|Woodrow Wilson wins the presidential election in the United States .||Sun Yat-sen proclaims the Republic of China and establishes the Kuomintang .|
|RMS Titanic sinks in the North Atlantic .|
|1912 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1360/61 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1904/05 (September 10-11)|
|Baha'i calendar||68/69 (March 20/21)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1317/18 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2455/56 (southern Buddhism); 2454/55 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||76th (77th) cycle|
|Chuch'e ideology (North Korea)||Chuch'e 1|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1274/75 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4245/46 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1290/91 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1330/31 (December 10-11)|
Meiji 45 (
明治 45 年 , until July 30th) / Taishō 1 (大 正 元年 , from July 30th);
|Jewish calendar||5672/73 (September 11-12)|
|Coptic calendar||1628/29 (September 10-11)|
|Minguo calendar (China)||Year 1 of the Republic|
|Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire)||1327/28 (March 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2222/23 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2223/24 (turn of the year October)
|Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar)||2454/55 (April 1)|
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1968/69 (April)|
The year 1912 was shaped primarily by the growing conflict situation in Europe, which two years later would lead to the First World War .
Talks between the British War Minister Richard Burdon Haldane and the German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg in February about an agreement to restrict armaments in the navy remained inconclusive. On the contrary, in May the German Reichstag decided to further expand the fleet. In the Balkans , several states still under Ottoman sovereignty founded the Balkan Federation and, encouraged by Italy's successes in the Italo-Turkish War , began the First Balkan War in October against the Ottoman Empire, which fell apart after the fall of the Young Turks .
Before the presidential election in the United States , the Progressive Party split off from the Republican Party under former President Theodore Roosevelt . As the candidates from these two parties take away each other's votes, the Democrat Woodrow Wilson emerges as the winner of the election.
Other events include the tragic end of the British Terra Nova expedition led by Robert Falcon Scott to the South Pole , the sinking of the British luxury liner RMS Titanic in the North Atlantic and the 5th Summer Olympics in Stockholm.
Politics and world events
Europe and the Mediterranean
Italy / Ottoman Empire
- January 7th : During the Italo-Turkish War, the Italian fleet bombarded the port city of Hodeida on the Red Sea and sank several Ottoman gunboats.
- February 24th : The Italian fleet bombarded the Turkish fortress of Beirut .
- March: The Italian pilot Carlo Piazza returns for the first time with photographs from a reconnaissance flight.
- March 14th : At a mass in the Pantheon in Rome, the anarchist Antonio D'Alba fires several times at the Italian King Victor Emanuel III. The king escapes the assassination attempt unharmed.
- April 18 : After the Dardanelles were bombarded by Italian warships, Turkey closes the sea connection between the Black and Mediterranean for shipping.
- May 4th : The Italians stuck in North Africa try to carry the war to other regions and conquer the Mediterranean island of Rhodes and other islands in the Dodecanese .
- May 25th : In the Kingdom of Italy the “ universal right to vote ” ( suffragio universale ) is introduced by law . All male citizens over the age of 21 are eligible to vote in the elections, which will be held in autumn 1913 , provided they can read and write, as well as illiterate males if they are over 30 years old. Overall, around 27% of the Italian population are eligible to vote .
- October 18 : The Italo-Turkish War ends after peace negotiations in Ouchy near Lausanne. In the Peace of Ouchy the Ottoman Empire renounced its North African possessions Tripolitania , Cyrenaica and Fessan (in today's Libya) as well as the Dodecanese in favor of the Kingdom of Italy .
- March 13 : The Kingdom of Serbia and the Kingdom of Bulgaria include a secret defensive alliance , from which the against the Ottoman Empire directed Balkan Alliance grows. On May 12, the defensive alliance is expanded to a military alliance .
- May 12th : The Kingdom of Greece ( Megali Idea ) and Bulgaria conclude an alliance directed against the Ottoman Empire in Sofia. A similar agreement follows between Bulgaria and the Kingdom of Montenegro .
- October 8th : After the Ottoman Empire has rejected the ultimate demand of the Balkan Federation, which now consists of Serbia, Bulgaria, Montenegro and Greece, for autonomy for Albania and Old Serbia , the First Balkan War begins with the declaration of war by Montenegro .
- October 16 : The Ottoman Empire declares war on Bulgaria.
- October 17th : Serbia , Bulgaria and Greece declare war on the Ottoman Empire .
- October 21 : Greece defeats the Ottoman forces at the Sarantaporos River.
- October 24th : The Greeks invade Kozani . The Bulgarians conquer Kirk Kilisse .
- October 26th : The Greeks invade Thessaloniki .
- Oct. 29 : During the First Balkan War begins until November 2nd lasting Battle of Lule Burgas that with a victory of the Bulgarian army under Ivan Fichev ends which failed however to follow the Ottoman troops, who then in Catalca before Constantine Opel can dig in. The battle is the largest battle in Europe since the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71.
- October 31st : The Greek army wins another victory at Giannitsa .
- November 3rd / 4th : Serbia defeats the Ottoman Empire near Kumanovo .
- November 7th : The Greek army marches into Salonika . There were initial clashes with the Bulgarian units arriving a few hours later.
- 17 / 18 November : Bulgaria tries in vain Konstantin Opel take.
- November 25th : Ioannina is surrounded by Greek forces.
- November 28 : Ismail Qemali calls together with Isa Boletini and Luigj Gurakuqi in Vlora the independence of Albania and hoists on the balcony the flag of Skanderbeg double eagle.
- November 29 : Serbian forces invade Monastir .
- December 3 : A provisional armistice in the First Balkan War is signed by Turkey, Bulgaria, Serbia and Montenegro in the Turkish city of Çatalca .
- December 16 : At the London Ambassador Conference , Albania's detachment from the Ottoman Empire is recognized by Europe's great powers Russia , Austria-Hungary , Italy , Germany and Great Britain .
- January 12th : In the Reichstag election for the 13th German Reichstag , the Social Democrats double their seats and become the strongest parliamentary group despite the distortion caused by majority voting. As a result, anti-Semitic circles coined the battle term of the “election of the Jews”. The split bourgeois camp moves closer together and can form the government again under Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg .
- February 8 : In Berlin, British War Minister Richard Burdon Haldane begins talks with Chancellor Hollweg to defuse the naval rivalry, which remain unsuccessful because Fleet Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz demands a British guarantee of neutrality and thus de facto the dissolution of the Triple Entente with France and Russia.
- March 11th : Miners strike in the Ruhr area : military is deployed, so the strike has to be broken off on March 19th .
- May 14th : The German Reichstag approves a new fleet bill, which u. a. provides for the construction of 41 battleships and battle cruisers.
- September 24th : A demonstration drive for women's suffrage takes place in Munich .
- October 13 : The Domowina is founded in Hoyerswerda as the umbrella organization of the Lusatian Sorbs .
- December 8 : At the council of war of December 8, 1912, Kaiser Wilhelm II and the top military leadership discussed a future war against Russia , France and Great Britain .
- December 8th : The Triple Alliance between the German Empire , Austria-Hungary and the Kingdom of Italy is extended by six years.
- December 12th : After the death of Luitpold von Bayern , his son Ludwig III. new Prince Regent in Bavaria . He rules for his mentally ill and incapable of government cousin Otto . The Council of Ministers is discussing a king's proclamation for Ludwig, but it will be postponed until next year.
France / Morocco
- January 14 : Raymond Poincaré becomes French Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs for the first time.
- March 30th : After the Second Morocco Crisis with the German Reich was resolved by the Morocco-Congo Treaty of November 4, 1911 , France established a protectorate over Morocco with the Treaty of Fez with Sultan Mulai Abd al-Hafiz . Rabat becomes the new capital of French Morocco .
- November 27th : After signing a treaty with France, Spain gains an area of influence in northern Morocco. An international demilitarized area is established around Tangier .
Great Britain and Ireland
- January 1 : UK telephony is nationalized.
- April 13 : The United Kingdom sets up the Royal Flying Corps , the forerunner of the Royal Air Force .
- May 13 : The Royal Engineers' balloon unit is subordinated to the Royal Flying Corps .
- September 28 : Many Irish Unionists sign the Belfast Covenant in Belfast to protest against the British Government's Home Rule policy . The first to sign is Edward Carson .
Portugal and its colonies
- January 30th : After a military operation against striking farm workers, a general strike begins in Portugal . There are street battles in Lisbon .
- February 24 : António José de Almeida resigns from the traditional republican party Partido Republicano Português (PRP) and founds the liberal Partido Republicano Evolucionista (PRE).
- February 26th : Brito Camacho founds the conservative Partido Unionista , another split from the Partido Republicano . The remaining left-liberal wing of the PRP under the leadership of Afonso Augusto da Costa is now called Partido Democrático .
- June 16 : In Portugal , the government of Augusto de Vasconcelos , which had only been in office since November 13 of the previous year, resigns , and the previous Finance Minister Duarte Leite Pereira da Silva becomes the new head of government.
- July 8 : Under the leadership of Henrique Mitchell de Paiva Couceiro , there is a monarchist attack on the city of Chaves . The uprising against the only two-year- old Portuguese Republic was put down and the leaders were sentenced to several years in prison.
- The rebellion of Manufahi in Portuguese Timor under chief Boaventura is deposited.
- November 12 : The Spanish Prime Minister José Canalejas Méndez is murdered by the anarchist Manuel Pardiñas Serrano in the Puerta del Sol in Madrid . Manuel García Prieto takes over the duties of the Prime Minister on an interim basis.
- November 14th : Álvaro Figueroa Torres is taken over by King Alfonso XIII. appointed Prime Minister.
- April 17th : A tsarist regiment perpetrated the Lena massacre of striking workers from the mining company Lena Goldfields Ltd. in Bodaibo . At least 150 dead and 100 wounded remain behind.
- May 18 : The daily Pravda , inspired and founded by the Marxist Lenin, appears for the first time in Saint Petersburg , which soon conflicts with the censorship and becomes an organ of the CPSU in 1917 .
- May 14 : Change of throne in Denmark . Christian X follows the deceased Friedrich VIII.
- October 20 to November 11 : General election in Norway in 1912
- December 23 : An agreement between Sweden, Denmark and Norway is signed in Stockholm in which these countries commit themselves to neutrality in military conflicts.
- January 1st : Ludwig Forrer becomes Federal President of Switzerland for the second time .
- January 1 : The civil code developed by Eugen Huber and passed unanimously by the Federal Council on December 10, 1907 comes into force.
- November 24th : in Basel an extraordinary international peace congress of the socialists begins in anticipation of the coming world war .
- February 25th : Due to a change in the regulation of the succession to the throne, the eldest daughter of Wilhelm IV of Luxembourg, Maria-Adelheid , becomes the first woman to be the ruling Duchess of Luxembourg . Her mother Maria Anna takes over the reign until she comes of age on June 15th .
Republic of China
- January 1 : Sun Yat-sen proclaims the Republic of China, which will exist until Mao Zedong's victory in 1949 .
- February 12 : The last Chinese Emperor Puyi from the Qing Dynasty is forced to abdicate by Prime Minister Yuan Shikai as the culmination of the Xinhai Revolution . With the Benevolent Treaty , he will continue to receive titles and honors in the Chinese Republic. Yuan Shikai replaces Sun Yat-sen as President of the Republic.
