from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Portal history | Portal Biographies | Current events | Annual calendar | Daily item

| 19th century | 20th century | 21st century  
| 1880s | 1890s | 1900s | 1910s | 1920s | 1930s | 1940s |
◄◄ | | 1906 | 1907 | 1908 | 1909 | 1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1913 | 1914 | | ►►

Heads of State · Elections · necrology · Art Year · Literature Year · Music Year · Movie Year · sports year

Proclamation of the Portuguese Republic, poster from 1910
After the fall of King Manuel II
, the First Republic is proclaimed in Portugal .
Francisco Ignacio Madero
Francisco Madero proclaims the Mexican Revolution
against President
Porfirio Díaz .
George V.
George V
becomes King of
Great Britain
and Emperor of India .
1910 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1358/59 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1902/03 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Baha'i calendar 66/67 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Bengali solar calendar 1315/16 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2453/54 (southern Buddhism); 2452/53 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the Metal Dog庚戌 ( since February 10 , before that Earth Rooster己酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1272/73 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4243/44 (2-3 October)
Iranian calendar 1288/89 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1327/28 (January 12/13)
Japanese calendar Meiji 43 ( 明治 43 年);
Kōki 2570
Jewish calendar 5670/71 (October 3-4)
Coptic calendar 1626/27 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1085/86
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1325/26 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2220/21 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2221/22 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2452/53 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1966/67 (turn of the year April)

The outstanding event of 1910 was the overthrow of the monarchy in Portugal . The last king, Manuel II, has to leave the country. However, the newly founded First Republic does not succeed in achieving stability in the next few years.

Also in Mexico , under the leadership of Francisco Madero, a revolution breaks out against the long-term president Porfirio Díaz and there are uprisings against the colonial rulers from Europe in several colonies in Africa, Asia and Oceania.

British suffragette about 1910

Even the otherwise very stable Great Britain is experiencing troubled times: Because of the social program of the liberal government under Prime Minister Herbert Henry Asquith and Finance Minister David Lloyd George , there is a power struggle between the two houses of Parliament, King Edward VII dies and is given over to his son George V. . heir, suffragettes demanding more and more vehemently the women's suffrage , and in November it comes to Tonypandy Riots of miners in Wales.

With a telegram from Roald Amundsen to Robert Falcon Scott , the "race to the South Pole " between the British Terra Nova Expedition under Scott's leadership and the Norwegian Fram Expedition under the leadership of Amundsen begins . And a Japanese expedition led by Shirase Nobu is also setting out for Antarctic waters during this “ Golden Age of Antarctic Research ” .

Cultural highlights of the year are the world premiere of a late opera by Jules Massenet , Don Quichotte , in Monte Carlo based on the novel of the same name by Miguel de Cervantes and Igor Stravinsky's first success, the ballet The Firebird , performed by Sergei Pavlovich Djagilev's Ballets Russes in Paris.


Politics and world events

German Empire


Robert Comtesse
Poster criticizing the absinthe ban in Switzerland, around 1910

Russia / Grand Duchy of Finland


Prince Nikola of Montenegro with his wife Milena on the day of his proclamation as king

Ottoman Empire

Great Britain

David Lloyd George
On Black Friday: A police officer tries to snatch a banner from a suffragette.

The end of the monarchy in Portugal

Manuel II, the last king of Portugal

Two years after the murder of his father Karl I and his brother Ludwig Philipp , the young King Manuel II of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, despite his policy of calming down , in the course of which most of the authoritarian measures of his predecessor were withdrawn, failed to stabilize the unpopular monarchy in Portugal . Governments take turns in quick succession. The Prime Minister, Francisco António da Veiga Beirão , who was sworn in on December 22nd of the previous year, fell on June 26th over a scandal at the Credito Predial bank in which several members of his government were involved. His successor is the previous Minister of the Interior, António Teixeira de Sousa .

Teófilo Braga

In the parliamentary elections on August 28, the Republican Partido Republicano Português ( PRP ), which has been campaigning for the abolition of the monarchy with armed force since the beginning of the year, achieved a historic success. Among others, Teófilo Braga and Miguel Bombarda are elected to the Cortes .

