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The destruction of the Hamburg fire in 1842 in the area of ​​the Kleine Alster: This photograph is the oldest surviving photograph of Hamburg and the oldest surviving reportage photograph ever
A third of Hamburg's old town is destroyed by the Hamburg fire .
Remnants of an Army by Lady Butler - Dr.  Brydon, the sole survivor of Elphinstone's army, arrives in Jalalabad
The Battle of Gandamak in the First Anglo-Afghan War turns into a debacle for the British.
1842 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1290/91 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1834/35 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1247/48 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2385/86 (southern Buddhism); 2384/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the water tiger壬寅 ( at the beginning of the year metal buffalo辛丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1204/05 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4175/76 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1220/21
Islamic calendar 1257/58 (New Year 11/12 February)
Jewish calendar 5602/03 (September 4th / 5th)
Coptic calendar 1558/59 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1017/18
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1257/58 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2152/53 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2153/54 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1898/99 (April)


Politics and world events

Anglo-Afghan War

Last Stand at Gundamuck by William Barnes Wollen, heroic depiction of the defeat of the British troops at Gandamak

First opium war




United States 1842
Map with the boundaries



Rheinische Zeitung
First page of the first edition of the Illustrated London News

science and technology

The participants of the Prussian Egypt expedition on the top of the Cheops pyramid , watercolor by Johann Jakob Frey



Brunnenhalle (interior view)
The unfinished cathedral around 1824;
after Max Hasak : The Cologne Cathedral , 1911


Music and theater

First verse of Va ', pensiero
Eugenia Tadolini
World premiere of Wagner's Rienzi


Walhalla around 1840



Otto Speckter : Burning Petrikirche
  • May 5. bis 8. May : The Hamburg fire , which can be brought only after four days under control, is more than a quarter of Hamburg old town destroyed. 51 people are killed, the number of homeless is estimated at 20,000, the number of houses destroyed at around 1,700. Among other things , the town hall on the Trostbrücke burned down on May 5th and the Petrikirche on May 7th . For years, the Hamburg cityscape has been shaped by the destroyed areas and the makeshift apartments built on them. The planning for the redesign of the urban area will already begin in May under the leadership of the English engineer William Lindley .
  • May 7th : An earthquake kills 5,000 people in the city of Cap-Haitien alone . Other cities in the Caribbean were affected by the quake and the subsequent tsunami.
Train accident at Meudon


Historical maps and views

Berlin, Charlottenburg and Spandau 1842


January February

Karl May

March April

May June

August Thyssen at Landsberg Castle
Carl von Linde, 1872

July August

September October

November December

John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh

Exact date of birth unknown


January to March

April to June

July to September

Clemens Brentano, around 1837
Francisco Morazan

October to December

Grave of Lea and Abraham Mendelssohn Bartholdy

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1842  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files