- March 10 : Yuan Shikai , elected by the National Assembly in Nanjing , takes office as head of the Beiyang government as President of the Republic of China.
- August 25 : After the end of Empire China by the Xinhai Revolution merge under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen several political groups for a little later Kuomintang called National People's Party .
- July 30th : After the death of Emperor Mutsuhito , Yoshihito becomes the new Emperor of Japan . This replaces the Meiji period with the Taishō period . The new Kaiser is physically and mentally handicapped because of a meningitis in childhood.
- December 21 : Saionji Kimmochi resigns as Prime Minister of Japan and at the same time resigns as president of the liberal ruling party Rikken Seiyūkai . Successor as prime minister is the conservative Katsura Taro .
- May 23 : The design by Walter Burley Griffin is awarded the contract for the construction of the future Australian capital Canberra . In contrast to his competitors, the architect tried as far as possible to adapt the construction of the planned capital to the topographical conditions, and numerous artistic watercolors by his wife Marion Mahony Griffin were added to illustrate Canberra's future appearance.
- January 6th : New Mexico , the former New Mexico Territory , becomes the 47th state to join the United States .
- February 14 : Arizona , the former Arizona Territory , becomes the 48th state to join the United States. The upgrade is largely thanks to the Arizona Rangers , who have managed to curb lawlessness in the territory in recent years .
- April 9 : The United States Children's Bureau is founded, the world's first national government agency dedicated exclusively to the care of children and their mothers.
- Aug. 14 : US military intervention in Nicaragua from 1909 to 1925 : In Nicaragua go US Marines on land which the pro-US government of Adolfo Díaz protect against insurgents and hold on to power.
- August 24 : The former District of Alaska is converted into the Alaska Territory with the Second Organic Act , an area directly under the government of the US federal government without the status of a state.
- November 5 : In the 1912 US presidential election , Democrat Woodrow Wilson is elected 28th President of the United States of America . He defeated the former President Theodore Roosevelt of the Progressive Party and the Republican- nominated incumbent William Howard Taft .
- January 8th : The South African Native National Congress , the forerunner of the ANC ( African National Congress ), is founded in South Africa to represent the interests of the Bantus .
Other international events
- January 12 : The first International Opium Conference takes place in The Hague on the initiative of the United States, which agrees on strict state control of drug trafficking .
- February 7th : The Usambara Railway in German East Africa is officially inaugurated. It connects Tanga on the Indian Ocean with Moshi on Kilimanjaro .
- February 15 : The first section of the Ringbahn in Hamburg opens the first underground line in Hamburg and the third underground line in Germany. Scheduled operations between Rathausmarkt and Barmbek will start on March 1st . The second section will go into operation on May 10th .
- March 6 : The rail link between Arica in Chile and La Paz in Bolivia is opened.
- May 29 : The first section of the New York, Westchester and Boston Railway goes into operation.
- June 11th : During the construction of the Lauschenstein tunnel on the Coburg – Ernstthal railway line on Rennsteig in the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen , the breakthrough takes place after driving on both sides .
- June 28th : The ring of the Hamburg subway is closed after the opening of the third section between Millerntor and Rathausplatz and is used every 5 minutes.
- August 1st : The Jungfraujoch railway station goes into operation.
- October 27 : The first section of the cable car to the Sugar Loaf , built by Julius Pohlig based on an idea by Augusto Ferreira Ramos , is opened. It leads from Rio de Janeiro to the Morro da Urca .
- October 28 : The Mittenwaldbahn , built by engineers and contractors Josef Riehl and Wilhelm Carl von Doderer , opens as an electric local railway on the Austrian side. On the Bavarian side, it has been in operation since July 1st, but steam locomotives are still used. The train connects Innsbruck via Seefeld and Mittenwald with Garmisch and Partenkirchen.
- November 27 : The Forchbahn starts operating between Zurich and Esslingen . The meter- gauge narrow - gauge railway replaces a bus line that has existed since 1905.
- February 1 : The Principality of Liechtenstein's first own stamps go on sale.
- March 12 : President Adolfo Díaz introduces the Córdoba Oro as the new currency in Nicaragua in place of the previously valid peso . At the beginning, one cordoba is equal to one US dollar .
- August 29 : In Eindhoven , the expanding company Philips & Co. is transferred to the incorporated limited company N.V. Philips' Gloeilampenfabrieken .
- October 7th : The first trading transactions are carried out on the Helsinki Stock Exchange .
- October 21 : Carl Brandt founds the Märkische rusk and biscuit factory C. & F. Brandt GmbH in Hagen .
- November 4th : Geologists Johnston and Mac Vey from the Belgian company Forminière discover “the seven famous rough diamonds of Musalala”. This is the start of diamond mining in Angola .
- For the first time, Reclam-Verlag is installing book machines for selling books in Erfurt .
science and technology
Scott's Terra Nova Expedition
- January 4th : Robert Falcon Scott makes the final decision on the composition of the pole team of the Terra Nova Expedition . Five people instead of four as previously planned are to conquer the South Pole.
- January 17th : Scott and his crew reach the South Pole . But the Norwegian Roald Amundsen arrived a month earlier with his dog sled. The return march to base camp ends fatally for the expedition.
- February 17 : Edgar Evans is the first member of the Terra Nova Expedition to be killed.
- March 4th : Apsley Cherry-Garrard refills the One-Ton-Depot with supplies and waits until March 10th for the southern group before he turns back as ordered. At this point in time it is about 120 km away from him.
- March 7th : Roald Amundsen announces the discovery of the South Pole on December 14th of the previous year.
- March 16 : As his health deteriorates rapidly, Lawrence Oates , a member of the Terra Nova Expedition , leaves the tent and explains "that it could take a little longer". He doesn't return anymore.
- March 26th : A first search party for Scott and his colleagues is sent out, but returns without results.
- March 29 : Robert F. Scott makes his last entry in his diary.
- November 12 : A search party led by Edward Atkinson , dispatched on October 29, finds the frozen bodies of Robert Falcon Scott , Edward Adrian Wilson, and Henry Robertson Bowers , 11 miles south of One Ton Depot , near the top of their tent blown snow covered. A burial mound is poured over the corpses and the skis of the expedition member Tryggve Gran are converted into a cross. Instead, Gran starts the journey home on Scott's skis. On November 15, the sleeping bag and the presumed place of death of Lawrence Oates are also found. Here, too, a mark is made and a cross is erected. On November 25th , the group will return to the expedition base camp at Cape Evans .
- After discovering George V Land and Queen Mary Coast , the Australasian Antarctic Expedition , led by Douglas Mawson , reached Cape Denison in Commonwealth Bay on January 12th . The men set up their main base, Mawson's Huts , where eighteen men spend the winter of 1912. They are also building quarters on Macquarie Island and a west base on the Shackleton Ice Shelf . The teams from all three bases carry out routine scientific and meteorological observations, which are recorded in detail in the extensive reports, but which are only published between 1922 and 1942. They are also setting up Antarctica's first wireless radio link, which is linked to Hobart . In the second half of 1912, five large sleigh rides will be made from the main base and two from the west base, exploring previously unknown territory. On such a sleigh ride, Belgrade Ninnis falls with six dogs and the sledge with most of the food into a crevasse and is killed in the process. The survivors Mawson and Xavier Mertz begin a brutal journey home to the base camp 500 kilometers away, where they feed on the other dogs.
- January 16 : The Japanese Antarctic expedition led by Shirase Nobu succeeds in landing on the Antarctic continent , where the Japanese encounter Roald Amundsen's ship Fram . They advance about 160 miles south of their ship landing site to the Yamato snowfield , where they have to turn back on January 29th due to adverse weather conditions and dwindling strength . On June 20, the expedition returns to Yokohama.
- January 30th : The second German Antarctic expedition on the Deutschland under Wilhelm Filchner discovers the Prince Regent Luitpold Land in the Kaiser Wilhelm Ice Shelf . However , the construction of a station house , which began on February 9, fails on February 17 and on March 6 the expedition is trapped in the pack ice until November 26 . It does not reach South Georgia again until December 19 , when Filchner declares the expedition to be over. This dissolution of the expedition in Grytviken takes place “with side effects similar to mutiny”.
- April 6 : The Greenland-Danish polar explorer Knud Rasmussen sets off on his first Thule expedition and subsequently crossed the Greenland Ice Sheet twice .
- July 19 : The Danish polar explorers Ejnar Mikkelsen and Iver Iversen are rescued by the Norwegian sealer Sjöblomsten after two involuntary hibernation in north-east Greenland .
- March 1 : The American Albert Berry is the first person to jump out of an airplane with a parachute . His subsequent comment is: "Never again!" The parachute was developed by Thomas Wesley Benoist and pilot Tony Jannus .
- April 16 : In a Blériot - monoplane , the first woman to cross the English Channel . The American Harriet Quimby arrives in a 59-minute flight from Dover to a beach in France 40 km from Calais .
- June: The backpack parachute developed by Gleb Evgenjewitsch Kotelnikow is successfully tested several times by a test jumper. The first attempt from an airplane is made on October 9th .
- The German aviation pioneers Henrich Focke , Georg Wulf and Hans Kolthoff construct together the engine aircraft A 4 .
- April 17th : A ring-shaped solar eclipse covers Germany at noon from the Lower Rhine to the island of Rügen. In the Ruhr area it is almost total with a solar cover of 99.9%. When the weather was clear, the conditions for observation were ideal.
- August 7th : Victor Franz Hess discovers cosmic radiation with the help of balloon flights in the earth's atmosphere . He published the discovery in Physikalische Zeitschrift 13 (1912), 1084.
|No. and name||
|Date of discovery||Explorer|
|(727) Nipponia||32.2||February 11th||Adam Massinger|
|(728) Leonisis||?||February 16||Johann Palisa|
|(729) Watsonia||49.2||February 9||Joel Hastings Metcalf|
|(730) Athanasia||?||10th of April||Johann Palisa|
|(731) Sorga||41.8||April 15th||Adam Massinger|
|(732) Tjilaki||37.6||April 15th||Adam Massinger|
|(733) Mocia||88.7||16th September||Gustav Witt|
|(734) Benda||70.8||October 11th||Johann Palisa|
|(735) Marghanna||74.3||9th of December||Heinrich Vogt|
|(736) Harvard||16.7||November 16||Joel Hastings Metcalf|
|(737) Arequipa||44.1||December 7th||Joel Hastings Metcalf|
Chemistry and physics
- October: The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry, established by the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science , and the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry are opened.
- Max von Laue discovered, together with Walter Friedrich and Paul Knipping, the diffraction of X-rays on crystals (published in: Munich Reports 1912, 303 ). Both the wave character of the X-rays and the lattice structure of the crystals are thus verified.
- The German chemist Anton Köllisch synthesizes the ecstasy active ingredient MDMA for the first time for the chemical company Merck .
Geology and paleontology
- January 6 : Alfred Wegener presented his thoughts on continental drift to the public for the first time during a meeting of the Geological Association in Frankfurt's Senckenberg Museum .
- July 7th : A Danish expedition led by Johan Peter Koch sets out from Iceland to cross Greenland in 1913 . The port of Danmarkshavn is chosen as the starting point for the expedition. On October 12th, a hibernation hut will be built on the Storstrømmen glacier , where the expedition members will spend most of the winter.
