Michelangelo Antonioni (born September 29, 1912 in Ferrara , Italy , † July 30, 2007 in Rome ) was an Italian film director , author and painter.
The son of a landowner graduated from the University of Bologna with a degree in economics , worked for a short time in a bank and wrote film reviews for Corriere Padano . In 1939 he went to Rome “to devote his life to film”. He wrote for L'Italia Libera . The first drafts for scripts were made at that time. He studied film technology at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia near the film city of Cinecittà . Here Antonioni met some of the artists he would later work with, including Roberto Rossellini . In 1942 he worked with Rossellini on the script for his film Un Pilota ritorna . This was followed by an assistant to Marcel Carné's The Night with the Devil .
Also in Rome, he wrote for Cinema , an official film magazine published by Mussolini's son Vittorio. In the 1940s, the often cited appraisals of fascist and anti-Jewish propaganda films such as Hitlerjunge Quex or Jud Suss appeared here , which Antonioni later brought in a number of nasty comments. Due to political differences, Antonioni was finally fired from Cinema , where he previously enjoyed some privileges.
Antonioni described himself as a Marxist intellectual.
In 1985 Antonioni suffered a stroke, the consequences of which severely disabled him and until his death only allowed him to make Beyond the Clouds (together with Wim Wenders , 1995) as well as a few short films and short travel documentaries. In 1998 he was awarded the Antonio Feltrinelli Prize .
Antonioni died on July 30, 2007 in Rome at the age of 94.
After the end of the war he shot People on the Po and other short films, and in 1950 he was able to make his first feature film, Chronik einer Liebe . Some of his early films are associated with Italian neorealism . He dealt with post-war society, human isolation, but also with breaking out of conventions . While pure neorealism deals with the external alienation of ordinary people from their environment, Antonioni reversed this motive. His trilogy, composed at the beginning of the 1960s, consisting of Playing with Love (1960), The Night (1961) and Love 1962 (1962), is primarily about the inner alienation and disruption of the protagonists, who are exclusively in the upper classes Social classes.
Another topic is the possibilities of the media to show things and question them at the same time, as in his best-known film Blow Up , in which a photographer believes he is seeing a corpse on one of his photo negatives and wants to get to the bottom of the matter.
Zabriskie Point is a tribute to the '68 movement : In a phase of violent student riots a student and an employee from their daily lives and break the consumer society and meet in the desert - but their escape fails, as well as the revolt of the students.
Wim Wenders supported the film director in 1995 in staging an adaptation of his own fragmentary sketches from earlier years in the form of an anthology (Beyond the Clouds) . Wenders recorded these experiences in his diary and later published them under the title Die Zeit mit Antonioni .
From March 10th to June 9th 2013, Ferrara Arte organized the first major exhibition on Michelangelo Antonioni in the Palazzo dei Diamanti in Ferrara.
- 1943–47: People on the Po (Gente del Po)
- 1948: Street cleaning (NU - Nettezza urbana)
- 1949: L'amorosa menzogna
- 1949: Superstition (Superstizione)
- 1949: Sette canne un vestito
- 1950: La funivia del Faloria
- 1950: La villa dei mostri
- 1995: Ritorno a Lisca Bianca
- 2004: Lo sguardo di Michelangelo
- 1950: Chronicle of a love (Cronaca di un amore)
- 1952: Children of Our Time (I vinti)
- 1953: The great role (La signora senza camelie)
- 1953: Love in the city (L'amore in città, episode Tentato suicidio)
- 1955: The girlfriends (corpse)
- 1957: The Scream (Il grido)
- 1960: Those who play with love (L'avventura)
- 1961: The Night (La notte)
- 1962: Love 1962 (L'eclisse)
- 1964: The red desert (Il deserto rosso)
- 1965: Three Faces of a Woman (I tre volti, episode Die Probaufnahme )
- 1966: Blow Up (Blowup)
- 1970: Zabriskie Point
- 1972: Antonionis China (Chung Kuo Cina) (documentary)
- 1975: Profession: Reporter (Professione: Reporter)
- 1980: The secret of Oberwald (Il mistero di Oberwald)
- 1983: Identifying a woman (Identificazione di una donna)
- 1989: 12 registi per 12 città (episode Rome )
- 1995: Beyond the Clouds (Al di là delle nuvole)
- 2004: Eros (episode Il filo pericoloso delle cose)
- Pierre Leprohon: Michelangelo Antonioni. The director and his films (translated by Lotte Eisner ). Fischer Bücherei, Frankfurt am Main and Hamburg 1964. (French orig. 1961)
- Gunther Salje: Michelangelo Antonioni. Director analysis - directorial practice; Volume 2: Lecture texts with exercises for scriptwriting (series of practical studies in film / television). Media-Institut, Röllinghausen 1994, ISBN 3-928590-04-9 .
