, the First Republic is proclaimed in Portugal .
Francisco Madero proclaims the Mexican Revolution
Porfirio Díaz .
becomes King of
and Emperor of India .
|1910 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1358/59 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1902/03 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Baha'i calendar||66/67 (turn of the year 20/21 March)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1315/16 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2453/54 (southern Buddhism); 2452/53 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||76th (77th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1272/73 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4243/44 (2-3 October)|
|Iranian calendar||1288/89 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1327/28 (January 12/13)|
Meiji 43 (
明治 43 年);
|Jewish calendar||5670/71 (October 3-4)|
|Coptic calendar||1626/27 (September 10-11)|
|Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire)||1325/26 (March 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2220/21 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2221/22 (turn of the year October)
|Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar)||2452/53 (April 1)|
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1966/67 (turn of the year April)|
The outstanding event of 1910 was the overthrow of the monarchy in Portugal . The last king, Manuel II, has to leave the country. However, the newly founded First Republic does not succeed in achieving stability in the next few years.
Also in Mexico , under the leadership of Francisco Madero, a revolution breaks out against the long-term president Porfirio Díaz and there are uprisings against the colonial rulers from Europe in several colonies in Africa, Asia and Oceania.
Even the otherwise very stable Great Britain is experiencing troubled times: Because of the social program of the liberal government under Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith and Finance Minister David Lloyd George , there is a power struggle between the two houses of Parliament, King Edward VII dies and is given over to his son George V. . heir, suffragettes demanding more and more vehemently the women's suffrage , and in November it comes to Tonypandy Riots of miners in Wales.
With a telegram from Roald Amundsen to Robert Falcon Scott , the "race to the South Pole " between the British Terra Nova Expedition under Scott's leadership and the Norwegian Fram Expedition under the leadership of Amundsen begins . And a Japanese expedition led by Shirase Nobu is also setting out for Antarctic waters during this “ Golden Age of Antarctic Research ” .
Cultural highlights of the year are the world premiere of a late opera by Jules Massenet , Don Quichotte , in Monte Carlo based on the novel of the same name by Miguel de Cervantes and Igor Stravinsky's first success, the ballet The Firebird , performed by Sergei Pavlovich Djagilev's Ballets Russes in Paris.
Politics and world events
- MARCH 6: In Berlin, close Radical People's Party , the Radical Association and the German People's Party (DVP) for the Progressive People's Party together.
- September 13: In Gdansk , the German Jurists' Day pleads against the abolition of the death penalty .
- Demonstration against the three-class suffrage in Berlin
- Wyk on the North Sea island of Föhr receives city rights
- January 1st: The liberal Robert Comtesse becomes Federal President of Switzerland for the second time .
- October 7th: On the basis of a popular initiative from 1908, absinthe is banned in Switzerland . The Val de Travers in particular suffers from the ban, and distillation is often continued illegally. The French company Pernod moves its production to Spain.
Russia / Grand Duchy of Finland
- 1./2. February: In the parliamentary elections in Finland in 1910 , the Social Democrats again win votes and mandates and, as in the 1909 election, become the strongest party in the unicameral parliament in Helsinki .
- June 2: The Russian Duma decides to lift Finland's autonomy .
- February 17th: Austria-Hungary gives annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina a constitution ( state statute ). It provides for a state government with a state chief and a state parliament .
- August 28: On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his reign , Prince Nikola transforms the previous principality of Montenegro into a kingdom and is crowned king.
- January 10: Sultan Mehmed V appoints İbrahim Hakkı Pasha as Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, which has been dominated by the Young Turks since the previous year . He replaces Hüseyin Hilmi Pascha in this office.
- Spring: Starting from Pristina , an uprising of the Albanians begins in Kosovo against the Ottoman Empire, which extends to the area of today's Albania and lasts for over a year.
- January: History of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland : After Treasury Secretary David Lloyd George's “People's Budget” is toppled by the House of Lords, elections are held to empower Conservatives . The Liberal government under Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith can only stay in power with the support of the Labor Party and the Irish nationalists .
- May 6: The British King and Emperor of India Edward VII , a lifelong excessive cigar smoker, dies of an acute attack of chronic bronchitis at Buckingham Palace after a cold caught while walking on Sandringham . His 44-year-old son George V succeeds him to the British throne.
- November 1: The Tonypandy miners' uprising in Wales begins. He will be crushed by November 8th with the approval of Home Secretary Winston Churchill .
- November 18: A suffragette demonstration for women's suffrage organized by the Women's Social and Political Union leads to bloody arguments after a speech by Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith . Eighty women are subsequently arrested. The day is later named Black Friday because of the (partly sexual) violence perpetrated against the demonstrators by the London police and by male spectators.
- December: Elections confirming the January result.
The end of the monarchy in Portugal
Two years after the murder of his father Karl I and his brother Ludwig Philipp , the young King Manuel II of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, despite his policy of calming down , in the course of which most of the authoritarian measures of his predecessor were withdrawn, failed to stabilize the unpopular monarchy in Portugal . Governments take turns in quick succession. The Prime Minister, Francisco António da Veiga Beirão , who was sworn in on December 22nd of the previous year, fell on June 26th over a scandal at the Credito Predial bank in which several members of his government were involved. His successor is the previous Minister of the Interior, António Teixeira de Sousa .
In the parliamentary elections on August 28, the Republican Partido Republicano Português ( PRP ), which has been campaigning for the abolition of the monarchy with armed force since the beginning of the year, achieved a historic success. Among others, Teófilo Braga and Miguel Bombarda are elected to the Cortes .
Bombarda, a psychiatrist and thought leader of the republican movement, is murdered on October 3rd by a mentally ill former patient. The act of violence probably has no political background, but on the same night it led to uprisings against King Manuel II and the Portuguese monarchy.
Two days later, the first Portuguese Republic is proclaimed. King Manuel II , who had been forced to flee Lisbon by the military the day before, leaves the country and is exiled in England on October 17th. Teófilo Braga becomes the first president of a provisional government in the country. The well-known writer and intellectual tries to form a non-partisan government.
The new government is strictly anti-clerical and secular and begins with a radical separation of church and state . All Jesuit monasteries are closed, the prisons in Lisbon are filled with Catholic priests and friars. Religious instruction is forbidden, as are all religious references in state acts, and the titles of nobility are abolished. The apostolic nuncio leaves Lisbon in protest. Wearing religious habits in public is forbidden, and civil marriage and divorce are introduced. Despite the initial euphoria, the republic was marked by a great deal of political instability in the years that followed.
- January 21: The US Senate in Washington decides to annex Spitsbergen .
- AUG 28: The Asamblea Nacional of Nicaragua accepts the resignation of the unrecognized by the United States Jose Madriz counter and hands over the presidency to the deputies Jose Dolores Estrada Morales , this they are within an hour of his brother Juan Jose Estrada continue
- October 27: In the wake of US military intervention will be in Nicaragua the Pactos Dawson signed.
- November 20: The Mexican Revolution against long-term president Porfirio Díaz begins under the leadership of Francisco Madero , Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa .
- November 23: Revolta da Chibata - revolt by mainly black Brazilian seafarers against the punishment of flogging
- November 27th: The Revolta da Chibata ends in Rio de Janeiro after five days of street fighting . Dark-skinned Brazilian seamen had been preparing the uprising of four warship crews for more than two years for punishment by whipping by light-skinned superiors .
Asia and Oceania
- January 1: The governorate of German New Guinea opens the Toma convalescent home .
- February 12: Chinese troops reach the Tibetan capital Lhasa . The Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatsho flees to India.
- February 6 to mid-May: Bhumkal , an uprising against British colonial rule in British India , takes place in the princely state of Bastar after the Raja Rudra Pratap Deo was ousted by the British the previous year.
- May 20: The Taigyaku Jiken conspiracy is exposed.
- August 22nd: The previous protectorate of Korea is annexed by Japan with the forced Japan-Korea annexation treaty under the name Chosen and incorporated into the empire as a new province .
- October 18: The uprising of the Sokehs on Pohnpei , one of the Caroline Islands in the oceanic colony of German New Guinea, begins. It lasts until 1911.
- October 28: Degania , the first kibbutz in Palestine , is officially founded by a group of Zionist immigrants from Belarus.
- The Australian Parliament creates the legal basis for the Federal Capital Territory , where the future planned capital Canberra is to be built.
- February 20: Assassination of the Egyptian Prime Minister Boutros Ghali
- May 31: Reorganization after the Boer War - Great Britain unites the colonies of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal to form the Union of South Africa
- Colonization of the Wadai by France
Other events worldwide
- April 23: Former President Theodore Roosevelt gives the Citizenship in a Republic speech at the Sorbonne in Paris .
- August 27: The German socialist and women's rights activist Clara Zetkin proposes the introduction of an international women's day at the Second International Socialist Women's Conference in Copenhagen , but without favoring a specific date.
- Law of the Sea : The Brussels Convention of 23 September 1910 for the uniform establishment of rules on maritime rescue and assistance is adopted.
- April 23rd: With Brussels International - 1910 , a world exhibition opens in Brussels for the second time since 1897 . The Hotel Astoria in Brussels was built by the architect Henri van Dievoet at the request of King Leopold II especially for the world exhibition. 26 countries are represented at the exhibition, which is characterized by lush ornamental gardens and houses both an art exhibition and a colonial exhibition. From August 14th to 15th, a fire broke out on the exhibition grounds, which killed numerous pavilions. The Brussels International recorded 13 million people and a loss of 250,000 Belgian francs at its closure on 1 November.
- May 14th: The Japan-British Exhibition opens in London . It lasts until October 29th.
From May to November in the Argentine capital Buenos Aires , the Exposición Internacional del Centenario instead. The timing of the exhibition is intended to commemorate the May Revolution of 1810. The exhibition is about agriculture and livestock, industry, rail and land transportation, hygiene and the fine arts. Among other things, the area of the agricultural exhibition La Rural , which has been taking place since 1886, is also used. There are also numerous pavilions for the individual Argentine provinces. The exhibiting countries include Germany, England, Italy, Austria-Hungary, Paraguay, Switzerland and Spain. In keeping with the zeitgeist, Art Nouveau plays a major role in the design of the exhibition buildings. A number of young Italian architects stayed in Buenos Aires after the exposition ended. Some of the buildings they built are still important for the cityscape there. On the occasion of the exhibition, the Transand Railway between the cities of Los Andes in Chile and Mendoza in Argentina will be officially opened on May 25th after more than twenty years of construction.