- December 18 : Charles Dawson and Arthur Smith Woodward present the Piltdown man bones they have found to the Geological Society of London , believing they are the remains of a previously unknown form of man's ancestors. The sensation turns out to be a scientific fake in 1953 .
Teaching and Research
- September 10 : The University of Memphis is established as the West Tennessee State Normal School .
- December 19 : The Universidade Federal do Paraná is built in Curitiba in the Brazilian state of Paraná .
- September 11 : In Berlin, the diesel Sulzer Klose thermal locomotive for the Prussian State Railways is completed, the world's first diesel locomotive .
- The Internationale Feuerlösch-Gesellschaft mbH presents the first “quick dry fire extinguisher ” in Berlin . The patented extinguishing process revolutionizes fire fighting and can be seen as the forerunner of all modern mobile fire extinguishers.
- January: Marcel Duchamp paints Nu descendant un escalier no. 2 , a key work of classical modernism that he is submitting to the Paris Salon des Indépendants for the exhibition from March 20 to May 16.
- May 25th to September 30th : An exhibition of the Sonderbund takes place in Cologne .
- Marianne von Werefkin , member of the expressionist artist group Neue Künstlervereinigung München, paints the socially critical painting Factory City in tempera on cardboard .
- The term Orphism is coined by the writer Guillaume Apollinaire for the pictures by Robert Delaunay , who in the same year gives an introduction to the Delaunay exhibition in the gallery Der Sturm by Herwarth Walden . He sees this as the overcoming of cubism .
- Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso develop paper collé , an early form of collage .
- Juan Gris paints a homage to Pablo Picasso .
- Art exhibition hall at the Marientor in Nuremberg is built.
- February 12th : The shooting of the silent film The Dance of Death begins in the Babelsberg film studio and is completed within a few days. The world premiere will take place on September 7th .
- June 8th : Carl Laemmle and others found the Universal Film Manufacturing Company , from which the film production company Universal Studios emerged.
- Rainer Maria Rilke begins writing his Duino elegies at Duino Castle near Trieste , the first of which he will send to his host Marie von Taxis on January 21 .
Music and theater
- January 31st : The singer Jack Judge performs the song It’s a Long Way to Tipperary , composed by himself, for the first time in Stalybridge , which became famous worldwide during the First World War through British soldiers.
- February 3 : Leo Fall's operetta Der liebe Augustin , a revision of his failed opera Irrlicht from 1905, premieres at the New Theater am Zoo in Berlin . In this version, the piece with the libretto by Ernst Welisch and Rudolf Bernauer was ultimately successful.
- February 17 : The first performance of the opera Roma by Jules Massenet takes place in Monte Carlo.
- March 14th : The opera Mona is premiered.
- July 15 : The composer Sergei Sergejewitsch Prokofjew presents his first piano concerto as a pianist at the world premiere in Moscow .
- August 18 : Franz Schreker celebrates his first success with the opera Der ferne Klang , which premiered in Frankfurt am Main .
- October 11 : The operetta Der Gypsy Primate by Emmerich Kálmán based on a libretto by Fritz Grünbaum and Julius Wilhelm has its world premiere at the Johann Strauss Theater in Vienna.
- 25 October : The first version of the opera Ariadne auf Naxos by Richard Strauss with the libretto by Hugo von Hofmannsthal is premiered in the Small House of the Hoftheater Stuttgart .
- November 7th : The German Opera House in Charlottenburg , built by Heinrich Seeling , opens with a performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's opera Fidelio under the direction of Ignatz Waghalter .
- November 22nd : Det Norske Teatret is founded in Oslo, mainly performing plays in Nynorsk and Norwegian dialects . The first leader is Hulda Garborg .
- November 28 : The play Professor Bernhardi by Arthur Schnitzler premiered successfully in Berlin.
- December 7th : Peterchens Mondfahrt , a fairy tale game in six pictures by Gerdt von Bassewitz is premiered in the Old Theater in Leipzig .
- December 20 : World premiere of the operetta Rosenstock and Edelweiss by Franz Lehár in the cabaret Hölle in the Theater an der Wien , Vienna
- May 11 : The Nuremberg Zoo opens on the grounds of the Bavarian State Exhibition of 1906 at Luitpoldhain .
- May – July: Art competitions are also held at the Stockholm Olympics . In the literature discipline , Pierre de Coubertin wins the gold medal for his ode to sport under the pseudonym Georges Hohrod and Martin Eschbach .
- October 3 : The German Booksellers Association founds the German Library with the City of Leipzig and the Kingdom of Saxony .
- December 6th : The German archaeologist Ludwig Borchardt discovers the 3000 year old bust of Nefertiti , wife of Akhenaten , in Tell El-Amarna .
- The German Hygiene Museum in Dresden opens.
- June 7th : In the encyclical Lacrimabili statu , Pope Pius X discusses the situation of the Indians in South America and calls on bishops and priests to take the side of the oppressed and protect them.
- September 24th : In the encyclical Singulari quadam , Pope Pius X , who was called on by the German bishops in the trade union dispute , argues that Catholic workers should be tolerated as members of interdenominational trade unions.
- October 13 : The St. Anna Basilica in the Upper Bavarian pilgrimage town of Altötting is consecrated.
- October 29th : Felix von Hartmann is elected Archbishop of Cologne .
- December 28 : Foundation of the Anthroposophical Society .
- December: The prayer of St. Francis appears for the first time in the French spiritual newspaper La Clochette .
- March 20 : The passenger steamer Koombana is sunk by a cyclone on the coast of the Australian state of Western Australia . All 138 people on board die
- April 14 : At around 11:40 p.m., the luxury liner RMS Titanic rams an iceberg in the North Atlantic . The ship of the White Star Line under Captain Edward John Smith is torn open on the starboard side.
- April 15 : The Titanic sinks in the Atlantic at 2:20 a.m. Between 1490 and 1517 people die. The RMS Carpathia , which was the first to arrive at the scene of the accident, only found lifeboats with around 700 survivors.
- July 28th : Landing bridge in Binz on Rügen collapses, 17 dead including 2 children
- August 8 : An gassy die in Bochum on the bill Lorraine more than 110 miners.
- August 9 : In an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 in the European part of the Ottoman Empire, whose epicenter in the Sea of Marmara is, around 3,000 people are killed.
Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .
nature and environment
- June 6. bis 8. June : In Alaska , it comes through the volcano Novarupta the largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. Since the area is practically deserted, no one is harmed. The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes is created .
- July 19 : A falling meteorite weighing around 190 kilograms breaks into pieces over the town of Holbrook (Arizona) .
- May 5th : The 5th Summer Olympic Games open in Stockholm . Most of the sporting events will take place between June 29th and July 27th.
- November 10th : The German Sports Badge is created by the general assembly of the German Reich Committee for the Olympic Games under the name Award for diverse performance in the field of physical exercise .
Founding of clubs
- April 2 : Through the merger of the Stuttgart FV 93, founded in 1893, with the soccer club Kronen-Club Cannstatt , the Verein für Bewegungsspiele Stuttgart 1893 eV is created in Stuttgart-Cannstatt . V. .
- May 5th : The Austrian football club SV Ried is founded.
- November 29th : The Amisia Meppen football club is founded.
- December 22nd : The soccer club Calcio Lecco is founded in Lombardy .
- May 18 : The American George Horine crossed in Palo Alto in the high jump first, the height of two meters.
- Holstein Kiel becomes German champion in football.
For entries of athletics world records, see the respective discipline in the lists for men's records up to 1970 and women's records up to 1970 . The first official world record list was not published until 1914.
|price||person||country||Reason for awarding the prize||image|
|Nobel Price for physics||
|Sweden||"For his invention of self-acting regulators that are used in combination with gas accumulators to illuminate lighthouses and light barrels "|
|Nobel Prize in Chemistry||
|France||"For the so-called Grignard's reagent that he discovered , which has greatly promoted the progress of organic chemistry in recent years"|
|France||"For his method of hydrogenating organic compounds in the presence of finely divided metals , whereby the progress of organic chemistry has been promoted to a large extent in recent years"|
|Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine||
|France||"In recognition of his work on vascular sutures and on vascular and organ transplants "|
|Nobel Prize in literature||
German Empire (born in Ober Salzbrunn , Kingdom of Prussia , German Confederation )
||"Primarily for its rich, versatile, outstanding effectiveness in the field of dramatic poetry"|
|Nobel Peace Prize (awarded in 1913)||
|United States||Author of various arbitration agreements|
- January 1 : Chertek Amyrbitovna Antschimaa-Toka , Tuvinian politician († 2008 )
- January 1 : Rafael Sánchez Cestero , Dominican singer († 1999 )
- January 2 : André Amellér , French composer and music teacher († 1990 )
- January 2 : Jaspar von Oertzen , German actor, director, author and politician († 2008 )
- January 2 : Barbara Pentland , Canadian composer († 2000 )
- January 3 : Wolf von Aichelburg , Romanian-German writer († 1994 )
- January 3 : Federico Borrell García , Spanish soldier († 1936 )
- January 4 : Marta Hoepffner , German photographer († 2000 )
- January 4 : Stephen McGill , Scottish Bishop († 2005 )
- January 5th : Klaus Buhé , German engineer, jazz guitarist, banjo player, saxophonist, freelance composer and music teacher († 1996 )
- January 5th : Doris Carter , Australian high jumper († 1999 )
- January 6 : Celso Emilio Ferreiro , Spanish-Galician writer and journalist († 1979 )
- January 6 : Pawoł Nowotny , Sorbian literary historian and folklorist († 2010 )
- January 6th : Hans Richter-Haaser , German pianist († 1980 )
- January 7 : Charles Samuel Addams , American cartoonist († 1988 )
- January 7th : Günter Wand , German conductor († 2002 )