Bombarda, a psychiatrist and thought leader of the republican movement, is murdered on October 3rd by a mentally ill former patient. The act of violence probably has no political background, but on the same night it led to uprisings against King Manuel II and the Portuguese monarchy.

Two days later, the first Portuguese Republic is proclaimed. King Manuel II , who had been forced to flee Lisbon by the military the day before, leaves the country and is exiled in England on October 17th. Teófilo Braga becomes the first president of a provisional government in the country. The well-known writer and intellectual tries to form a non-partisan government.

The new government is strictly anti-clerical and secular and begins with a radical separation of church and state . All Jesuit monasteries are closed, the prisons in Lisbon are filled with Catholic priests and friars. Religious instruction is forbidden, as are all religious references in state acts, and the titles of nobility are abolished. The apostolic nuncio leaves Lisbon in protest. Wearing religious habits in public is forbidden, and civil marriage and divorce are introduced. Despite the initial euphoria, the republic was marked by a great deal of political instability in the years that followed.


Mexico's long-term president Porfirio Díaz

Asia and Oceania

Thubten Gyatso in Calcutta


Other events worldwide

Clara Zetkin (left) with Rosa Luxemburg in 1910



Hotel Astoria, Brussels
  • April 23rd: With Brussels International - 1910 , a world exhibition opens in Brussels for the second time since 1897 . The Hotel Astoria in Brussels was built by the architect Henri van Dievoet at the request of King Leopold II especially for the world exhibition. 26 countries are represented at the exhibition, which is characterized by lush ornamental gardens and houses both an art exhibition and a colonial exhibition. From August 14th to 15th, a fire broke out on the exhibition grounds, which killed numerous pavilions. The Brussels International recorded 13 million people and a loss of 250,000 Belgian francs at its closure on 1 November.
Exhibition poster
Globos aerostáticos in the 'Railways and Transport' pavilion

From May to November in the Argentine capital Buenos Aires , the Exposición Internacional del Centenario instead. The timing of the exhibition is intended to commemorate the May Revolution of 1810. The exhibition is about agriculture and livestock, industry, rail and land transportation, hygiene and the fine arts. Among other things, the area of ​​the agricultural exhibition La Rural , which has been taking place since 1886, is also used. There are also numerous pavilions for the individual Argentine provinces. The exhibiting countries include Germany, England, Italy, Austria-Hungary, Paraguay, Switzerland and Spain. In keeping with the zeitgeist, Art Nouveau plays a major role in the design of the exhibition buildings. A number of young Italian architects stayed in Buenos Aires after the exposition ended. Some of the buildings they built are still important for the cityscape there. On the occasion of the exhibition, the Transand Railway between the cities of Los Andes in Chile and Mendoza in Argentina will be officially opened on May 25th after more than twenty years of construction.

Money economy

  • With the Australian Notes Act , the Commonwealth Treasury is founded in Australia and the Australian pound is introduced as a separate currency for the united Australia. In the same year, the Bank Notes Tax Act introduced a tax of 10% p. a. levied on the private banknotes in circulation up to now and thus devalued economically. In addition, the private banks are prohibited from continuing to hold notes from Queensland in circulation, their status as legal tender will thus be terminated. For the new currency is valid until World War I, the gold standard .


The reception building of the "Penn Station" built by the architects McKim, Mead, and White in the Beaux Arts style
Opening ceremony in Prerow station


science and technology

Antarctic exploration

The race to the South Pole
The Terra Nova in December, taken by Herbert Ponting
  • June 15: The Terra Nova leaves Cardiff Harbor in Wales. On board is the crew of the Antarctic expedition led by Robert Falcon Scott . The expedition stops in Madeira (June), Trinidad (July) and South Africa (August) before arriving at its final stop in Lyttelton , New Zealand on October 28th , from where it will set off for the November 26th Antarctica makes. On December 10th, the Terra Nova was trapped in the pack ice and needed 20 days to get afloat again.
Roald Amundsen
  • August 9: With the departure of the polar ship Fram from the Norwegian capital Kristiania in the direction of the Bay of Whales , Roald Amundsen begins his south polar expedition , which is still kept secret from the public . From September 6th to 9th, the expedition will make its last stopover in Madeira . From here, Amundsen sends, among other things, a telegram with his true destination to Scott, which Scott receives on October 12 while going ashore in Melbourne. Another attempt by the Norwegians to make a stopover on the Kerguelen fails because of the bad weather, otherwise the Fram's journey to the end of the year will be relatively uneventful.
More expeditions
The fourth pourquoi pas