- With the Australian Notes Act , the Commonwealth Treasury is founded in Australia and the Australian pound is introduced as a separate currency for the united Australia. In the same year, the Bank Notes Tax Act introduced a tax of 10% p. a. levied on the private banknotes in circulation up to now and thus devalued economically. In addition, the private banks are prohibited from continuing to hold notes from Queensland in circulation, their status as legal tender will thus be terminated. For the new currency is valid until World War I, the gold standard .
- March 29th: The construction work for the Wendelsteinbahn in the Upper Bavarian Limestone Alps begins.
- November 27: New York Pennsylvania Station opens at the same time as the tunnel under the Hudson River . The Pennsylvania Railroad is connected to Manhattan and the Long Island Rail Road .
- November 30th: The first section of the Darßbahn is opened. The line will be operated regularly by the Prussian State Railways from the following day .
- June 24th: A change of company resulted in the creation of the automobile manufacturer Alfa Romeo in Milan .
- October 27: Robert Victor Neher, together with Edwin Lauber and Alfred Gmür, files a patent application in Switzerland for the method he has devised for the production of aluminum foil .
- November 7th: A Wright Company aircraft carries the first air cargo on behalf of a department store from Dayton , Ohio, to Columbus , Ohio, about 100 kilometers away .
science and technology
The race to the South Pole
- June 15: The Terra Nova leaves Cardiff Harbor in Wales. On board is the crew of the Antarctic expedition led by Robert Falcon Scott . The expedition stops in Madeira (June), Trinidad (July) and South Africa (August) before arriving at its final stop in Lyttelton , New Zealand on October 28th , from where it will set off for the November 26th Antarctica makes. On December 10th, the Terra Nova was trapped in the pack ice and needed 20 days to get afloat again.
- August 9: With the departure of the polar ship Fram from the Norwegian capital Kristiania in the direction of the Bay of Whales , Roald Amundsen begins his south polar expedition , which is still kept secret from the public . From September 6th to 9th, the expedition will make its last stopover in Madeira . From here, Amundsen sends, among other things, a telegram with his true destination to Scott, which Scott receives on October 12 while going ashore in Melbourne. Another attempt by the Norwegians to make a stopover on the Kerguelen fails because of the bad weather, otherwise the Fram's journey to the end of the year will be relatively uneventful.
During the so-called " Golden Age of Antarctic Research ", the Fifth French Antarctic Expedition is returning home with the ship Pourquoi-Pas IV under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Charcot , who had been in the Antarctic since 1908 and carried the Bellingshausen- lake and the Amundsen sea researched and the Marguerite Bay and Charcot island has discovered.
At around the same time, the ship Kainan Maru, under the command of Shirase Nobu, leaves the port of Tokyo for Antarctica on December 1 . This is how Japanese Antarctic research begins . The expedition lasted until June 20, 1912.
- July 2nd to August 24th: Zeppelin study expedition to Spitzbergen
Knud Rasmussen and Peter Freuchen found the Thule trading post in Uummannaq near Cape York in northwest Greenland . They want to enable the polar skimos living in the region to continue their trade in fur on fair terms after the end of Robert Peary's regular presence for two decades . At the same time, Rasmussen wants to use the station as a starting point for expeditions of an ethnographic and geographical nature, for the financing of which the profit is to be used.
- January 17th: The Johannesburg Comet has its perihelion passage . The appearance of the Great Comet of 1910 , which the South African astronomer Robert Innes is researching intensively, raises expectations for the appearance of Comet Halley in May.
- May 19: The earth crosses the tail of Halley's Comet , which scares many people because astronomers recently discovered the poisonous gas dicyan in it.
List of asteroids discovered in 1910
|No. and name||
|Date of discovery||Explorer|
|(696) Leonora||75.8||10. January||Joel Hastings Metcalf|
|(697) Galilea||80.1||14th of February||Joseph Helffrich|
|(698) Ernestina||27.0||5. March||Joseph Helffrich|
|(699) Hela||?||June 5th||Joseph Helffrich|
|(700) Auravictrix||15.4||June 5th||Joseph Helffrich|
|(701) Oriola||40.2||July 12||Joseph Helffrich|
|(702) Alauda||194.7||16th of July||Joseph Helffrich|
|(703) Noëmi||?||October 3||Johann Palisa|
|(704) Interamnia||316.6||October 2nd||Vincenzo Cerulli|
|(705) Erminia||134.2||October 6th||Emil Ernst|
|(706) Hirundo||29.2||9th October||Joseph Helffrich|
|(707) Steina||?||December 22||Gustav Witt|
- December 20: Ernest Rutherford is able to provide experimental evidence of atomic nuclei when helium atoms change their orbit when crossing thin metal foils.
- Robert Andrews Millikan , professor of physics at the University of Chicago , uses his oil droplet experiment to precisely determine the charge on the electron .
- January 7th: Hubert Latham is the first person to reach a height of 1,000 m in an airplane, an Antoinette VII .
- The Dominguez International Air Meet will take place in Los Angeles from January 10th to 20th . It was initiated after the experiences of the American participants on the flight days in Reims in 1909 , among them Charles Forster Willard and Glenn Curtiss . Dominguez Field on Rancho San Pedro, where a large grandstand will be built, is selected as the airfield . In addition to airplanes, balloons and airships are admitted to the competition and cash prizes are awarded for winning the individual competitions. Louis Paulhan becomes the celebrated star of the event. He can set a new altitude record at 1269 m and stay in the air for the longest time at 1 h 49 min 40 s. Glenn Curtiss achieved the highest speed with a passenger (88.5 km / h) and he managed the fastest start in 6.4 s. A total of 226,000 spectators attended the event, with revenues of $ 137,500. Because of this success, this type of event will soon become the norm in the United States over the next few years.
- March 8: In France, Élise Deroche becomes the first woman in the world to take a pilot's exam. In the same year she was the only woman to take part in the Heliopolis flight week , where she came 6th at the Egyptian Grand Prix . She finished fourth at the flight meeting in Saint Petersburg. During the great flight weeks of Champagne in Reims in August, she had a serious accident when she got caught in the wake of another aircraft.
- March 18: The American Harry Houdini made the first flight on the Australian continent with a Voisin standard double-decker on the Old Calder Hwy in Diggers Rest, Victoria , and was awarded a prize for this by the Australian Aeronautic League .
- March 28th: With the Hydravion , the French aviation pioneer Henri Fabre succeeds in making his first seaplane flight at the Étang de Berre near Marseilles on his second attempt . The duck plane flies at a height of almost two meters over about 500 meters. A day later, Fabre manages a flight of around six kilometers.
- June 19: The airship LZ 7 “Germany” makes a successful maiden voyage near Friedrichshafen .
- June 28: The Zeppelin LZ 7 "Germany" , which had been in operation a few days earlier, crashes in a storm on Limberg in the Teutoburg Forest near Bad Iburg after an engine fails. Passengers and crew survive the accident.
- August 21: The pilot César Copetta Brosio succeeds in the first powered flight in Chile .
- September 23: Aviation pioneer Jorge Chávez Dartnell is the first person to cross the main Alpine ridge with his Blériot XI , a monoplane aircraft . However, when he landed in Italy he had an accident; a few days later he succumbs to his injuries.
- OCTOBER 14: The British aviator Claude Grahame-White lands his Farman III - biplane on Executive Avenue (now Pennsylvania Avenue ) in Washington, DC near the White House . The pilot is arrested, the press reports on the flight sensation.
- November 14th: The aviation pioneer Eugene Burton Ely is the first person to take off from a ship, from a platform on the light cruiser USS Birmingham .
- December 16: During an involuntary flight test with the Coanda-1910 , the Romanian physicist and aerodynamicist Henri Marie Coandă discovered the Coandă effect named after him . As the aircraft lands, he observes how the gases and flames from the engine build up along the fuselage of the aircraft. The aircraft catches fire and is completely destroyed.
- July 17th: A group led by Georg Lahner manages to penetrate deeper into the Dachstein Giant Ice Cave for the first time by overcoming the Great Ice Abyss .
- Members of the Association for caving to Hermann Bock discover the Dachstein Mammoth Cave .
Medicine and psychology
- The German doctor Magnus Hirschfeld coined the term transvestism .
- The drug arsphenamine for syphilis comes on the market.
- January 15: In the US state of Wyoming is Shoshone Dam completed. At 99 meters, the structure on the Shoshone River is the highest dam on earth to date .
Teaching and Research
- March 11: In Washington, DC, the National Museum of Natural History opens despite unfinished construction.
- March: Sigmund Freud founds the International Psychoanalytic Association together with other psychoanalysts in Nuremberg .
- September 21: The university in Mexico City , which was dissolved by Emperor Maximilian I in 1865, is re-established as Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México .
- February 11: Umberto Boccioni presents the manifesto of futuristic painting.
- April 21/15. May: The Neue Secession splits off from the Berlin Secession under the leadership of Max Liebermann .
- April 23-November 1: In Brussels , the World Expo is Brussels International - 1910 instead.
- July 3: The artist house in Nuremberg , built according to plans by Otto Seegy , opens.
- July 16 to October 9: The Sonderbund Westdeutscher Kunstfreunde und Künstler is holding its second exhibition at the Städtisches Kunstpalast in Düsseldorf.
- September 1st to 14th: The Neue Künstlervereinigung München is holding its second exhibition in the Modern Gallery Heinrich Thannhauser in the Arco-Palais in Munich.
- April 30 to October 2: The Great Berlin Art Exhibition 1910 takes place in Berlin .
- November 8, 1910 to January 15, 1911 : The Manet and the Post-Impressionists exhibition at the Grafton Galleries in London , organized by Roger Fry , introduces the concept of post-impressionism .
- The Russian painter Marianne von Werefkin paints, among other things, Self-Portrait I , with which she turns away from realism to expressionism .
