Angelina Jolie [ ænd͡ʒəˌlina d͡ʒoʊ̯li ] DCMG (* 4. June 1975 as Angelina Jolie Voight in Los Angeles , California ) is an American actress , film director , film producer and screenwriter . During her marriage to Brad Pitt , she was named Angelina Jolie Pitt .
She became internationally known for portraying the video game heroine Lara Croft in Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001). She had further commercial success with the films Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005), Wanted (2008), Salt (2010) and Maleficent - The Dark Fairy (2014). For her acting performance, Jolie received three Golden Globes , two Screen Actors Guild Awards and for her role of a mentally ill in the film Crazy (1999) an Oscar for best supporting actress . With the war drama In the Land of Blood and Honey , Jolie made her debut as a feature film director and screenwriter in 2011.
She is also a special envoy of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi , member of the Council on Foreign Relations and was a Goodwill Ambassador for the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Angelina Jolie is the daughter of actors Jon Voight and Marcheline Bertrand . She is the younger sister of actor James Haven and the niece of songwriter Chip Taylor . Her godparents are the actors Jacqueline Bisset and Maximilian Schell . Jolie has German and Slovak ancestors on her father's side as well as French-Canadian , Dutch , German and allegedly Iroquois ancestors on her mother's side. The latter was denied by Jon Voight in an interview. The Iroquois ancestry of Bertrand was invented to give her an exotic image for career reasons. One of the great-grandparents Jolies comes from Büren in Westphalia , another from Košice in Slovakia. Through her grandmother, she is a relative of former Dutch Prime Minister Wim Kok and the founder of the International Museum of Family History in Eijsden, the Netherlands, where more about her ancestors can be seen.
Jolie was born on June 4, 1975 in Los Angeles. Her parents, who married on December 12, 1971, separated in 1976. Bertrand filed for divorce in 1978, which became final on April 14, 1980. After her parents separated, Jolie and her brother grew up with her mother, who gave up her own acting ambitions and moved with the children and her new partner Bill Day to Palisades in the US state of New York , where Jolie in the neighboring town of Tappan the William O Attended Schaefer Elementary School . Jolie usually only spent time with her father during the school holidays or when he took her and her brother to filming. Jolie later explained that it was not her famous father, who won the Oscar for Best Actor in 1979 for his role in the film Coming Home (1978) , that sparked her interest in acting, but her regular visits to the cinema and the theater her mother and brother during their childhood.
When Jolie was eleven, the family moved back to Los Angeles. There she attended the El Rodeo Elementary School in Beverly Hills until 1989 . During her time at Beverly Hills High School , she often felt isolated among her classmates, most of whom came from wealthy families, while her mother had to get by on a modest income. Jolie wore clothes from thrift stores and was teased by other students because of her distinctive features and extremely slim appearance. With growing dissatisfaction, she went through a phase of auto-aggressive behavior in her youth ; she later described this with the words: “I collected knives and always had certain things around me. For some reason the ritual of cutting myself and feeling the pain, maybe feeling alive and feeling a sense of liberation, was somehow therapeutic for me. "Today Jolie looks back on that phase of her life with the remark:" At heart I'm still just a punk kid with tattoos. "
First acting class
In addition to school, Jolie took acting classes at the Lee Strasberg Theater and Film Institute , where she learned method acting for two years and appeared in several stage productions. At the age of 14 she got a contract as a model with the agency Finesse Model Management; however, their attempts to gain a foothold in this business were unsuccessful.
At the age of 16, Jolie graduated from school early as part of a self-reliant learning program and rented her own apartment near her mother's apartment. She contemplated becoming a funeral director for a while after her grandfather died, but ultimately decided to go into acting .
Start of career (1980 to 1997)
In Two in Ink , Jolie and her parents were in front of the camera for the first time for a film. While her father played the male lead in the comedy alongside Ann-Margret , Jolie and her mother were seen in minor supporting roles. Voight described the behavior of his then five-year-old daughter as "bored" while filming in 1980. “She wasn't exactly thrilled to be involved. But she stole the show from us because it was so honest and real. "
Jolie received her first professional engagements as an actress in the music videos for Lenny Kravitz ' Stand by My Woman , Antonello Vendittis Alta Marea (both 1991), The Lemonheads ' It's About Time and Meat Loafs Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through (both 1993). She was also in front of the camera for five student films by her brother when he was attending the USC School of Cinematic Arts in Los Angeles. She also starred in the short films Angela & Viril and Alice & Viril (both 1993) directed by Steven Shainberg .
In the subsequent low-budget film Cyborg 2 (1993), she embodied a human-like robot that is programmed to use seduction skills to make its way to the enemy's headquarters and explode there. Jolie about the film: “After seeing it, I went home and vomited.” However, the New York Times wrote of her portrayal: “Even if your acting in Cyborg 2 was still in its trial and error phase , it already contained the seeds of their present-day presentation. Even as a teenager [...] Jolie knew how to fill the screen with her presence. "
After a role in the thriller Without Evidence (1995), Jolie played alongside Jonny Lee Miller and Matthew Lillard the hacker Kate "Acid Burn" Libby in the film Hackers - On the FBI's Network (1995). The New York Times wrote: “Kate (Angelina Jolie) stands out. She pulls an even grumpier face than the other actors and she is this rare hacker who deliberately sits at her keyboard in a see-through top . Despite her morose demeanor, and that's all the role requires, Ms. Jolie has inherited the cute, angelic looks of her father Jon Voight. ”The film didn't make a profit, but became a cult hit after it appeared on video.