- January 8 : José Ferrer , Puerto Rican actor, director († 1992 )
- January 8 : Lawrence E. Walsh , American lawyer († 2014 )
- January 9 : Juliette Huot , Canadian actress († 2001 )
- January 9 : Ernst Kolb , Austrian politician and lawyer († 1978 )
- January 9 : Elias Zoghbi , Egyptian, Melkite Greek-Catholic old archbishop of Baalbek († 2008 )
- January 10 : Maria Mandl , Austrian guard at the Auschwitz-Birkenau extermination camp († 1948 )
- January 12 : Pipí Franco , Dominican singer and composer († 1978 )
- January 12 : Dinmuchamed Kunajew , Soviet politician († 1993 )
- January 14 : Rudolf Hagelstange , German writer († 1984 )
- January 14 : Tillie Olsen , American writer († 2007 )
- January 15 : Michel Debré , French politician († 1996 )
- January 15 : Horace Lindrum , Australian snooker and billiards player († 1974 )
- January 16 : Heinrich Drimmel , Austrian politician and lawyer († 1991 )
- January 16 : Franz Tumler , Austrian writer († 1998 )
- January 17 : Bob Zurke , American jazz musician (pianist, composer) († 1944 )
- January 18 : René Gabriëls , Belgian billiards world champion and pool table manufacturer († 1982 )
- January 18 : Ivan A. Getting , American physicist († 2003 )
- January 18 : Wilhelm Herz , German motorcycle racer, motorcycle world record holder († 1998 )
- January 18 : Daniel T. McCarty , American politician († 1953 )
- January 18 : Wendell H. Meade , American politician († 1986 )
- January 19 : Leonid Witaljewitsch Kantorowitsch , Nobel Prize Winner for Economics († 1986 )
- January 20 : Egon Schein , German athlete and Olympic participant († 1977 )
- January 21 : Konrad Bloch , German biochemist and Nobel Prize winner († 2000 )
- January 21 : Petermax Müller , German automobile racing driver and dealer († 2002 )
- January 22nd : Francisco Cabañas , Mexican boxer († 2002 )
- January 23 : Susan French , American actress († 2003 )
- January 25 : Lucho Bermúdez , Colombian composer († 1994 )
- January 27 : Marc Daniels , American film director, film producer and screenwriter († 1989 )
- January 28 : Ursula Herking , German actress († 1974 )
- January 28 : Jackson Pollock , American painter († 1956 )
- January 30th : Helmut Hugo Alfred Augustin , German pastor († 1952 )
- January 30 : Barbara Tuchman , American reporter and author († 1989 )
- Isser Harel , Israeli intelligence chief († 2003 ) January:
- February 1 : Albin Kitzinger , German soccer player († 1970 )
- February 2 : Millvina Dean , survivor of the fall of the Titanic († 2009 )
- February 2 : Hans Leussink , German Federal Minister for Education and Science († 2008 )
- February 3 : Odysseas Angelis , Greek officer and politician († 1987 )
- February 3 : Dan Kazuo , Japanese writer († 1976 )
- February 4 : Louis-Albert Cardinal Vachon , Archbishop of Quebec († 2006 )
- February 5 : Tex Atchison , American country musician († 1982 )
- February 6 : Eva Braun , partner and wife of Adolf Hitler († 1945 )
- February 7 : Helmut Angermeyer , German theologian († 1992 )
- February 7th : Lev Aronson , German cellist, cello teacher and composer († 1988 )
- February 7th : Alfred Desenclos , French composer († 1971 )
- February 7 : Franz Fuchs , Austrian politician and member of the state parliament († 1968 )
- February 7th : Matthias Heidemann , German soccer player († 1970 )
- February 7 : Roy C. Sullivan , survivor of seven lightning strikes († 1983 )
- February 8 : Horst Ademeit , German military pilot († 1944 )
- February 8 : Šimon Jurovský , Czech composer († 1963 )
- February 9 : Futabayama Sadaji , Japanese sumo wrestler and the 35th yokozuna († 1968 )
- February 10 : Herbert Baum , German-Jewish resistance fighter against National Socialism († 1942 )
- February 11 : Juan Carlos Aramburu , Archbishop of Tucumán and Buenos Aires († 2004 )
- February 11 : Rudolf Firkušný , Czech pianist († 1994 )
- February 11 : Rudolf Stahl , German field handball player († 1984 )
- February 12 : Keith Bissell , Canadian composer, conductor and music teacher († 1992 )
- February 12 : Takeda Taijun , Japanese writer († 1976 )
- February 13 : Antonia Pozzi , Italian poet († 1938 )
- February 14 : Josef Schwammberger , SS-Oberscharführer († 2004 )
- February 15 : Pietro Ferraris , Italian football player († 1991 )
- February 15 : Karl Kreutzberg , German handball player († 1977)
- February 16 : Isaac Nemiroff , American composer, music teacher and scholar († 1977 )
- February 16 : Peggie Sampson , Canadian cellist, viola player and music teacher († 2004 )
- February 17th : Andre Norton , American writer († 2005 )
- February 18 : Heinz Kühn , German politician and Prime Minister of North Rhine-Westphalia († 1992 )
- February 19 : Viktoras Ašmenskas , Lithuanian engineer, glider pilot, pilot and resistance fighter († 2016 )
- February 19 : Thomas Mancuso , American medic († 2004 )
- February 20 : Pierre Boulle , French writer († 1994 )
- February 20 : Muriel Humphrey , US Senator and politician's wife († 1998 )
- February 21 : Sally Kessler , German local politician and survivor of the Holocaust († 1985 )
- February 23 : Aenne Brauksiepe , German politician († 1997 )
- February 24 : Ida Krehm , Canadian pianist, conductor and music teacher († 1998 )
- February 24 : Ulrich de Maizière , Inspector General of the Bundeswehr († 2006 )
- February 25 : Émile Allais , French ski racer († 2012 )
- February 25 : Eugen Kipp junior , German soccer player
- February 26 : Hans Sachs , German chief public prosecutor († 1993 )
- February 26 : István Vincze , Hungarian mathematician († 1999 )
- February 27 : Lawrence Durrell , British writer († 1990 )
- February 27 : Eliška Kleinová , Czech piano teacher († 1999 )
- February 28 : Clara Petacci , friend of Benito Mussolini († 1945 )
- February 29 : Gaetano Amata , Italian filmmaker
- March 1 : Walter Davis , American blues musician († 1963 )
- March 1 : Mario Genta , Italian football player († 1993 )
- March 2 : Teto Ahrenberg , Swedish entrepreneur and art collector († 1989 )
- March 3 : Lauro Amadò , Swiss football player († 1971 )
- March 3 : Klaus Gysi , German politician, Minister of Culture († 1999 )
- March 4 : Afro Basaldella , Italian painter († 1976 )
- March 4 : Willy Steuri , Swiss ski racer († 1978 )
- March 5 : Francis David Langhorne Astor , British journalist and newspaper publisher († 2001 )
- March 7th : Willy Schröder , German athlete and Olympic participant († 1990 )
- March 8 : Aloys Odenthal , resistance fighter during the Nazi era († 2003 )
- March 8 : Preston Smith , American politician († 2003 )
- March 8 : Meldrim Thomson , American politician († 2001 )
- March 10 : Paul Janes , German football player († 1987 )
- March 11 : Karl Kleinjung , Stasi General († 2003 )
- March 11th : Hanns-Gero von Lindeiner , German forester, hunter, diplomat and politician († 1984 )
- March 11 : Veva Tončić , Austrian visual artist († 1992 )
- March 12 : Joel Mason , American football player, basketball coach († 1995 )
- March 12 : Bruno Uher , Austrian composer († 1976 )
- March 13 : Olga Nikolajewna Anstej , Russian writer, poet and translator († 1985 )
- March 13 : Carl Raddatz , German film and theater actor († 2004 )
- March 14 : John Amery , British fascist († 1945 )
- March 14 : Les Brown , American big band leader († 2001 )
- March 14 : Werner-Viktor Toeffling , painter and stage designer († 2001 )
- March 14 : W. Willard Wirtz , American politician († 2010 )
- March 15 : Louis Paul Boon , Belgian writer († 1979 )
- March 15 : Lightnin 'Hopkins , American country blues guitarist († 1982 )
- March 15 : Leopold Schmidt , Austrian folklorist, cultural scientist and storyteller († 1981 )
- March 16 : Clyde Elmer Anderson , American politician († 1998 )
- March 16 : Josef Arents , German racing cyclist († 1984 )
- March 17 : Benno Adolph , German medic († 1967 )
- March 17 : W. Haydon Burns , American politician († 1987 )
- March 17 : Joe Stydahar , American football player and coach († 1977 )
- March 17th : Fidel Wagner , German cross-country skier and Nordic combined skier († 1945 )
- March 19 : Adolf Adam , German prelate, pastoral theologian and liturgical scholar († 2005 )
- March 19 : Donald Johan Kuenen , Dutch biologist († 1995 )
- March 19 : Adolf Galland , German Air Force officer and fighter pilot († 1996 )
- March 20 : Harry F. Klinefelter , American endocrinologist († 1990 )
- March 21 : André Laurendeau , Canadian writer, essayist, journalist and politician († 1968 )
- March 22 : Karl Malden , American actor († 2009 )
- March 22nd : Agnes Martin , American artist († 2004 )
- March 23 : Wernher von Braun , German-American rocket technician, space pioneer († 1977 )
- March 25 : Melita Norwood , Soviet spy († 2005 )
- March 25th : Lucien Pailler , French racing car driver
- March 25 : Shimamura Toshimasa , Japanese writer († 1981 )
- March 27 : James Callaghan , British Prime Minister († 2005 )
- March 28 : Léon-Gontran Damas , Guyanese writer († 1978 )
- March 28 : Marina Mikhailovna Raskova , Soviet pilot († 1943 )
- March 29 : Ernst von Delius , German racing car driver († 1937 )
- March 29 : Izydor Gąsienica-Łuszczek , Polish Nordic skier († 1992 )
- March 29 : Hanna Reitsch , German aviation pioneer and aviator († 1979 )
- March 31 : Hermann Höcherl , German politician († 1989 )
- April 1 : Léon Dernier , Belgian racing driver († 1969 )
- April 1 : Yoshida Ken'ichi , Japanese writer († 1977 )
- April 1 : Joseph Parecattil , Archbishop of Ernakulam and Cardinal († 1987 )
- April 1 : Edmund Sundhoff , German economist († 1998 )
- April 3 : Rudolf Alexander Agricola , German sculptor († 1990 )
- April 3 : Richard Alan John Asher , British medic († 1969 )
- April 4 : Wilfried de Beauclair , German engineer and computer scientist († 2020 )
- April 5 : Ricardo Manuel Arias Espinoza , 29th President of Panama († 1993 )
- April 5 : Carlos Guastavino , Argentine composer († 2000 )
- April 6 : David Lloyd , Welsh singer (tenor) († 1969 )
- April 6 : Robert Schollemann , French racing car driver († 2008 )
- April 6 : Endre Székely , Hungarian composer († 1989 )
- April 6 : Oscar Thiffault , Canadian folk singer († 1998 )
- April 8 : Alois Brunner , SS organizer of the mass murder of Jews in Vienna, Greece and France († unknown)
- April 8 : Valentin Chorell , Finnish-Swedish writer and screenwriter († 1983 )
- April 8 : Sonja Henie , Norwegian figure skater († 1969 )
- April 9 : Lev Zinovievich Kopelew , Russian writer († 1997 )
- April 9 : Franz Seybold , German soccer player and soccer coach († 1978 )
- April 10 : Walter Schönrock , German long-distance runner († 1996 )
- April 11th : Gusti Wolf , Austrian chamber actress († 2007 )
- April 11 : Luise Schapp , German politician (CDU) († 2016 )
