Calendar overview 1852
|Harriet Beecher Stowe 's novel Uncle Tom's Cabin is published for the first time in book form.||Birkenhead sinks , for the first time, the call comes women and children first! used.|
Cologne communist trial
takes place with great sympathy from the population.
|1852 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1300/01 (July turn of the year)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1844/45 (change of the year September 10th/11th)|
|Baha'i calendar||08/09 (New Year March 20th/21st)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1247/48 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)|
|Buddhist calendar||2395/96 (Southern Buddhism); 2394/95 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||75th (76th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1214/15 (April New Year)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4185/86 (October 2nd/3rd)|
|Iranian calendar||1230/31 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1268/69 (14/15 October)|
|Jewish calendar||5612/13 (September 13/14)|
|Coptic calendar||1568/69 (10/11 September)|
|Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire)||1267/68 (March 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2162/63 (April turn of the year)
Syria: 2163/64 (October turn of the year)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar)||1908/09 (New Year's April)|
politics and world affairs
- March 27: A decree by President Charles-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte abolishes penal labor in Bagnos in France . Convicted prisoners are instead deported to work in penal colonies .
- November 21st: The plebiscite for the introduction of the Empire in France is answered with an overwhelming majority "yes".
- December 2: President Charles-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte can be as Napoleon III. to be crowned Emperor of the French .
- May 8: In the London Protocol , the integrity of the Danish state as a whole is reaffirmed by the great powers. However, the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein will remain independent entities.
- October 4th to November 12th: Trial against members of the League of Communists in Cologne, on November 17th the League dissolves itself.
- November 4: Camillo Benso Count de Cavour becomes Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia .
- December 7: In a fortress near Mantua , Enrico Tazzoli , Carlo Poma and three other members of the liberation committee active in Mantua during the Risorgimento are executed after their arrest and conviction by the Austrians.
Other events in Europe
- February 2: The priest Martin Merino y Gomez attempts to assassinate Queen Isabella of Spain . His dagger doesn't inflict her any serious injuries. The assassin is executed.
- 13 March: Danilo II Petrović-Njegoš resigns his office as Prince-Bishop of Montenegro and establishes the hereditary Principality of Montenegro as Danilo I. In the same year there is a first war against the Ottoman Empire .
United States of America
- November 2: Democratic nominee Franklin Pierce wins the 1852 United States presidential election against Winfield Scott of the United States Whig Party . Other candidates include John Parker Hale of the Free Soil Party and Daniel Webster of the Union.
- 1 October: In the UK, the Patent Law Reform Act establishes the first patent law in its modern form.
- February 16: German-born farmer, blacksmith, and wagon maker Henry Studebaker founds US wagon and automobile manufacturer Studebaker in South Bend , Indiana .
- September 21: In Baden-Baden , Eduard Meßmer starts running a shop with groceries , which later becomes the tea trading company Messmer .
- June 18: Italian chocolatier Domingo Ghirardelli founds Ghirardelli & Girard in San Francisco , precursor to the United States and industry-renowned Ghirardelli Chocolate Company .
- November 10: The Grand Trunk Railway Company of Canada is incorporated.
- The Hungarian hardware dealer Josef Körösi founds an iron foundry in the Styrian municipality of Andritz , which expands rapidly and from which Andritz AG will develop over the next few decades.
- William Fargo and Henry Wells form the Wells Fargo Company to provide transportation, and later financial, services.
- Daniel Baird Wesson and Horace Smith found Smith & Wesson in Norwich , Connecticut .
science and technology
- George Gabriel Stokes first discovered and named fluorescence and what is now known as the Stokes shift . In this context, he makes his first observations of solar ultraviolet radiation .
- May 22 HMS Agamemnon , the first British ship of the line designed from the keel up as a steam-powered sailing ship, is launched.
- August 14: The first locomotive drives over the newly built Portage Bridge in the US state of New York. The grand opening will take place on August 25th.