- The Russian artist group Karo-Bube , named after the exhibition of the same name, is founded in Moscow and belongs to the Russian avant-garde .
- The bronze statue The Arch Tensioner by Ferdinand Lepcke is unveiled in the Jan Kochanowski Park in Bydgoszcz .
- The Kunsthaus Zürich , built according to plans by Karl Coelestin Moser , opens.
- March 10: Probably the first Hollywood movie In Old California by director DW Griffith premieres in the United States.
- November 28: Urban Gad's film Afgrunden ( abysses ) is shown in Düsseldorf for the first time in Germany. The Danish film, in which Asta Nielsen celebrates her debut in the lead role, lasts 45 minutes and is considered the first full-length film in Europe.
- January 8: The last part of the serial novel Le Fantôme de l'Opéra ( The Phantom of the Opera ) written by Gaston Leroux appears in the newspaper Le Gaulois .
- March 3: The expressionist magazine Der Sturm appears for the first time.
- Karl May's last completed novel Winnetou IV appears.
- Development novel Pelle the Conqueror by Martin Andersen Nexø in Copenhagen
- The fool in Christo Emanuel Quint - first novel by Gerhart Hauptmann in Berlin
- Collection of poems Palmström by Christian Morgenstern in Berlin
- Rainer Maria Rilke completes his only novel The Notes of Malte Laurids Brigge in Leipzig , which he began in Rome in 1904. The work consists of 72 notes, which often resemble prose poems and mostly follow one another without being connected, and Rilke himself always calls it a “prose book” and never a “novel”.
- Song collection Gitanjali ( song offering ) by Rabindranath Tagore in Calcutta . In 1913 she became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize for Literature .
- Börries Freiherr von Münchhausen : Ballad from the nettle bush
Music and theater
- January 8th: The world premiere of the operetta Zigeunerliebe by Franz Lehár takes place at the Carltheater in Vienna . The libretto is by Alfred Maria Willner and Robert Bodanzky . With this piece, however, Lehár cannot quite build on the success of The Merry Widow from 1905.
- January 13th: The Metropolitan Opera in New York City broadcasts the first opera broadcast in radio history that also features Enrico Caruso's voice.
- February 19: One of Jules Massenet's last operas , Don Quixote with the libretto by Henri Cain based on the novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes , is premiered in Monte Carlo with Fyodor Ivanovich Chalyapin in the title role. The opera enjoyed great success from the start and will soon be performed across Europe.
- February 26th: The operetta Die chaste Susanne by Jean Gilbert is premiered at the Wilhelm Theater in Magdeburg .
- 25 June: Igor Stravinsky's ballet L'Oiseau de feu ( The Firebird ) with conductor Gabriel Pierné premiered in Paris by Sergei Pavlovich Djagilev's Ballets Russes . The libretto by Michel Fokine based on two Russian folk tales. The piece becomes the composer's first success.
- September 10th: The premiere of the Bauernschwank First Class by Ludwig Thoma takes place in Munich.
- September 12: The world premiere of Gustav Mahler's 8th Symphony ( Symphony of a Thousand ) takes place in Munich .
- November 24th: The play The Young Medardus by Arthur Schnitzler has its world premiere under the direction of Hugo Thimig at the Burgtheater in Vienna.
- December 10: Conducted by Arturo Toscanini made at the Metropolitan Opera in New York, the world premiere of the opera La Fanciulla del West (The Girl of the Golden West) by Giacomo Puccini on the eponymous play by David Belasco .
- December 28: The second version of Engelbert Humperdinck's melodramatic opera Königskinder with the revised libretto by Elsa Bernstein under the direction of Alfred Hertz is premiered at the Metropolitan Opera in New York . The original version premiered in Munich in 1897.
- November 29th: The Strudlhofstiege in Vienna opens.
- A simplified version of the game Pachisi is called Mensch ärgere dich nicht , a lasting success.
- February 10: Virginia Stephen and some of her friends hold what is known as the Dreadnought Prank .
- April 14th: Foundation of the Odenwald School
- June 19: Father's Day is celebrated for the first time in Spokane , Washington state . Sonora Smart Dodd actually wants to honor her single father, based on the Mother's Day introduced in the USA , but sets a movement in motion.
- May 26th: The encyclical Editae saepe of Pope Pius X , dedicated to the memory of Saint Charles Borromeo , arouses considerable indignation among Protestants in Germany . They perceive some text passages as offensive.
- June 11th: A decree by the Spanish king grants all citizens full freedom of belief.
- 14.-23. June: The first World Mission Conference takes place in Edinburgh .
- September 1st: Pope Pius X introduces the anti-modernist oath for all clerics of the Catholic Church , which bishops in particular have to take. The Pope wants to counter modernism effectively.
- January 10: The British passenger ship Loodiana disappears without a trace on the Indian Ocean after casting off in Port Louis (Mauritius) with 175 people on board. The cause has not yet been clarified.
- February 10: The French passenger ship Général Chanzy is thrown onto a reef by violent squalls off Menorca and sinks after the boiler rooms explode. Only one of the 156 people on board survived.
- May 26th: Ship accident in France. In the collision of the French submarine Pluviose with a mail steamer near Calais , all 28 men of the submarine crew died.
- A cholera epidemic in Russia kills tens of thousands.
- December: The plague breaks out in Mongolia and Manchuria .
- March 14: Oil wells near Bakersfield in California lead to a blowout , the Lakeview Gusher , in which around 1,230,000 tons of crude oil leaked out by September 1911 .
- Spring: All over France, continuous rain and snowmelt lead to floods. The Seine floods in Paris in 1910 reached a record level of 8.60 m.
- May 4th: The city of Cartago is destroyed in a severe earthquake in Costa Rica . Over 600 people die. The recently established Central American Court of Justice must then be relocated to San José.
- June 15 to 17: Heavy downpours combined with melting snow in the Alps lead to the flooding of the Lech .
- July 13: The airship " Erbslöh " explodes in the air and crashes. The occupation dies.
- 20./21. August: The Great Fire of 1910 rages in the northwestern US states of Washington, Idaho and Montana . With an affected total area of more than 12,000 km², it is still one of the largest forest fires in the United States. 86 people died in the flames, including 78 firefighters. The high losses among firefighters significantly influenced the strategy of fighting forest fires in the decades that followed.
- October 25: Rains and storms cause a landslide in the Gulf of Naples that kills several hundred people.
- December 21: An explosion in a mine, the Pretoria Pit Disaster , kills 344 miners in Westhoughton, England .
Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .
nature and environment
- February 24: The Swedish football club Malmö FF is founded.
- May 15: FC St. Pauli is founded as the football department of Hamburg-St. Pauli Turnverein founded in 1862 .
- June 1st: The Dresdner SV 1910 is founded.
- June 1: The FC Bayern Hof is founded.
- August 1st: The Favoritner Athletik-Sport-Club is entered in the register of associations. On December 21, he was accepted into the association at a meeting of the Austrian Football Association and assigned to the 2nd class in Vienna.
- September 29th: The Société Sportive du Parc Pommery is founded.
- October 29th: The Viennese amateur sports club is founded in a constituent general assembly chaired by Erwin Müller . Admission to the Austrian Football Association takes place almost two weeks later, on November 16. A large number of the founding members are former players of the Vienna Cricket and Football Club , from which they resigned due to serious personal differences with the club management.
- November 5th: The football club Widzew Łódź is founded in Poland .
- November 20: The Portuguese football club Vitória Setúbal is created.
For entries of athletics world records, see the respective discipline under athletics .