In the comedy Love and Other ... (1996), a modern adaptation of Romeo and Juliet among two rival Italian restaurant owners in New York's Bronx , she stepped into the role of Gina Malacici front of the camera. In the road movie Nothing but Trouble with Women (1996) she played the teenager Eleanor Rigby, who falls in love with Danny Aiello's character while he tries to conquer her mother ( Anne Archer ). In 1996 she also appeared in the film Foxfire as Margret "Legs" Sadovsky, one of five girls who form an unusual bond after beating up a teacher who sexually molested her. The Los Angeles Times wrote of Jolie's performance: “It took a lot to develop this character, but Jolie, Jon Voight's stunning daughter, has the presence to break the stereotype . Although the story is told by Maddy, Legs is the subject and the catalyst. "
In 1997, Jolie starred with David Duchovny in the thriller Playing God . The film tells the story of a surgeon who loses his license to practice medicine and is drawn deep into the criminal underworld, where he meets Jolie's character, Claire. The film received little critical acclaim , so Roger Ebert tried to explain: “Angelina Jolie finds a certain warmth in a role that is usually tough and aggressive; she seems too nice to be a criminal's girlfriend, and maybe she is. ”She then starred in the 1997 television film True Women , a historical and romantic drama set in the Wild West based on the novel by Janice Woods Windle . That same year, she also played a stripper in the Rolling Stones music video for Anybody Seen My Baby?
Acting breakthrough (1998-2000)
Jolie's career took off when she won the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actress in a TV Movie and received an Emmy nomination for her role in the biography Wallace in 1998 . Directed by John Frankenheimer and alongside Gary Sinise and Mare Winningham , Jolie played Cornelia Wallace, the second wife of George Wallace , who was then governor of Alabama and racial segregationist , who was shot and paralyzed while working for the US presidency ran.
In 1998, Jolie starred in the HBO project Gia - Preis der Schönheit , a television film about the life of the lesbian supermodel Gia Carangi . The film describes a world of sex and drugs as well as Carangi's emotional decline and death from AIDS . Vanessa Vance of Reel.com wrote, “Angelina Jolie has received huge acclaim for her role as Gia, and it's easy to see why. Jolie is poignant in her portrayal, which fills the film with nerve, charm and despair, and her role is possibly the most beautiful wreck ever filmed. ”Jolie won her second Golden Globe and another Emmy nomination, as well as hers first Screen Actors Guild Award . In her early years, Jolie often preferred to remain fully in her role even during breaks in filming, according to Lee Strasberg's Method Acting. While filming Gia , she explained to her then-husband Jonny Lee Miller that she was unable to call him. “I told him, 'I am alone; I'm dying; I am a lesbian; I won't see you in the next few weeks. '"
After Gia , Jolie briefly moved to New York because she felt she had "nothing more to give." She enrolled at New York University to study film and attended courses for scriptwriters. She later described this time as "just good to find myself." In 1998 she returned to the big screen as Gloria McNeary in the gangster film Hell's Kitchen , and in the same year also appeared as a young partygoer Joan in the episode film Life and love to be in LA . The ensemble included Sean Connery , Gillian Anderson , Ryan Phillippe and Jon Stewart , among others . The film received mostly positive reviews and Jolie received special praise. The San Francisco Chronicle wrote, "Jolie, struggling through an over-the-top script, is a sensation as the desperate club-goer who has to learn what she's willing to risk." She was named best by the American National Board of Review Young actress from.
In 1999 she appeared alongside John Cusack , Billy Bob Thornton and Cate Blanchett in Mike Newell's comedy drama Turbulence - and Other Disasters , a film about the rivalry between two air traffic controllers. She played Thornton's seductive wife, Mary Bell, and the following year she married Thornton in real life as well. The film generated mixed reactions, with Jolie's character being particularly criticized. The Washington Post wrote, “Mary (Angelina Jolie) is an utterly ridiculous author's creation; a woman who weeps over dying hibiscus plants, wears lots of turquoise rings and gets terribly lonely when her husband doesn't come home at night. ”She then worked with Denzel Washington on The Bone Hunter (1999), an adaptation of the Jeffery novel of the same name Deaver . She played Amelia Donaghy, a police officer tormented by her father's suicide who reluctantly agrees to help former Detective Rhyme hunt down a serial killer. The film grossed $ 151 million worldwide, but received mostly negative reviews. The Detroit Free Press wrote, "Jolie, while always delicious to look at, is plain and simple miscast."
Then Jolie took on the supporting role of Lisa Rowe in Crazy (1999). The film tells the story of the psychiatric patient Susanna Kaysen and is based on Kaysen's memoir Girl, Interrupted . The psychodrama was originally conceived as a comeback for lead actress Winona Ryder , but instead became Jolie's ultimate Hollywood establishment. She won her third Golden Globe, her second Screen Actors Guild Award, and the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress. Variety wrote, "Jolie is distinguished as the flamboyant, irresponsible girl who ultimately turns out to be much more crucial to Susanna's rehabilitation than the doctors," and Roger Ebert judged her performance: "Jolie is becoming one of the great free spirits of contemporary films, a loose one Cannon that nevertheless hits the target fatally. "
In the summer of 2000, Jolie played Sarah "Sway" Wayland in her first blockbuster , Just 60 Seconds , the ex-girlfriend of a car thief played by Nicolas Cage . The role was relatively small, and the Washington Post criticized: "All she does in this film is stand around, cool off and flaunt those fleshy, throbbing muscle tubes that nest provocatively around her teeth." She later explained who Film was a welcome change for her after the exhausting role in Durchgeknallt - and it was initially her most commercially successful film with an international box office of 237 million US dollars.
