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Uncle Tom's Cabin, book cover 1852
Harriet Beecher Stowe 's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin is published for the first time in book form.
The sinking of the Birkenhead
When the Birkenhead sinks , for the first time, the call comes women and children first! used.
Cologne communist trial of 1852
The Cologne communist trial
takes place with great sympathy from the population.
1852 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1300/01 (July turn of the year)
Ethiopian calendar 1844/45 (change of the year September 10th/11th)
Baha'i calendar 08/09 (New Year March 20th/21st)
Bengali solar calendar 1247/48 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2395/96 (Southern Buddhism); 2394/95 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the Water Rat壬子 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Pig 辛亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1214/15 (April New Year)
Dangun era (Korea) 4185/86 (October 2nd/3rd)
Iranian calendar 1230/31 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1268/69 (14/15 October)
Jewish calendar 5612/13 (September 13/14)
Coptic calendar 1568/69 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 1027/28
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1267/68 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2162/63 (April turn of the year)

Syria: 2163/64 (October turn of the year)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar) 1908/09 (New Year's April)


politics and world affairs


Napoleon III, 1852, painting by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
  • November 21st: The plebiscite for the introduction of the Empire in France is answered with an overwhelming majority "yes".
  • December 2: President Charles-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte can be as Napoleon III. to be crowned Emperor of the French .

German Confederation/Denmark


Camillo Benso di Cavour around 1850

Other events in Europe

Isabella II. 1852, painting by Franz Xaver Winterhalter

United States of America

Cartoon on the US election campaign




science and technology

natural sciences

Magnus Effect


Launch of HMS Agamemnon
  • May 22 HMS Agamemnon , the first British ship of the line designed from the keel up as a steam-powered sailing ship, is launched.


  • August 14: The first locomotive drives over the newly built Portage Bridge in the US state of New York. The grand opening will take place on August 25th.
Giffard's airship

Teaching and Research


Visual arts


  • March 20: The novel Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published for the first time in book form with a circulation of 5,000. The work is sold out within 48 hours.
  • 29 April: Peter Mark Roget 's 15,000-word thesaurus appears in the UK, prompting rapid reprints due to high demand.

music and theatre

The Teatro Vittorio Emanuele II in 2017





The RMS Amazon
  • January 4: An uncontrollable fire broke out on the British paddle steamer RMS Amazon during its maiden voyage. The ship explodes and sinks, killing 104 people.
  • February 5: The Bilberry Dam in England ruptures, causing the "Holmfirth Flood" that kills at least 80 people.
  • February 26: The Royal Navy troop carrier Birkenhead is sunk off South Africa. Only 193 of the 643 people on board survive. In the event of a catastrophe, instead of the customary call , everyone for themselves! first call women and children first! used.


Historical maps and views

New Orleans 1852
Plan Baltimore 1852


January February

Constantine Fehrenbach, 1882
John Harvey Kellogg, circa 1910

March April

May June

Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Friedrich Loeffler
Antoni Gaudi, 1878

July August

September October

Henri Moissan
  • 0October 1: Heinrich Seeling , German architect (died 1932)
  • 0October 1 Richard Kralik , Austrian writer and cultural philosopher (died 1934)
  • 0October 2: Curt von François , German officer of the Schutztruppe of the former colony of German South West Africa, founder of the capital Windhoek († 1931)
  • October 2 William O'Brien , Irish journalist and politician (died 1928)
William Ramsay
Emil Fischer, 1902

November December

Henri Becquerel

Exact date of birth unknown


January to March

Louis Braille
  • 0January 6: Louis Braille , French inventor of Braille (b. 1809)
  • January 10: Amir Kabir , Persian politician, prime minister and reformer (b. 1807)
  • January 24: Jan Kollár , Slovak lyric poet and scholar (b. 1793)
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen
Nikolai Gogol

April to June

Friedrich Froebel

July to December

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
Friedrich Ludwig Jahn

Exact date of death unknown

web links

Commons : 1852  - Collection of images, videos and audio files