|price||person||country||Reason for awarding the prize||image|
|Nobel Price for physics||
Johannes Diderik van der Waals
|Netherlands||"For his work on the equation of state of gases and liquids" ( Van der Waals equation )|
|Nobel Prize in Chemistry||
|German Empire||"In recognition of the service he has earned in the development of organic chemistry and the chemical industry through his pioneering work in the field of alicyclic compounds "|
|Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine||
|German Empire||"In recognition of the contribution that his work on proteins including nucleins made to our knowledge of the chemistry of the cell" (Note: DNA was still unknown at the time - the substances in the cell nucleus were referred to as nucleins )|
|Nobel Prize in literature||
German Empire (born in Berlin , Kingdom of Prussia , German Confederation )
||"As a tribute to the perfected and ideally conceptualized artistry that he displayed during a long and significant activity as a poet, playwright, novelist and poet of world-famous short stories"|
|Nobel Peace Prize||Bureau International Permanent de la Paix (Bern) (founded 1891)||(Permanent International Peace Office)|
Largest cities in the world around 1910
|2.||New York City||United States||4,766,883||1910|
|6th||Berlin||The German Imperium||2,071,257||1910|
|8th.||St. Petersburg||Russian Empire||1,962,000||1910|
|13th||Hamburg||The German Imperium||931.035||1910|
|14th||Istanbul / Constantinople||Ottoman Empire||909.978||1914|
|16.||Shanghai||Empire of China||832,500||1910|
- Alois Grillmeier , Catholic theologian and cardinal († 1998) January 1:
- Haniya Yutaka , Japanese writer († 1997) January 1:
- Hans Wildberger , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1986) January 2:
- John Sturges , American film director († 1992) January 3:
- Kurt Fischer , German Mayor († 1969) January 6:
- Heinrich Krebs , judge at the German Federal Social Court († 2001) January 6:
- Edoardo Antonelli , Italian screenwriter and film director († 1986) January 7th:
- August Dickmann , conscientious objector, Jehovah's Witness († 1939) January 7:
- Orval Faubus , US governor († 1994) January 7:
- Josef Adelbrecht , Austrian football player († 1941) January 8:
- Galina Sergejewna Ulanowa , Russian prima ballerina († 1998) January 8:
- Eberhard Achterberg , German religious scholar and journalist († 1983) January 9:
- Henriette Puig-Roget , French organist, pianist and composer († 1992) January 9:
- January 11th: Trygve Bratteli , Norwegian politician († 1984)
- January 12: Géry Leuliet , Bishop of Amiens († 2015)
- January 12: José Salazar López , Archbishop of Guadalajara and Cardinal († 1991)
- January 12: Pio Ortelli , Swiss educator and writer († 1963)
- January 12: Luise Rainer , German-British actress († 2014)
- January 15: Marek Fisz , Polish mathematician († 1963)
- January 16: Walter Schellenberg , head of the military secret services in the Third Reich († 1952)
- January 17: Igor Dmitrijewitsch Ado , Russian mathematician († 1983)
- January 17: Ambros Josef Pfiffig , Austrian Etruscanologist († 1998)
- January 18: Kenneth Ewart Boulding , British-American economist († 1993)
- January 18: Ivo Veit , German radio director, actor and cabaret artist († 1984)
- January 20: Friederike Victoria Adamson , British-Austrian naturalist, painter and writer († 1980)
- January 20: Lauritz Lauritzen , German politician († 1980)
- January 21: Shantaram Govind Athavale , Indian songwriter, film director, documentary filmmaker, poet and author († 1975)
- January 21: Albert D. Rosellini , American politician († 2011)
- January 23: Paul-Marcel Gauthier , Canadian singer and composer († 1999)
- January 23: Werner Kamenik (formerly Gustav Werner Steinmetz), German actor († 1993)
- January 23: Django Reinhardt , Belgian-French jazz musician († 1953)
- January 23: Irene Sharaff , American costume designer († 1993)
- January 25: Homer Ledbetter , American football player († 1946)
- January 25: Viljo Revell , Finnish architect († 1964)
- January 26: Little Shoe , American country musician (†)
- January 27: Edvard Kardelj , Yugoslav politician († 1979)
- January 28: John Banner , Austrian actor († 1973)
- January 30th: Carola Höhn , German stage and film actress († 2005)
- January 31: Emmy Diemer-Nicolaus , German politician and Member of the Bundestag († 2008)
- January 31: Ludwig von Moos , Swiss politician († 1990)
- January 31: Giorgio Perlasca , Italian fascist and savior of thousands of Jews in Budapest († 1992)
- January 31: Nomi Rubel , German-Jewish writer († 1996)
- Wilhelm Antrup , Brigadier General of the German Air Force († 1984) February 1:
- Ngapoi Ngawang Jigmê , Tibetan politician († 2009) February 1:
- Artur Wilke , German village school teacher and Nazi war criminal († 1989) February 1:
- August Berlin , German politician († 1981) February 2:
- Jack Belden , American war correspondent and writer († 1989) February 3:
- Blas Galindo , Mexican composer († 1993) February 3:
- Rupert Viktor Oppenauer , Austrian chemist († 1969) February 3:
- František Rauch , Czech pianist and music teacher († 1996) February 4:
- Herbert Wilhelmy , German geographer († 2003) February 4:
- Michail Ignátieff , German musician († 1991) February 5:
- Francisco Varallo , Argentinian football player († 2010) February 5:
- Vera Brühne , alleged double murderer († 2001) February 6:
- Elfriede Seppi , German politician and Member of the Bundestag († 1976) February 6:
- Max Bense , German philosopher, writer and publicist († 1990) February 7th:
- Elisabeth Reichelt , German chamber singer and coloratura soprano († 2001) February 7:
- Geoffrey de Ste Croix , British ancient historian († 2000) February 8:
- István Arató , Hungarian composer († 1980) February 9:
- Anna Sokolow , American dancer and choreographer († 2000) February 9:
- Jacques Monod , French biochemist († 1976) February 9:
- Elbert N. Carvel , American politician († 2005) February 9:
- February 10: Maria Cebotari , Moldovan opera singer († 1949)
- February 10: Georges Pire , Belgian monk and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate († 1969)
- February 11: Rudi Baerwind , German painter († 1982)
- February 12: Enrique Anderson Imbert , Argentine literary critic and writer († 2000)
- February 13: Elsa Barraine , French composer († 1999)
- February 13: William B. Shockley , American physicist and Nobel Prize winner († 1989)
- February 15: Jaime Figueroa , Puerto Rican violinist († 2003)
- February 16: Stig Andersson , Swedish wrestler († unknown)
- February 16: Walter Fisch , German politician († 1966)
- February 16: Yevgeny Kirillowitsch Golubew , Russian composer († 1988)
- February 17: Mike Austin , American golfer and teacher († 2005)
- February 17: Victor Maag , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor († 2002)
- February 17: Alfred Mendelsohn , Romanian composer († 1966)
- February 19: Dorothy Janis , American silent film actress († 2010)
- February 19: Georges Tapie , French rower († 1964)
- February 19: Walter Gray Walter , American neurophysiologist († 1977)
- February 21: Douglas Bader , British fighter pilot († 1982)
- February 22nd: Wilfried Lange , German chess master and chess organizer († 1993)
- February 24: Cenek Kottnauer , Czech-British chess player († 1996)
- February 25: Millicent Fenwick , American politician († 1992)
- February 25: Dominique Gauthier , Canadian doctor and folklore researcher († 2006)
- February 26: Rudolf Hillebrecht , City Planning Officer in Hanover († 1999)
- February 26: Olav Roots , Estonian conductor and pianist († 1974)
- February 27: Joan Bennett , American actress († 1990)
- February 27: Wolfgang Preiss , German actor († 2002)
- February 27: Alois Schnabel , Austrian field handball player († 1982)
- February 28: Roman Maciejewski , Polish composer, pianist and conductor († 1998)
- February 28: Nicolas Rossolimo , French-American chess player († 1975)
- Mapy Cortés , Puerto Rican actress († 1998) March 1:
- Archer JP Martin , British biochemist and Nobel Prize winner († 2002) March 1:
- David Niven , British actor († 1983) March 1:
- Erika Streit , Swiss painter, graphic artist and draftsman († 2011) March 1:
- Harry Blech , British conductor and violinist († 1999) March 2:
- Kurt Frost , German actor and playwright March 2nd:
- Franz Ott , German politician († 1998) March 2:
- Gerhard Arlt , German painter, graphic artist and local historian († 1992) March 3:
- Tancredo Neves , Brazilian politician († 1985) March 4:
- Ennio Flaiano , Italian writer († 1972) March 5:
- Jacinta Marto , Portuguese blessed, witness to an apparition of Mary († 1920) March 5:
- Franz Schnyder , Swiss film director († 1993) March 5:
- Carl-Axel Acking , Swedish architect and furniture designer († 2001) March 8:
- Samuel Barber , American composer († 1981) March 9:
- Harry Glickman , Russian violinist († 1996) March 9:
- S. Sylvan Simon , American director and producer († 1951) March 9:
- March 10: Klaus Oswatitsch , Austrian physicist († 1993)
- March 11: Robert Havemann , German chemist, communist and critic of the regime in the GDR († 1982)
- March 11: Konstantin Konstantinowitsch Kokkinaki , Soviet test pilot († 1990)
- March 12: Fritz René Allemann , Swiss journalist and author († 1996)
- March 12: László Lékai , Hungarian Archbishop of Esztergom and Cardinal († 1986)
- March 12: Wachtang Tschabukiani , Georgian dancer and choreographer († 1992)
- March 13: Gerhard von Düsterlho , German rower and doctor († 1973)
- March 13: Sammy Kaye , American orchestra conductor and composer († 1987)
- March 13: José María Cervera Lloret , Spanish composer and professor († 2002)
- March 13: Karl Mommer , German politician († 1990)
- March 13: Franz Olah , Austrian politician and trade unionist († 2009)
- March 14th: Helmut Bone , German Anglicist and SS officer († 2003)
- March 14: Ernst Schäfer , German zoologist († 1992)
- March 15: To Rutgers , Dutch writer († 1990)
- March 16: Wunibald Maria Brachthäuser , German Catholic clergyman († 1999)
- March 16: Hugo Nünlist , Swiss speleologist and author († 1990)
- March 16: Yank Rachell , American blues musician († 1997)
