Martin Charles Scorsese [ skɔɹˈsɛsi ] (born November 17, 1942 in Queens , New York ) is an American director , screenwriter , film producer and actor . He is one of the most influential directors in contemporary American cinema. His best-known films include Taxi Driver (1976), Like a Wild Bull (1980), Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia (1990), Departed - Unter Feinden (2006) and The Wolf of Wall Street (2013).
life and career
The youngest son of the textile workers Charles Scorsese (1913–1993) and Catherine Scorsese , b. Cappa (1912–1997), spent months in bed because of bronchial asthma , where he wrote his first scripts and storyboards . In 1950 the family moved to Little Italy , where Scorsese first came into contact with the Church and decided to become a priest . After the expulsion from the Jesuit school he aspired to an education as a teacher, decided at the New York University but in 1960 for the film art . With the financial support of his lecturer, Scorsese made his first award-winning short films and completed his bachelor's degree in 1965 . While doing his Masters , he worked on his feature film debut for four years, Who's Knocking on My Door? (1967). The $ 75,000 budget should ruin him financially. Scorsese taught later star directors such as Oliver Stone and Jonathan Kaplan at the university before moving to California , where he befriended Francis Ford Coppola , Steven Spielberg and George Lucas . In the fall of 1971 he made his first Hollywood film for Roger Corman , The Fist of the Rebels , which found its audience despite mixed reviews.
After he was accepted into the directors' union, Scorsese shot Hexenkessel, his first commercially successful auteur film in 1973 , which made him and his actor Robert De Niro well known. Scorsese's big breakthrough came a year later with Alice Doesn't Live Here (1974), which brought leading actress Ellen Burstyn an Oscar , and with the world success Taxi Driver (1976), which won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival . During this time, as he was hailed as the most important filmmaker of his generation, his drug addiction set in . His success was accompanied by stormy affairs and artistic heights. His idea, the big Hollywood - Musical with Liza Minnelli and Robert De Niro in the published 1977 New York, New York revive fell after two years of production by both critics and audiences. Minnelli cast Scorsese in the same year as a theater director in his Broadway debut with the musical The Act , which brought it to over two hundred performances from October 1977 to July 1978 and gave its leading actress a Tony Award . Although the 1980 boxer film Like a Wild Bull was traded as a masterpiece, Scorsese's reputation as a box office poison remained , which also flopped the vicious comedy King of Comedy (1983) at the box office. Only the campaign he initiated to restore old Hollywood films brought him positive press. Because of massive protests by religious groups, the shooting of the long-prepared Jesus film The Last Temptation of Christ in 1983 was initially canceled.
In Cannes in 1986 Scorsese was named best director for The Time After Midnight and was moved back into the limelight. His billiards drama The Color of Money grossed 130 million dollars worldwide. The Last Temptation of Christ (1988) was a respectable success despite the boycott of Christian groups. With the Thriller - remake Cape Fear (1991) and the costume drama The Age of Innocence (1993) entered Scorsese artistic territory. In 1995 he concluded his Mafia trilogy with Casino , which he had started with Hexenkessel and Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia (1990). The film adaptation of the Dalai Lama's youth ( Kundun , 1997) and the New York drama Bringing Out the Dead (1999) also received critical acclaim. Scorsese reached the commercial peak of his career with Gangs of New York (2002), Aviator (2004) and Departed - Unter Feinden (2006), each with Leonardo DiCaprio in the lead role.
Although Scorsese is considered one of the most important contemporary US filmmakers, he was denied the Oscar for a long time. It wasn't until 26 years after his first nomination for Like a Wild Bull that he won the 2007 Academy Award for Departed , a US remake of the Hong Kong film Infernal Affairs . In total, the gangster epic won four Oscars with Leonardo DiCaprio, Matt Damon , Jack Nicholson and Mark Wahlberg ; it also earned him the Golden Globe Award and finally the Directors Guild of America Award , for which he was nominated for the seventh time, among others after Taxi Driver and Good Fellas .
