Golden palm

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The American filmmaker Michael Moore with the 2004 award trophy for Fahrenheit 9/11

With the Palme d'Or ( French Palme d'Or ) at the annually organized film festivals of Cannes , the best feature film in the official competition awards. It is considered the most important award of the festival, even before the Grand Jury Prize . As is the case with the Golden Lion of the Venice Film Festival or the Golden Bear of the Berlinale in relation to the respective city, the motif was taken from the city arms of Cannestaken. A competition jury, which is mostly composed of international filmmakers, votes on the award of the prize. Since 2011, another Golden Palm has been awarded as an honorary prize for the life's work of a filmmaker.

Name and trophy

The name Golden Palm has existed since 1955, before that the film award was known as the “Grand Prize of the International Film Festival” (Grand Prix du Festival International du Film, or Grand Prix for short ) . Until 1954, the winners received prize trophies designed by well-known contemporary artists. Only at the end of 1954 did the organizing committee, on the initiative of Robert Favre Le Bret, invite several jewelers to create a prize based on the palm tree motif. The design by the well-known French designer Lucienne Lazon prevailed and was the godfather of a trophy that was first awarded to the American Delbert Mann ( Marty ) at the eighth edition of the film festival in 1955 .

The trophy has been redesigned several times in the history of the film festival and has always been based on the artistic taste of the time, while the Grand Prix was reintroduced from 1964 to 1974 for legal reasons . The prize was last redesigned in 1997 on the 50th birthday of the film festival at the suggestion of Caroline Gruosi-Schäufele from Chopard , the official partner of the film festival. In filigree work , the designer designed the neunzehnblättrigen palm fronds from 24 karat gold and put it to a simple, hand-cut into a rectangle specimen of rock crystal . The Golden Palm has been handcrafted in the Swiss Chopard workshops in Meyrin since 1998 . A total of seven goldsmiths and jewelers need around 40 hours of work to produce the trophy. The material value of the golden palm, which is contained in a box made of blue Moroccan leather , was estimated at 25,000 euros in 2007 . For the 70th edition of the film festival in 2017, the trophy was set with 167 small diamonds, which were placed "like stardust" over the golden palm leaf.

Award winners

Best movie

The works of American film directors (21 victories) were most frequently awarded the main prize in Cannes, followed by their colleagues from France (14), Italy (12) and Great Britain (10). The Swede Alf Sjöberg (1946 and 1951), the American Francis Ford Coppola (1974 and 1979), the Japanese Shōhei Imamura (1983 and 1997), the Bosnian-Serbian filmmaker Emir Kusturica (1985 and 1995) each triumphed twice , the Dane Bille August (1988 and 1992), the Belgian brothers Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne (1999 and 2005), the Austrian Michael Haneke (2009 and 2012) and the British Ken Loach (2006 and 2016). In addition, the jury in the past was repeatedly unable to agree on a winning film, such as 1993, when the Chinese Chen Kaige ( Farewell My Concubine ) the Palme d'Or with Jane Campion ( The Piano ) announced. The New Zealander, along with the Danish Bodil Ipsen (honored as co-director of Rote Wiesen with the Grand Prix in 1946 ) and the French Julia Ducournau (awarded for Titane in 2021 ), is one of the only women film directors who were able to win the main prize in Cannes.

Victory trophy from 1979

A director from German-language cinema was successful for the first time in 1946, when The Last Chance of the Swiss Leopold Lindtberg was awarded along with ten other productions. He was followed in 1979 and 1984 by the Germans Volker Schlöndorff ( Die Blechtrommel ) and Wim Wenders ( Paris, Texas ) , while in 2009 and 2012 the Austrian Michael Haneke ( The White Ribbon - A German Children's Story and Love ) triumphed. 1956 and 2004 with Jacques-Yves Cousteau and Louis Malles The Silent World and Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 9/11 documentaries prevailed.