During the so-called " Golden Age of Antarctic Research ", the Fifth French Antarctic Expedition is returning home with the ship Pourquoi-Pas IV under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Charcot , who had been in the Antarctic since 1908 and carried the Bellingshausen- lake and the Amundsen sea researched and the Marguerite Bay and Charcot island has discovered.

The Kainan Maru

At around the same time, the ship Kainan Maru, under the command of Shirase Nobu, leaves the port of Tokyo for Antarctica on December 1 . This is how Japanese Antarctic research begins . The expedition lasted until June 20, 1912.

Arctic exploration

Knud Rasmussen and Peter Freuchen found the Thule trading post in Uummannaq near Cape York in northwest Greenland . They want to enable the polar skimos living in the region to continue their trade in fur on fair terms after the end of Robert Peary's regular presence for two decades . At the same time, Rasmussen wants to use the station as a starting point for expeditions of an ethnographic and geographical nature, for the financing of which the profit is to be used.


Johannesburg Comet
List of asteroids discovered in 1910
No. and name Diameter
Date of discovery Explorer
(696) Leonora 75.8 10. January Joel Hastings Metcalf
(697) Galilea 80.1 14th of February Joseph Helffrich
(698) Ernestina 27.0 5. March Joseph Helffrich
(699) Hela ? June 5th Joseph Helffrich
(700) Auravictrix 15.4 June 5th Joseph Helffrich
(701) Oriola 40.2 July 12 Joseph Helffrich
(702) Alauda 194.7 16th of July Joseph Helffrich
(703) Noëmi ? October 3 Johann Palisa
(704) Interamnia 316.6 October 2nd Vincenzo Cerulli
(705) Erminia 134.2 October 6th Emil Ernst
(706) Hirundo 29.2 9th October Joseph Helffrich
(707) Steina ? December 22 Gustav Witt

Atomic physics

The structure of the Millikan experiment


  • January 7th: Hubert Latham is the first person to reach a height of 1,000 m in an airplane, an Antoinette VII .
  • The Dominguez International Air Meet will take place in Los Angeles from January 10th to 20th . It was initiated after the experiences of the American participants on the flight days in Reims in 1909 , among them Charles Forster Willard and Glenn Curtiss . Dominguez Field on Rancho San Pedro, where a large grandstand will be built, is selected as the airfield . In addition to airplanes, balloons and airships are admitted to the competition and cash prizes are awarded for winning the individual competitions. Louis Paulhan becomes the celebrated star of the event. He can set a new altitude record at 1269 m and stay in the air for the longest time at 1 h 49 min 40 s. Glenn Curtiss achieved the highest speed with a passenger (88.5 km / h) and he managed the fastest start in 6.4 s. A total of 226,000 spectators attended the event, with revenues of $ 137,500. Because of this success, this type of event will soon become the norm in the United States over the next few years.
Élise Derochee at the Reims Air Show
  • March 8: In France, Élise Deroche becomes the first woman in the world to take a pilot's exam. In the same year she was the only woman to take part in the Heliopolis flight week , where she came 6th at the Egyptian Grand Prix . She finished fourth at the flight meeting in Saint Petersburg. During the great flight weeks of Champagne in Reims in August, she had a serious accident when she got caught in the wake of another aircraft.
Harry Houdini in his Voisin double-decker
The LZ 7
Geo Chavez in his Blériot
The start of the USS Birmingham
Coanda plane
  • December 16: During an involuntary flight test with the Coanda-1910 , the Romanian physicist and aerodynamicist Henri Marie Coandă discovered the Coandă effect named after him . As the aircraft lands, he observes how the gases and flames from the engine build up along the fuselage of the aircraft. The aircraft catches fire and is completely destroyed.