- 24 September: The first airship , built by Henri Giffard , travels from Paris to Trappes using steam power.
- The new construction of the Asnières railway bridge , France's first wrought iron bridge, is opened. It was built according to plans by Eugène Flachat and calculations by Émile Clapeyron based on the model of the Britannia Bridge by the company of Ernest Goüin .
Teaching and Research
- 11 October: The University of Sydney begins teaching. It is the oldest university on the fifth continent .
- February 17: In Saint Petersburg, the collection of paintings in the Hermitage Museum opens to the public.
- The South Kensington Museum is founded in the London district of Kensington with a few exhibits from the 1851 London World's Fair .
- March 20: The novel Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe is published for the first time in book form with a circulation of 5,000. The work is sold out within 48 hours.
- 29 April: Peter Mark Roget 's 15,000-word thesaurus appears in the UK, prompting rapid reprints due to high demand.
music and theatre
- January 12: The neoclassical Teatro Santa Elisabetta in Messina , renamed Teatro Vittorio Emanuele II eight years later , opens.
- February 20: The comic opera Waldblume by Johann Friedrich Kittl has its world premiere .
- February 21: The world premiere of Adolphe Adam 's opéra-comique La poupée de Nuremberg (The Nuremberg Doll) takes place at the Opéra-Comique in Paris. The libretto is by Adolphe de Leuven and Arthur de Beauplan . In Germany, the translation by Ernst Pasqué can be seen for the first time on November 26 in Berlin.
- March 6: Michael William Balfe 's opera The Sicilian Bride premieres at the Theater Royal Drury Lane in London.
- March 19: The premiere of Adolphe Adam 's opera Der Kobold takes place at the Opéra-Comique in Paris.
- March 29: Kampl , a posse with vocals by Johann Nestroy and music by Carl Binder , premieres to great acclaim at the Carl Theater in Vienna.
- 4 September: The premiere of the opera Si j'étais roi ( If I were king ) by Adolphe Adam to the libretto by Adolphe d'Ennery and Jules-Henri Brésil takes place at the Théâtre-Lyrique in Paris.
- After many years of preparatory work, Freiherr Hans von und zu Aufseß founds the Germanisches Nationalmuseum in Nuremberg as a "general repertory". It uses the Tiergärtnertor tower as a storage facility for its exhibits.
- The Cirque d'Hiver in Paris is built.
- March 25: After a dispute in the Prussian state parliament a few days earlier, there was a gun duel between Georg von Vincke as the demander and Otto von Bismarck as the demanded party . However, no one was injured in the Vincke-Bismarck duel .
- January 6: Pope Pius IX. creates a Pontifical Commission on Christian Archeology . It aims to ensure the protection of the ancient Holy Places, particularly in Rome and the surrounding area, for the purpose of further exploration.
- May 17: Encyclical Probe noscitis venerabiles by Pope Pius IX.
- January 4: An uncontrollable fire broke out on the British paddle steamer RMS Amazon during its maiden voyage. The ship explodes and sinks, killing 104 people.
- February 5: The Bilberry Dam in England ruptures, causing the "Holmfirth Flood" that kills at least 80 people.
- February 26: The Royal Navy troop carrier Birkenhead is sunk off South Africa. Only 193 of the 643 people on board survive. In the event of a catastrophe, instead of the customary call , everyone for themselves! first call women and children first! used.
- July: The two German chess champions Adolf Anderssen and Jean Dufresne play the so-called evergreen game in Berlin .
- The world's oldest written hockey rulebook, the Rules of Harrow , are published in England.