In the past, the jury had the opportunity to combine the main prize with other awards. This last happened in 2000, when Dancer in the Dark was awarded the Golden Palm as well as the actor's prize for the Icelandic artist Björk . Meanwhile, the regulations prohibit that the main prize (as well as the Grand Prize of the Jury and the Director's Prize ) can be cumulated with other awards. This fact has been criticized repeatedly, most recently in 2012, when the jury president Nanni Moretti admitted in the final press conference that he would have awarded Michael Haneke's winning film Liebe without any regulations the Actor and Screenplay Prize. A year later, the competition jury headed by US director Steven Spielberg defied the regulations and awarded the Golden Palm to Blue is a warm color by Abdellatif Kechiche and the two leading actresses in the film, Léa Seydoux and Adèle Exarchopoulos .

year Original title German title Director
Grand Prix du Festival International du Film (1946–1954)
1946 Brief Encounter encounter David Lean
Iris och löjtnantshjärta not known Alf Sjöberg
The last chance The last chance Leopold Lindtberg
The Lost Weekend The lost weekend Billy Wilder
Maria Candelaria Maria Candelaria Emilio Fernández
Muži bez křídel not known František Čáp
नीचा नगर ( Neecha Nagar ) not known Chetan Anand
Roma, città aperta Rome, open city Roberto Rossellini
De røde tight Red meadows Bodil Ipsen
Lau Lauritzen
La Symphonie pastoral And there was light Jean Delannoy
Великий перелом (Veliki perelom) The big turning point Friedrich Ermler
1947 Antoine et Antoinette
("Award for the best psychological film and romance film")
Two in Paris Jacques Becker
("Best Social Film")
In the crossfire Edward Dmytryk
("Best Cartoon")
Dumbo Ben Sharpsteen
Les Maudits ("Best Adventure and Detective
The boat of the damned René Clément
Ziegfeld Follies
("Best Musical Comedy")
Broadway tune 1950 Vincente Minnelli
1948 Film festival not organized
1949 The Third Man The third man Carol Reed
1950 Film festival not organized
1951 Froken Julie Miss Julie Alf Sjöberg
Miracolo a Milano The miracle of Milan Vittorio De Sica
1952 Due soldi di speranza For two groschen of hope Renato Castellani
The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice Orson Welles' Othello Orson Welles
1953 Le salaire de la peur Reward for fear Henri-Georges Clouzot
1954 地獄 門 (Jigokumon) The gate of hell Teinosuke Kinugasa
Golden Palm (1955–1963)
1955 Marty Marty Delbert man
1956 Le monde du silence The silent world Jacques-Yves Cousteau
Louis Malle
1957 Friendly persuasion Alluring temptation William Wyler
1958 Летят журавли (Letjat shuravli) Pull the cranes Mikhail Kalatosov
1959 Orfeu Negro Orfeu Negro Marcel Camus
1960 La dolce vita The sweet life Federico Fellini
1961 A long absence Even after a year and a day Henri Colpi
Viridiana Viridiana Luis Buñuel
1962 O Pagador de Promessas Fifty steps to righteousness Anselmo Duarte
1963 Il Gattopardo The leopard Luchino Visconti
Grand Prix (1964–1974)
1964 Les Parapluies de Cherbourg Cherbourg's umbrellas Jacques Demy
1965 The Knack ... and How to Get It That certain trick Richard Lester
1966 Un homme et une femme A man and a woman Claude Lelouch
Signore & signori But, but, gentlemen ... Pietro Germi
1967 Blowup Blow up Michelangelo Antonioni
1968 Film festival canceled due to the May riots .
1969 If…. If ... Lindsay Anderson
1970 MASH MASH Robert Altman
1971 The go-between The mediator Joseph Losey