International success (since 2001)
Although she was known for her acting skills after winning the Oscar, her films had rarely reached a large audience until then, but Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001) made her an international superstar . The title role of the popular video game required Jolie to have a British accent and extensive martial arts training. She received widespread recognition for her performance, but the film was generally received negatively. Slant Magazine wrote, "Angelina Jolie was born to play Lara Croft, but director Simon West is only allowing her a foray into a cheap computer game." The film nonetheless became a huge international hit, grossing $ 275 million worldwide and established Jolie's reputation as a female action star.
Jolie then appeared as the catalog bride Julia Russell alongside Antonio Banderas in Original Sin (2001), a thriller based on Cornell Woolrich's novel Waltz into Darkness . The film largely failed critics and the New York Times noted, "The story sags more steeply than Ms. Jolie's daring cleavage." In 2002, she played Lanie Kerrigan in Life Or Something Like that, a film about an ambitious television reporter who prophesies will die within a week. The film received negative reviews, although Jolie's play was often positively highlighted. Paul Clinton of CNN ruled: "Jolie is excellent in her role. Despite a sometimes ridiculous plot in the middle of the film, the Oscar-winning actress is extremely believable in her self-discovery about the true meaning of a fulfilled life. "
Jolie returned in 2003 as Lara Croft in Lara Croft: Tomb Raider - The Cradle of Life . The sequel turned out to be less successful than the first part, but still grossed $ 157 million at the international box office. That same year she also appeared in Beyond All Borders , a film about humanitarian aid in Africa. The movie fell through with critics and audiences and Jolie was for the Golden Raspberry as worst actress nomination. The Los Angeles Times wrote: “Jolie can bring vibrancy and credibility to characters who have an understandable reality, as she demonstrated in her Oscar role in 'Crazy'. She can also play well known cartoons, which she showed in the Lara Croft films. But the limbo of a split character, a poorly written character in a fly-infested, blood and gut-strewn world, completely defeats her. ”She was also featured in the Korn music video for Did My Time .
In 2004, Jolie starred in the thriller Taking Lives with Ethan Hawke and Kiefer Sutherland . She played Illeana Scott, an FBI profiler charged with helping Montreal police convict a serial killer. The film received mixed reactions and earned her a second raspberry nomination. The Hollywood Reporter wrote, "Angelina Jolie plays a role that feels like something she's done before, but it adds a signature dash of excitement and glamor." Jolie provided the voice for Lola, a fish on DreamWorks SKG Animated film Big Sharks - Small Fish (2004); other roles were voiced by Will Smith , Martin Scorsese , Renée Zellweger , Jack Black and Robert De Niro . In 2004, Jolie also made a brief guest appearance as Franky in Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow alongside Jude Law , a science fiction film that was shot entirely in front of a blue screen and in which almost all sets and props were computer-generated in the post-production. Jolie also played Olympias in Alexander (2004), Oliver Stone's biographical film about the life of Alexander the Great . The film failed in the United States, linking Stone to the portrayal of Alexander as gay, but grossed $ 133 million outside of North America. Commenting on Jolie's performance, Newsday wrote, "Jolie's the only one in the entire film who seems to be enjoying her role, and you miss her every time she's off-screen."
Jolie's only 2005 film, Doug Liman's action comedy Mr. & Mrs. Smith , became her biggest commercial hit. The film tells a story of a bored couple who find out that they both lead double lives as professional killers. Jolie played the agent Jane Smith alongside Brad Pitt . The film was received mostly positively and the good chemistry between the two main actors was particularly emphasized. The Star Tribune stated, "While the story seems arbitrary, the film thrives on its sociable charm, galloping energy, and thermonuclear chemistry between the two stars." The film grossed over $ 478 million worldwide and became one of the greatest successes of the cinema year.
The following year, Jolie took on a supporting role alongside Matt Damon in Robert De Niro's The Good Shepherd , a film about the early history of the CIA, told from the perspective of Edward Wilson. Jolie appeared as Margaret Russell, Wilson's neglected wife who is increasingly suffering from the effects of her husband's work. The Chicago Tribune commented: "Jolie ages convincingly as the film progresses and is gratifyingly unconcerned about how her brittle figure might be received by the audience."
Jolie also played Mariane Pearl in Michael Winterbottom's documentary drama A Courageous Path (2007) about the kidnapping and murder of Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl in Pakistan . The film is based on Mariane Pearl's memoir A Courageous Heart: Life and Death of the journalist Daniel Pearl and had its world premiere at the Cannes Film Festival . The Hollywood Reporter described Jolie's portrayal as "accurate and moving, respectfully played and the difficult accent firmly under control." She received her fourth Golden Globe and third Screen Actors Guild Award nominations for the role. She also appeared as Grendel's mother in a supporting role in Robert Zemeckis ' animated epic Die Legende von Beowulf (2007), which was filmed using motion capture technology .