Historical maps and views
- Mite Kremnitz , German writer (died 1916) January 4:
- Edwin Le Roy Antony , American politician (died 1913) January 5:
- Johann Friedrich Andreas Bollmann , German original († 1901) January 5:
- Franjo Vilhar Kalski , Croatian composer (died 1928) January 5:
- January 10: Friedrich Lange , German journalist and politician (died 1917)
- January 11: Friedrich Spitta , German Protestant theologian (died 1924)
- January 11: Constantin Fehrenbach , German Chancellor in the Weimar Republic († 1926)
- January 12: Joseph Joffre , French general, Marshal of France (died 1931)
- January 12: Hugo Zöller , German explorer and journalist (died 1933)
- January 16: Stephan Burián , Austro-Hungarian politician (died 1922)
- January 18 Adolf Walewski , Polish actor, director and playwright (d. 1911)
- January 22: Joshua Willis Alexander , American politician (died 1936)
- January 25: Emilie Vollmöller , German social reformer (died 1894)
- January 26: Frederick Corder , English composer (d. 1932)
- January 26: Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza , French naval officer and traveler to Africa (died 1905)
- January 28: Louis Brennan , Irish-Australian designer and inventor (d. 1932)
- January 28: George Wellington , American politician (died 1927)
- January 29 Kazimierz Morawski , Polish philologist, historian and translator (died 1925)
- January 30: Carl Schrader , German astronomer and bryologist (died 1930)
- Terauchi Masatake , Prime Minister of Japan (died 1919) February 5:
- Emmerich von Arco auf Valley , German diplomat (died 1909) February 8:
- Gustav Körte , German archaeologist (died 1917) February 8:
- February 12: Gottfried Friedrich Aly , German classical scholar and school politician († 1913)
- February 13: Ion Luca Caragiale , Romanian writer (died 1912)
- February 13: Dietrich Graf von Huelsen-Haeseler , German infantry general (died 1908)
- February 13: Johan Ludvig Emil Dreyer , Danish astronomer and historian of science (died 1926)
- February 16 Charles Taze Russell , American founder of the International Bible Students (died 1916)
- February 20 Charles Erskine Scott Wood , US military officer, lawyer, writer (d. 1944)
- February 21: Henry Lloyd (politician) , American politician (d. 1920)
- February 22 Adolf Gaston Eugen Fick , German ophthalmologist (died 1937)
- February 23: Dục Đức , fifth emperor of Vietnam's Nguyễn dynasty (died 1883)
- February 24: Konrad Beyrich , German explorer and naturalist (died after 1894)
- February 24 George Moore , Irish writer (died 1933)
- February 26 – John Harvey Kellogg , American doctor and inventor of corn flakes (d. 1943)
- February 27: John McLane , American politician (died 1911)
- February 28: Anton Maria Schwartz , founder of the Kalasantines, Seliger (d. 1929)
- Théophile Delcassé , statesman of the French Third Republic (d. 1923) March 1:
- Friedrich Hahn , German geographer (died 1917) March 3:
- Kristján Jónsson , Prime Minister of Iceland (died 1926) March 4:
- Nariakira Arisaka , Japanese military (died 1915) April 5:
- Isabella Augusta Gregory , Irish novelist (d. 1932) March 5:
- Josef Bayer , Austrian composer (died 1913) March 6:
- Joseph Deniker , French anthropologist (died 1918) March 6:
- Takamura Kōun , Japanese sculptor (d. 1934) March 8:
- Matthew Arthur , Scottish businessman and peer (died 1928) March 9
- March 10: Richard Anschütz , German chemist (died 1937)
- March 12: Richard Altmann , German histologist and pathologist († 1900)
- March 13: Oscar Blumenthal , German novelist and playwright (died 1917)
- March 14: Albert Nikolayevich Benois , Russian painter (died 1936)
- March 17 Eugen Landau , German banker, industrialist and philanthropist (died 1935)
