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Heads of State Elections Obituary Music Year

The destruction of the Hamburg fire in 1842 in the area of ​​the Small Alster: This photograph is the oldest surviving photograph of Hamburg and the oldest surviving reportage photograph at all
A third of Hamburg's old town is destroyed by the Hamburg fire .
Remnants of an Army by Lady Butler - Dr.  Brydon, the sole survivor of Elphinstone's army, arrives at Jalalabad
The Battle of Gandamak in the First Anglo-Afghan War becomes a debacle for the British.
1842 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1290/91 (July turn of the year)
Ethiopian calendar 1834/35 (10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1247/48 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2385/86 (Southern Buddhism); 2384/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the Water Tiger壬寅 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Ox 辛丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1204/05 (New Year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4175/76 (October 2nd/3rd)
Iranian calendar 1220/21
Islamic calendar 1257/58 (New Year February 11th/12th)
Jewish calendar 5602/03 (September 4th/5th)
Coptic calendar 1558/59 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 1017/18
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1257/58 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2152/53 (April turn of the year)

Syria: 2153/54 (October turn of the year)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar) 1898/99 (April)


politics and world affairs

Anglo-Afghan War

Last Stand at Gundamuck by William Barnes Wollen, heroic depiction of the defeat of British troops at Gandamak

First Opium War




United States 1842
Map with the borders



Rheinische Zeitung
First page of the first issue of the Illustrated London News

science and technology

The participants of the Prussian Egypt Expedition on the top of the Cheops Pyramid , watercolor by Johann Jakob Frey



fountain hall (interior view)
View of the Cologne Cathedral
(graphic from 1843)
  • September 4th: More than 300 years after the interruption of the construction work, the foundation stone is laid for the further construction of the Cologne Cathedral .


music and theatre

First verse of Va', pensiero
Eugenia Tadolini
Premiere of Wagner's Rienzi


Valhalla around 1840



Otto Speckter : Burning St. Peter's Church
  • May 5th to May 8th: The Hamburg fire , which can only be brought under control after four days, destroys more than a quarter of Hamburg 's old town . 51 people are killed, the number of homeless is estimated at 20,000, the number of destroyed houses at around 1,700. Among other things, the town hall on the Trostbrücke burned down on May 5th and the Petrikirche on May 7th . For years, the Hamburg cityscape has been shaped by the destroyed areas and the makeshift apartments built on them. Planning for the redevelopment of the urban area began in May under the leadership of English engineer William Lindley .
  • May 7: An earthquake kills 5,000 people in the city of Cap-Haitien alone. Other cities in the Caribbean were affected by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami.
Train crash at Meudon


  • July 20: The highest mountain in the Pyrenees , Aneto , is climbed for the first time by the Russian ex-officer Platon de Tchihatcheff and his companions.
  • August 8th: The 4,042 meter high Lauteraarhorn is climbed for the first time by a group of six mountaineers.

Historical maps and views

Berlin, Charlottenburg and Spandau 1842


January February

Karl May

March April

May June

August Thyssen at Landsberg Castle
Carl von Linden, 1872

July August

September October

Abdulhamid II.

November December

  • 0November 5: Amelia Bailey , Australian singer (d. 1932)
  • 0November 8: Eugen Gura , Austrian opera singer († 1906)
  • November 11: William R. Webb , American educator and politician (d. 1926)
John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh

Exact date of birth unknown


January to March

April to June

July to September

Clemens Brentano, around 1837
Francisco Morazan

October to December

Tomb of Leah and Abraham Mendelssohn Bartholdy

Exact date of death unknown

web links

Commons : 1842  - Collection of images, videos and audio files