In summer 2008 she appeared in the action film Wanted , an adaptation of the graphic novel by Mark Millar of the same name , and in the animated film Kung Fu Panda ( DreamWorks SKG ) as the voice of the tigress. Wanted , which was not approved for young people in Germany, sparked a discussion about the representation of violence in the cinema, but was successful worldwide with gross profits of 343 million US dollars.
Clint Eastwood chose her as the lead actress for his thriller The Stranger Son . This film received very good reviews and was shown at the 2008 Cannes Film Festival . Jolie was nominated for the first Oscar for Best Actress for her portrayal of Christine Collins fighting for her son . In 2009 she began filming the action thriller Salt , in which she plays the agent Evelyn Salt, who is accused of espionage and then has to assume a new identity. Salt was released in German cinemas in summer 2010.
In February 2010, the shooting of the film The Tourist began , directed by Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck and Jolie played the lead role alongside Johnny Depp . The film premiered on December 6, 2010 in New York and grossed over $ 278 million at box offices worldwide. Both Depp and Jolie were nominated for a Golden Globe Award for their acting performance in the thriller , but went empty-handed at the January 16, 2011 award ceremony. At the 2011 Teen Choice Awards Jolie was honored for her performance in The Tourist awarded as best action actress.
On June 18, 2012 filming began on Maleficent - The Dark Fairy , in which Jolie plays the leading role. Maleficent is a live action based on the Disney cartoon classic Sleeping Beauty (1959), the world premiere of which took place on May 7, 2014 in London. In several interviews, Jolie emphasized that she herself admired Maleficent as a child.
Jolie made her directorial debut in 2007 with the documentary A Place in Time . The film describes what is happening in 27 different places around the world within a week. Her fellow actors Jude Law , Hilary Swank , Colin Farrell and her ex-husband Jonny Lee Miller worked on the project, which is primarily intended for demonstrations in schools .
In the fall of 2010, the shooting of In the Land of Blood and Honey took place. The war drama, which Jolie directed and for which she wrote the screenplay, tells a love story during the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995. Jolie cast the roles exclusively with Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian actors like Zana Marjanović , Nikola Djuricko and Rade Šerbedžija , the had witnessed the war themselves. “[They] were extraordinary. I have felt privileged and honored to work with them and I look forward to everyone seeing their incredible talent soon, ”Jolie told The Hollywood Reporter . After rumors began to circulate about the plot of the film, according to which the film would thematize the love of a Bosnian woman for her Serbian rapist, this aroused sharp criticism and protests from, among others, the Bosnian association Women Victims of War . Bosnia's Minister of Culture Gavrilo Grahovac then temporarily revoked Jolie's filming permit for the capital Sarajevo , which is why large parts of the film were shot in Budapest . The rumors would later prove to be false. The film opened in American cinemas on December 23, 2011. It was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the 2012 Golden Globe Awards .
In October 2013, Jolie began filming the life story of Louis Zamperini in Australia under the title Unbroken . The film, for which Ethan and Joel Coen wrote the script, is based on Laura Hillenbrand's book Unyielding: A True Story of Resilience and Struggle for Survival from 2010. The film drama By the Sea was set in Malta from August to November 2014 for that she wrote the script and directed and starred alongside Brad Pitt. It was the first time since Mr. & Ms. Smith that Jolie and Pitt stood side by side in front of the camera again. The reviews for the film were largely negative.
During the filming of Lara Croft: Tomb Raider in largely mined Cambodia , Jolie first came into personal contact with concrete humanitarian problems. She turned to the UN refugee agency UNHCR for more information on international trouble spots and agreed to visit various refugee camps in the months that followed . In February 2001 she embarked on her first trip, an eighteen-day mission through Sierra Leone and Tanzania ; she later reported how shocked she was at the conditions she found there. She returned to Cambodia for two weeks and then visited Afghan refugees in Pakistan , for whom she donated one million US dollars as part of an international UNHCR emergency appeal. She insisted on covering all of her travel expenses herself and shared the meager working conditions and accommodation with local helpers when she visited.
UNHCR was impressed by Jolie's interest in refugees and on August 27, 2001 appointed her UNHCR special envoy at the Palais des Nations in Geneva . In a press conference, she explained her motivation for joining the refugee organization: “We cannot close ourselves off from information and ignore the fact that there are millions of people in the world who are suffering. I would like to help. I don't think that this is what makes me different from other people. I think we all want justice and equality, a chance for a meaningful life. We would all like to believe that someone would stand by us should we ever get into a bad situation. "
During her first three years as a special envoy, Jolie focused her efforts on traveling and visiting refugees in various parts of the world. When asked what she hoped to achieve, she replied: “To create more awareness about the situation of these people. I think they should be commended for what they survived and not looked down on. ”In 2002, Jolie visited the Tham Hin refugee camp in Thailand and Colombian refugees in Ecuador . She also traveled to UNHCR facilities in Kosovo and paid a visit to the Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya, which is hosting displaced people from Sudan . During the filming of Beyond All Borders , she also visited Angolan refugees in Namibia . In the film, Jolie's humanitarian commitment to the UN refugee agency UNHCR was integrated.