- March 19: Heinrich Moritz Graf von Attems-Heiligenkreuz , Austrian cavalry general and Imperial and Royal Privy Councilor († 1926)
- March 20: John Franklin Fort , American politician (died 1920)
- March 21: Arthur Milchhöfer , German archaeologist († 1903)
- March 22 Theodore Davie , Canadian politician (died 1898)
- March 22: Hector-Irénée Sévin , Archbishop of Lyon and Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 1916)
- March 24: Alexander Schoeller , German banker (died 1911)
- March 30: James Theodore Bent , British traveler and archaeologist (died 1897)
- Edwin Austin Abbey , American painter and illustrator (died 1911) April 1
- Paul von Krause , German lawyer and politician (died 1923) April 4:
- Franz Eckert , German composer (died 1916) April 5:
- April 11: Bérenger Saunière , vicar in Rennes-le-Château (died 1917)
- April 12 Agnes Sapper , German writer (died 1929)
- April 12: Ferdinand von Lindemann , German mathematician (died 1939)
- April 12: Eduard Schulze , German officer and traveler (d. 1885)
- April 13: Winfield Woolworth , founder of the American department store and supermarket chain Woolworth (d. 1919)
- April 14: Maximilian Delphinius Berlitz , German-American language teacher and founder of the “Berlitz Sprachschulen” († 1921)
- April 14: Henrique Oswald , Brazilian composer (d. 1931)
- April 15: Josef Freinademetz , Catholic religious, China missionary and saint (d. 1908)
- April 17 Ida Boy-Ed , German writer (died 1928)
- April 18 Friedrich von Thiersch , German architect and painter (died 1921)
- April 20 Alberto Pedrazzini , Swiss politician and writer (died 1930)
- April 21: Victoriano Guisasola y Menéndez , Archbishop of Valencia and Toledo, cardinal (d. 1920)
- April 22: William IV , Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Duke of Nassau († 1912)
- April 25 Leopoldo Alas (Clarín) , Spanish writer (died 1901)
- April 25: Jules Bovon , Swiss evangelical minister and university teacher (d. 1904)
- April 30: Hans Bachmann , Swiss painter (died 1917)
- April 30: Marcell Driver , German lawyer and politician (died 1912)
- Friedrich Philipp von Abert , German archbishop (died 1912) May 1:
- Santiago Ramón y Cajal , Spanish physician and Nobel Prize winner (died 1934) May 1:
- Alice Liddell , template for the heroine in Alice in Wonderland (d. 1934) May 4:
- Pietro Gasparri , Italian Cardinal Secretary of State (died 1934) May 5:
- Viktor Gluth , German composer and music teacher (died 1917) May 6:
- Filippo Giustini , Roman Catholic cardinal (died 1920) May 8
- May 14: Alton B. Parker , attorney and US Presidential candidate 1904 († 1926)
- May 16: Eduard Zacharias , German botanist (died 1911)
- May 18: Julius Anton Adam , German genre and animal painter and lithographer († 1913)
- May 18: Itzhok Lejb Perez , Polish writer (died 1915)
- May 20: Louis Artaud , French politician (died 1937)
- May 22: Moritz von Auffenberg , Austro-Hungarian general (d. 1928)
- May 22: Niwa Jun'ichirō , Japanese translator and writer (d. 1919)
- May 22 – Émile Sauret , French violin virtuoso and composer († 1920)
- May 23: Weldon B. Heyburn , American politician (d. 1912)
- May 23 Henri van Kol , Dutch Social Democrat (died 1925)
- May 25: Franz Hilarius Ascher , Austrian land and mine owner, mining consultant, director general, editor-in-chief and publisher († 1929)
- May 30: Joseph Probst , German local historian († 1899)
- May 31 Perito Moreno , Argentine geographer, anthropologist and explorer (died 1919)
- May 31: Julius Richard Petri , German bacteriologist (died 1921)
- Paul Koechlin , French industrialist and racing driver (d. 1907) June 2:
- Elkan Bauer , Austrian composer (died 1942) June 5:
- Carl Georg Oscar Drude , German botanist (died 1933) June 5:
- Alfred Amschl , Austrian lawyer and writer (died 1926) June 7:
- Ludwig Zimmermann , German-Baltic Protestant martyr (died 1906) June 9:
- June 15 Daniel Burley Woolfall , British football official, FIFA President (died 1918)
- June 18: Ján Černoch , Archbishop of Esztergom and Cardinal (died 1927)
- June 19: Richard Kund , German officer and explorer (died 1904)
- June 20 Georg Wilhelm Abel , German-Guatemalan diplomat (died 1926)
- June 24 Eugen von Aichelburg , Austrian politician (died 1917)
- June 24: Friedrich Loeffler , German hygienist (died 1915)
- June 24: Victor Adler , Austrian politician (died 1918)
- June 25: Antoni Gaudí , Spanish architect of Catalan Modernism (d. 1926)
- June 28: Georg Loeschcke , German classical scholar and archaeologist († 1915)
- June 29: Robert Kidston , English botanist (d. 1924)
- Rafael Joseffy , Hungarian pianist and music teacher (died 1915) July 3
- Pedro Antonio Díaz , President of Panama (d. 1919) July 5
- Arnulf of Bavaria , Prince of Bavaria (died 1907) July 6
- July 11: Johann Josef Ammann , Austrian ethnographer and educator († 1913)
- July 12: Franz Himstedt , German physicist (died 1933)
- July 12 Hipólito Yrigoyen , President of Argentina (died 1933)
- July 13: Franz Oppenheim , German chemist and industrialist (died 1929)
- July 14 – James Dwight , American tennis player (d. 1917)
- July 14: Walter Robert-Tornow , German translator (died 1895)
- July 21: William Lossow , German architect (died 1914)
- July 25: Minas Cheras , Armenian writer and teacher (died 1929)
- July 30: Ludwig Hoffmann , German architect and city planner in Berlin († 1932)
- Eilhard Wiedemann , German physicist (died 1928) August 1:
- Bernhard Duhr , German Jesuit, theologian and historian (died 1930) August 2:
- Clemens Denhardt , German explorer of Africa (died 1929) August 3:
- Domenico Serafini , Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (died 1918) August 3
- Joseph Emmanuel II Toma , Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans (died 1947) August 8:
- Paul Leonhardt , German politician, honorary citizen of Wittenberg (died 1927) August 8:
- August 12 Leo von Abbema , German architect (died 1929)
- August 16 Adolf Schlatter , Swiss Protestant theologian (died 1938)
- August 16: Hermann von Soden , Evangelical Lutheran theologian (died 1914)
- August 21: James Peabody , American politician (died 1917)
- August 21 Hermann Speck von Sternburg , German diplomat and art collector (died 1908)
- August 23 Arnold Toynbee , British economic historian (died 1883)
- August 23: Ocke Christian Nerong , Schleswig-Holstein teacher and local researcher († 1909)
- August 24: Ferdinand Hueppe , German physician and President of the DFB († 1938)
- August 30: Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff , Dutch chemist (d. 1911)
- Paul Bourget , French poet and critic (died 1935) September 2:
- Karl von Müller , German theologian (died 1940) September 3:
- Edoardo Mascheroni , Italian conductor and composer (died 1941) September 4:
- Robert Copland-Crawford , British soldier, footballer and cricketer (1894) September 5
- Mila Kupfer-Berger , Austrian opera singer and singing teacher († 1905) September 6:
- Lilla Pauline Emilie Gäde , German painter († 1932) September 8:
- Gojong , Korean king at the end of Joseon Dynasty († 1919) September 8:
- John Henry Poynting , English physicist (died 1914) September 9:
- September 12: Herbert Henry Asquith , British politician and Prime Minister (died 1928)
- September 13 Obadiah Gardner , American politician (died 1938)
- September 14: Joseph Franz Bittner , German organ builder (died 1915)
- September 14: Hermann Lattemann , German professional aeronaut and parachutist († 1894)
- September 14: Simo Matavulj , Serbian writer (died 1908)