Medicine and psychology

Technical achievements

Teaching and Research


Visual arts


Advertisement for the performance of Abysses in Copenhagen
  • November 28: Urban Gad's film Afgrunden ( abysses ) is shown in Düsseldorf for the first time in Germany. The Danish film, in which Asta Nielsen celebrates her debut in the lead role, lasts 45 minutes and is considered the first full-length film in Europe.


Cover image of the Sascha Schneider edition of Winnetou IV from 1910

Music and theater

Massenet: Don Quixote
Léon Bakst : Figurine for The Firebird
Rehearsal for the world premiere of Mahler's 8th Symphony


Strudlhof stairs


The photo from the "Daily Mirror": The "Oriental delegation" during the dreadnought prank
  • February 10: Virginia Stephen and some of her friends hold what is known as the Dreadnought Prank .
  • April 14th: Foundation of the Odenwald School
  • June 19: Father's Day is celebrated for the first time in Spokane , Washington state . Sonora Smart Dodd actually wants to honor her single father, based on the Mother's Day introduced in the USA , but sets a movement in motion.



Shipping disasters

  • January 10: The British passenger ship Loodiana disappears without a trace on the Indian Ocean after casting off in Port Louis (Mauritius) with 175 people on board. The cause has not yet been clarified.
  • February 10: The French passenger ship Général Chanzy is thrown onto a reef by violent squalls off Menorca and sinks after the boiler rooms explode. Only one of the 156 people on board survived.
  • May 26th: Ship accident in France. In the collision of the French submarine Pluviose with a mail steamer near Calais , all 28 men of the submarine crew died.


Other disasters

The Lakeview Gusher after the discharge had already subsided and was contained with sandbags
Carlo Brancaccio: Flood in Paris, 1910
  • Spring: All over France, continuous rain and snowmelt lead to floods. The Seine floods in Paris in 1910 reached a record level of 8.60 m.
  • May 4th: The city of Cartago is destroyed in a severe earthquake in Costa Rica . Over 600 people die. The recently established Central American Court of Justice must then be relocated to San José.
  • June 15 to 17: Heavy downpours combined with melting snow in the Alps lead to the flooding of the Lech .
  • July 13: The airship " Erbslöh " explodes in the air and crashes. The occupation dies.
The town of Wallace, Idaho after the Great Fire
  • 20./21. August: The Great Fire of 1910 rages in the northwestern US states of Washington, Idaho and Montana . With an affected total area of ​​more than 12,000 km², it is still one of the largest forest fires in the United States. 86 people died in the flames, including 78 firefighters. The high losses among firefighters significantly influenced the strategy of fighting forest fires in the decades that followed.
  • October 25: Rains and storms cause a landslide in the Gulf of Naples that kills several hundred people.
  • December 21: An explosion in a mine, the Pretoria Pit Disaster , kills 344 miners in Westhoughton, England .

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .

nature and environment


For entries of athletics world records, see the respective discipline under athletics .

Nobel Prizes

price person country Reason for awarding the prize image
Nobel Price for physics Johannes Diderik van der Waals
NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands "For his work on the equation of state of gases and liquids" ( Van der Waals equation ) Johannes Diderik van der Waals
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Otto Wallach
German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire "In recognition of the service he has earned in the development of organic chemistry and the chemical industry through his pioneering work in the field of alicyclic compounds " Otto Wallach
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Albrecht Kossel
German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire "In recognition of the contribution that his work on proteins including nucleins made to our knowledge of the chemistry of the cell" (Note: DNA was still unknown at the time - the substances in the cell nucleus were referred to as nucleins ) Albrecht Kossel
Nobel Prize in literature Paul Heyse
German EmpireThe German Imperium German Empire (born in Berlin , Kingdom of Prussia , German Confederation )
Prussia KingdomKingdom of Prussia
"As a tribute to the perfected and ideally conceptualized artistry that he displayed during a long and significant activity as a poet, playwright, novelist and poet of world-famous short stories" Paul Heyse
Nobel Peace Prize Bureau International Permanent de la Paix (Bern) (founded 1891) (Permanent International Peace Office) Bureau International Permanent de la Paix

