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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

An embassy from Narai, king of the Thai empire Ayutthaya, arrives at the court of Louis XIV.
An embassy from Narai , king of the Thai empire Ayutthaya , arrives at the court of Louis XIV .
Emperor Leopold I. Charles II Charles XI. Maximilian II Emanuel

Emperor Leopold I , Karl II. Of Spain, Karl XI. of Sweden and Maximilian II of Bavaria form the Augsburg alliance
against Louis XIV of France.

1686 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1134/35 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1678/79 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1091/1092 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2229/30 (southern Buddhism); 2228/29 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the fire tiger丙寅 ( at the beginning of the year wood buffalo 乙丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1048/49 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4019/20 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1064/65
Islamic calendar 1097/98 (turn of the year 16/17 November)
Jewish calendar 5446/47 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 1402/03 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 861/862
Seleucid era Babylon: 1996/97 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1997/98 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1742/43 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Augsburg Alliance / France

Great Turkish War

Plan of the fortress of Buda and the siege in 1686
Charles Herbel, The Storming of Ofen 1686 (before 1701)
  • Mid-June: In the Great Turkish War , after a first unsuccessful attempt in 1684, the second siege of Ofen begins . An imperial army of 75,000 to 80,000 men under Charles of Lorraine includes the city ​​of Ofen , which is held by a 7,000-man Ottoman garrison under Abdurrahman Abdi Pascha .
  • July 27th : The first major attack on the fortifications is repulsed by the Ottomans.
  • August: An Ottoman relief army arrives in front of Ofen, but shies away from the open field battle against the siege army and only gives it several small skirmishes.
  • September 2nd : Charles V of Lorraine and his troops recaptured the city in a general storm after 143 years of Ottoman rule. In the massacre that followed the conquest, around 3,000 Turks were murdered and numerous women were raped. The anger of the conquerors is also directed against the Jewish community of Oven, which is almost wiped out.

Poland-Lithuania / Russia

Poland-Lithuania and its neighbors 1686
The peace treaty between Poland and Russia

With the Treaty of Moscow on May 6th, the eternal peace between Tsarist Russia and Poland-Lithuania is concluded. He formally ended the Russo-Polish War 1654–1667 and confirmed the agreements made in the 1667 Andrussowo armistice . The Rzeczpospolita is by the Poznań voivode Krzysztof Grzymułtowski represented the Russian side by Knyaz Vasily Golitsyn . Both sides undertake not to enter into a separate peace with the Ottoman Empire . By signing the treaty, Russia also joins the anti-Ottoman Holy League .

American colonies

In the English colony of South Carolina , a law is passed for the first time that regulates the content of slavery .



science and technology

Culture and religion

Engraving of a cross and an eagle on the Stephansturm



Date of birth saved

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Otto von Guericke

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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