- September 18: Hans Wagner , German father of the Philatelistentage (died 1940)
- September 23 William Stewart Halsted , American surgeon (d. 1922)
- September 24: Joseph Martin , Canadian politician (died 1923)
- 28 September John French, 1st Earl of Ypres , British Field Marshal (d. 1925)
- September 28: Henri Moissan , French chemist (d. 1907)
- September 29 Lewis Dewart Apsley , American politician (died 1925)
- September 30: Charles Villiers Stanford , Irish composer (d. 1924)
- Heinrich Seeling , German architect (died 1932) October 1:
- Richard Kralik , Austrian writer and cultural philosopher (died 1934) October 1
- Curt von François , German officer of the Schutztruppe of the former colony of German South West Africa, founder of the capital Windhoek († 1931) October 2:
- October 2 William O'Brien , Irish journalist and politician (died 1928)
- William Ramsay , British chemist and Nobel laureate (d. 1916) October 2:
- Isidor Mautner , Austrian industrialist († 1930) October 7:
- Heinrich Leonhard Adolphi , German-Baltic pastor, chess player, evangelical martyr (died 1918) October 9:
- Emil Fischer , German chemist and Nobel Prize winner (died 1919) October 9:
- October 14 – Otto Binswanger , German university lecturer, psychiatrist and neurologist († 1929)
- October 16 Karl Ludwig Schemann , German writer, translator and race researcher († 1938)
- October 22: Adam Müller-Guttenbrunn , Austrian writer and theater director († 1923)
- October 24 George W. Clarke , American politician (died 1936)
- October 28: Theodor Fritsch , German publicist of anti-Semitic writings († 1933)
- October 28: Heinrich Otto Lehmann , German legal scholar, legal historian and university lecturer († 1904)
- October 30: Casimir von Arx , Swiss politician (died 1931)
- October 31: Robert von Pöhlmann , German ancient historian († 1914)
- Mutsuhito , Emperor of Japan (died 1912) November 3:
- November 10: Theodor Fuendeling , bookseller and publisher in Hamelin († 1919)
- November 11: Franz Graf Conrad von Hötzendorf , Austrian field marshal (died 1925)
- November 14: Alfred Lichtwark , German art historian, museum director and art educator († 1914)
- November 15: Tawfiq , Khedive of Egypt (died 1892)
- November 16: Friedrich August , Grand Duke of Oldenburg (died 1931)
- November 21: Francisco Tárrega , Spanish guitarist and composer (d. 1909)
- November 22: Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant , founder and president of the French parliamentary group for voluntary arbitration (d. 1924)
- November 25: Paul Hillemacher , French composer and pianist (d. 1933)
- November 26: Hermann Howaldt , German engineer (died 1900)
- November 26: Yamamoto Gonnohyōe , Prime Minister of Japan, Chief Admiral of the Grand Fleet, Imperial Japanese Navy († 1933)
- November 30: Peter Joseph Lausberg , auxiliary bishop in Cologne († 1922)
- Tōkai Sanshi , Japanese writer († 1922) December 2:
- John Kean , American politician (died 1914) December 4:
- December 13: Emanuel Schreiber , Austrian rabbi and publicist (died 1932)
- December 14: Richard Ritter Schubert von Soldern , Austrian philosopher (died 1924)
- December 15: Antoine Henri Becquerel , French physicist (d. 1908)
- December 19 Albert A. Michelson , American physicist (d. 1931)
- December 22: Bruno Kircheisen , German organ builder (died 1921)
- December 23: Josef Strobach , Austrian politician, mayor of Vienna († 1905)
- December 25: Henry Tifft Gage , American politician (died 1924)
- December 31: Carl Stegmann , German philologist and high school director († 1929)
Exact date of birth unknown
- Louis Allard , French trombonist and music teacher (died 1940)
- Antonio Vanegas Arroyo , Mexican publisher (died 1917)
- Badi' , Persian martyr of Bahaism (died 1869)