Largest cities in the world around 1910

Core cities
rank Surname region resident was standing
1. London United Kingdom 7.160.441 1911
2. New York City United States 4,766,883 1910
3. Paris France 2,888,110 1911
4th Chicago United States 2,185,283 1910
5. Vienna Austria-Hungary 2,083,630 1910
6th Berlin The German Imperium 2,071,257 1910
7th Tokyo Japanese Empire 2,050,100 1914
8th. St. Petersburg Russian Empire 1,962,000 1910
9. Moscow Russian Empire 1,617,157 1912
10. Buenos Aires Argentina 1,582,884 1914
11. Philadelphia United States 1,549,008 1910
12th Bombay British India 1,018,388 1911
13th Hamburg The German Imperium 931.035 1910
14th Istanbul / Constantinople Ottoman Empire 909.978 1914
15th Budapest Austria-Hungary 880.371 1910
16. Shanghai Empire of China 832,500 1910



Luise Rainer in a portrait from September 2, 1937


  • 0February 1: Wilhelm Antrup , Brigadier General of the German Air Force († 1984)
Ngapoi Ngawang Jigmê during the first session of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China in 1954


Archer John Porter Martin
David Niven


Jan Dobraczyński with GDR writer Tilly Bergner
Irene Seiler during her testimony in the Nuremberg legal process on March 26, 1947


Mary Lou Williams


Sergio Pignedoli
Erich Mückenberger
  • 0June 8: Erich Mückenberger , member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED of the GDR († 1998)
  • 0June 9: Paul Dickopf , President of the Federal Criminal Police Office 1965 to 1971 († 1973)
  • 0June 9: Helga Einsele , German criminologist and criminal law reformer († 2005)
  • June 10: Armen Tachtajyan , Armenian-Soviet botanist († 2009)
  • June 10: Howlin 'Wolf , American blues musician († 1976)
  • June 11: Carmine Coppola , American musician and composer († 1991)
Jacques-Yves Cousteau
Konrad Zuse, 1992
  • June 22nd: Konrad Zuse , German civil engineer, inventor and entrepreneur, inventor of the first functional computer († 1995)
  • June 23: Jean Anouilh , French writer († 1987)
  • June 23: Annemarie Böll , German translator († 2004)
  • June 23: Gordon B. Hinckley , 15th President of Latter-day Saints Church of Jesus Christ († 2008)
  • June 23: Milton Hinton , American jazz bassist, singer, bandleader, composer, photographer, researcher and author († 2000)
  • June 24th: Johannes Ernst Köhler , German organist, cantor and university lecturer († 1990)
  • June 25: Heinrich Appelt , Austrian historian and diplomat († 1998)
  • June 25: Guillermo Castillo Bustamante , Venezuelan pianist and composer († 1974)
  • June 26th: Lau Lauritzen jr. , Danish actor, film director and screenwriter († 1977)
  • June 26: Friedrich Rögelein , German officer in the Wehrmacht († 1999)
  • June 27: Pierre Joubert , French draftsman and painter († 2002)
  • June 27: Karel Reiner , Czech composer († 1979)
  • June 28: Erich Kuby , German journalist and writer († 2005)
  • June 29: Paul Joseph Metschnabl , German theologian and cathedral music director at Bamberg Cathedral († 1996)
  • June 30th: Grete Rehor , Austrian politician († 1987)


Lothar Collatz


Truus van Aalten
Josef Klaus
Mother Teresa, 1986
  • August 26th: Mother Teresa , religious and Nobel Peace Prize laureate († 1997)
  • August 27: Max Weiler , Austrian painter († 2001)
  • August 28: Wolfgang Kimmig , German prehistorian († 2001)
  • August 28: Tjalling Koopmans , American economist († 1985)
  • August 28: Erwin Ruf , German soccer player and coach
  • August 29: Roberto Pineda Duque , Colombian composer († 1977)
  • August 30th: Pierre Vago , French architect, editor and general secretary of the UIA († 2002)
  • August 31: Maurice Tornay , Augustinian canon and martyr in Tibet († 1949)