- April 12 : Fritz Arlt , German functionary († 2004 )
- April 13 : Bernhard von Glisczynski , German architect († 1992 )
- April 14 : Edward Astley , British nobleman († 2007 )
- April 14 : Joie Chitwood , American racing driver († 1988 )
- April 14 : Robert Doisneau , French photographer († 1994 )
- April 14 : Béla Király , Hungarian general and historian († 2009 )
- April 15 : Kim Il-sung , communist ruler of North Korea († 1994 )
- April 17th : Marta Eggerth , Hungarian operetta singer and film actress († 2013 )
- April 18 : Hermann Arnold , German medical officer († 2005 )
- April 18 : Max Waldmeier , Swiss astronomer and solar researcher († 2000 )
- April 19 : Carl Heinz Löwen , German doctor († 1997 )
- April 19 : Glenn T. Seaborg , American chemist and nuclear physicist († 1999 )
- April 19 : Gerhart Ziller , Minister for Mechanical Engineering and Minister for Heavy Machinery of the GDR († 1957 )
- April 21 : Eve Arnold , American photographer († 2012 )
- April 21 : Feike Pieter Asma , Dutch organist, conductor and composer († 1984 )
- April 21 : Marcel Camus , French director († 1982 )
- April 21 : Felipe Bojalil Gil , Mexican singer and composer († 1956 )
- April 21 : Hermann Withalm , Austrian politician († 2003 )
- April 22 : Helmut Artzinger , German politician († 1996 )
- April 22nd : Kathleen Ferrier , English singer († 1953 )
- April 22 : Shindō Kaneto , Japanese film director and screenwriter († 2012 )
- April 23 : Bernard Brindel , American composer, music teacher and violinist († 1997 )
- April 25 : Peter Surava , Swiss journalist († 1995 )
- April 26 : Alfred Elton van Vogt , Canadian science fiction author († 2000 )
- April 27 : Parashkew Chadschiev , Bulgarian composer († 1992 )
- April 27 : Zohra Segal , Indian dancer and actress († 2014 )
- April 28 : József Sir , Hungarian sprinter and Olympian († 1996 )
- April 29 : Margarete Arnhold , German educator and politician († 2003 )
- April 29 : Werner Hahlweg , German military historian and military scientist († 1989 )
- April 29 : Moshe Landau , Israeli judge († 2011 )
- April 29 : Karl Lottes , German motorcycle racer († 1997 )
- April 30 : Rudolf Pörtner , German writer and historian († 2001 )
- May 1 : Eugene Kash , Canadian violinist, conductor and music teacher († 2004 )
- May 1 : Otto Kretschmer , German submarine commander († 1998 )
- May 2 : Karl Adam , German rowing coach († 1976 )
- May 2 : Axel Springer , founder and owner of the Axel Springer Verlag († 1985 )
- May 2 : Marten Toonder , Dutch comic artist († 2005 )
- May 3 : Virgil Keel Fox , American organist († 1980 )
- May 3 : Ubaldo Monico , Swiss educator and artist († 1983 )
- May 3 : Felix Slavik , Austrian mechanic and politician († 1980 )
- May 5 : William Dale Archerd , American serial killer († 1977 )
- May 5 : Peter Jokostra , writer and literary critic († 2007 )
- May 6 : Ellen Müller Prize , Austrian foil fencer († 2007 )
- May 7 : Herbert Agricola , German painter, graphic artist and poster artist († 1998 )
- May 7 : Sitson Ma , Chinese violin virtuoso and composer († 1987 )
- May 8 : Guillermo Abadía Morales , Colombian folklorist († 2010 )
- May 8 : Gertrud Fussenegger , Austrian writer († 2009 )
- May 9 : Pedro Gregorio Armendáriz Hastings , Mexican actor († 1963 )
- May 9 : Frank Seiboth , German politician († 1994 )
- May 10 : Adrian Aeschbacher , Swiss pianist († 2002 )
- May 12 : Archibald Cox , American lawyer, special investigator in the Watergate affair († 2004 )
- May 13 : Gil Evans , Canadian jazz musician († 1988 )
- May 13 : Ernst Hess , Swiss conductor, composer and musicologist († 1968 )
- May 13 : Hans-Werner von Massow , German correspondence chess official († 1988 )
- May 15 : Arthur Victor Berger , American composer, music teacher and critic († 2003 )
- May 15 : Max Kämpf , Swiss painter and draftsman († 1982 )
- May 16 : Pyotr Andreevich Abrassimow , Ambassador of the USSR to the GDR († 2009 )
- May 16 : Alfred Aston , French football player († 2003 )
- May 16 : Studs Terkel , American writer and radio host († 2008 )
- May 17 : Friedrich Arnold (politician) , German politician († 1969 )
- May 17 : Ace Parker , American football player († 2013 )
- May 17 : Sándor Végh , French conductor and violinist of Hungarian descent († 1997 )
- May 17 : Percy Young , British music writer and composer († 2004 )
- May 18 : Richard Brooks , American director († 1992 )
- May 18 : Perry Como , American singer († 2001 )
- May 18 : Hermann Langbein , Righteous Among the Nations († 1995 )
- May 18 : Georg von Opel , German automobile entrepreneur and sports official († 1971 )
- May 18 : Walter Sisulu , South African politician and anti-apartheid fighter († 2003 )
- May 19 : Alice Franz , German actress and voice actress († 2011 )
- May 19 : Pietro Palazzini , Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 2000 )
- May 20 : Nereo Rocco , Italian football player and coach († 1979 )
- May 21 : Pedro Ortiz Dávila , Puerto Rican singer († 1986 )
- May 22 : Herbert Charles Brown , American-British chemist, Nobel Prize winner († 2004 )
- May 23 : Harry Åhman , Swedish correspondence chess master and chess organizer († 1992 )
- May 23 : Jean Françaix , French pianist and composer († 1997 )
- May 24 : Alfred Andriola , American comic artist († 1983 )
- May 24 : Joseph Deuster , American actor, director and dancer († 1993 )
- May 24th : Nguyen Loc , founder of the Vietnamese martial art Vovinam Viêt Võ Dao († 1960 )
- May 25 : Stephen Ailes , American politician († 2001 )
- May 25 : Marshall Wayne , American water diver and Olympic champion († 1999 )
- May 26 : János Kádár , Hungarian communist politician († 1989 )
- May 26 : Paul J. Krebs , American politician († 1996 )
- May 27 : John Cheever , American writer († 1982 )
- May 28 : Jos Hanniken , Belgian composer and conductor († 1998 )
- May 28 : Patrick White , Australian Nobel Prize for Literature († 1990 )
- May 30 : Lydia Auster , Estonian composer († 1993 )
- May 30 : Julius Axelrod , American physician and neurochemist († 2004 )
- May 30 : Hugh Griffith , British actor († 1980 )
- May 31 : Alfred Amstad , Swiss mountaineer († 1973 )
- May 31 : Alfred Deller , English singer († 1979 )
- May 31 : Dave O'Brien , American actor, screenwriter and director († 1969 )
- May 31 : Otto Kurth , German actor and director († 1996 )
- May 31 : Georgi Ivanovich Petrow , Russian engineer († 1987 )
- May 31 : Martin Schwarzschild , American astrophysicist († 1997 )
- May 31 : Chien-Shiung Wu , Chinese-American physicist († 1997 )
- June 1 : Wolfgang Büttner , German actor († 1990 )
- June 1 : Herbert Tichy , Austrian writer and mountaineer († 1987 )
- June 3 : Hermann Blazejezak , German athlete and Olympic participant († 2008 )
- June 4th : Maria Andergast , Austrian actress († 1995 )
- June 4th : Robert Jacobsen , Danish artist († 1993 )
- June 4 : Morimoto Kaoru , Japanese playwright († 1946 )
- June 5 : Dean Amadon , American ornithologist († 2003 )
- June 5 : Ruth Hausmeister , German actress († 2012 )
- June 5 : Josef Neckermann , German mail order merchant and dressage rider († 1992 )
- June 5 : Wilhelm Daughtermann , German doctor, psychoanalyst and poet († 1974 )
- June 5 : Alexandru Todea , Romanian Archbishop and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 2002 )
- June 6 : Joan Hartigan Bathurst , Australian tennis player († 2000 )
- June 8 : Henry Brandon , American actor († 1990 )
- June 8 : Walter Kennedy , American manager, second commissioner of the NBA († 1977 )
- June 8 : Yamashiro Tomoe , Japanese writer († 2004 )
- June 9 : Ingolf Dahl , American composer and conductor († 1970 )
- June 9 : Kenneth L. Pike , American linguist and anthropologist († 2000 )
- June 10 : Jean Lesage , Canadian politician († 1980 )
- June 11th : James Algar , American cartoonist, screenwriter, film director and producer († 1998 )
- June 11 : Muchtar Ashrafi , Uzbek-Soviet composer († 1975 )
- June 11th : Raschid bin Said Al Maktum , Emir of Dubai († 1990 )
- June 11 : Emil Juracka , Austrian field handball player († 1944 )
- June 12 : Willi Brundert , German resistance fighter and local politician († 1970 )
- June 13 : Avelar Brandão Vilela , Brazilian Archbishop and Cardinal († 1986 )
- June 13 : Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau , Canadian poet and essayist († 1943 )
- June 14 : Annibale Bugnini , Italian Catholic clergyman († 1982 )
- June 15 : Friedrich Kaulbach , German philosopher († 1992 )
- June 15 : Joseph J. Maraziti , American politician († 1991 )
- June 15 : John Nelson , British major general († 1993 )
- June 16 : Gordon M. Gollob , German fighter pilot and general of the fighter pilots († 1987 )
- June 16 : Willibald Schmaus , German and Austrian soccer player († 1979 )
- June 17 : Myron Fohr , American racing driver († 1994 )
- June 17 : Donald Eugene Gillis , American composer, conductor and teacher († 1978 )
- June 18 : Friedrich Maurer , Austrian handball player († 1958 )
- June 19 : Karl-Heinz Becker , German long-distance runner († 2001 )
- June 19 : Alfred Jensch , chief designer at Carl Zeiss in Jena († 2001 )
- June 21 : Marga Spiegel , German Holocaust survivor († 2014 )
- June 23 : Alan Turing , British mathematician and cryptanalyst († 1954 )
- June 25 : William T. Cahill , American politician († 1996 )
- June 25 : Milton Shapp , American politician († 1994 )
- June 26 : Edna Roxanne Atkins , Canadian hurdler († 2002 )
- June 28 : Eleazar de Carvalho , Brazilian composer and conductor († 1996 )
- June 28 : Stefan Dittrich , German politician († 1988 )
- June 28 : Karl Seebach , German mathematician and didactician († 2007 )
- June 28 : Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker , German physicist and philosopher († 2007 )
- June 29 : Lucie Aubrac , French resistance fighter († 2007 )
- June 30 : Ludwig Bölkow , German engineer and entrepreneur († 2003 )
- June 30th : Avigdor Dagan , Czech poet, prose writer and publicist of Jewish origin († 2006 )
- July 1 : Inge von Wangenheim , German writer and actress († 1993 )
- July 2 : Øystein Gaukstad , Norwegian musicologist and librarian († 1996 )
- July 2 : Edwin L. Mechem , American politician († 2002 )
- July 2 : Bill Mitchell , American designer of car bodies († 1988 )
- July 3 : Elizabeth Taylor , British writer († 1975 )
- July 4th : Joe Bain , American economist († 1991 )
- July 4th : Gerhard Schaffran , Bishop of Dresden-Meißen († 1996 )
- July 4th : Fritz Schulz-Reichel , German composer and pianist († 1990 )
- July 6th : Helmut Emil Richard Arntz , German Indo-Europeanist and runologist († 2007 )
- July 6 : Gerhard Ebeling , Protestant theologian († 2001 )