In addition to his work as a film director, screenwriter and producer, Scorsese was also responsible for numerous documentaries. Autobiographical works such as Italianamerican (1974) include artist portraits of the Canadian- American rock band The Band ( The Band , 1978), Giorgio Armani (Made in Milan , 1990), Bob Dylan ( No Direction Home - Bob Dylan , 2005) or George Harrison (George Harrison - Living In The Material World , 2011) opposite. As an actor, Scorsese also made minor appearances in his films Gangs of New York , Taxi Driver and Aviator, as well as in Robert Redford's award-winning drama Quiz Show (1994). As a film editor, he worked on the documentary Woodstock (1970) at the beginning of his career . In 2004 he lent his voice to a character drawn after himself in the animated film Big Sharks - Small Fish .
Martin Scorsese has been married to film producer Helen Morris since 1999. It is his fifth marriage; The father of three was previously the husband of the famous Italian film actress Isabella Rossellini (1979–1983) and the film producer Barbara De Fina (1985–1991). He was also in a relationship with actress Illeana Douglas from 1989 to 1997, whom he cast in several of his films. He entrusted his daughters Domenica Cameron-Scorsese (from his marriage to the screenwriter and director Julia Cameron) and Francesca Scorsese (from his marriage to Morris), born in 1976 and 1999, with minor roles in some films. In 2003 Scorsese was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (6801 Hollywood Boulevard).
At the 2010 Golden Globe Awards , Scorsese was honored with the Cecil B. DeMille Award by Leonardo DiCaprio and Robert De Niro for his life's work . In the same year, he co-produced the HBO series Boardwalk Empire , for which he also took over the direction of the pilot , which led to an Emmy . The story of the rise of a US seaside resort at the time of Prohibition is based on Nelson Johnson's 2002 book of the same name, in which he described the rise of Atlantic City .
Performers used multiple times
Scorsese has worked with some prominent actors on several occasions. Particularly known are:
- Robert De Niro (Witches Cauldron , Taxi Driver , New York, New York , Like a Wild Bull , King of Comedy , Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia , Cape of Fear , Casino , The Irishman)
- Leonardo DiCaprio (Gangs of New York , Aviator , Departed - Unter Feinden , Shutter Island , The Wolf of Wall Street)
- Harvey Keitel (Who's That Knocking at My Door , Mean Streets , Alice Does not Live Here Anymore , Taxi Driver , The Last Temptation of Christ , The Irishman)
- Joe Pesci (Like a Wild Bull , Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia , Casino , The Irishman)
- Frank Vincent (Like a Wild Bull , Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia , Casino)
- Daniel Day-Lewis (Time of Innocence , Gangs of New York)
- Jodie Foster (Alice doesn't live here anymore , Taxi Driver)
- Alec Baldwin (Aviator , Departed - Among Enemies)
- Nick Nolte (New York Stories , Cape Fear)
- Willem Dafoe (The Last Temptation of Christ , Aviator)
- Ben Kingsley (Shutter Island , Hugo Cabret)
- Emily Mortimer (Shutter Island , Hugo Cabret)
- Jude Law (Aviator , Hugo Cabret)
- Ray Winstone (Departed , Hugo Cabret)
- Liam Neeson (Gangs of New York , Silence)
|17th||Good Fellas - Three decades in the Mafia|
|43||Departed - Among enemies|
|144||The Wolf of Wall Street|
|146||Like a wild bull|
With seven films in the IMDb's top 250, Scorsese is the most successful director in this regard, along with Christopher Nolan , Steven Spielberg and Stanley Kubrick .
- 1959: Vesuvius VI
- 1963: What's a Nice Girl Like You Doing in a Place Like This?
- 1964: It's Not Just You, Murray!
- 1967: The Big Shave
- 1987: Bad - Music video for Michael Jackson 's hit of the same name (Director)
- 1990: Made in Milan
- 2007: The Key to Reserva - commercial for Freixenet (actor, director)
- 1967: Who is knocking on my door? (Who's that knocking at my door?)