In 2003, Jolie went on a six-day mission to Tanzania to visit camps for Congolese refugees in the western border region, and she went to Sri Lanka for a week . She also went on a four-day mission to the North Caucasus in Russia and published the book Diary of a Journey - Encounters with Refugees in Africa, Cambodia, Pakistan and Ecuador , a compilation of notes from her early travels , for the release of Beyond All Borders in October 2003 ( 2001-2002). During a private stay in Jordan in December 2003, she visited Iraqi refugees in the Jordanian desert and Sudanese refugees in Egypt .
Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt have been supporting the SOS Children's Villages for a long time with major financial contributions. In particular, they take care of Darfur and Haiti. Angelina Jolie already got a personal picture of the situation on site in 2003 and visited the children in the disaster area in Haiti, more precisely in the SOS Children's Village Santo near Port-au-Prince.
On her first UN trip to the United States in 2004, Jolie went to Arizona , where she visited asylum seekers in three facilities, and she toured unaccompanied or unaccompanied childcare facilities in Phoenix . In response to the worsening humanitarian situation in western Sudan due to the Darfur conflict , she flew to Chad in June 2004 and inspected refugee camps in the border area with Darfur . She returned to the region four months later and went straight to West Darfur . Jolie also visited Afghan refugees in Thailand in 2004 and during a private stay in Lebanon at Christmas time paid a visit to the UNHCR regional office in Beirut and met with young refugees and cancer patients there.
Jolie visited Afghan refugees in Pakistan in May 2005 and met with Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz . She returned to Pakistan with Brad Pitt in November to watch the aftermath of the earthquake in Kashmir . In 2006, Jolie and Pitt attended a school in Haiti supported by hip-hop musician Wyclef Jean and his charity, Yéle Haiti, and visited Afghan and Burmese refugees in New Delhi in November while filming A Courageous Walk in India . Jolie spent Christmas Day 2006 with Colombian refugees in San José , Costa Rica , distributing gifts and meeting with government officials. In February 2007 Jolie returned to Chad for a two-day mission to assess the deteriorating security situation for refugees from Darfur; Jolie and Pitt then donated one million US dollars to three aid organizations in Chad and Darfur. In August 2007 Jolie made her first trip to Syria and Iraq, where she met Iraqi refugees as well as US troops. She returned to Iraq six months later. She traveled to the Green Zone in Baghdad and met with Iraqi Prime Minister Jawad al-Maliki and the US Commander in Chief in the region, General David Petraeus .
With increasing experience, Jolie began to address humanitarian problems on a political level. She regularly takes part in the celebrations for World Refugee Day in Washington, DC and was a guest speaker at the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2005 and 2006 . In addition, she tries to influence legislation in Washington. She has met with congressmen and senators at least twenty times since 2003 . She explained, "Even though I would prefer never to have to come to Washington, this is the place to make a difference."
Among other things, Jolie supported a law to protect underage asylum seekers and in March 2005 she was involved in the establishment of a national organization that represents underage asylum seekers who enter the US without parents or relatives free of charge in court; Jolie funded the facility with a donation of $ 500,000 for the first two years. She also supported various legislative proposals by the US Congress to improve development aid for children in the Third World.
In addition to her political activities, Jolie began to use the public interest in her person to place humanitarian problems in the mass media . In May 2005 she filmed the MTV show , The Diary Of Angelina Jolie & Dr. Jeffrey Sachs in Africa , a documentary that accompanied her and the well-known economist Jeffrey Sachs on a trip to Sauri, a remote group of villages in western Kenya . There, Sachs' team from the UN Millennium Project works with locals to end poverty, hunger and disease. In September 2006, Jolie announced the creation of the Jolie / Pitt Foundation; The foundation made two donations of one million US dollars each to Global Action for Children and Doctors Without Borders .
Jolie has received wide recognition for her humanitarian work. In 2003 she was the first recipient of the newly created Citizen of the World Award from the Association of UN Correspondents, and in 2005 Jolie received the Global Humanitarian Award from the UNA-USA, an American organization in support of the UN. Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni granted Jolie Cambodian citizenship on August 12, 2005 in gratitude for her work to preserve the environment in his country; she pledged $ 5 million to conserve wildlife within a national park in northwest Battambang province, where she owns a home. In 2007 Jolie became a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and received the Freedom Award from the International Rescue Committee .
In 2010 Jolie supported the initiative A Logo for Human Rights .
In April 2012 Jolie was made an honorary citizen of Sarajevo. The reasoning stated that with her directorial debut In the Land of Blood and Honey she had contributed to preserving a piece of history and “the principles of humanity, democracy, as well as the tolerance and solidarity of people of different ethnic origins, religions and cultural background. ”On November 16, 2013 Angelina Jolie was honored with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award (“ Honorary Oscar ”) at the Governors Awards in Los Angeles for her humanitarian commitment, among other things as special envoy of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
After her film In the Land of Blood and Honey , Jolie and British Foreign Secretary William Hague led a two-year campaign against rape as a war tactic, which ended with a summit in London in June 2014. The aim of the campaign was to end the repression and trivialization of the topic and to call on the world community to take action against sexual violence in conflicts. Because of her commitment, Angelina Jolie was honored by Queen Elizabeth II in 2014 with the honorary dame commander of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Michael and St. George .
Since 2012, Jolie has been advised by British politician and human rights activist Arminka Helic and British foreign policy specialist Chloe Dalton.