- March 17: Karl Hans Bergmann , German publicist († 2007)
- March 19: Denys Gaith , Syrian Archbishop († 1986)
- March 20: Helmut Bertram , German politician († 1981)
- March 20: Erwin Blask , German athlete († 1999)
- March 21: Gustav Neidlinger , German singer († 1991)
- March 22nd: Johannes Ferdinand Keiter , German handball player († 2005)
- March 22nd: Herbert Rudley , American actor († 2006)
- March 23: Akira Kurosawa , Japanese director († 1998)
- March 23: Alfredo Valdés , Cuban singer and band leader († 1988)
- March 24th: Jacques Chailley , French musicologist, music teacher and composer († 1999)
- March 25: David Ludwig Bloch , German painter († 2002)
- March 25: Magda Olivero , Italian opera singer († 2014)
- March 26: Hendrik Apetz , German entrepreneur († 2011)
- March 27: Ai Qing , Chinese poet and painter († 1996)
- March 28: Estanislao Fernandez , Filipino judge and politician († 1982)
- March 28: Ingrid von Schweden , Danish co-regent of Swedish origin († 2000)
- March 30: Józef Marcinkiewicz , Polish mathematician († 1940)
- March 31: Walther Ahrens , German microbiologist and hygienist († 1981)
- Sergei Nikolajewitsch Anochin , Soviet test pilot († 1986) April 1:
- Ace Harris , American R&B and jazz musician († 1964) April 1:
- Theodor Siers , German chess problem composer and author († 1991) April 2:
- Elisabeth Feller , Swiss entrepreneur and art patron († 1973) April 3:
- Kurt Mansfeld , German motorcycle racer († 1984) April 3:
- Barthélemy Boganda , politician of the Central African Republic († 1959) April 4:
- Sven Olof Morgan Andersson , Swedish politician († 1987) April 5:
- Effi Biedrzynski , German editor, Goethe researcher and publicist († 2004) April 5:
- Barys Kit , Belarusian mathematician, physicist, chemist and rocket scientist († 2018) April 6:
- Bernhard Petruschke , German motorcycle racer († 2005) April 6:
- Paul Kuën , German opera singer († 1997) April 8:
- Abraham A. Ribicoff , American politician († 1998) April 9:
- April 10: Helenio Herrera , Argentinian football coach († 1997)
- April 10: Abu-Bakr Mahmoud Khairat , Egyptian composer († 1963)
- April 10: Bob Marshall , Australian billiards world champion, politician and businessman († 2004)
- April 10: Paul Sweezy , American economist and author († 2004)
- April 11: António de Spínola , Portuguese general and politician († 1996)
- April 11: Klaus-Joachim Zülch , German neuroscientist († 1988)
- April 12: Gillo Dorfles , Italian painter and art critic († 2018)
- April 13: Walter Bargatzky , German lawyer, State Secretary and President of the German Red Cross († 1998)
- April 13: Paul Glowka , German football goalkeeper († 1950)
- April 13: Wilhelm Schmied , German painter and graphic artist († 1984)
- April 18: Jean Kugeler (1910–1983), Luxembourg artistic gymnast († 1983)
- April 18: Rudolf Lange , German SS standard leader and commander († 1945)
- April 20: Jan Dobraczyński , Polish writer and politician († 1994)
- April 20: Brigitte Mira , German actress, cabaret artist and chanson singer († 2005)
- April 21: Carlo Snider , Swiss canon lawyer († 1988)
- April 23: Otto Heinrich Arnold , German physician († 2000)
- April 23: Simone Simon , French actress († 2005)
- April 26: Erland von Koch , Swedish composer and professor († 2009)
- April 26: Mehmed Meša Selimović , Bosnian writer († 1982)
- April 26: Irene Seiler , German photographer († 1984)
- April 27: Gordon Cleaver , British fighter pilot († 1994)
- April 27: Władysław Kruczek , Polish politician († 2003)
- April 28: Karin Hardt , German actress († 1992)
- April 29: Pierre Arraut , French politician († 1983)
- April 29: Éva Besnyő , Hungarian-Dutch photographer († 2003)
- April 29: Karl-Dietrich Erdmann , German post-war historian († 1990)
- April 29: Fritz Kühn , German photographer, sculptor and blacksmith († 1967)
- April 30: Herbert Adamski , German rower († 1941)
- April 30th: Pierre Lantier , French composer († 1998)
- Alexander Archer , British ice hockey player and coach († 1997) May 1:
- J. Allen Hynek , American astrophysicist († 1986) May 1:
- Roland Rainer , Austrian architect († 2004) May 1:
- Charles Francis Adams IV , American business manager († 1999) May 2:
- Judd Marmor , American psychiatrist († 2003) May 2:
- Akaba Suekichi , Japanese illustrator († 1990) May 3:
- Norman Corwin , American author († 2011) May 3:
- Abdul Zahir , Afghan Prime Minister († 1982) May 3:
- Augustin Farah , Lebanese Archbishop († 1983) May 4:
- Leo Lionni , graphic artist, painter and author († 1999) May 5:
- Otto Wilhelm von Vacano , classical archaeologist with a focus on Etruscology († 1997) May 5:
- Otto August Andersson , Swedish football player († 1977) May 7:
- Heinz Winkler , Minister for Development in the GDR († 1958) May 7:
- Carl Seemann , German pianist († 1983) May 8:
- Mary Lou Williams , American jazz pianist, composer and arranger († 1981) May 8:
- May 10: Eric Berne , Canadian doctor and psychiatrist († 1970)
- May 10: Bernard Voorhoof , Belgian football player († 1974)
- May 11: John Paddy Carstairs , British writer, film director and screenwriter († 1970)
- May 11: Albert Steinberg , Canadian violinist and conductor († 2003)
- May 12: Johan Ferrier , Governor and 1st President of Suriname († 2010)
- May 12: Dorothy Mary Hodgkin , British biochemist and Nobel Prize winner († 1994)
- May 12: Gordon Jenkins , American musician († 1984)
- May 14: Wilhelm Kos , Austrian lawyer and politician († 1995)
- May 15: Otto Ambros , Austrian actor and director († 1979)
- May 15: Johann Baptist Auer , German theologian († 1989)
- May 15: Wolfgang Becker , German film director († 2005)
- May 15: David Bodian , American medic († 1992)
- May 15: Heini Göbel , German actor († 2009)
- May 15: Hans Kilb , German lawyer († 1984)
- May 16: Ernst van Aaken , German sports doctor and running coach († 1984)
- May 16: Nikolai Grigoryevich Lyashchenko , Soviet Army General († 2000)
- May 19: Nathuram Godse , murderer of Mahatma Gandhi († 1949)
- May 20: Margret Hofheinz-Döring , German painter († 1994)
- May 21: Werner Mohr , German tropical medicine specialist and university professor († 1993)
- May 23: Scatman Crothers , American singer and actor († 1986)
- May 23: Franz Kline , American painter († 1962)
- May 23: Artie Shaw , American jazz musician and writer († 2004)
- May 24: Marģeris Zariņš , Latvian composer and writer († 1993)
- May 26: Laurance Rockefeller , American billionaire († 2004)
- May 26: Eddie Rosner , German, Polish and Soviet jazz musician († 1976)
- May 28: Lorenzo Calogero , Italian poet († 1961)
- May 28: T-Bone Walker , American blues musician († 1975)
- May 29: Peter Platzer , Austrian football player († 1959)
- May 30th: Georg K. Glaser , German-French writer († 1995)
- May 30th: Hermann Hilber , German doctor and professor of medicine († 1979)
- May 30th: Inge Meysel , German actress († 2004)
- May 31: Hermann Finckh , German politician († 1962)
- Walter MacNutt , Canadian organist, composer, choir director and music teacher († 1996) June 2:
- Paulette Goddard , American actress († 1990) June 3:
- Wilfred Thesiger , British researcher and explorer († 2003) June 3:
- Robert Bernard Anderson , American businessman and politician († 1989) June 4:
- Christopher Cockerell , British engineer and inventor († 1999) June 4th:
- Sergio Pignedoli , Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 1980) June 4:
- Maria Rowohlt , German actress and wife of the publisher Ernst Rowohlt († 2005) June 5:
- Hélène de Beauvoir , French painter († 2001) June 6:
- Emeline Hill Richardson , American archaeologist († 1999) June 6:
- Axel Monjé , German actor and voice actor († 1962) June 6:
- Arthur Gardner , American actor and film producer († 2014) June 7:
- Pietro Annigoni , Italian painter († 1988) June 7:
- Monika Mann , German writer († 1992) June 7:
- Maria Terwiel , resistance fighter against National Socialism († 1943) June 7th:
- Marion Post Wolcott , American photographer († 1990) June 7th:
- María Luisa Bombal , Chilean writer († 1980) June 8:
- John W. Campbell , American science fiction writer († 1971) June 8:
- Johannes Caspers , German politician († 1986) June 8:
- Erich Mückenberger , member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED of the GDR († 1998) June 8:
- Paul Dickopf , President of the Federal Criminal Police Office 1965 to 1971 († 1973) June 9:
- Helga Einsele , German criminologist and criminal law reformer († 2005) June 9:
- June 10: Armen Tachtajyan , Armenian-Soviet botanist († 2009)
- June 10: Howlin 'Wolf , American blues musician († 1976)
- June 11: Carmine Coppola , American musician and composer († 1991)
- June 11: Jacques-Yves Cousteau , French marine researcher († 1997)
- June 11: Theodore Lux Feininger , German-American photographer and painter († 2011)
- June 11: Theodor Schieffer , German historian († 1992)
- June 12: Ernst Tschernik , Sorbian teacher, scientist and statistician († 1988)
- June 12: Antonio Poma , Archbishop of Bologna and Cardinal († 1985)
- June 13: Gonzalo Torrente Ballester , Spanish writer († 1999)
- June 13: Mary Wickes , American actress († 1995)
- June 14: Pieter Arie Hendrik de Boer , Dutch Reformed theologian († 1989)
- June 14: Carlo Ceresoli , Italian football player and coach († 1995)
- June 14: Rudolf Kempe , German conductor († 1976)
- June 14: Jutta Rüdiger , German psychologist († 2001)
- June 15: Walter Ulbrich , German television and film producer († 1991)
- June 15: Walter Hubert Weiss , German jazz and big band musician († 1950)
- June 16: Juan Velasco Alvarado , military ruler of Peru from 1968 to 1975 († 1977)
- June 16: Richard Maling Barrer , New Zealand chemist († 1996)
- June 17: Red Foley , American country musician († 1968)
- June 17th: Diana Mitford , British brewer and fascist († 2003)
- June 17: H. Owen Reed , American composer († 2014)
- June 18: Günther Serres , German politician († 1981)
- June 19: Paul John Flory , American chemist and Nobel Prize winner († 1985)
- June 20: Lloyd Arthur Eshbach , American SF writer and editor († 2003)
- June 21: Béla Tardos , Hungarian composer († 1966)