- 1972: The rebel's fist (Boxcar Bertha)
- 1973: Hexenkessel (Mean Streets)
- 1974: Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore
- 1976: Taxi Driver
- 1977: New York, New York
- 1980: Like a Wild Bull (Raging Bull)
- 1983: The King of Comedy
- 1984: Anna Pawlowa - A life for dance ( Анна Павлова , actor only)
- 1985: The time after midnight (After Hours)
- 1986: The Color of Money (The Color of Money)
- 1988: The Last Temptation of Christ (The Last Temptation of Christ)
- 1989: New York Stories (New York Stories)
- 1990: Good Fellas - Three decades in the Mafia (Goodfellas)
- 1991: Cape Fear (Cape Fear)
- 1993: The Age of Innocence (The Age of Innocence)
- 1995: Casino
- 1997: Kundun
- 1999: Bringing Out the Dead - nights of the memory (Bringing Out the Dead)
- 2002: Gangs of New York
- 2004: Aviator (The Aviator)
- 2006: Departed - The Departed (The Departed)
- 2010: Shutter Island
- 2011: Hugo Cabret (Hugo)
- 2013: The Wolf of Wall Street
- 2016: Silence
- 2019: The Irishman
- 1970: Woodstock (participation in editing)
- 1974: Italianamerican
- 1978: American Boy
- 1978: The Band (The Last Waltz)
- 1995: Martin Scorsese: A Century Of Cinema - A Personal Journey With Martin Scorsese Through American Movies
- 1999: My Italian Journey (Il mio viaggio in Italia)
- 2005: No Direction Home - Bob Dylan (No Direction Home: Bob Dylan)
- 2008: Shine a Light
- 2011: George Harrison - Living In The Material World
- 2014: The 50 Year Argument
- 2019: Rolling Thunder Revue: A Bob Dylan Story by Martin Scorsese
- 1986: Mirror, Mirror - 19th episode of season 1 of Incredible Stories (Director)
- 2003: The Blues (producer and director of the first film in the miniseries)
- 2004: Lady by the Sea: The Statue of Liberty (actor, producer, writer, director)
- 2010: Boardwalk Empire (producer and director of the series' pilot )
- 2016: Vinyl (producer and director of the series' pilot)
- International Cannes Film Festival 1976 : Golden Palm for Taxi Driver
- Oscar 1981 : Nomination for Best Director for Like a Wild Bull
- 1986 Cannes International Film Festival : Best Director for After Midnight
- Oscar 1989 : Nomination for Best Director for The Last Temptation of Christ
- Venice International Film Festival 1990: Silver Lion as Best Director for Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia
- 1990 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards : Best Director for Good Fellas, Three Decades in the Mafia
- New York Film Critics Circle Award 1990: Best Director for Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia
- British Academy Film Award 1991: Best Film, Director and Best Adapted Screenplay for Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia
- Bodil 1991: Best Non-European Film for Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia
- Oscar 1991 : Nomination for Best Director and Best Adapted Screenplay for Good Fellas - Three Decades in the Mafia
- National Board of Review Award 1993: Best Director for Time of Innocence
- Bodil 1994: Best American Film for Time of Innocence
- Oscar 1994 : Nomination for Best Adapted Screenplay for Time of Innocence
- AFI Life Achievement Award of the American Film Institute , 1997
- Light of Truth Award , 1998
- César 2000: Honorary Award
- Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters , 2000
- Golden Globe Award 2003: Best Director for Gangs of New York
- Oscar 2003 : Nominated for Best Director for Gangs of New York
- Lifetime Achievement Award by the Directors Guild of America, 2003
- Oscar 2005 : Nomination for Best Director for Aviator
- National Board of Review Award 2006: Best Director for Departed - Unter Feinden
- Admission to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2006
- New York Film Critics Circle Award 2006: Best Director for Departed
- Directors Guild of America 2007: Best Director for Departed
- Golden Globe Award 2007: Best Director for Departed - Unter Feinden
- Oscar 2007 : Best Director for Departed - Unter Feinden
- Kennedy Prize 2007
- Admission to the American Philosophical Society
- Cecil B. DeMille Award 2010, special award for his life's work
- 2011 Primetime Emmy Awards : Best Director for Boardwalk Empire
- National Board of Review Award 2011: Best Director for Hugo Cabret
- Academy Fellowship of the British Academy Film Awards 2012
- Golden Globe Awards 2012 : Best Director for Hugo Cabret
- Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards 2012: Best Documentary for George Harrison - Living In The Material World
- Oscar 2012 : Nomination for Best Director for Hugo Cabret
- Oscar 2014 : Nomination for Best Director for The Wolf of Wall Street
- Praemium Imperiale 2016
- Princess of Asturias Prize for Art 2018
- Oscar 2020 : Nomination for Best Director for The Irishman
In 2013, the Deutsche Kinemathek in Berlin presented the world's first exhibition on the director. The show is mainly fed by Scorsese's private collection and the collections of Robert De Niro and Paul Schrader from the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas in Austin. In addition to his artistic work, the exhibition also recognizes Scorsese's commitment to the preservation of international film heritage , with which he builds a bridge between the history and the future of cinema.