On March 28, 1996, Jolie married British actor Jonny Lee Miller , whom she met while filming Hackers - On the FBI's Network . Jolie and Miller separated a year later, divorced in February 1999, but remained friends. While filming Foxfire (1996), Jolie entered into a sexual relationship with her film partner Jenny Shimizu . When asked in a 2003 interview with Barbara Walters if she was bisexual , Jolie confirmed it.
On May 5, 2000, Jolie married actor Billy Bob Thornton , 20 years her senior , her film partner from turmoil - and other disasters . On March 10, 2002, they adopted a Cambodian boy (born August 5, 2001) from an orphanage in Phnom Penh and named him Maddox Chivan. After divorcing Thornton on May 27, 2003, Jolie was given sole custody.
In July 2002, Jolie filed a name change request to delete Voight as a family name and change her real name to Angelina Jolie; the change was officially confirmed on September 12, 2002. In August of the same year, Jon Voight said on US television that his daughter was having "serious emotional difficulties." Jolie stated in 2004 that she was no longer interested in a relationship with her father. She said that she did not want to make the exact reasons for the estrangement from her father public, but she believed it would be harmful for her to continue to engage with her father since she had just adopted a child.
In the spring of 2005, Jolie was targeted by the tabloids. She is the reason for the separation of the actor couple Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston . The tabloid media speculated whether she and Pitt had an affair while filming Mr. & Mrs. Smith . Jolie denied this in various interviews. On July 6, 2005, Jolie adopted an infant from an orphanage in Addis Ababa and gave the Ethiopian girl (born January 8, 2005) the name Zahara Marley. After a year of intense tabloid media coverage in which neither of them had commented on the nature of their relationship - even after Pitt's divorce from Aniston in October 2005 - Jolie revealed to People magazine on January 11, 2006 that she was a child of Pitt expect Shortly thereafter, Pitt's proposed adoption of Jolie's adopted children became legally valid.
The couple's first biological daughter was born on May 27, 2006 in Namibia . People magazine paid the couple $ 4.1 million for permission to publish the first photos of Shiloh Nouvel Jolie-Pitt - the highest price for so-called "celebrity photos" to date. On March 15, 2007, Jolie adopted a boy (born November 29, 2003) from an orphanage in Ho Chi Minh City - initially alone because of the Vietnamese adoption law . Pitt's adoption of Pax Thien also became final a year later. At the Cannes Film Festival in May 2008, Jolie confirmed her pregnancy with twins. Knox Léon and Vivienne Marcheline Jolie-Pitt were born on July 12, 2008 in Nice . The rights to the twins' first public photos went back to People magazine for $ 14 million .
On May 14, 2013, Jolie published a debate post in the New York Times Op-Ed, My Medical Choice , in which she reported that she had undergone a bilateral prophylactic mastectomy to minimize her high individual risk of breast cancer . Without surgery, her risk of developing breast cancer was 87% due to a mutation in the BRCA1 gene. Your risk of ovarian cancer has been estimated at 50%. The reporting caused women worldwide to be more interested in breast diagnostics and genetic counseling ( Jolie effect ). On March 24, 2015, Jolie published another guest article in the New York Times under the title Diary of a Surgery , in which she announced that she had now also undergone prophylactic removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes .
After Pitt's manager had already announced the couple's engagement in April 2012, Jolie and Pitt married on August 23, 2014 at their Château Miraval estate on the Côte d'Azur in the presence of family and friends. Her real name has been Jolie Pitt since the marriage. At the wedding, Brad Pitt gave her a $ 250,000 typewriter from Ernest Hemingway . After two years of marriage, Jolie filed for divorce from Pitt in September 2016.
Angelina Jolie has at least 20 tattoos (as of February 2016). Among them is a traditional Khmer tattoo that is supposed to avert misfortune and accidents, a saying by Tennessee Williams “A prayer for the wild at heart, kept in cages”, a twelve- inch tall tiger and the geographic coordinates of the birthplaces of Brad Pitt and their children. She had various tattoos removed, including the words Billy Bob , her second husband's first name.
Jolie is one of the most famous personalities worldwide today. According to the Q-Score Index from Marketing Evaluations Inc., Jolie was known to 31% of respondents in the United States after winning an Oscar in 2000, and by 2006 81% of Americans knew her. In a global study of 42 international markets by ACNielsen in 2006, Jolie and Brad Pitt were identified as the preferred advertising medium for brands and products worldwide. In addition, Jolie was included in Time's annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2006 and 2008 . Jolie was ranked 35th in 2006 and 14th in 2007 by the US business magazine Forbes on the so-called "Celebrity 100", a ranking of the most influential celebrities.
In February 2007, she was voted the greatest sex symbol of all time on the UK television show The 100 Greatest Sex Symbols, ahead of Elvis Presley and Marilyn Monroe . In 2008, the readers of the German FHM voted Jolie 12th on a list of the 100 most beautiful women.
In 2008, Jolie was ranked among the top paid actresses in Hollywood by Forbes Magazine . Between June 2007 and June 2008 she received $ 14 million in fees. In 2011, she held the top position in a new Forbes ranking through her participation in Salt and The Tourist (30 million US dollars) together with Sarah Jessica Parker .
The extent of the coverage of Angelina Jolie is also evident from the fact that the actress appeared on the covers of at least 78 magazines between May 2011 and May 2012.
