Friedrich Groos

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Friedrich Groos (born April 23, 1768 in Karlsruhe , † June 15, 1852 in Eberbach / Neckar ) was a German doctor and philosopher .

The son of the Baden court and church councilor Emanuel Groos studied law in Tübingen and Stuttgart from 1788 . In 1792 he studied medicine in Freiburg im Breisgau and Pavia . He received his doctorate in 1796 and then worked at the city ​​physician in Karlsruhe.

During a serious illness he immersed himself in the writings of the Stoa . From 1805 to 1813 he worked as a doctor in Odenheim , Gochsheim , Karlsruhe and in Stein near Pforzheim . In 1814 he succeeded Johann Christian Roller , the father of Christian Friedrich Roller , as a senior doctor in the insane asylum in Pforzheim.

With the relocation of the insane asylum in 1826, he moved to Heidelberg . There he also gave lectures on psychiatry and retired in 1836. The departure from work as a doctor was honored with the award of the Knight's Cross of the Zähringen Order of the Lions .

His writings belonged to the direction of Romanticism around 1800. He had written on philosophy, medicine , psychology , psychiatry and forensic medicine . He attributed mental illness to both psychological and spiritual causes. He assesses the causes on "unhappy union and the confluence of a psychological or moral and an organic abnormality." The corresponding treatment can therefore only be physical and psychological.


  • Reflections on Moral Freedom and Immortality . 1818.
  • About the homeopathic healing principle. A critical word . 1825.
  • Investigations into the moral and organic conditions of irreseyn and viciousness . 1826.
  • Draft of a philosophical basis for the doctrine of mental illness . 1828.
  • Ideas for the establishment of a supreme principle for psychological legal medicine . 1829.
  • Schelling's doctrine of God and freedom challenged before the judgment seat of sound reason . 1829.
  • My doctrine of the personal persistence of the human spirit after death . 1840.
  • The way through the forecourt of political freedom to the temple of moral freedom . 1849 (including his autobiography).


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