- Tadeusz Ajdukiewicz , Polish portrait, genre and military painter (died 1916)
- Minnie Walton , Australian-American singer and actress (died 1879)
January to March
- Gabriel Ferry , French writer (b. 1809) January 5:
- Louis Braille , French inventor of Braille (b. 1809) January 6:
- January 10: Amir Kabir , Persian politician, prime minister and reformer (b. 1807)
- January 24: Jan Kollár , Slovak lyric poet and scholar (b. 1793)
- January 25: Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen , Russian navigator (b. 1778)
- January 27: Paavo Ruotsalainen , Finnish revivalist (b. 1777)
- February 21: Joaquín Acosta , Colombian scientist (b. 1799/1800)
- February 24: Ethan Allen Brown , American politician (born 1776)
- February 25: Thomas Moore , Irish writer (b. 1779)
- February 27: Joseph Drechsler , Austrian composer and music teacher (b. 1782)
- Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont , French general (b. 1774) March 2:
- Nikolai Gogol , Russian writer (b. 1809) March 4:
- March 10: Armand Marrast , French journalist (b. 1801)
- March 12: Georg August von Auenfels , Austrian Major General and Knight of the Military Order of Maria Theresa (b. 1773)
- March 13: Georg Moller , German architect and town planner (b. 1784)
- March 14: Charles Nicolas d'Anthouard de Vraincourt , French General of Division of Artillery (b. 1773)
- March 14: Friedrich Wilhelm Wäldner , German organ builder (b. 1785)
- March 17: Ferdinand Oechsle , German mechanic, goldsmith and inventor (b. 1774)
- March 18: Friedrich Wilhelm Carové , German jurist, Germanist and philosopher (born 1789)
- March 19: Zoé Talon , Comtesse du Cayla, confidante of Louis XVIII. (*1785)
- March 22: Sir John Harvey , British general and colonial administrator (b. 1778)
- March 22: Jeremiah Morrow , American politician (born 1771)
- March 23: Heinrich Karl Ludwig Bardeleben , German jurist and politician (b. 1775)
- March 23: Alexis de Garaudé , French music teacher and composer (b. 1779)
April to June
- Felix Fürst zu Schwarzenberg , Austrian politician and diplomat (b. 1800) April 5:
- François-Louis Cailler , Swiss chocolate pioneer (b. 1796) April 6:
- Adolph Scharenberg , German portrait and porcelain painter (b. 1766) April 8:
- 24 April: Leopold I , Grand Duke of Baden (b. 1790)
- April 30: Charles Andrews , American politician (b. 1814)
- Antoine Monastier , Franco-Swiss evangelical clergyman and historian (b. 1774) May 1:
- Friedrich Wilhelm Karl von Arnim , Chief of Police of Berlin (b. 1786) 3 May:
- Sara Coleridge , English novelist and translator (b. 1802) May 3:
- Haji Murat , leader of the resistance struggle of the North Caucasian peoples against the Russian occupiers (b. 1797/99) May 5:
- William Bellinger Bulloch , American politician (born 1777) May 6:
- May 15: Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams , First Lady of the United States (b. 1775)
- May 15: Karl Joseph Aloys Agricola , miniaturist and engraver (b. 1779)
- May 23 Carlo Amati , Italian architect (b. 1776)
- May 23: Georg Jakob Strunz , German musician and composer (born 1781)
- May 26: Johan Gunder Adler , co-author of the Norwegian Basic Law (b. 1784)
- May 27: Eduard Dohlhoff , German physician and medical councilor (b. 1799)
- Jens Christian Berg , Norwegian jurist and historian (b. 1775) June 4:
- James Pradier , French sculptor (b. 1790) June 4:
- Tomasz Napoleon Nidecki , Polish composer (b. 1807) June 5:
- Perry Smith , American politician (b. 1783) June 8:
- June 15: Friedrich Groos , German physician and philosopher (b. 1768)
- June 16: Ludwig von Hartmann , German industrial pioneer (b. 1766)
- June 21: Friedrich Fröbel , German educator (b. 1782)
- 24 June: Wilhelm Carl Ferdinand von Ahlefeldt-Laurvigen , canon of the cathedral chapter of Lübeck Cathedral (b. 1769)