- June 22nd: Axel von Ambesser , film director († 1988)
- June 22: Willy Berking , German orchestra leader and composer († 1979)
- June 22nd: Peter Pears , British tenor († 1986)
- June 22nd: Herbert Quandt , German industrialist († 1982)
- June 22nd: Konrad Zuse , German civil engineer, inventor and entrepreneur, inventor of the first functional computer († 1995)
- June 23: Jean Anouilh , French writer († 1987)
- June 23: Annemarie Böll , German translator († 2004)
- June 23: Gordon B. Hinckley , 15th President of Latter-day Saints Church of Jesus Christ († 2008)
- June 23: Milton Hinton , American jazz bassist, singer, bandleader, composer, photographer, researcher and author († 2000)
- June 24th: Johannes Ernst Köhler , German organist, cantor and university lecturer († 1990)
- June 25: Heinrich Appelt , Austrian historian and diplomat († 1998)
- June 25: Guillermo Castillo Bustamante , Venezuelan pianist and composer († 1974)
- June 26th: Lau Lauritzen jr. , Danish actor, film director and screenwriter († 1977)
- June 26: Friedrich Rögelein , German officer in the Wehrmacht († 1999)
- June 27: Pierre Joubert , French draftsman and painter († 2002)
- June 27: Karel Reiner , Czech composer († 1979)
- June 28: Erich Kuby , German journalist and writer († 2005)
- June 29: Paul Joseph Metschnabl , German theologian and cathedral music director at Bamberg Cathedral († 1996)
- June 30th: Grete Rehor , Austrian politician († 1987)
- Ulrich Bigalke , German engineer, racing car driver, filmmaker and fighter pilot († 1940) July 1:
- Hans Nadler , German monument conservator and architect († 2005) July 1:
- Hans Günther Adler , Austrian writer († 1988) July 2:
- CC Bergius , German writer († 1996) July 2:
- Erich Deuser , German physiotherapist († 1993) July 2:
- Siegfried Schulz , German pole vaulter July 2nd:
- Jean Cosmat , French rower († 2010) July 3:
- Fritz Kasparek , Austrian alpinist († 1954) July 3:
- Auguste Veuillet , French racing car driver and entrepreneur († 1980) July 3:
- Nicholas Embiricos , Greek shipowner and racing car driver († 1941) July 4th:
- Robert K. Merton , American sociologist († 2003) July 4:
- Gloria Stuart , American actress († 2010) July 4th:
- Samuel Ladoke Akintola , Nigerian politician († 1966) July 6:
- Lothar Collatz , German mathematician († 1990) July 6:
- Vito Castorina , Italian composer, conductor and music teacher († 1965) July 7:
- Herbert Berg , German racing car driver († 1938) July 9:
- Govan Mbeki , South African leader in the anti-apartheid movement († 2001) July 9:
- July 11: Ludwig Stumpfegger , attending physician on the staff of the Reich Chancellor († 1945)
- July 13: Olga Iliwicka-Dąbrowska , Polish pianist and music teacher († 1979)
- July 14: William Hanna , American animator and producer († 2001)
- July 15: Ronald Binge , British composer († 1979)
- July 15: Hilde le Viseur , German hurdler († 1999)
- July 17: Helmut Bonnet , German decathlete († 1944)
- July 18: Max Meid , Frankfurt architect († 2009)
- July 18: Oskar Sala , German composer and physicist († 2002)
- July 20: Schlomo Salman Auerbach , Israeli rabbi, Posek and head of the school († 1995)
- July 20: Muriel Evans , American actress († 2000)
- July 21: Viggo Kampmann , Danish social democratic politician († 1976)
- July 21: Piero Pasinati , Italian football player and coach († 2000)
- July 21: Gerd Rinck , German lawyer and politician († 2007)
- July 22: Georg Traugott Emil Nicolaus Friedrich Graf von Baudissin , German lawyer and diplomat († 1992)
- July 22: Thomas Owen , Belgian writer († 2002)
- July 22: Richard Plant , German-American writer († 1998)
- July 23: Waschi Adamek , Austrian football player († 2000)
- July 24th: Harry Horner , Austrian production designer and director († 1994)
- July 25: Ludwig Preiß , German politician († 1996)
- July 26: Ernie Archer , British art director and production designer († 1990)
- July 27: Julien Gracq , French writer († 2007)
- July 27: Lupita Tovar , Mexican actress († 2016)
- July 27: Rajzel Zychlinski , Yiddish poet († 2001)
- July 28: Heinz Beyer , German rower († 1975)
- July 28: Eduard Einstein , Albert Einstein's son and his wife Mileva Maric († 1965)
- Gerda Taro , German photographer († 1937) August 1:
- Tilli Breidenbach , German actress († 1994) August 2:
- Truus van Aalten , Dutch actress († 1999) August 2nd:
- Anita Page , American actress († 2008) August 4th:
- William Schuman , American composer († 1992) August 4th:
- Hans Heinz Theyer , Austrian cameraman († 1961) August 5:
- Charles Crichton , British film director († 1999) August 6:
- Erich Schmidt , German church musician († 2005) August 6:
- Hans Baur , German actor († 1986) August 8:
- Sylvia Sidney , American actress († 1999) August 8:
- Robert van Gulik , Dutch crime novelist († 1967) August 9:
- August 10: Gordon Gray , Archbishop of Edinburgh and Cardinal († 1993)
- August 11th: Philippe Agostini , French cameraman († 2001)
- August 11: George C. Homans , American sociologist († 1989)
- August 12: Gustav Lantschner , Austrian-German ski racer († 2011)
- August 12: Bruno Max Leuschner , member of the Politburo of the SED Central Committee († 1965)
- August 12: Heinrich Sutermeister , Swiss composer († 1995)
- August 12: Yusof bin Ishak , Singaporean politician († 1970)
- August 12: Jane Wyatt , American actress († 2006)
- August 14: Hermann Diebäcker , German politician († 1982)
- August 14: Willy Ronis , French photographer († 2009)
- August 14: Pierre Schaeffer , French composer († 1995)
- August 15: Elisabeth Kallina , Austrian theater actress († 2004)
- August 15: Josef Klaus , Austrian politician († 2001)
- August 17th: Osmo "Ossi" Adolf Aalto , Finnish jazz drummer and orchestra leader († 2009)
- August 17: Erkki Aaltonen , Finnish composer († 1990)
- August 17: Roberto Kinsky , Argentine conductor († 1977)
- August 18: Jacques Lecat , French racing car driver († 1989)
- August 18: Margarete Wittkowski , German economist and politician († 1974)
- August 20: Eero Saarinen , Finnish-American architect († 1961)
- August 21: Gehnäll Persson , Swedish dressage rider († 1976)
- August 23: Alfons Maria Stickler , Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church († 2007)
- August 25: Dorothea Tanning , American artist († 2012)
- August 25: Ethel Stark , Canadian conductor, violinist and music teacher († 2012)
- August 26th: Mother Teresa , religious and Nobel Peace Prize laureate († 1997)
- August 27: Max Weiler , Austrian painter († 2001)
- August 28: Wolfgang Kimmig , German prehistorian († 2001)
- August 28: Tjalling Koopmans , American economist († 1985)
- August 28: Erwin Ruf , German soccer player and coach
- August 29: Roberto Pineda Duque , Colombian composer († 1977)
- August 30th: Pierre Vago , French architect, editor and general secretary of the UIA († 2002)
- August 31: Maurice Tornay , Augustinian canon and martyr in Tibet († 1949)
- Pierre Bézier , French engineer († 1999) September 1:
- Franz Jachym , auxiliary bishop in Vienna († 1984) September 3:
- Dorothy Maynor , American singer († 1996) September 3:
- Maurice Papon , French politician († 2007) September 3:
- Anthony J. Celebrezze , American politician († 1998) September 4:
- Manuel Plá Cocco , Dominican flautist, violinist, cellist, music teacher and composer († 1989) September 6:
- Rudolf Olgiati , Swiss architect († 1995) September 7:
- Jean-Louis Barrault , French actor, pantomime and director († 1994) September 8:
- Irmfried Eberl , doctor and NSDAP member († 1948) September 8:
- Rudolf-Ernst Heiland , German politician († 1965) September 8:
- Jafar Sharif-Emami , Iranian Prime Minister († 1998) September 8:
- Fritz Dorls , German politician († 1995) September 9:
- September 10: Paul Aebi , Swiss football player
- September 10: Franz Hengsbach , Roman Catholic priest, theologian, bishop and cardinal († 1991)
- September 11: Manuel Mujica Láinez , Argentine writer and journalist († 1984)
- September 11th: Gerhard Schröder , German politician († 1989)
- September 12: Edgar Behr , German regatta sailor († 1985)
- September 12: Erich Brehm , German cabaret writer and director († 1966)
- September 13: Rolf Gutbrod , German architect († 1999)
- September 14: Gaston Defferre , French politician († 1986)
- September 14: Jack Hawkins , British actor († 1973)
- September 14: Rolf Liebermann , Swiss composer and artistic director († 1999)
- September 15: Patricia Blomfield Holt , Canadian composer, music teacher and pianist († 2003)
- September 17: František Hrubín , Czech writer and poet († 1971)
- September 17: Hilmar Pabel , German photographer and photo reporter († 2000)
- September 18: Leon Stein , American composer († 2002)
- September 18: Josef Tal , Israeli composer († 2008)
- September 19: Curt Meyer-Clason , German writer and translator († 2012)
- September 21: Max Adenauer , German politician († 2004)
- September 21: Elden Le Roy Auker , American baseball player († 2006)
- September 21: Meinrad Schütter , Swiss composer († 2006)
- September 22: Miyazaki Hidekichi , Japanese senior athlete († 2019)
- September 24: Delfín "Machetero" Benítez Cáceres , Paraguayan soccer player and soccer coach († 2004)
- September 24: Jean Servais , Belgian actor († 1976)
- September 25: Johannes Asdonk , German doctor († 2003)
- September 25: Georg Paucker , shorthand theorist and practitioner († 1979)
- September 27: Elimar Freiherr von Fürstenberg , German politician († 1981)
- September 28: Diosdado Macapagal , Filipino politician and president († 1997)
- September 29: Virginia Bruce , American actress and singer († 1982)
- September 29: Aldo Donati , Italian football player († 1984)
- September 29: Paule Maurice , French composer († 1967)
- Max Vehar , German politician († 1992) October 1:
- Giorgio Agliani , Italian film producer († 1996) October 2:
- Henry Nielsen , Danish middle and long distance runner († 1958) October 2:
- Takeuchi Yoshimi , Japanese sinologist and cultural theorist († 1977) October 2:
- Adolf Branald , Czech writer († 2008) October 4:
- Guðmundur Daníelsson , Icelandic writer († 1990) October 4:
- Rudolf Grewe , German chemist († 1968) October 4:
