1920


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1920
Kapp-Putsch.- Entry of the Ehrhardt naval brigade into Berlin, occupation of Berlin, March 1920
The Ehrhardt Brigade occupied Berlin during the Kapp Putsch .
Location of the epicenter of the Haiyuan earthquake in 1920
The Haiyuan earthquake kills 200,000.
Location of the city of Danzig in 1937
Gdansk is declared a Free City .
1920 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1368/69 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1912/13 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 76/77 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1325/26 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2463/64 (southern Buddhism); 2462/63 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the Metal Monkey庚申 ( until February 19, Earth Sheep 己未)

Chuch'e ideology (North Korea) Chuch'e 9
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1282/83 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4253/54 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1298/99 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1338/39 (September 13-14)
Japanese calendar Taishō 9 ( 大 正 元年);
Kōki 2580
Jewish calendar 5680/81 (September 12/13)
Coptic calendar 1636/37 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1095/96
Minguo calendar (China) Year 9 of the Republic
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1335/36 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2230/31 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2231/32 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2462/63 (April 1)
Tibetan calendar 1666
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1976/77 (April)

Events

Politics and world events

German Empire

Poster of the Reich government against the Kapp Putsch
Constantin Fehrenbach

The successor states of Austria-Hungary

Poland / Soviet Union

Polish-Soviet War
Largest advance of Polish troops
Polish troops in Kiev
Front line in August 1920
Other events

Portugal

Francisco Costa as a political shooting star in a cartoon

Ottoman Empire and its successor states

Opening of the Grand National Assembly on April 23, 1920
Signing of the Treaty of Sèvres

Other events in Europe

Canada

United States of America

The three lynched surrounded by the angry mob
  • June 15 : In the port city of Duluth, Minnesota , a mob committed lynching in the evening . Three African American circus workers are hanged after a mock trial for allegedly raping a young white woman. The rumor later turns out to be untrue.
After the bombing in front of the JP Morgan Inc.

Africa

economy

Gdansk postage stamp 1920

science and technology

Rudolph W. Schroeder (1920)

Culture

Visual arts

Johannes Theodor Baargeld : Typical vertical distortion as a representation of the Dada Baargeld . This alienated representation of Venus von Milo is shown in the exhibition.
  • June 30th to August 25th : In the Dr. Otto Burchard in Berlin the First International Dada Fair takes place. With its exhibits, the fair is a rejection of bourgeois culture, but forms a documentation of the artistic creativity that the Dada revolt unleashed and whose impulses inspire the further development of modern art.
Piet Mondrian: Le Néo-Plasticisme , 1920

Movie

Title The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari

literature

Music and theater

Everyone 1920
Die tote Stadt , original
sheet music for the opera with a dedication by Korngold

society

Wedding of Oswald Mosley and Cynthia Curzon

religion

Disasters

  • January 12th : The French passenger steamer Afrique is on the French coast when the generators fail in a storm and the steamer is thrown incapable of maneuvering onto a reef, where it leaks and sinks. Of the 609 passengers and crew, only 34 survive.
  • December 16 : The earthquake in Haiyuan 1920 (also known as the Gansu earthquake ) with a magnitude of 8.6 shook Ningxia (then Gansu ) in China , killing around 200,000.

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

Sports

Poster of the VII Olympic Games

Nobel Prizes

Born

January

February

King Faruq

March

April

May

John Paul II (2004)

June

Marcel Reich-Ranicki, 2009

July

August

September

Lore Lorentz filming in 1948

October

Georg Leber , 1973

November

December

Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, 1999

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January February

Amedeo Modigliani , self-portrait, 1907

March April

S. Ramanujan

May June

Max Weber , 1894

July August

Portrait photograph by Wilhelm Wundt , 1902

September October

Carl Peter Fabergé

November December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1920  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files