- Hans Erich Troje: The incomprehensible woman. On the uniqueness of Michelangelo Antonioni . ars una, Neuried 1995, ISBN 3-89391-806-X .
- Michelangelo Antonioni: About the shorter duration of love. In: du. The magazine of culture . Issue 655 / November 1995, Tamedia AG, Zurich, ISBN 978-3-908516-87-3 .
- Michelangelo Antonioni: Bowling on the Tiber . Wagenbach, Berlin 1985, ISBN 3-8031-0142-5 ; DTV, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-423-19009-4 .
- Peter Brunette: The Films of Michelangelo Antonioni . Cambridge Univ. Pr., Cambridge 1998, ISBN 0-521-38085-5 .
- Seymour Chatman and Paul Duncan (Eds.): Antonioni - Complete Films . Taschen, Cologne 2004, ISBN 3-8228-3086-0 .
- Rike Felka: "In the desert. About Antonionis 'The Red Desert'". In: Rike Felka: The spatial memory. Brinkmann + Bose, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-940048-04-2 , pp. 65-82.
- Florian Lehmann: Reality and Imagination. Photography in shared apartment Sebald's 'Austerlitz' and Michelangelo Antonioni's 'Blow Up' . University of Bamberg Press, Bamberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-86309140-8 .
- Uwe Müller: The intimate realism of Michelangelo Antonioni . BOD, Norderstedt 2004, ISBN 3-8334-1060-4 .
- Tina Hedwig Kaiser: strollers in the film. La Notte and L'Eclisse by Michelangelo Antonioni . Tectum, Marburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-8288-9462-4 .
- Roland Barthes among others: Michelangelo Antonioni (Film 31 series). Hanser, Munich, Vienna 1984, ISBN 3-446-13985-0 .
- Alfred Andersch : Das Meer , story based on "The Scream" by Michelangelo Antonioni, in the novel "Die Rote" (Diogenes 1972, new version), individually in "Gesammelte Erzählungen" (Diogenes 1999)
- Matthias Bauer: Michelangelo Antonioni - image, projection, reality . edition text + kritik, Munich 2015, ISBN 978-3-86916-267-6 .
- ^ "È morto Michelangelo Antonioni" , Corriere della Sera , July 31, 2007 (Italian)
- ↑ a b Fritz Göttler in The Night Was Tender , Süddeutsche Zeitung No. 175, page 11 of August 1, 2007
- Fan site for Antonioni (English)
- Literature by and about Michelangelo Antonioni in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Michelangelo Antonioni in the German Digital Library
- Michelangelo Antonioni in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Scientific literature (Open Access) on Michelangelo Antonioni on mediarep.org
- Antonioni in "Senses of Cinema" (Engl.)
- "Michelangelo Antonioni's 'L'eclisse.' A broken piece of wood, a matchbook, a woman, a man. " [Book in English] http://davidsaulrosenfeld.com/
- Video document
- Press conference on the occasion of the German premiere of Beyond the Clouds . With: Michelangelo Antonioni, Wim Wenders, Irène Jacob, Chiara Caselli, Ines Sastre. Cologne, October 29, 1995.
- "Each of his riddles has become a film" , FAZ , July 31, 2007
- "Hundred hours of solitude" , Tagesspiegel , July 31, 2007
- “Michelangelo Antonioni: The Chronicler of Disappearance” , Die Presse , August 1, 2007, with picture gallery
- "Michelangelo Antonioni - no flawless legacy" wsws.org, August 11, 2007
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian film director, writer and painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 29, 1912|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Ferrara , Italy|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 30, 2007|
|Place of death||Rome|