1972 Il caso Mattei The Mattei case Francesco Rosi
La classe operaia va in paradiso The working class path to paradise Elio Petri
1973 The Hireling Message for Lady Franklin Alan Bridges
Scarecrow Asphalt flowers Jerry Schatzberg
1974 The conversation The dialogue Francis Ford Coppola
Golden Palm (since 1975)
1975 Chronique des années de braise Chronicle of the Years of Embers Mohamed Lakhdar-Hamina
1976 Taxi driver Taxi driver Martin Scorsese
1977 Padre padrone Padre Padrone - My father, my lord Paolo Taviani
Vittorio Taviani
1978 L'albero degli zoccoli The wooden shoe tree Ermanno Olmi
1979 Apocalypse Now Apocalypse Now Francis Ford Coppola
The Tin Drum The Tin Drum Volker Schlöndorff
1980 All that jazz Behind the spotlight Bob Fosse
影武者 (Kagemusha) Kagemusha - The warrior's shadow Akira Kurosawa
1981 Człowiek z żelaza The man of iron Andrzej Wajda
1982 Missing Missing Constantin Costa-Gavras
Yol Yol - the way Serif Brats
Yılmaz Güney
1983 楢 山 節 考 (Narayama bushiko) The ballad of Narayama Shōhei Imamura
1984 Paris, Texas Paris, Texas Wim Wenders
1985 Otac na službenom putu Dad is on a business trip Emir Kusturica
1986 The Mission mission Roland Joffé
1987 Sous le soleil de Satan Satan's sun Maurice Pialat
1988 Conquer Pelle Pelle, the conqueror Bille August
1989 Sex, Lies, and Videotape Sex, lies and video Steven Soderbergh
1990 Wild at Heart Wild at Heart - The story of Sailor and Lula David Lynch
1991 Barton Fink Barton Fink Joel Coen
1992 The goda viljan The best of intentions Bille August
1993 霸王別姬 (Bàwáng Bié Jī) Farewell my concubine Chen Kaige
The piano The piano Jane Campion
1994 pulp Fiction pulp Fiction Quentin Tarantino
1995 Подземље (Podzemlje) Underground Emir Kusturica
1996 Secrets & Lies Lies and secrets Mike Leigh
1997 طعم گيلاس (Ta'm-e gilass) The taste of the cherry Abbas Kiarostami
う な ぎ (Unagi) The eel Shōhei Imamura
1998 Μια αιωνιότητα και μια μέρα (Mia aioniotita kai mia mera) Eternity and a day Theo Angelopoulos
1999 Rosetta Rosetta Jean-Pierre Dardenne
Luc Dardenne
2000 Dancer in the Dark Dancer in the Dark Lars from Trier
2001 La stanza del figlio My son's room Nanni Moretti
2002 The pianist The pianist Roman Polanski
2003 Elephant Elephant Gus Van Sant
2004 Fahrenheit 9/11 Fahrenheit 9/11 Michael Moore
2005 L'Enfant The child Jean-Pierre Dardenne
Luc Dardenne
2006 The Wind That Shakes the Barley The Wind That Shakes the Barley Ken Loach
2007 4 luni, 3 săptămâni şi 2 zile 4 months, 3 weeks and 2 days Cristian Mungiu
2008 Entre les murs The class Laurent Cantet
2009 The white ribbon - a German children's story The white ribbon - a German children's story Michael Haneke
2010 ลุง บุญ มี ระลึก ชาติ (Lung Boonmee raluek chat) Uncle Boonmee remembers his previous lives Apichatpong Weerasethakul
2011 The Tree of Life The Tree of Life Terrence Malick
2012 Amour love Michael Haneke
2013 1 La Vie d'Adèle - Chapitre 1 & 2 blue is a warm colour Abdellatif Kechiche
2014 Kış Uykusu Hibernation Nuri Bilge Ceylan
2015 Dheepan Demons and miracles Jacques Audiard
2016 I, Daniel Blake Me, Daniel Blake Ken Loach
2017 The Square The Square Ruben Ostlund
2018 万 引 き 家族 (Manbiki kazoku) Shoplifters - family ties Hirokazu Koreeda
2019 기생충 (Gisaengchung) Parasite Bong Joon-ho
2020 Film festival not held due to the COVID-19 pandemic .
2021 Titans not known Julia Ducournau
1In 2013, the competition jury awarded the main prize to both the director of the film and the two leading actresses Léa Seydoux and Adèle Exarchopoulos .

