Kingdom of Montenegro

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Kingdom of Montenegro
Краљевина Црна Гора
Kraljevina Crna Gora
Flag of the Kingdom of Montenegro Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Montenegro
flag coat of arms
Flag of the Principality of Montenegro Principality of MontenegroKingdom of Yugoslavia Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Official language Serbian
Capital Cetinje
Form of government monarchy

State foundation
August 28, 1910
November 26, 1918

Proclamation of
union with the Kingdom of Serbia to form the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
National anthem Убавој нам Црној Гори (government)
Онамо, 'намо! (National)
The celebrations for the proclamation of the Kingdom of Montenegro and the coronation of Nicholas on August 28, 1910 in Cetinje

The Kingdom of Montenegro ( Serbian Краљевина Црна Гора Kraljevina Crna Gora ) was de jure a constitutional monarchy and de facto an absolutist monarchy in southeastern Europe . It existed from August 28, 1910 to November 28, 1918. The capital was Cetinje and the currency used was the Montenegrin Perper .


The kingdom emerged from the principality of Montenegro , which Nikola converted into a kingdom on August 28, 1910 .

The Balkan Wars from 1912 to 1913 triggered the first crisis under Nikolas rule. Montenegro got further territories through the division of Sanjak Novi Pazar on May 30, 1913 between Serbia and Montenegro. In addition, Shkodra was added to the new state of Albania , even though Montenegro sacrificed 10,000 soldiers in taking the city. Around 1914 the small state had around 500,000 inhabitants.

During the First World War , Montenegro was allied with the Triple Entente on the side of Serbia . From January 15, 1916 to October 1918, Montenegro was occupied by Austria-Hungary (see Austro-Hungarian occupation of Montenegro 1916–1918 ). On July 20, 1917, when the Declaration of Corfu was signed, the Montenegrin government in exile declared the union with Serbia to form the Kingdom of Yugoslavia . King Nikola supported the unification of a large state for all Serbs, but came into conflict with Serbia's King Alexander I. Nikola and Alexander could not agree on the government issue and Nikola was eventually dethroned and sent into exile in Italy.

On November 28, 1918, the kingdom united with Serbia and parts of Austria-Hungary to form the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Since the breakup of the Serbian-Montenegrin federal state in 2006, the Republic of Montenegro has been an independent state again.


Pretender to the throne

prime minister

Prime Minister in exile

See also


  • Norman Davies : Vanished Empires: The History of Forgotten Europe. 3rd, revised and corrected edition. Theiss, Darmstadt 2017, ISBN 978-3-8062-3116-8 , pp. 637–688 (= 12. Montenegro: The Empire of the Black Mountain (1910–1918) ).

Web links