- July 6 : Heinrich Harrer , Austrian author, explorer, mountaineer († 2006 )
- July 6 : Molly Yard , American suffragette († 2005 )
- July 10 : Hans Meyers , German artist and author († 2013 )
- July 10 : Piet Stalmeier , Dutch composer and conductor († 1990 )
- July 11th : Aino Taube , Swedish film and theater actress († 1990 )
- July 11 : Sergiu Celibidache , Romanian conductor († 1996 )
- July 11th : Alois Lugger , Austrian politician († 2005 )
- July 12 : Anna Maria Peduzzi , Italian racing driver († 1979 )
- July 12 : Sid Robin , American lyricist and composer († 1985 )
- July 12 : Laurean Rugambwa , African Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1997 )
- July 13 : Paul Deitenbeck , German pastor and writer († 2000 )
- July 14 : Woody Guthrie , American unionist and songwriter († 1967 )
- July 14 : Willard Motley , American writer († 1965 )
- July 17th : Fikret Arıcan , Turkish football player, coach and official († 1994 )
- July 17 : Erwin Bauer , German racing driver († 1958 )
- July 17 : Art Linkletter , American radio and television presenter († 2010 )
- July 18 : Clemens Heselhaus , German Germanist and literary scholar († 2000 )
- July 18 : Harry Levin , American literary scholar and critic († 1994 )
- July 18 : Lilly Stepanek , Austrian actress († 2004 )
- July 19 : Peter Leo Gerety , American Roman Catholic Archbishop († 2016 )
- July 19 : Cornelis Soeteman , Dutch Germanist († 2005 )
- July 20 : Heinz Kohlhaas , German boxer († 1993 )
- July 21 : Karl W. Deutsch , political scientist († 1992 )
- July 21 : Jacques Poch , French entrepreneur and racing car driver († 2009 )
- July 23 : Rafael Artzy , Israeli mathematician († 2006 )
- July 23 : Mozaffar Baqai , Iranian politician († 1987 )
- July 24th : Kurt Hager , member of the Central Committee and the Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED († 1998 )
- July 27 : Igor Markevitch , Russian composer and conductor († 1983 )
- July 28 : Mário Américo , Brazilian masseur († 1990 )
- July 28 : Willy Bandholz , German field handball player († 1999 )
- July 31 : Harry Ayres , New Zealand mountaineer († 1987 )
- July 31 : Milton Friedman , American economist, Nobel Prize winner († 2006 )
- August 1 : Damien Parer , Australian cameraman and photographer († 1944 )
- August 1st : Helmut Storch , German animal rights activist and stork keeper († 2005 )
- August 3 : Fritz Hellwig , German politician († 2017 )
- August 3 : Otto Siffling , German football player († 1939 )
- August 4 : Daniel Aaron , American historian and Americanist († 2016 )
- August 4th : David Raksin , American film music composer († 2004 )
- August 4 : Raoul Wallenberg , Swedish diplomat († possibly 1947 )
- August 5th : Fridolin Aichner , German-Moravian teacher and writer († 1987 )
- August 5 : Abbé Pierre , French priest (real name Henri Antoine Grouès ); Founder of the Emmaus charity († 2007 )
- August 7th : Wiltraut Rupp-von Brünneck , German judge at the Federal Constitutional Court († 1977 )
- August 8 : Daniel Mann , American director († 1991 )
- August 9 : Bojan Adamič , Slovenian composer and conductor († 1995 )
- August 9 : Anne Brown , American soprano († 2009 )
- August 10 : Jorge Amado , Brazilian author († 2001 )
- August 10 : Romain Maes , Belgian cyclist († 1983 )
- August 10 : Peter Nellen , German politician († 1969 )
- August 11 : Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs , German astronomer († 1954 )
- August 12 : Wilhelm Baumann , German field handball player († 1990 )
- August 12 : Samuel Fuller , American director, screenwriter and actor († 1997 )
- August 12 : Feroze Gandhi , Indian politician and journalist († 1960 )
- August 12 : Rex Griffin , American old-time and country musician († 1958 )
- August 13 : Ben Hogan , American golfer († 1997 )
- August 13 : Salvador Edward Luria , American microbiologist († 1991 )
- August 14 : Hilda Cameron , Canadian athlete († 2001 )
- August 14 : Louis Joseph Moyse , French flautist and composer († 2007 )
- August 14 : Erwin Strittmatter , German-Sorbian writer († 1994 )
- August 15 : Julia Child , American cook († 2004 )
- August 15 : Wendy Hiller , British actress († 2003 )
- August 15 : Donald Lash , American middle and long distance runner († 1994 )
- August 15 : Guido Morselli , Italian writer († 1973 )
- August 18 : Volker Gwinner , German composer and organist († 2004 )
- August 18 : Otto Ernst Remer , German officer in the Wehrmacht († 1997 )
- August 19 : Bolesław Lewandowski , Polish composer and conductor († 1981 )
- August 19 : Constance Worth , Australian actress († 1963 )
- August 20 : Knyaz Hacıbəyov , Azerbaijani conductor († 1984 )
- August 21 : Robert Lips , Swiss comic artist († 1975 )
- August 22 : Simone Schaller , American athlete († 2016 )
- August 23 : Gene Kelly , American actor and dancer († 1996 )
- August 23 : Miya Shūji , Japanese poet († 1986 )
- August 23 : Alexei Ivanovich Sudajew , Russian inventor († 1946 )
- August 25 : Erich Honecker , German politician († 1994 )
- August 25 : Fukuda Tsuneari , Japanese playwright, translator and literary critic († 1994 )
- August 27 : Ruth Cohn , founder of topic-centered interaction († 2010 )
- August 28 : Gerhard Latzel , German problem composer († 1980 )
- August 29 : Son Kee-chung , first Korean medalist at the Olympic Games († 2002 )
- August 29 : Emil Schumacher , German painter († 1999 )
- August 30 : Edward Mills Purcell , American physicist († 1997 )
- August 30 : Pierre Stasse , Belgian racing driver († 1971 )
- August 31 : Helmut Hamann , German athlete († 1941 )
- September 5 : Kristina Söderbaum , Swedish-German actress († 2001 )
- September 6 : Miguel Andreolo , Uruguayan-Italian football player († 1981 )
- September 6 : Hermann Junack , German forester († 1992 )
- September 6 : Nicolas Schöffer , Hungarian-French sculptor († 1992 )
- September 6 : Miguelito Valdés , Cuban singer, bandleader and actor († 1978 )
- September 7 : Alan Mills , Canadian singer, actor and author († 1977 )
- September 7 : David Packard , American entrepreneur († 1996 )
- September 8 : Jacques Péron , French racing car driver († 1988 )
- September 8 : Marie-Dominique Philippe , French Dominican († 2006 )
- September 9 : Heinrich Welker , German physicist († 1981 )
- September 10 : BD Jatti , Acting Indian President († 2002 )
- September 11 : Gisèle van Waterschoot van der Gracht , Dutch painter († 2013 )
- September 12 : Jürgen Bennecke , German general († 2002 )
- September 13 : Reta Shaw , American actress († 1982 )
- September 15 : Mario Camorani , Italian chess problem composer († 1996 )
- September 15 : Gisela Hernández Gonzalo , Cuban musicologist and composer († 1971 )
- September 16 : György Sárosi , Hungarian football player and coach († 1993 )
- September 17 : Hans Andreas , German physician († 1982 )
- September 17 : Glen Stewart Morley , Canadian conductor, composer and cellist († 1996 )
- September 18 : Sarah Palfrey Cooke , American tennis player († 1996 )
- September 18 : Kurt Lotz , German business leader, Chairman of the Board of Management of Volkswagen AG († 2005 )
- September 19 : Kurt Sanderling , German conductor († 2011 )
- September 20 : Georg Umbenhauer , German racing cyclist († 1970 )
- September 21 : Chuck Jones , American comic artist († 2002 )
- September 22 : Herbert François Mataré , German physicist († 2011 )
- September 24th : Fritz Hinderer , German astronomer and astrophysicist († 1991 )
- September 27 : Arturo Ardao , Uruguayan philosopher, historian of ideas and journalist († 2003 )
- September 27 : Léon Gauthier , Christian Catholic Bishop of Switzerland 1972 to 1986 († 2003 )
- September 27 : Maria Luise Thurmair , South Tyrolean author of poems and hymns († 2005 )
- September 28 : Raban Adelmann , German politician († 1992 )
- September 28 : Ōhara Tomie , Japanese writer († 2000 )
- September 29 : Lukas Ammann , Swiss actor († 2017 )
- September 29 : Michelangelo Antonioni , Italian film director, author and painter († 2007 )
- September 29 : Paul Ogorzow , German serial killer († 1941 )
- October 1 : Anders Ejnar Andersen , Danish farmer and politician († 2006 )
- October 1 : Walter Becher , German politician († 2005 )
- October 1 : Klaus Kahlenberg , spokesman for the last Wehrmacht report († 2006 )
- October 1 : Kathleen Ollerenshaw , British mathematician and politician († 2014 )
- October 2 : Anthony Rayappa Arulappa , Archbishop of Madras-Mylapore († 1996 )
- October 3 : Fritz Tobias , German civil servant and author († 2011 )
- October 5 : Karl Hass , German SS officer, convicted as a war criminal († 2004 )
- October 6 : Erwin Weiss , Austrian composer († 2004 )
- October 6 : Gordon Wilkins , British journalist and racing car driver († 2007 )
- October 7th : Vilmos Tátrai , Hungarian violinist, conductor and music teacher († 1999 )
- October 7 : Fernando Belaúnde Terry , Peruvian politician († 2002 )
- October 7th : Peter Walker , British racing car driver († 1984 )
- October 8 : Anton Benya , Austrian politician and electrical mechanic († 2001 )
- October 8 : Ralph Kemplen , British film editor and director († 2004 )
- October 9 : Friedrich Beermann , German politician († 1975 )
- October 9 : Konrad Siebach , German double bass player and double bass teacher († 1995 )
- October 10 : John Austrheim , Norwegian economic manager and politician († 1995 )
- October 10 : Johnny Rodríguez , Puerto Rican singer and composer († 1997 )
- October 11 : Fedora Alemán , Venezuelan singer († 2018 )
- October 11 : Erich Arndt , German pastor († 2012 )
- October 12 : Edward Hidalgo , American lawyer and politician († 1995 )
- October 12 : Toña la Negra , Mexican singer († 1982 )
- October 13 : Hugo Weisgall , American composer and conductor († 1997 )
- October 14 : Walter Gotschke , German automobile illustrator († 2000 )
- October 14 : Lev Gumiljow , Russian historian and ethnologist († 1992 )
- October 14th : Theodor Kitt , German bobsledder
- October 14 : Albert Richter , German racing cyclist († 1940 )
- October 14 : Helmut Schelsky , German sociologist († 1984 )
- October 15 : Carl D. Perkins , American politician († 1984 )
- October 15 : Bruno Winzer , German officer
- October 16 : Vic Abens , Luxembourg resistance fighter and politician († 1993 )
- October 16 : Clifford P. Hansen , American politician († 2009 )
- October 16 : Lotti Huber , Jewish German dancer, actress and bestselling author († 1998 )
- October 16 : Ludwig Schwarzer , Austrian painter († 1989 )
- October 17 : John Paul I , Italian Pope († 1978 )
- October 18 : Aurelio Sabattani , Italian clergyman († 2003 )
- October 19 : Fritz Viktor Arens , German art historian and monument conservator († 1986 )
- October 20 : Marcel Couraud , French conductor († 1986 )
