Sir David Lean KBE (born March 25, 1908 in Croydon , † April 16, 1991 in London ) was a British film director . Lean became famous for his films Lawrence of Arabia , The Bridge on the Kwai and Doctor Schiwago .
David Lean had his first experience with the movie business as a simple film flaps Wizard. Around 1930 he worked as an editor for newsreels and later got up close and personal with directing as a film editor . His work in motion pictures then began with Escape Me Never (1936), and his first work as a film director he delivered as a collaboration with Noël Coward : In Which We Serve (1942). He found his own style in Encounter (1945) and then directed several films based on classic Charles Dickens novels such as Mysterious Inheritance (1946) and Oliver Twist (1948) . These two films also marked the beginning of his long and highly fruitful collaboration with Alec Guinness , who starred in almost all Lean films.
In the 1950s, David Lean established himself as one of the leading directors of lavishly produced film epics such as Die Brücke am Kwai (1957), for which he received an Academy Award . He won another for Lawrence of Arabia (1962). The film adaptation of Boris Pasternak's novel Doktor Schiwago (1965), some of which was shown in cinemas for years, was an overwhelming success . With these highly budgeted films, which were in production for many years and always starred, Lean became one of the most successful directors of his time.
After Ryan's daughter received a bad response from critics and audiences in 1970, David Lean retired from the cinema for many years and did not direct again until 1984 on a trip to India . With this film, too, the director was unable to build on earlier successes. Lean died while preparing a film adaptation of Joseph Conrads Nostromo . Many younger directors such as Steven Spielberg, for example, declared Lean to be their role model as the great master of epic cinema.
- 1935: Do not leave me ever again (Escape Me Never)
- 1938: Pygmalion: The novel of a flower girl (Pygmalion)
- 1940: Major Barbara - based on the play by George Bernard Shaw
- 1941: 49th Parallel
- 1942: One of Our Aircraft Is Missing
- 1942: In Which We Serve - (Directed with Noël Coward )
- 1944: Wonderful Times (This Happy Breed) - based on a play by Noël Coward
- 1945: Blithe Spirit (Blithe Spirit) - after a play by Noël Coward
- 1945: Encounter (Brief Encounter) - after a play by Noël Coward
- 1946: Great Expectations (Great Expectations) - based on the novel by Charles Dickens
- 1948: Oliver Twist - based on the novel of the same name by Charles Dickens
- 1949: The Great Passion (The Passionate Friends) - a novel by HG Wells
- 1950: Madeleine (Madeleine)
- 1952: The Unknown Enemy (The Sound Barrier)
- 1954: I'm the master of the house (Hobson's Choice) - based on the play of the same name by Harold Brighouse
- 1955: Dream of my Life (Summertime)
- 1957: The Bridge on the River Kwai (The Bridge on the River Kwai) - after the novel by Pierre Boulle
- 1962: Lawrence of Arabia (Lawrence of Arabia)
- 1965: The Greatest Story Ever Told ( The Greatest Story Ever Told - nichtakkreditierter co-director)
- 1965: Doctor Zhivago (Doctor Zhivago) - based on the novel of the same name by Boris Pasternak
- 1970: Ryan's Daughter (Ryan's Daughter)
- 1979: Lost and Found: The Story of Cook's Anchor (TV documentary)
- 1984: Journey to India (A Passage to India) - based on the novel by EM Forster
- Kevin Brownlow : David Lean. A biography. St. Martin's Press, 1996, ISBN 0-312-14578-0 .
- Michael Coyne: Epic Encounters. The Films of David Lean. In: Cinema & Society. IB Tauris, 2004, ISBN 1-86064-513-5 .
- Thomas Koebner , Fabienne Liptay, Matthias Bauer (eds.): David Lean. In: Film Concepts No. 10. edition text + kritik, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-88377-922-5 .
- Dieter Krusche, Jürgen Labenski : Reclam's film guide. 7th edition, Reclam, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-15-010205-7 , p. 676
- Sandra Lean, Barry Chattington: David Lean. An intimate portrait. Carlton Books, 2001, ISBN 0-233-05014-0 , Paperback: ISBN 0-7893-0626-3 .
- Gene D. Phillips: Beyond the Epic: The Life and Films of David Lean. The University Press of Kentucky, 2006, ISBN 0-8131-2415-8 .
- Stephen M. Silverman: David Lean. Harry N. Abrams, 1992, ISBN 0-8109-2507-9 .
- James Ursini, Alain Silver: David Lean and His Films. Silman-James Press, 1992, ISBN 1-879505-00-2 .
- David Lean in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- David Lean in nndb (English)
- David Lean in the database of Find a Grave (English)
- David Lean at BFI (English)
- Senses of Cinema - Essay (English)
- Marc Hairapetian: Intimate monumentality: On the 100th birthday of David Lean . In: film-dienst.kim-info.de . film service . Archived from the original on April 25, 2011. Retrieved April 25, 2011. - Portrait
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British film director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 25, 1908|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Croydon|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 16, 1991|
|Place of death||London|