Jean-Louis Barrault
Gerhard Schröder, 1960


Ramón Gaya


  • 0November 2: Alfredo De Angelis , Argentine musician, band leader and composer († 1992)
  • 0November 2: Friedrich Brünner , German politician († 2004)
  • 0November 2: Fei Xiaotong , Chinese sociologist, anthropologist and ethnologist († 2005)
  • 0November 3: Karel Zeman , Czech film director († 1989)
  • 0November 4: Walter Howard , German sculptor († 2005)
  • 0November 5th: Walter Reisp , Austrian field handball player
  • 0November 6: Erik Ode , German actor, director and voice actor († 1983)
  • 0November 6: Albert Viau , Canadian singer, composer and music teacher († 2001)
  • 0November 7th: Heinrich Dathe , German zoologist († 1991)
  • 0November 7th: Edmund Leach , British scientist, electrical engineer and anthropologist († 1989)
  • 0November 8: Elfriede Brüning , German writer and TV play writer († 2014)
  • 0November 9: Günter von Drenkmann , German lawyer and President of the Berlin Court of Appeal († 1974)
Heinrich Kuehne


  • 0December 1: Alicia Markova , English prima ballerina of classical ballet († 2004)
  • 0December 4: Hans Kies , German sculptor and politician († 1984)
  • 0December 4th: Thelma White , American actress († 2005)
  • 0December 5: Luis Alcaraz , Mexican composer, pianist and singer († 1963)
  • 0December 7th: Nora Minor , Austrian actress († 1995)
  • 0December 7th: Louis Prima , American entertainer († 1978)
  • 0December 7th: Edmundo Ros , orchestra leader, drummer, singer and music producer from Trinidad and Tobago († 2011)
  • 0December 8: Mario Amendola , Italian screenwriter and film director († 1992)
  • 0December 8th: Karl Born , German seaman, pilot and cinema operator († 2004)
  • 0December 8: Aleksander Frączkiewicz , Polish musicologist and teacher († 1994)
  • 0December 9: Henry Lee Giclas , American astronomer († 2007)
  • 0December 9: Fritz A. Koeniger , German author (date of death unknown)
  • December 12th: Henri Challan , French composer († 1977)
  • December 12: Friedrich Gerdes , German javelin thrower († 1960)
  • December 12th: Kurt-Gerhard Klietmann , German religious scholar († 1990)
  • December 12: René Challan , French composer († 1978)
  • December 14: Upendranath Ashk , Indian writer, journalist and publisher († 1996)
  • December 14th: Budd Johnson , American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist and arranger († 1984)
  • December 15: John Hammond , American record producer, musician and music critic († 1987)
  • December 16: Stanojlo Rajičić , Serbian composer († 2000)
  • December 16: Robert Noehren , American organist, organ builder and music teacher († 2002)
  • December 17: Spade Cooley , American country musician and band leader († 1969)
  • December 18: Albert Cozza , German football player († 1983)
  • December 19: Jean Genet , French novelist, playwright and poet († 1986)
    Jean Genet
  • December 19: José Lezama Lima , Cuban writer († 1976)
  • December 20: Fritz Becker , German politician († 1983)
  • December 21: Rosa Bouglione , French circus performer († 2018)
  • December 23: Giacomo Beltritti , Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem († 1992)
  • December 23: Kurt Meyer , General of the Waffen-SS († 1961)
  • December 24th: Max Miedinger , Swiss graphic artist and typographer († 1980)
  • December 24th: Yannis Papaioannou , Greek composer († 1989)
  • December 24th: Heinrich Vetter , German entrepreneur († 2003)
  • December 27: Ian Donald , British gynecologist († 1987)
  • December 28: Francis Judd Cooke , American composer, organist, pianist, cellist, conductor and music teacher († 1995)
  • December 29: Ronald Coase , British economist and Nobel Prize winner († 2013)
  • December 30th: Paul Bowles , American writer and composer († 1999)
  • December 31: Werner Conze , German historian and rector of Heidelberg University († 1986)

Exact date of birth unknown


January February

Jacob Volhard

March April

Relief at Mark Twain's grave in Elmira, NY

May June

Robert Koch

July August

Johann Gottfried Galle, 1880
Florence Nightingale's grave

September October

Henry Dunant
  • October 30: Henry Dunant , founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross (* 1828)

November December

Lev Tolstoy, 1908

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1910  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files