- Aaron Baker: A Companion to Martin Scorsese. Wiley & Blackwell, Chichester 2014, ISBN 978-1-4443-3861-4 .
- Heinz-Jürgen Koehler: Martin Scorsese . In: Thomas Koebner (Ed.): Film directors. Biographies, descriptions of works, filmographies . 3rd, updated and expanded edition, Reclam, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 .
- Roberto Lasagna: Martin Scorsese . Schüren Presseverlag, 2002, ISBN 3-89472-376-9 .
- Paul Lopes: Art Rebels: Race, Class, and Gender in the Art of Miles Davis and Martin Scorsese. Princeton University Press, Princeton 2019, ISBN 978-0-691-15949-2 .
- Dana Poppenberg, Gerhard Poppenberg: Martin Scorsese. Introduction to his films and film aesthetics. Wilhelm Fink, Paderborn 2018, ISBN 978-3-7705-5766-0 .
- Georg Seeßlen : Martin Scorsese . Volume 6 of the Film series , Bertz + Fischer, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-929470-72-1 .
- Michael Henry Wilson: Scorsese on Scorsese - Entretiens avec Martin Scorsese . Revised and updated edition, Cahiers du cinéma, Paris 2011, ISBN 978-2-86642-702-3 .
- Martin Scorsese . F 2014 (episode 119 [season 4, episode 11] of the television magazine Abgeditzt! )
- Martin Scorsese in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Literature by and about Martin Scorsese in the catalog of the German National Library
- Marc Raymond: Martin Scorsese at: Senses of Cinema (English)
- Martin Scorsese on: They Shoot Pictures, Don't They? ( TSPDT ) (English)
- Detailed interview with Martin Scorsese from 2008
- Director Martin Scorsese to Receive Guild's Highest Tribute at 55th Annual DGA Awards Celebration , DGA January 16, 2003
- ↑ Follow-up stations in Turin (2013), Ghent (2014) and Paris (in preparation, 2015); The accompanying book (English / Italian) appeared in the Silvana Editoriale with the ISBN 978-88-366-2674-8 , see also the website of the Deutsche Kinemathek .
- ↑ Reading sample
- ↑ 35 min., Production: arte France, first broadcast in German: November 16, 2014, see also table of contents ( memento of the original from June 25, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. and archived broadcast ( MP4 , approx. 122 MB)
- ↑ How to pronounce Scorsese? Listen to his own explanation. YouTube video, accessed November 27, 2019.
- ^ Uli Jung: Martin Scorsese * 1942 . In: Thomas Koebner (Ed.): Film directors . 3rd, updated and expanded edition. Reclam, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 , pp. 676 .
- ↑ Nina Rehfeld: This alcohol baron cleans things up coldly and precisely . In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung on September 24, 2010, p. 37 (online on September 27, 2010 at faz.net under the title Compassion for the alcohol baron )
- ↑ The Top 250 of the IMDb (as of November 23, 2019)
- ↑ The Key to Reserva on the Freixenet promotion website
- ↑ Honorary Members. American Academy of Arts and Letters, accessed January 12, 2019 .
- ^ Member History: Martin Scorsese. American Philosophical Society, accessed February 7, 2019 . 2008
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Scorsese, Martin Marcantonio Luciano (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American film director, screenwriter and film producer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 17, 1942|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Queens , New York City, New York, United States|