- June 27: Lemuel H. Arnold , American politician (b. 1792)
- June 28 Karl Ernst Schmid , German legal scholar (b. 1774)
- June 29: Henry Clay , US Secretary of State (b. 1777)
July to December
- James S. Calhoun , American politician (b. 1802) July 2:
- Thomas McKennan , American politician (b. 1794) July 9:
- July 19: John McKinley , American politician and lawyer (b. 1780)
- July 27: Johann Andreas Schmeller , German scholar and Bavarian linguist (b. 1785)
- Robert Rantoul , American politician (born 1805) August 7:
- August 14: Margaret Taylor , United States First Lady (b. 1788)
- August 14: Eberhard von Wächter , German painter (b. 1762)
- August 15: Johan Gadolin , Finnish chemist (b. 1760)
- August 24: Sarah Guppy , British inventor (b. 1770)
- August 24: Joseph Vance , American politician (b. 1786)
- William Pitt Adams , British diplomat (b. 1804) September 4:
- 14 September Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington , British military leader (b. 1769)
- September 19: Émilie de Rodat , French religious sister, mystic and founder of a religious order (b. 1787)
- September 21: John Chambers , American politician (b. 1780)
- September 21: William Badger , American politician (b. 1779)
- September 23: John Vanderlyn , American painter (b. 1775)
- September 24: Francisco Javier Castaños , Spanish duke and general (b. 1756)
- September 27: Adolf Overweg , German astronomer, geologist and explorer of Africa (b. 1822)
- September 28: Jehu Jones , American pastor (b. 1786)
- September 30: Constans Pontin , Swedish writer, publicist and jurist (b. 1819)
- José Ballivián , President of Bolivia (b. 1805) October 6:
- Charles Marie Auguste de Beaumont d'Autichamp , French general (b. 1805) October 6:
- October 13: John Lloyd Stephens , American explorer, amateur archaeologist, author, lawyer and diplomat (b. 1805)
- October 15: Friedrich Ludwig Jahn , German gymnastics father (b. 1778)
- October 17: Anton Apponyi von Nagy-Apponyi , Austrian diplomat (b. 1782)
- October 26: Johann Erdmann Hummel , German painter (b. 1769)
- 31 October: Edward Bransfield , Irish-Scottish navigator and explorer (b. 1785)
- October: Carl Alexander Simon , German painter and poet (b. 1805)
- November 10: Gideon Mantell , English physician, geologist and paleontologist (b. 1790)
- November 11: David Henshaw , American politician (b. 1791)
- November 12: Adolph Schoder , Württemberg politician (b. 1817)
- November 13: Karol Bołoz Antoniewicz , Polish theologian and missionary (b. 1807)
- November 16 Philipp Peter Crößmann , German Protestant theologian (b. 1793)
- November 18: Anton Bernhard Fürstenau , German flautist and composer (b. 1792)
- November 21: Ludwig Gustav von Thile , Prussian general and chief of the military cabinet (b. 1781)
- November 23: John Sergeant , American politician (b. 1779)
- November 24: Walter Forward , American politician (b. 1786)
- November 26: Aeneas Coffey , Irish engineer (b. 1780)
- November 27: Ada Lovelace , British mathematician (b. 1815)
- Ernst Casimir I of Ysenburg and Büdingen , 1st Prince of Ysenburg and Büdingen (b. 1781) 1 December:
- December 13 Karl Baldamus , German jurist, publicist, lyricist, storyteller and poet (b. 1784)
- December 13: Edward Seguin , American opera singer and impresario (b. 1809)
- December 15: Józef Damse , Polish composer (b. 1789)
- December 15: Cornelius P. Van Ness , American politician (b. 1782)
- 16 December: Andries Hendrik Potgieter , Boer politician and Voortrekker leader (b. 1792)
Exact date of death unknown
- Abdullah bin Abdul Kadir , Malaysian scholar (b. 1795)
- Qurrat al-ʿAyn , Persian poet and martyr of Babism (b. 1814)
- Mirza-Schaffy , Azerbaijani poet (b. 1794)