Prize winner in 1939

During the 55th Film Festival in 2002, a retrospective was held devoted to twelve feature films that should have been shown at the originally planned first edition of the festival in 1939, including the following seven in competition:

year Award winners German title Director
1939 Buoy not known Douglas Sirk
The Four Feathers Four feathers Zoltan Korda
Goodbye, Mr. Chips Goodbye, Mr. Chips Sam Wood
Ленин в 1918 году (Lenin w 1918 godu) Lenin in 1918 Mikhail Romm
La Loi du nord The law of the north Jacques Feyder
Union Pacific Union Pacific Cecil B. DeMille
The Wizard of Oz The Wizard of Oz Victor Fleming

A jury consisting of the Israeli Lia van Leer , the French historian Raymond Chirat , the German Dieter Kosslick , the Italian Alberto Barbera and the Tunisian Férid Boughedir , chaired by the French author Jean d'Ormesson, subsequently selected Cecil B. DeMilles Film Union Pacific as the best Film of the year 1939, which was honored with an honorary Golden Palm.

Honorary award

At the beginning of April 2011, the festival management announced that it would also be awarding the Palme d'Or as an honorary award. Since 2011, during the opening ceremony, important filmmakers, whose work is considered authoritative, but has never been awarded a regular Golden Palm, have been awarded a " Palm of Honor" ( French Palme d'honneur ) or a "Golden Palm of Honor" (Palme d'or d ' Honneur) , excellent. The festival follows the example of the Venice and Berlin film festivals, which have offered such a prize since 1970 ( Leone d'Oro alla carriera ) and 1982 ( Honorary Golden Bear ). Already in 2002, 2008 and 2009 the Golden Palms had been awarded to the directors Woody Allen , Manoel de Oliveira and Clint Eastwood .

year Award winners activity country
2011 Bernardo Bertolucci Director and screenwriter Italy
Prize not awarded
2015 Agnes Varda Director, screenwriter, actress France
2016 Jean-Pierre Léaud actor France
2017 Jeffrey Katzenberg producer United States
2019 Alain Delon actor France
2020 Film festival not held due to the COVID-19 pandemic .
2021 Marco Bellocchio Director, screenwriter Italy
Jodie Foster Actress, director, film producer United States

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Eva Weidmann: Collectibles . In: Capital , January 31, 2008, p. 106.
  2. Description of the manufacturing process at (accessed on April 26, 2017).
  3. Maria Neidlinger: This is how the stars sparkle in Cannes . In: Bunte , May 16, 2007, p. 62.
  4. AFP : Palme d' Or occupied with diamonds for the 70th edition of the Cannes Festival at, April 25, 2017 (accessed on April 26, 2017).
  5. Video recording of the final press conference of the jury ( Memento of the original from February 10, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. from May 27, 2012 at, 7:10 pm ff. (Italian / French / English with French and English translation; accessed on May 28, 2012). @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. Jan Schulz-Ojala: Politically with feeling . In: Der Tagesspiegel , May 27, 2013, No. 21699, p. 23.
  7. Une Palme d'honneur en Ouverture du Festival de Cannes at, April 11, 2011 (accessed April 12, 2011).
  8. a b Alain Delon, Palme d'or d'Honneur du 72e Festival de Cannes . In:, April 17, 2019 (accessed April 18, 2019).
  9. ^ Rhonda Richford: Cannes: Jeffrey Katzenberg Feted With Honorary Palme d'Or ., May 19, 2017; accessed on December 15, 2017.
  10. ^ Marx Can Wait: a new film and an Honorary Palme d'or for Marco Bellocchio . In., June 22, 2021 (accessed June 23, 2021).
  11. ^ Jodie Foster, special guest of the Opening Ceremony and the Honorary Palme d'or of the 74th Festival de Cannes . In., June 2, 2021 (accessed June 3, 2021).