- 1982: Two in the Ink / The Gambler (Lookin 'to Get Out)
- 1993: Angela & Viril (short film)
- 1993: Alice & Viril (short film)
- 1993: Cyborg 2
- 1995: Without Evidence
- 1995: Hackers - On the FBI's network (Hackers)
- 1996: Love and Others ... (Love Is All There Is)
- 1996: Foxfire - Girls Without Mercy (Foxfire)
- 1996: Nothing but Trouble with Women (Mojave Moon / Desert Affairs)
- 1997: Playing God
- 1997: Western Ladies ( True Women , Movie made for TV)
- 1997: Wallace ( George Wallace , movie made for TV)
- 1998: Gia - Beauty Prize ( Gia , TV film)
- 1998: Hell's Kitchen - Hell's Kitchen
- 1998: Living and Loving in LA (Playing by Heart)
- 1999: Turbulence and other disasters (Pushing Tin)
- 1999: The Bone Collector (The Bone Collector)
- 1999: Crazy (Girl, Interrupted)
- 2000: Gone in 60 Seconds (Gone in Sixty Seconds)
- 2001: Lara Croft: Tomb Raider
- 2001: Original Sin
- 2002: Life or Something Like (Life or Something Like It)
- 2003: Beyond Borders (Beyond Borders)
- 2003: Lara Croft: Tomb Raider - The Cradle of Life (Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life)
- 2004: Taking Lives (Taking Lives)
- 2004: Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow
- 2004: The Fever (TV movie)
- 2004: Alexander
- 2005: Mr. & Mrs. Smith
- 2006: The Good Shepherd (The Good Shepherd)
- 2007: A Mighty Heart (A Mighty Heart)
- 2007: The Legend of Beowulf (Beowulf)
- 2008: Wanted
- 2008: The Stranger's Son (Changeling)
- 2010: Salt
- 2010: The Tourist
- 2014: Maleficent - The Dark Fairy (Maleficent)
- 2015: By the Sea
- 2019: Maleficent: Forces of Darkness (Maleficent: Mistress of Evil)
- 2020: Come Away
- 2020: The only true Ivan ( The One and Only Ivan , voice of Stella)
- 2007: A Place in Time (Documentation)
- 2011: In the Land of Blood and Honey
- 2014: Unbroken
- 2015: By the Sea
- 2017: The Long Road of Hope (First They Killed My Father: A Daughter of Cambodia Remembers)
- 2005: Lovesick
- 2005: A Moment in The World
- 2011: In the Land of Blood and Honey
- 2014: Unbroken
- 2015: By the Sea
- 2017: The Long Road of Hope (First They Killed My Father: A Daughter of Cambodia Remembers)
- 2019: Maleficent: Forces of Darkness (Maleficent: Mistress of Evil)
- 2004: Big Sharks - Small Fish (Shark Tale)
- 2008: Kung Fu Panda
- 2011: Kung Fu Panda 2
- 2016: Kung Fu Panda 3
- 1991: Stand By My Woman by Lenny Kravitz
- 1991: Alta Marea (Don't Dream It's Over) by Antonello Venditti
- 1993: Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through by Meat Loaf
- 1997: Anybody Seen My Baby? by The Rolling Stones
- 2001: Elevation of U2
- 2003: Did My Time by Korn
Awards for her performance as an actress
- 2000: Award for Best Supporting Actress for Crazy
- 2009: Nomination for Best Actress for The Stranger Son
- 2009 : Nomination for best leading actress for The Stranger Son
- 1998: Nomination for best leading actress in a miniseries or a television film for Gia - Preis der Schönheit
- 1998: Nomination for Best Actress in a Miniseries or TV Movie for Wallace
- 1998: Best Actress in a TV Movie Award for Wallace
- 1999: Award for Best Actress in a TV Movie for Gia - Beauty Prize
- 2000: Award for Best Supporting Actress for Crazy
- 2008: Nomination for Best Actress in a Drama for A Courageous Path
- 2009: Nomination for best leading actress in a drama for The Stranger Son
- 2011: Nomination for Best Actress in a Comedy or Musical for The Tourist
- 2015: Awarded Favorite Villain for Maleficent
- 1998: Best New Actress Award for Life and Love in LA
- 1999: Award for Best Actress in a TV Movie for Gia - Beauty Prize
- 2000: Award as best supporting actress for Crazy
- 2008: Nomination for best leading actress for A Courageous Path
- 2009: Nomination for best leading actress for The Stranger Son
- 2002: Nomination for the Golden Raspberry for worst actress for Lara Croft: Tomb Raider and Original Sin
- 2003: Nomination for the Golden Raspberry for worst actress for life or something like that
- 2004: Nomination for the Golden Raspberry as worst actress for Beyond All Limits and Lara Croft: Tomb Raider - The Cradle of Life
- 2005: Nomination for the Golden Raspberry for Worst Actress for Alexander and Taking Lives - For your life he would kill
- 2005: Nomination as the biggest loser in the first 25 years of being awarded the Golden Raspberry
Awards as a director and screenwriter
Hollywood Film Award
- 2017: Awarded the Hollywood Foreign Language Film Award for The Long Way of Hope , together with Loung Ung
Awards for their humanitarian commitment
- 2003: (Sergio Vieira de Mello) Citizen of the World Award of the Union of UN Correspondents
- 2005: Global Humanitarian Award from the United Nations Association of the USA (UNA-USA) and the Business Council for the United Nations
- 2005: Awarded Cambodian citizenship
- 2007: Freedom Award from the International Rescue Committee
- 2012: Appointment as honorary citizen of the city of Sarajevo
- 2014: Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award (presented at the Governors Awards on November 16, 2013 in Los Angeles)
- 2014: Appointment as Honorary Dame Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George (DCMG) by Queen Elizabeth II.
