|description||national daily newspaper|
|First edition||June 10, 1847|
|Sold edition||238,103 copies|
|( Top 10 US Daily Newspapers )|
|Editor-in-chief||R. Bruce Dold|
|editor||R. Bruce Dold|
The first edition of the Tribune appeared on June 10, 1847 as a journal of the Know Nothing movement . The newspaper in the city, which was then heavily influenced by immigration, mainly contained comments that were strongly influenced by xenophobia and, in particular, militant anti-Catholicism . In the years that followed, she weakened her xenophobia and began to vehemently support the teetotaler movement .
Joseph Medill and five partners took over the paper and began supporting the abolitionists . In 1861, then Mayor John Wentworth also sold the older Chicago Democrat to the editors. The newspaper became an important organ of the newly formed Republican Party . Medill himself succeeded in being elected mayor of Chicago in 1871 .
In June 1919 the Tribune managed to get the entire text of the Treaty of Versailles . On April 24, 1930, the Tribune published, slightly abridged and amended, a list of the Chicago Crime Commission , in the "Public Enemy" (en: "Public Enemy") of Chicago were named. With Al Capone topping the list, it became customary to refer to him as “Public Enemy No. 1” in the press. The persecution pressure on the named mobsters increased enormously after the publication.
Almost twenty years later, shortly before the attack on Pearl Harbor , the newspaper reported on the US government's ongoing war plans. In the US presidential elections in 1948, however, the editorial deadline was too early: The day after the election, the tribune opened with a big " Dewey Defeats Truman ", while in the late evening after further counts it was found that Harry S. Truman was his challenger Thomas E. .Dewey had hit.
In 1974 it published all of the Watergate tapes in a 44-page special supplement, 24 hours after the government made them public. It was faster than any other newspaper and faster than the government's printed version. In the accompanying editorial, she urged Richard Nixon to resign. Both the publication and the commentary made headlines, showing that even die-hard conservatives were beginning to turn their backs on Nixon.
In the early 1990s, the Tribune publishing group bought part of AOL , which it briefly retained.
In the 2004 elections, she publicly supported George W. Bush in the presidential election, but Democrats Barack Obama for the US Senate and Melissa Bean for the US House of Representatives . Bush was re-elected on November 2, 2004 with a wafer-thin majority .
December 8, 2008, the publisher sought bankruptcy protection to Chapter 11 . One of the reasons for this is alleged to have been links to a corruption affair involving ex-governor Rod Blagojevich . This is said to have withdrawn capital from the publisher.
- Holger Rada (1999): Exclusive online journalism: The Chicago-Tribune-Online in From the printing press to the web server. Newspapers and magazines on the Internet. Berlin: wvb .
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated December 12, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.