- October 21 : Don Byas , jazz tenor saxophone player († 1972 )
- October 21 : Walter Hamelehle , German motorcycle racer († 1946 )
- October 21 : Alfredo Piàn , Argentine racing car driver († 1990 )
- October 21 : Georg Solti , Hungarian conductor († 1997 )
- October 22 : Lucien Gekiere , Belgian composer and conductor († 1990 )
- October 23 : Helmut Beumann , German historian († 1995 )
- October 24 : Hermann Graf , German fighter pilot († 1988 )
- October 24 : Johannes Petzold , German church musician († 1985 )
- October 25 : Josef Angermann , Austrian typesetter and communist († 1944 )
- October 25 : Abdelkader Ben Bouali , Algerian football matches († 1997 )
- October 25 : Jack Kent Cooke , Canadian entrepreneur († 1997 )
- October 25 : Alfred Klingler , German field handball player (†)
- October 25 : Luigi Raimondi , Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1975 )
- October 26 : Hellmut Arnold , German geologist and paleontologist († 1986 )
- October 26 : Don Siegel , American director († 1991 )
- October 27 : Conlon Nancarrow , Mexican composer († 1997 )
- October 27 : Heinz Nickelsburg , German table tennis player († 2001 )
- October 28 : Richard Doll , British cancer researcher († 2005 )
- October 28 : Alfred Schmalzer , Austrian handball player († 1944 )
- October 28 : Philibert Tsiranana , Madagascan President († 1978 )
- October 29 : Jakob Scheuring , German athlete († 2001 )
- October 29 : Henryk Trzonek , Polish violist († 1943 )
- October 31 : Heinz Adler , German politician († 1990 )
- October 31 : Jean Améry , Austrian writer († 1978 )
- October 31 : Hermann "Hannes" Hansen , German field handball player († 1944 )
- October 31 : Ollie Johnston , American animator († 2008 )
- November 1 : Gunther Plaut , Canadian reform rabbi and author († 2012 )
- November 3 : Mieczysław Drobner , Polish composer, conductor, musicologist and music teacher († 1986 )
- November 3 : Alfredo Stroessner , Paraguayan military and politician († 2006 )
- November 4th : Francisco Constanzo , Uruguayan boxer
- November 4 : Enrique González Mántici , Cuban conductor, violinist and composer († 1974 )
- November 4 : Vadim Nikolajewitsch Salmanow , Russian composer († 1978 )
- November 5 : Carl Baumann , German artist († 1996 )
- November 6 : King Kolax , American jazz trumpeter († 1991 )
- November 6 : Leonardo Pedroza , Venezuelan musician and orchestra leader († 1976 )
- November 6 : Marcel Saucier , Canadian violinist, composer and music teacher († 1997 )
- November 7th : Ernst Lehner , German soccer player († 1986 )
- November 7th : Trude Marlen , Austrian actress († 2005 )
- November 8 : Ernest Lenart , German actor († 2005 )
- November 8th : Stylianos Pattakos , Greek military and politician († 2016 )
- November 8 : Berent Schwineköper , German archivist and historian († 1993 )
- November 10 : Jean-Hilaire Aubame , Gabonese politician († 1989 )
- November 11 : Nina Andrycz , Polish actress and writer († 2014 )
- November 12 : Bernardino Echeverría Ruiz , Archbishop of Guayaquil and Cardinal († 2000 )
- November 12 : Tuffy Leemans , American football player († 1979 )
- November 13 : Leopold Kretzenbacher , Austrian folklorist and cultural historian († 2007 )
- November 14 : Gerhard Heintze , German Lutheran theologian († 2006 )
- November 14 : Barbara Hutton , granddaughter and heiress of Frank Winfield Woolworth († 1979 )
- November 15 : Erich Mirek , German actor († 2004 )
- November 16 : Moma Marković , Yugoslav functionary († 1992 )
- November 17 : Hans Geiger , German politician († 1986 )
- November 17 : Erhart Krumpholz , German motorcycle racer († 2008 )
- November 18 : Walter Schulz , German philosopher († 2000 )
- November 19 : George Emil Palade , American physician and cell biologist († 2008 )
- November 20 : Otto von Habsburg , German-Austrian politician and author († 2011 )
- November 21 : Pierre Grimal , French classical philologist († 1996 )
- November 21 : Eleanor Powell , American dancer, singer and actress († 1982 )
- November 22nd : Goede Gendrich , German forester and hunting writer († 2000 )
- November 22 : Rudolf Heydel , German automobile racing driver († 1936 )
- November 23 : Franz Amrehn , German politician († 1981 )
- November 23 : Jean Hengen , Archbishop of Luxembourg († 2005 )
- November 25 : Francis Durbridge , English crime novelist († 1998 )
- November 26 : Gunnar Sønstevold , Norwegian composer († 1991 )
- November 27 : Samuel Mitja Rapoport , Austrian-American-German biochemist († 2004 )
- November 28 : Heinz Galinski , President of the Central Council of Jews in Germany († 1992 )
- November 28 : Morris Louis , American painter († 1962 )
- November 29 : Ai Xia , Chinese actress († 1934 )
- November 29 : Günther Smend , German officer, resistance fighter († 1944 )
- November 29th : John Marks Templeton , British fund manager, founder of the Templeton Growth Fund († 2008 )
- November 30 : Walter Jackson Ong , Canadian clergyman († 2003 )
- December 1 : Hans Hauschulz , German SED politician († 1951 )
- December 1 : Minoru Yamasaki , American architect († 1986 )
- December 3 : Helmut Kindler , German publisher († 2008 )
- December 7th : Marcel Leineweber , Luxembourg artistic gymnast († 1969 )
- December 8 : John Howard , English major during World War II († 1999 )
- December 8 : Jura Soyfer , Austrian writer († 1939 )
- December 8 : Will Walls , American football player and coach († 1993 )
- December 10 : Philip Hart , American politician († 1976 )
- December 11th : Carlo Ponti , Italian film producer († 2007 )
- December 12th : Heinz Auspurg , German graphic designer and urban planner († 2001 )
- December 12th : Thorbjørn Egner , Norwegian children's author († 1990 )
- December 12 : Henry Melody Jackson Jr. , American boxing athlete († 1988 )
- December 13 : Dušan Antonijević , Yugoslav actor († 1986 )
- December 13th : Luiz Gonzaga , Brazilian singer, accordionist and composer († 1989 )
- December 15 : Ray Eames , American designer and namesake of the “Eames Lounge Chair” († 1988 )
- December 17 : Hellmut Haase-Altendorf , German composer and pianist († 1990 )
- December 17 : Mary Henderson , Canadian singer and music teacher († 2006 )
- December 17th : Edward Short, Baron Glenamara , British politician († 2012 )
- December 19 : Rudolf Meimberg , German economist and university professor († 2011 )
- December 20 : Dorothy Brookshaw , Canadian athlete and Olympian († 1962 )
- December 20 : Walter Henn , German architect, civil engineer and university lecturer († 2006 )
- December 20 : Avelino Muñoz , Panamanian pianist, organist, conductor, arranger and composer († 1962 )
- December 21 : Walter Krause , German politician († 2000 )
- December 22nd : Franz-Leo Andries , German composer, music producer and songwriter († 1979 )
- December 22 : Lady Bird Johnson , US First Lady († 2007 )
- December 22nd : Oscar Moret , Swiss composer and professor († 2003 )
- December 25th : Thomas E. Fairchild , American lawyer and politician († 2007 )
- December 26 : Luis Fontés , British racing car driver and aviator († 1940 )
- December 26th : Johnny Friedlaender , pioneer of modern color etching († 1992 )
- December 26 : Richard L. Neuberger , American politician († 1960 )
- December 27 : Hermann Höhn , German Protestant pastor († 1997 )
- December 28 : Teuvo Ensio Aura , Finnish politician († 1999 )
- December 28 : Ewa Bonacka , Polish actress and director († 1992 )
- December 28 : Karl G. Grell , German zoologist († 1994 )
- December 28th : Georg Klaus , German philosopher, chess player and chess official († 1974 )
- December 29 : Eliza Branco , Brazilian women and peace activist († 2001 )
- December 29 : Peggy Glanville-Hicks , Australian composer († 1990 )
- December 30 : John D. Hoblitzell , American politician († 1962 )
- December 30th : Arthur Sarnoff , American draftsman († 2000 )
- December 31 : Pierre Amandry , French classical archaeologist († 2006 )
- December 31 : John Frost , British major general and Air Force officer († 1993 )
- December 31 : Johana Harris , Canadian pianist, composer and music teacher († 1995 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Pierre Apestéguy , French writer († 1972 )
- Gholam Reza Azhari , Iranian General and Prime Minister († 2001 )
- Mehdi Barkeshli , Iranian musicologist and physicist († 1988 )
- Herbert Pepper , French ethnomusicologist and composer († 2001 )
- Juan R. Posadas , Argentine Trotskyist ideologist and ufologist († 1981 )
- Juan Bruno Tarraza , Cuban pianist and composer († 2001 )
- January 3 : Jakob Amsler-Laffon , Swiss mathematician, physicist, engineer and manufacturer (* 1823 )
- January 3 : Felix Dahn , German professor of law, writer, historian (* 1834 )
- January 4 : Francis T. Nicholls , American politician (* 1834 )
- January 14 : Leonid Alexandrowitsch Arbusow , Russian historian (* 1848 )
- January 14th : Josue Jean Philippe Valeton the Younger , Dutch theologian and orientalist (* 1848 )
- January 14th : Otto Liebmann , German philosopher (* 1840 )
- January 15 : Henry du Pré Labouchère , British politician (* 1831 )
- January 16 : Georg Heym , German writer, representative of early Expressionism (* 1887 )
- January 18 : Hermann Winkelmann , German opera singer (* 1847 )
- January 25 : Karl Junker , German painter, sculptor and architect (* 1850 )
- January 26 : Cesare Pollini , Italian pianist, composer, conductor, music teacher and concert organizer (* 1858 )
- January 29 : Herman Bang , Danish writer (* 1857 )
- February 1 : Hugo Bußmeyer , German composer (* 1842 )
- February 2 : Josef Ettlinger , German journalist and literary historian (* 1869 )
- February 7 : Edward Wilmot Blyden , Liberian statesman and Pan-Africanist (* 1832 )
- February 7th : Marius Nygaard , Norwegian philologist (* 1838)
- February 10 : Joseph Lister , British medic (* 1827 )
- February 13 : Alphonse Schmitt , Alsatian organist and composer (* 1875 )
- February 14 : Sigismund Rahmer , German doctor, writer and editor (* 1863 )
- February 16 : William M. Lanning , American politician (* 1849 )
- February 16 : Nikolai of Japan , Russian monk and Orthodox Archbishop of Tokyo and Japan (* 1836 )
- February 17th : Johann Jakob Abegg , Swiss politician and entrepreneur (* 1834 )
- February 17th : Alois Lexa Freiherr von Aehrenthal , Austro-Hungarian politician (* 1854 )
- February 17 : Edgar Evans , Welsh polar explorer (* 1876 )
- February 21 : Émile Lemoine , French mathematician and engineer (* 1840 )
- February 21 : Osborne Reynolds , British physicist (* 1842 )
- February 29 : Heinrich Nissen , German ancient historian (* 1839 )
- March 2 : Vilém Mrštík , Czech writer, dramaturge, translator and literary critic (* 1863 )