- Eugenia Umińska , Polish violinist and music teacher († 1980) October 4:
- Rudolf Werlich , German bobsleigh driver October 4th:
- Gerhard Piekarski , German physician and parasitologist († 1992) October 5:
- Rudolf Abderhalden , Swiss physiologist and pathologist († 1965) October 8:
- Gus Hall , American politician († 2000) October 8:
- Winston Hibler , American screenwriter, film director, actor († 1976) October 8:
- Eckart Hachfeld , writer, copywriter and screenwriter († 1994) October 9:
- October 10: Marion Price Daniel senior , American politician († 1988)
- October 10: Ramón Gaya , Spanish painter († 2005)
- October 10: Milt Larkin , American jazz trumpeter († 1996)
- October 10: Julius Shulman , American architectural photographer († 2009)
- October 11: Cahit Arf , Turkish mathematician († 1997)
- October 11: Albert Hößler , German resistance fighter († 1942)
- October 11: Luis G. Roldán , Mexican singer († 1986)
- October 12: Frederick Fyvie Bruce , Scottish Evangelical theologian († 1990)
- October 12: Wisa von Westphalen , German painter († 1993)
- October 12: Erwin Wicker , German general († 1985)
- October 13: Benno Gellenbeck , German actor († 1974)
- October 13: Otto Joachim , German-Canadian composer († 2010)
- October 14: Erich Ehrlinger , SS-Brigadführer († 2004)
- October 15: Sybille Schloß , German actress († 2007)
- October 16: Herbert Andert , German dialect poet and researcher († 2010)
- October 17: Jack Ensley , American entrepreneur and racing car driver († 1972)
- October 18: Theodor Hüllinghoff , German rower
- October 18: Marje Sink , Estonian composer († 1979)
- October 18: Vojislav Vučković , Serbian composer († 1942)
- October 19: Elsa Calcagno , Argentine pianist and composer († 1978)
- October 19: Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar , American (astro) physicist († 1995)
- October 20: Sydney James Butlin , Australian economist and historian († 1977)
- October 21: Panchito Riset , Cuban son and bolero singer († 1988)
- October 22: Bruno Balscheit , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1993)
- October 22: Maurice Zermatten , Swiss writer († 2001)
- October 23: Otto Weckerling , German racing cyclist († 1977)
- October 24: Gunter d'Alquen , journalist in the Third Reich († 1998)
- October 24: Paul Gouyon , French cardinal († 2000)
- October 25: Wilhelm "Willi" Brinkmann , German field handball player († 1991)
- October 25: Ernesto Epstein , Argentine pianist, musicologist and music teacher († 1997)
- October 25: William Higinbotham , American physicist († 1994)
- October 25: Tyrus Wong , Chinese-American draftsman († 2016)
- October 26: Eva Hoffmann-Aleith , pastor, teacher, writer († 2002)
- October 26: John Joseph Krol , Archbishop of Philadelphia and Cardinal († 1996)
- October 27: Herschel Daugherty , American film director and actor († 1993)
- October 27: Emerson Meyers , American composer, pianist and music teacher († 1990)
- October 29: Alfred Jules Ayer , British philosopher, logician († 1989)
- October 29: Aurélie Nemours , French painter († 2005)
- October 30: Thyra Hamann-Hartmann , German textile artist († 2005)
- October 30: Hans Raff , German long-distance and obstacle runner († 1990)
- October 31: Luise Ullrich , Austrian actress († 1985)
- Alfredo De Angelis , Argentine musician, band leader and composer († 1992) November 2:
- Friedrich Brünner , German politician († 2004) November 2:
- Fei Xiaotong , Chinese sociologist, anthropologist and ethnologist († 2005) November 2:
- Karel Zeman , Czech film director († 1989) November 3:
- Walter Howard , German sculptor († 2005) November 4:
- Walter Reisp , Austrian field handball player November 5th:
- Erik Ode , German actor, director and voice actor († 1983) November 6:
- Albert Viau , Canadian singer, composer and music teacher († 2001) November 6:
- Heinrich Dathe , German zoologist († 1991) November 7th:
- Edmund Leach , British scientist, electrical engineer and anthropologist († 1989) November 7th:
- Elfriede Brüning , German writer and TV play writer († 2014) November 8:
- Günter von Drenkmann , German lawyer and President of the Berlin Court of Appeal († 1974) November 9:
- Heinrich Kühne , German historian († 2003) November 9:
- November 10: Salvador Contreras , Mexican composer († 1982)
- November 10: Andrzej Rudziński , Polish graphic artist and art teacher († 1980)
- November 11: Carl Alvar Wirtanen , American astronomer († 1990)
- November 12: Kurt Hoffmann , German film director († 2001)
- November 13th: Willi Heyn , German obstacle runner
- November 14: Daniel Israel Arnon , American biologist, biochemist and plant physiologist († 1994)
- November 14: Eric Malpass , English writer († 1996)
- November 14: Silvio Oddi , Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal († 2001)
- November 15: Josef Argauer , Austrian football coach († 2004)
- November 15: Geoffrey Toone , Irish actor († 2005)
- November 16: Jane Tilden , Austrian actress († 2002)
- November 17: Jacqueline Lamba , French Abstract Expressionist painter († 1993)
- November 18: Gunnar Fischer , Swedish cameraman († 2011)
- November 18: Friedrich Weinreb , Jewish Hasidic sage, narrator and writer († 1988)
- November 19: Domenico Ceccarossi , Italian horn player († 1997)
- November 21: Vera Duss , American Benedictine († 2005)
- November 24th: Jean Meckert , French writer († 1995)
- November 25th: Hanna Lachertowa , Polish pianist and music teacher († 1998)
- November 25: Willie Smith , American alto saxophonist († 1967)
- November 27: Rodolfo Holzmann , Peruvian composer, musicologist and music teacher († 1992)
- November 28: Heinz Hoffmann , Defense Minister of the GDR († 1985)
- November 29th: Horst Kopkow , German spy († 1996)
- November 30th: Heinz Hoene , German firefighter († 2004)
- Alicia Markova , English prima ballerina of classical ballet († 2004) December 1:
- Hans Kies , German sculptor and politician († 1984) December 4:
- Thelma White , American actress († 2005) December 4th:
- Luis Alcaraz , Mexican composer, pianist and singer († 1963) December 5:
- Nora Minor , Austrian actress († 1995) December 7th:
- Louis Prima , American entertainer († 1978) December 7th:
- Edmundo Ros , orchestra leader, drummer, singer and music producer from Trinidad and Tobago († 2011) December 7th:
- Mario Amendola , Italian screenwriter and film director († 1992) December 8:
- Karl Born , German seaman, pilot and cinema operator († 2004) December 8th:
- Aleksander Frączkiewicz , Polish musicologist and teacher († 1994) December 8:
- Henry Lee Giclas , American astronomer († 2007) December 9:
- Fritz A. Koeniger , German author (date of death unknown) December 9:
- December 12th: Henri Challan , French composer († 1977)
- December 12: Friedrich Gerdes , German javelin thrower († 1960)
- December 12th: Kurt-Gerhard Klietmann , German religious scholar († 1990)
- December 12: René Challan , French composer († 1978)
- December 14: Upendranath Ashk , Indian writer, journalist and publisher († 1996)
- December 14th: Budd Johnson , American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist and arranger († 1984)
- December 15: John Hammond , American record producer, musician and music critic († 1987)
- December 16: Stanojlo Rajičić , Serbian composer († 2000)
- December 16: Robert Noehren , American organist, organ builder and music teacher († 2002)
- December 17: Spade Cooley , American country musician and band leader († 1969)
- December 18: Albert Cozza , German football player († 1983)
- December 19: Jean Genet , French novelist, playwright and poet († 1986)
- December 19: José Lezama Lima , Cuban writer († 1976)
- December 20: Fritz Becker , German politician († 1983)
- December 21: Rosa Bouglione , French circus performer († 2018)
- December 23: Giacomo Beltritti , Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem († 1992)
- December 23: Kurt Meyer , General of the Waffen-SS († 1961)
- December 24th: Max Miedinger , Swiss graphic artist and typographer († 1980)
- December 24th: Yannis Papaioannou , Greek composer († 1989)
- December 24th: Heinrich Vetter , German entrepreneur († 2003)
- December 27: Ian Donald , British gynecologist († 1987)
- December 28: Francis Judd Cooke , American composer, organist, pianist, cellist, conductor and music teacher († 1995)
- December 29: Ronald Coase , British economist and Nobel Prize winner († 2013)
- December 30th: Paul Bowles , American writer and composer († 1999)
- December 31: Werner Conze , German historian and rector of Heidelberg University († 1986)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Michel Aflaq , Arab politician († 1989)
- Abdullah al-Harari , Ethiopian lawyer († 2008)
- Sergo Iskanderowitsch Ambarzumjan , Soviet weightlifter († 1983)
- Héctor J. Díaz , Dominican writer and composer († 1950)
- Eddie Mapp , American blues harmonica player († 1931)
- Éliane Richepin , French pianist, music teacher and composer († 1999)
- László Székely , Hungarian football player and coach († 1969)
- Cay Dietrich Voss , German news anchor († 1970)
- John White , British motorcycle racer († unknown)
- Léon Walras , French economist (* 1834) January 5:
- January 10: Bertha Pabst-Ross , German painter (* 1824)
- January 14th: Jacob Volhard , German chemist (* 1834)
- January 17: Friedrich Wilhelm Georg Kohlrausch , German physicist (* 1840)
- January 17: George Theodore Werts , American politician (* 1846)
- January 20: Ephraim Adler , German medic (* 1855)
- January 28: Angelo Agostini , Brazilian cartoonist and journalist (* 1843)
- January 29th: Edmond Missa , French composer (* 1861)
- January 29: Édouard Rod , Swiss writer (* 1857)
- Otto Julius Bierbaum , German author and writer (* 1865) February 1:
- Ernest Martin , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor (* 1849) February 1:
- Benedikt Niese , German classical philologist and ancient historian (* 1849) February 1:
- Antonín Slavíček , Czech painter (* 1870) February 1:
- Giovanni Passannante , Italian anarchist (* 1849) February 4:
- Louis Evans Atkinson , American politician (* 1841) February 5:
