, 1936 Nobel Prize for Medicine, professor (1940–1961)
- Robert S. Mulliken - Physicist, 1966 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Professor (1926–1928)
- Severo Ochoa - physician, 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine, professor (1942–1974)
Winner of the Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize for Economics
- Robert F. Engle - Economist, 2003
- Wassily Leontief - Economist, 1973
- Thomas Sargent - Economist, 2011, Professor (since 2002)
In 2004 New York University had 350,000 alumni.
- Julius Axelrod - biochemist, (M.Sc. 1941) 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Mohammed el-Baradei - Lawyer, (Ph.D. 1974), later (1981–1987) Associate Professor of International Law, 2005 Nobel Peace Prize
- Gertrude B. Elion - chemist, (M.Sc. 1941) 1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
- Eric Kandel - Physician (MD 1955) 2000 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Frederick Reines - Physicist, (Ph.D. 1944) 1995 Nobel Prize in Physics
- Elihu Root - (LL.B., 1867) US Secretary of War (1899–1903), US Secretary of State (1905–1909), 1912 Nobel Peace Prize
- Clifford Shull - Physicist, (Ph.D. 1941) 1994 Nobel Prize in Physics
- George Wald - Medic, (BS 1927) 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Academy Award winner
- Woody Allen - actor, director (unqualified) (1977, Annie Hall; 1986 Hannah and her Sisters)
- Joel Coen - director, producer (1996, Fargo)
- Marcia Gay Harden - actress (2001, Pollock)
- Bernard Herrmann - composer (1941, All that money can buy)
- Angelina Jolie - actress (1997, girl, interruped)
- Martin Scorsese - director, screenwriter and film producer (2007, Departed - Unter Feinden)
- Oliver Stone - Director, (1978, Midnight Express; 1989 Born on the Fourth of July)
- Marisa Tomei - actress, (1992, My Cousin Vinny)
- Dela von Boeselager - archaeologist and art historian
- Alexandra Kondracke - film director and screenwriter
- John Henry Merryman - Lawyer
- Angela Robinson - film director
- Joan Dim: The Miracle on Washington Square. Lexington Books, Lanham MD 2000, ISBN 0-7391-0216-8 .
- Tom Frusciano, Marilyn Pettit: New York University and the City, an Illustrated History. Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ 1997, ISBN 0-8135-2347-8 .
- New York University
- A Brief History of New York University
- Washington Square News - NYU University Newspaper (English)
- WNYU 89.1 FM - NYU radio station (English)
- NYU Weblog Portal - Directory of NYU Webloggers (English)
- NYU Athletics (English)
- New York University: Office of the President. Retrieved March 27, 2020 .
- NYU Endowment Fact Sheet. (PDF; 280 kB) New York University, 2019, accessed on March 31, 2020 (English). Available at Investment Office. (English).
- New York University: University Facts (English). Accessed March 2, 2010.
- Fiscal 2010 budget. (No longer available online.) New York University, 2010, formerly original ; accessed on March 2, 2010 (English, no archive link with content available). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives )
- New Ivies - The 12 Colleges beating the Ivy League at Their Own Game . In: StudyAdvantage . December 14, 2016 ( studyadvantage.co [accessed May 20, 2017]).
- New York University: Florence Campus (English). Accessed March 2, 2010.
- US News: National Universities Ranking - Best Colleges 2010 (English). Accessed March 2, 2010
- Overall rankings. Ranking Of Top 50 Faculties In The English-Speaking World. In: Philosophical Gourmet Report . August 13, 2010, archived from the original on August 13, 2010 ; accessed on November 30, 2015 (English).
- On the issue of grade inflation, see USA Today: Princeton becomes first to formally combat grade inflation (English) of April 26, 2004, accessed on March 2, 2010