- March 5 : Rochus von Liliencron , Germanist and music historian (* 1820 )
- March 6 : Heinrich Kämchen , German writer (* 1847 )
- March 7th : Philipp Jacob Auer , German politician (* 1831 )
- March 15 : Cesare Arzelà , Italian mathematician (* 1847 )
- March 16 : Elizabeth Adela Forbes , Canadian late impressionist painter (* 1859 )
- March 17th : Lawrence Oates , British polar explorer (* 1880 )
- March 18 : August Thon , German legal scholar (* 1839 )
- March 20 : Ernst von Heynitz (Johanniter) , German officer, farmer and landowner (* 1840 )
- March 22nd : John Willock Noble , American lawyer and politician (* 1831 )
- March 29 : Henry Robertson Bowers , British polar explorer (* 1883 )
- March 29 : Edward Adrian Wilson , English polar explorer, doctor and ornithologist (* 1872 )
- March 29 : Robert Falcon Scott , British naval officer and south polar explorer (* 1868 )
- March 30th : Karl May , German writer (* 1842 )
- March 30 : Emilio Teza , Italian Romance scholar, Indo-Europeanist, orientalist, philologist, linguist, literary scholar and translator (* 1831)
- March 31 : Robert Love Taylor , American politician (* 1850 )
- April 1 : Franz Rezek , Austrian military bandmaster and composer (* 1847 )
- April 6 : Josef Aichbichler , Bavarian politician (* 1845 )
- April 6 : Giovanni Pascoli , Italian poet (* 1855 )
- April 9 : Gottfried Strasser , pastor and poet (* 1854 )
- April 10 : Ernst Christian Achelis , Protestant theologian (* 1838 )
- April 10 : Alfred Eckbrecht von Dürckheim-Montmartin , German officer (* 1850 )
- April 12 : Clara Barton , American philanthropist (* 1821 )
- April 15 : Thomas Andrews , naval architect of Irish descent (* 1873 )
- April 15 Joseph Dawson , crew member of the Titanic (* 1888 )
- April 15 : John Jacob Astor IV , American businessman, inventor and writer (* 1864 )
- April 15 : Carl Funke , German entrepreneur (* 1855 )
- April 15 : Jacques Futrelle , American writer (* 1875 )
- April 15 : Benjamin Guggenheim , American businessman (* 1865 )
- April 15 : William M. Murdoch , Chief Officer of the Titanic (* 1873 )
- April 15 : Edward John Smith , captain of the Titanic (* 1850 )
- April 15 : Isidor Straus , American businessman and politician (* 1845 )
- April 19 : Hugo Sholto Oskar Georg von Douglas , German writer, entrepreneur and politician (* 1837 )
- April 20 : Pedro Lira , Chilean painter (* 1845 )
- April 20 : Marian Sarah Ogilvie Farquharson , British author, botanist, microscopist and women's rights activist (* 1846 )
- April 20 : Bram Stoker , Irish writer (* 1847 )
- April 23 : Friedrich Philipp von Abert , German Archbishop (* 1852 )
- April 25 : Wacław Rolicz songs , Polish poet (* 1866 )
- April 28 : Johann Rudolf Rahn , Swiss monument conservator and art researcher (* 1841 )
- April 29 : Subh-i-Azal , leader of the Bábis (* 1831 )
- April 30 : Cäcilie von Brockdorff , German painter and editor (* 1837 )
- May 3 : Rudolf von Benningsen , German colonial official and governor of German New Guinea (* 1859 )
- May 14 : August Strindberg , Swedish writer and playwright (* 1849 )
- May 14 : Frederick VIII , King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912 (* 1843 )
- May 18 : Ferdinand von Herff , German-American doctor and surgeon (* 1820 )
- May 18 : Eduard Strasburger , German-Polish botanist and professor (* 1844 )
- May 18 : James D. Porter junior , American politician (* 1827 )
- May 25 : Austin Lane Crothers , American politician (* 1860 )
- May 26th : Amalie Maria , Countess of Württemberg (* 1865 )
- May 26 : Jan Blockx , Belgian composer (* 1851 )
- May 28 : Paul Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran , French chemist (* 1838 )
- June 1 : Daniel Hudson Burnham , American urban planner and architect (* 1846 )
- June 4 : Royal C. Taft , American politician (* 1823 )
- June 5 : Francis James Gillen , Australian anthropologist and ethnologist (* 1855 )
- June 5 : George S. Nixon , American politician (* 1860 )
- June 5 : Quintin Steinbart , headmaster (* 1841 )
- June 6 : Giulio Ricordi , Italian music publisher and composer (* 1840 )
- June 10 : Anton Aškerc , Slovenian poet and priest (* 1856)
- June 12 : Frédéric Passy , French Nobel Peace Prize laureate and politician (* 1822 )
- June 16 : José Arechavaleta y Balpardo , Spanish botanist (* 1838 )
- June 22nd : Richard Andree , German geographer and ethnographer (* 1835 )
- June 22nd : Ion Luca Caragiale , Romanian writer (* 1852 )
- June 25 : Lawrence Alma-Tadema , Dutch painter and draftsman (* 1836 )
- June 26 : Anthony C. Higgins , American politician (* 1840 )
- July 1st : Benno König , German aviation pioneer (* 1885 )
- July 1 : Harriet Quimby , American aviation pioneer (* 1875 )
- July 4th : Hinrich Wrage , German landscape painter and graphic artist (* 1843 )
- July 10 : Adolf Deucher , Swiss politician (* 1831 )
- July 13 : Ernst Goll , Austrian poet (* 1887 )
- July 13 : Marc-Emile Ruchet , Swiss politician (* 1853 )
- July 13th : Robert Stock , telecommunications pioneer (* 1858 )
- July 17 : Henri Poincaré , French mathematician and theoretical physicist (* 1854 )
- July 21 : Anton Paul Heilmann , Austrian painter and illustrator (* 1850 )
- July 23 : Alphonse Lavallée-Smith , Canadian composer, organist and music teacher (* 1873 )
- July 28 : Abdurrahman Nureddin Pascha , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (* 1833 )
- July 29 : William D. Washburn , American politician (* 1831 )
- July 30th : Anton Fischer , Archbishop of Cologne, Cardinal (* 1840 )
- July 30 : Mutsuhito , 122nd Emperor of Japan (* 1852 )
- August 7th : François-Alphonse Forel , Swiss doctor and naturalist (* 1841 )
- August 10 : Paul Wallot , German architect (* 1841 )
- August 12 : Michele Saladino , Italian composer and music teacher (* 1835 )
- August 13 : Jules Massenet , French opera composer (* 1842 )
- August 16 : Carl Prüssing , German chemist (* 1859 )
- August 16 : Johann Martin Schleyer , Catholic priest, poet and philanthropist (* 1831 )
- August 20 : Jozef Samaša , Archbishop of Eger and Cardinal (* 1828 )
- August 20 : William Booth , founder and first general of the Salvation Army (* 1829 )
- August 23 : Carl Abegg-Arter , Swiss raw silk merchant and banker (* 1836 )
- August 24th : Moïse Saucier , Canadian pianist, organist and music teacher (* 1840 )
- August 24 : Alexei Suvorin , Russian publisher and publicist (* 1834 )
- September 2 : William Patrick Auld , Australian winemaker, wine merchant and explorer (* 1840 )
- September 3 : Nikolaus Müller , German classical philologist, historian and Protestant theologian (* 1857 )
- September 7th : Martin Kähler , German Protestant theologian (* 1835 )
- September 7th : Taoka Reiun , Japanese cultural and literary critic (* 1879 )
- September 9 : Bertha Behrens , German writer (* 1848 )
- September 13 : Joseph Furphy , Australian writer (* 1843 )
- September 13 : Nogi Maresuke , General in the Imperial Army of Japan (* 1849 )
- September 18 : Hernando Money , American politician (* 1839 )
- September 24th : Adolf Marschall von Bieberstein , German politician (* 1842 )
- September 28 : John J. Patterson , American politician (* 1830 )
- September 29th : Franz Skutsch , German classical philologist (* 1865 )
- September 30th : Thornton Chase , American author (* 1847 )
- October 1 : Carl Carey Anderson , American politician (* 1877 )
- October 1 : Louis Döllstädt , Weimar businessman and chairman of the municipal council (* 1843 )
- October 6 : Auguste Beernaert , Belgian politician and head of government (* 1829 )
- October 6 : William A. Peffer , American politician (* 1831 )
- October 7 : Wilhelm Manchot , German architect (* 1844 )
- October 7 : Jakob Minor , Austrian literary historian (* 1855 )
- October 12 : Karoline von Arnim , German writer (* 1851 )
- October 17 : Weldon B. Heyburn , American politician (* 1852 )
- October 19 : Marcell Driver , German lawyer and politician (* 1852 )
- October 26 : Christian Horne , Norwegian farmer and teacher (* 1838 )
- October 28 : Werner von Bolton , inventor of the metallic filament (* 1868 )
- October 30 : Jan Gall , Polish composer, choir director and music teacher (* 1856 )
- October 31 : Amos Clark , American politician (* 1828 )
- November 1 : John Emms , British painter (* 1843 )
- November 2 : Karl Rudolf Karrasz , Romanian-German composer, pianist and music teacher (* 1846 )
- November 3 : Anton von Perfall , German writer on hunting and local history (* 1853 )
- November 3 : George H. Utter , American politician (* 1854 )
- November 10 : Ramón Corral , Mexican politician, Vice President (* 1854 )
- November 11th : Józef Wieniawski , Polish pianist and composer (* 1837 )
- November 12th : John P. Jones , American politician (* 1829 )
- November 13 : Teréza Nováková , Czech writer, representative of realism and village prose (* 1853 )
- November 16 : William Larrabee , American politician (* 1832 )
- November 17 : Richard Norman Shaw , British architect (* 1831 )
- November 17 : Joseph M. Terrell , American politician (* 1861 )
- November 20 : Friedrich Seifriz , Austrian landowner and politician (* 1849 )
- November 23 : Edward Arber , English scholar and author (* 1856 )
- November 24th : Henriette Auegg , Austrian writer, educator and carer (* 1841 )
- November 26th : Theodor Bumiller , German explorer (* 1864 )
- November 28 : Otto Brahm , German critic, theater director and director (* 1856 )
- November 28 : James Gordon , American politician (* 1833 )
- November 30th : George Armitstead , Russian engineer, entrepreneur and the fourth mayor of Riga (* 1847 )
- December 2 : Otis Bardwell Boise , American composer (* 1844 )
- December 6 : Henry Browne Hagreen , British painter (* around 1831)
- 9 December : Louis de Gramont , French journalist, playwright and librettist (* 1854 )
- December 9 : Carl Justi , German philosopher and art historian (* 1832 )
- December 12th : Luitpold of Bavaria , Prince Regent of Bavaria (* 1821 )
- December 13 : Jules-François-Armand Dartois de Bournonville , French writer (* 1845 )
- December 13 : Franz Simandl , double bass player and music teacher (* 1840 )
- December 15 : Whitelaw Reid , American politician and diplomat (* 1837 )
- December 16 : George Rignold , Australian actor (* 1839 )
- December 23 : Otto Schoetensack , German anthropologist and prehistoric scientist (* 1850 )
- December 27 : Alvah A. Clark , American politician (* 1840 )
- December 28 : Ahmed Midhat Efendi , Ottoman journalist, author, translator and publisher (* 1844 )
Exact date of death unknown
- http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/1912/ (Living virtual museum online)