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The Confederation of Bar
The Bar Confederation tries in vain
for Poland's independence from Russia.
Map of Corsica
With the Treaty of Versailles , Corsica becomes French.
Title page of EB 1771
The first volume of the
first edition of the
Encyclopædia Britannica appears.
1768 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1216/17 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1760/61 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1173/74 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2311/12 (southern Buddhism); 2310/11 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the earth-rat戊子 ( at the beginning of the year fire-pig 丁亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1130/31 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4101/02 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1146/47 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1181/82 (May 17/18)
Jewish calendar 5528/29 (September 11-12)
Coptic calendar 1484/85 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 943/944
Seleucid era Babylon: 2078/79 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2079/80 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1824/25 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Poland / Russia / Ottoman Empire

The Russian ambassador Nikolai Repnin , namesake of the Repnin Sejm
Murder of a Jew during the Uman massacre


Étienne-François de Choiseul, Duke of Amboise

With the Treaty of Versailles of May 15, the Republic of Genoa transferred the island of Corsica to its ally France as security for the debts it had incurred in recent years as a result of the fight against the insurgents there. France receives the rights to use the island for a period of 10 years in return for an annual pension. Since it is foreseeable that Genoa will not be able to repay its debts , the agreement brokered by the French Foreign and War Minister Étienne-François de Choiseul amounts to a definitive assignment. However, when the French attempt to land on the island with 10,000 men in order to take possession of it, they are fought and driven out by the Corsican resistance fighters under the leadership of Pasquale Paoli and Carlo Buonaparte .

Holy Roman Empire

Clemens Wenzeslaus of Saxony
Title page of the Constitutio Criminalis Theresiana


Flag of the Thonburi Empire

At the turn of the year, Phraya Taksin crowns himself King of Siam after his victory over the Burmese occupation forces of King Hsinbyushin from the Konbaung dynasty , which was leaderless due to the destruction of its capital Ayutthaya the previous year. Instead of rebuilding the old capital, he founds the new Kingdom of Thonburi . However, since the previous year there have been numerous local warlords who do not recognize Thonburi's sovereignty .

Voyages of discovery

Louis Antoine de Bougainville
Bougainville's arrival in Tahiti , illustration from Les Navigateurs français: histoire des navigations, découvertes et colonisations françaises , 1846
Samuel Wallis / Philipp Carteret
  • When Samuel Wallis, despite his merits, was refused command of the Endeavor and the associated Pacific voyage in favor of James Cook , he left the Navy and withdrew into private life.
James Cook
Replica of the Endeavor


science and technology


Visual arts

The experiment with the bird in the air pump
Johann Zoffany : The portraits of the founding members of the Royal Academy (1771–72, oil on canvas).



Presumably on December 7th, the world premiere of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Singspiel Bastien und Bastienne will take place in Schwechat near Vienna . The libretto is by Friedrich Wilhelm Weiskern , Johann Heinrich Müller and Johann Andreas Schachtner. It is based on Charles-Simon Favarts , Marie Justine Benoîte Favarts and Harny de Guervilles Les amours de Bastien et Bastienne , a parody of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's one-act opera Le devin du village ( The Village Fortune Teller ). The Singspiel consists of one act and is written in German. Leopold Mozart calls it an operetta , for the librettist Weiskern it is “a French opera comique ”. This genre is very fashionable at this point.

In the same year Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart composed the opera La finta semplice . At the suggestion of Emperor Joseph II , he did this for the first time in the style of opera buffa . Due to intrigues, however, the work will not be performed until next year.



Interior view of the orphanage church

Historical maps and views

Italy 1768
New York Frontier 1768


First quarter

Joseph Bonaparte as King of Spain
Francis II, 1792
Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier, 1796

Second quarter

Third quarter

François-René de Chateaubriand

Fourth Quarter

Friedrich Schleiermacher

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1768

  • Tecumseh , political and military leader of the Shawnee and other Indian tribes († 1813 )


First half of the year

Johann Joachim Winckelmann 1768
Queen Maria Leszczyńska's tomb in Saint-Denis

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1768  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files