- James William Marshall , American politician (* 1822) February 5:
- Josef Schöffel , Austrian journalist and politician (* 1832) February 7th:
- February 14: Ludwig Hartmann , composer and music critic (* 1836)
- February 19: Udo zu Stolberg-Wernigerode , politician and Prussian state official (* 1840)
- February 20: Boutros Ghali , Egyptian politician (* 1846)
- February 23: Vera Fyodorovna Komissarschewskaja , Russian actress (* 1864)
- February 24: Gerhard Amyntor , Prussian General Staff Officer (* 1831)
- February 24: Osman Hamdi Bey , Turkish painter, archaeologist and museum founder (* 1842)
- February 26: Marie Henri d'Arbois de Jubainville , French Celtologist and historian (* 1827)
- José Domingo de Obaldía , President of Panama (* 1845) March 1:
- Knut Johann Ångström , Swedish physicist (* 1857) March 4:
- Ronald M. Grant , American organist and church musician (* 1871) March 8:
- March 10: Ludvig Ludvigsen Daae , Norwegian historian (* 1834)
- March 10: Karl Lueger , Austrian politician, Mayor of Vienna (* 1844)
- March 10: Carl Reinecke , German composer (* 1824)
- March 12: Bertram Armytage , Australian cavalry officer and polar explorer (* 1869)
- March 17: Gustave Lefèvre , French composer and music teacher (* 1831)
- March 21: Johannes Schilling , German sculptor (* 1828)
- March 23: Franz Borgias Maerz , German organ builder (* 1848)
- March 24th: Joseph Maria Stowasser , Austrian classical philologist (* 1854)
- March 26: Chung-gun An , Korean Pan-Asianist and nationalist (* 1879)
- March 26th: Auguste Charlois , French astronomer (* 1864)
- March 27: Alexander Emanuel Agassiz , Swiss-American geologist and anatomist (* 1835)
- March 28: Édouard Colonne , French conductor (* 1838)
- Warren Otis Arnold , American politician (* 1839) April 1:
- Andreas Achenbach , German landscape painter (* 1815) April 1:
- Friedrich von Bodelschwingh the Elder , German pastor and theologian, pastor (* 1831) April 2:
- Richard Abegg , German chemist (* 1869) April 3:
- Beda Adlhoch , German monk (* 1854) April 3:
- Michael Rua , superior general of the Salesians of Don Bosco (* 1837) April 6:
- April 10: Hermann Philipp Adolf Karl von Arnswaldt , German officer, farmer and politician (* 1841)
- April 13: Mary Anne Atwood , English author (* 1817)
- April 14: Julius Kühn , founder of university studies in agricultural sciences (* 1825)
- April 14: Mikhail Alexandrowitsch Wrubel , Russian symbolist painter (* 1856)
- April 15: Hanna Bieber-Böhm , German women's rights activist and pioneer of social work (* 1851)
- April 20: Hermann Lenhartz , German medic (* 1854)
- April 21: Mark Twain , American writer (* 1835)
- April 22nd: Ogiwara Rokuzan , Japanese sculptor (* 1879)
- April 26: August Gottlieb Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Ammann , German poet, writer and high school teacher (* 1839)
- April 26: Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson , Norwegian poet and politician (* 1832)
- April 26: Garretson W. Gibson , Liberian President (* 1832)
- April 28: Edward Porter Alexander , Brigadier General of the Confederate Army in the American Civil War (* 1835)
- April 30th: Jean Moréas , French-Greek poet (* 1856)
- Udo III. von Alvensleben , German manor owner (* 1823) May 6:
- Edward VII , King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India (* 1841) May 6:
- May 12: William Huggins , British astronomer (* 1824)
- May 16: Henri Edmond Cross , French painter (* 1856)
- May 18: Franz Skarbina , German painter (* 1849)
- May 18: Pauline Viardot-Garcia , French artist (* 1821)
- May 22: Jules Renard , French writer (* 1864)
- May 27: Robert Koch , German bacteriologist and Nobel Prize winner (* 1843)
- May 28: Kálmán Mikszáth , Hungarian writer (* 1847)
- May 28: Emil Zuckerkandl , Austrian medic (* 1849)
- May 29: Mili Alexejewitsch Balakirew , Russian composer, pianist and conductor (* 1837)
- May 31: Elizabeth Blackwell , first female doctor to graduate (* 1821)
- Eduard Locher , Swiss engineer, inventor and independent entrepreneur (* 1840) June 2:
- Julius Wolff , German poet and writer (* 1834) June 3:
- O. Henry , American writer (* 1862) June 5:
- June 25: Hugo Erdmann , German chemist (* 1862)
- June 28: Samuel D. McEnery , American politician (* 1837)
- June 29: John W. Daniel , American politician (* 1842)
- June 29: Ferdinand d'Orléans, duc d'Alençon , French nobleman (* 1844)
- June 29: Wilhelm Spemann , German publisher (* 1844)
- Max Honsell , hydraulic engineer and professor in Karlsruhe (* 1843) July 1:
- John Wilbur Atwater , American politician (* 1840) July 4th:
- Melville W. Fuller , Chief Justice of the USA (* 1833) July 4th:
- Giovanni Schiaparelli , Italian astronomer (* 1835) July 4th:
- Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray , French composer (* 1840) July 4th:
- July 10: Johann Gottfried Galle , German astronomer (* 1812)
- July 12: Charles Stewart Rolls , co-founder of the Rolls-Royce automobile company (* 1877)
- July 13: Oskar Erbslöh , German aviation pioneer (* 1879)
- July 16: Albert Samuel Anker , Swiss painter, graphic artist and genre painter (* 1831)
- July 21: Johan Peter Selmer , Norwegian composer (* 1844)
- July 23: Henry Harrison Aplin , American politician (* 1841)
- July 24th: Adolf August Winkelmann , German physicist (* 1848)
- Julius Peter Christian Petersen , Danish mathematician (* 1839) August 5th:
- Rudolf Epp , German realism painter (* 1834) August 8:
- August 10: Friedrich Carl Glaser , German engineer (* 1843)
- August 12: Adolf Michaelis , German archaeologist (* 1835)
- August 13: Florence Nightingale , English nurse and inventor of the military hospital (* 1820)
- August 16: Charles Lenepveu , French composer and music teacher (* 1840)
- August 16: Pedro Montt Montt , Chilean politician (* 1849)
- August 17th: Julian Treumann , German chemist (* 1841)
- August 20: Henning August von Arnim-Schlagenthin , German count (* 1851)
- August 20: Otto Piltz , German painter (* 1846)
- August 20: August Robert Wolff , Polish publisher and bookseller (* 1833)
- August 21: Gustave Moynier , Swiss lawyer, co-founder of the International Committee of Aid Societies for the Care of Wounded (* 1826)
- August 24: Wilkinson Call , American politician (* 1834)
- August 26: William James , American psychologist and philosopher (* 1842)
- Alexander Saizew , Russian chemist (* 1841) September 1:
- Henri Rousseau , French painter (* 1844) September 2:
- Elías Fernández Albano , Chilean politician (* 1845) September 6:
- Franz Schauerte , German Roman Catholic priest and author (* 1848) September 6:
- Emily Blackwell , American doctor and suffragette (* 1826) September 7th:
- William Holman Hunt , British painter (* 1827) September 7:
- September 11th: Heinrich Caro , German chemist (* 1834)
- September 20: Josef Kainz , Austrian actor (* 1858)
- September 22nd: Ali Reza Khan Azod al Molk , Regent of Iran (* 1822)
- Karl August Fürchtegott Leberecht Arendt , German politician (* 1837) October 2:
- Melchior Treub , Dutch botanist (* 1851) October 3:
- Maria Konopnicka , Polish poet (* 1842) October 8:
- October 11: Felicjan Faleński , Polish writer (* 1825)
- October 14: Rudolf Lindau , German writer and diplomat (* 1829)
- October 17: Kurd Laßwitz , German writer and philosopher (* 1848)
- October 18: Alfons Auer , German politician (* 1857)
- October 19: Luigi Lucheni , Italian anarchist, murderer of Empress Elisabeth (* 1873)
- October 20: Gustav Hartmann , German entrepreneur (* 1842)
- October 23: Chulalongkorn , King of Siam (* 1853)
- October 23: Ferdinand Lachner , Czech violinist and music teacher (* 1856)
- October 25: William Law Anderson , American professional golfer (* 1879)
- October 26: Allen Candler , American politician (* 1834)
- October 30: Henry Dunant , founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross (* 1828)
- Simon Aichner , Austrian Prince-Bishop of Brixen (* 1816) November 1st:
- Gustav Casmir , German fencer (* 1872) November 2:
- Heinrich Ernst Stötzner , German educator (* 1832) November 2:
- Karl Arnau , Austrian actor (* 1843) November 4:
- Giuseppe Cesare Abba , Italian writer and freedom fighter (* 1838) November 6th:
- Dominik Avanzo , German-Austrian architect (* 1845) November 8:
- November 10: Charles Gilibert , French singer (* 1866)
- November 13: Alexander S. Clay , American politician (* 1853)
- November 13th: Louis Nels , German colonial administrator (* 1855)
- November 15: Emmanuel Pettavel , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor (* 1836)
- November 15: Wilhelm Raabe , German narrator (* 1831)
- November 15: Emil Schreiner , Norwegian classical philologist (* 1831)
- November 19: Rudolph Fittig , German chemist (* 1835)
- November 20: Lev Tolstoy , Russian writer (* 1828)
- November 23: Johan Alfred Andersson Ander , Swedish criminal (* 1873)
- November 23: Octave Chanute , American railroad engineer and aviation pioneer (* 1832)
- November 23: Hawley Crippen , American doctor and murderer (* 1862)
- Gustav Adolf von Götzen , German officer and Africa explorer (* 1866) December 1:
- Mary Baker Eddy , American author and religious founder (* 1821) December 3:
- Alfred Cumming , Brigadier General of the Confederate Army during the Civil War (* 1829) December 5:
- December 12th: Georg von Schleinitz , German naval officer (* 1834)
- December 14th: Henri Gonin , Swiss Protestant missionary (* 1837)
- December 15: Edmund Friedrich von Autenrieth , German civil engineer and university professor (* 1842)
- December 16: Hans Dominik , German officer (* 1870)
- December 17th: Max Wilhelm Meyer , German astronomer, naturalist and writer (* 1853)
- December 19: Hermann Theodor Waldemar Atzpodien , German politician (* 1834)
- December 25th: Richard Bartmuß , German composer (* 1859)
Exact date of death unknown
- Oltmann Johann Dietrich Ahlers , German shipping company director (* 1848)
- Simon Doktor , Egyptian cigarette manufacturer and merchant (* 1814)
- Marina Krebs , German writer (* 1838)
- Camillo Ehregott Zschille , German draftsman (* 1847)
- http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/1910/ (Living virtual museum online)