- Angelina Jolie: Diary of a trip - encounters with refugees in Africa, Cambodia, Pakistan and Ecuador. Bombus, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-936261-31-8 .
- Brandon Hurst: Angelina Jolie. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-89602-764-1 .
- Harald Keller: Angelina Jolie. Bertz + Fischer Verlag, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-929470-33-0 .
- Andrew Morton: Angelina Jolie. Droemer, Munich 2010, ISBN 978-3-426-27532-0 .
English-language literature and sources
- UNHCR. Angelina Jolie UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Fact Sheet. UNHCR.org
- UNHCR. Field Missions. UNHCR.org
- Chris Heath: Blood, Sugar, Sex, Magic. Rolling Stone. July 2001
- Jonathan Van Meter: Body Beautiful. ( Memento of June 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Vogue. April 2002
- Bruce Kirkland: The new Angelina Jolie. jam! Showbiz. October 19, 2003
- Jonathan Van Meter: Learning to Fly. ( Memento from June 22, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Vogue. March 2004
- Fred Schruers: Angelina Jolie. Premiere Magazine. October 2004
- Kevin Sessums: Wild at heart. ( Memento of June 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Allure. November 2004
- Matthew Swibel: Bad Girl Interrupted. Forbes. June 12, 2006
- Jonathan Van Meter: The Bold and the Beautiful. ( Memento of June 7, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Vogue. January 2007
- Literature by and about Angelina Jolie in the catalog of the German National Library
- Angelina Jolie in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Angelina Jolie in the German dubbing file
- Tobias Rapp : The principle of excessiveness on Spiegel Online from July 31, 2010
- UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador Angelina Jolie , official homepage at UNHCR.org (English)
- Angelina Jolie's Refugee Journals , Jolie's Travel Diaries (English)
- Journey Through Eastern Congo , multimedia diary reviewed by Jolie himself
- Pictures by Angelina Jolie , extensive collection of photos on moviepilot
References and comments
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- Film Review - Lara Croft: Tomb Raider ( Memento from October 3, 2009 in the Internet Archive ). Slant Magazine. 2001.
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- "Beyond Borders" turns out to be an unreal film about a too-real situation. ( Memento of October 10, 2009 in the Internet Archive ). Los Angeles Times. October 24, 2003.
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- Stone blames 'moral fundamentalism' for US box office flop . The Guardian . January 6, 2005.
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- boxofficemojo.com: “Wanted” (as of January 30, 2009)
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- 'By the Sea' and the Death of the Celebrity Vanity Project. Retrieved August 23, 2016 .
- Box-Office Preview: Angelina Jolie Pitt's 'By the Sea' Opts for Limited Release. Retrieved August 23, 2016 .
- Film releases: By The Sea. Retrieved August 23, 2016 .
- Angelina Jolie Pitt: By the Sea. December 9, 2015, accessed August 23, 2016 .
- unhcr.org: Angelina Jolie responds to UNHCR emergency appeal
- Angelina Jolie named UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador for refugees . UNHCR.org. August 23, 2001.
- forbes.com: Bad Girl Interrupted
- Interview with Angelina Jolie . UNHCR.org. October 21, 2002.
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
- Angelina Jolie and the SOS Children's Villages
- Bad Girl Interrupted . Forbes. June 12, 2006.
- Angelina Jolie launches center for unaccompanied children . UNHCR.org. March 9, 2005.
- Brad & Angelina Start Charitable Group. People, September 20, 2006, accessed July 17, 2012 .
- Jolie honored for refugee role. BBC News, October 12, 2005, accessed October 12, 2005 (UK English).
- Jolie given Cambodian citizenship. BBC News, August 12, 2005, accessed September 2, 2014 (UK English).
- Honorary Citizen Angelina Jolie visits Sarajevo Welt Online, accessed on August 7, 2012.
- Honor: Angelina Jolie honorary citizen of Sarajevos Berliner Zeitung, accessed on August 7, 2012.
- Jolie's fight against sexual violence as a weapon - systematic use , ORF.at of June 13, 2014
- Honorary Awards 2014 Gov.uk, accessed October 15, 2014.
- Angelina Jolie interviews featuring Jonny Lee Miller. jonnyleemiller.co.uk, accessed June 10, 2012 .
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- Angelina, saint vs. sinner. New York Daily News., February 2, 2006, archived from the original on August 3, 2008 ; accessed on June 10, 2012 .
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- Angelina Jolie's Name Interrupted. E! Online, September 17, 2002, accessed July 17, 2012 .
- The Most Expensive Celebrity Photos. Forbes Magazine, accessed May 6, 2012 .
- My Medical Choice. nyt.com, accessed May 14, 2013 .
- Genetic Breast Cancer Risk: The Jolie Effect
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- Governors Awards 2013 Oscars.org, accessed November 17, 2013.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Voight, Angelina Jolie (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American actress, film director, film producer and screenwriter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||4th June 1975|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Los Angeles , California , United States|