Calendar overview 1750
Treaty of Madrid , Spain and Portugal redistribute
their possessions in South America .
Joseph I becomes
King of Portugal .
Josef Friedrich Wilhelm becomes
Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen .
|1750 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1198/99 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1742/43 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1155/56 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2293/94 (southern Buddhism); 2292/93 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||74th (75th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1112/13 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4083/84 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1128/29 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1163/1164 (turn of the year 29/30 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5510/11 (September 30th / October 1st)|
|Coptic calendar||1466/67 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2060/61 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2061/62 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1806/07 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
- January 13 : In the Treaty of Madrid , Spain and Portugal agree to redefine the boundaries of their possessions in South America . It replaces several older contract documents. As a result of the treaty, Portugal hands over the Colonia del Sacramento to Spain and in return receives, among other things, the southern territories at the source of the Río Ibicuí . Resistance is stirring in the Jesuit reductions that are also affected by this .
- In the Treaty of Madrid, Spain and Great Britain agree to dissolve the Asiento de Negros, confirmed in the Peace of Aachen , for a fee of 100,000 pounds .
- June 4th : After the death of his unmarried cousin Friedrich Ludwig, Josef Friedrich Wilhelm becomes Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen . On June 25th, he married the rich Spanish heir daughter Maria Theresia Folch de Cardona y Sylva, Countess of Guadalest and Castilnovo, who as a marriage condition demanded the expulsion of all Jews from the principality. Since the young princess drowns in Vienna on September 25th, the deportation is not carried out. Josef Friedrich Wilhelm subsequently proved to be tolerant of other religious communities.
- July 31 : After the death of John V of Portugal , his son Joseph I ascends the throne. Since the enlightened ruler criticized his father's extravagance and support for the Inquisition during his lifetime , he only appoints aristocrats to his advisory staff who stood in opposition to his father, including Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello , who later became Marquês de Pombal.
- With the Revised General Privilege, King Friedrich II of Prussia enacts a new Jewish order that divides Prussian Jews into six classes and, among other things, ensures that only a few wealthy Jewish families are allowed to live in larger cities that support the mercantilist policy of the Prussian king . The mass of Jews must live in the country or in small towns. Despite the restrictions, the number of Jewish families living in Brandenburg continues to grow.
- January 13 : Sulayman II of the Safavid dynasty ascends the Persian throne after defeating Shah Ruch . But already at the Nouruzfest at the end of March he was overthrown and killed. The Afsharide Shah Ruch is freed and again ascends the peacock throne .
- November 11 : Gyurme Namgyal , who as ruler of Tibet , has tried using the Dzungaria the Chinese to break domination in his kingdom is of two Chinese Ambanen murdered along with his companions. Only his steward Lobsang Trashi can escape by jumping out the window. Shortly thereafter, he unleashed an uprising, which, however, received no support from the Tibetan nobility and quickly collapsed again. The 7th Dalai Lama Kelsang Gyatsho becomes the new Tibetan ruler under the sovereignty of China .
- After the death of Opoku Ware I. there was fighting for rule in the Ashanti Empire in the capital Kumasi . Kusi Obodom finally prevails and becomes the third Asantehene . However, he has little reputation.
- The allied Arapaho and Cheyenne became the politically and militarily dominant tribes of the Central Plains from 1750 onwards .
- German currency history before 1871 : Frederick the Great commissioned the Prussian General Mint Director Johann Philipp Graumann to reform the Prussian coin system. The Graumann coin footing , according to which 14 Prussian Reichstalers are minted from a fine Cologne mark , spread rapidly.
- November 7th : In the Austrian states, the convention thaler (10 thalers from the fine mark ) replaces the previously valid Reichstaler .
- Mecklenburg coin history : Mecklenburg mints significantly lower-value coins, the circulation of which is banned in Prussia.
- June 29th : The first edition of the Hanover advertisements appears. The sheet is printed by the Landschaftliche Buchdruckerey . The publisher is Heinrich Ernst Christoph Schlüter in the Intelligence Comptoir, also founded by Albrecht Christoph von Wüllen in 1750 .
- The Giesser Wochenblatt is founded.
- The Schleswig-Holstein advertisements appear for the first time.
- The Landschaftliche Brandkasse Hannover is founded.
- In Huppendorf will Brauerei Grasser founded.
- The Connemann oil mill is founded.
science and technology
- December 16 : In Christiania the Krigsskolen is established as Den frie matematiske skole i Christiania by royal decree.
- The Swiss archaeologist Karl Weber discovered the ancient Villa dei Papiri near Herculaneum .
- The French monk and astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille travels to the Cape of Good Hope to calculate the parallaxes of the moon , Venus and Mars more precisely.
- In the Habsburg town of Rovereto , young intellectuals found the scientific society Accademia Roveretana degli Agiati .
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau writes and publishes the Discours sur les sciences et les arts ( treatise on the sciences and the arts ).
- January 12th : The world premiere of the opera Attilio Regolo by Johann Adolph Hasse based on the libretto by Pietro Metastasio takes place at the Hoftheater in Dresden. Domenico Annibali , Angelo Amorevoli , Faustina Bordoni and Regina Mingotti will sing the leading roles. In the same year, the same opera is also performed in Milan.
- March 16 : The dramatic oratorio Theodora by Georg Friedrich Handel based on the libretto by Thomas Morell is premiered in front of practically empty seats at the Theater Royal in Covent Garden. The work will be discontinued after two more performances.
- May 2nd : La bottega del caffè ( The Coffee House ), a comedy in three acts by Carlo Goldoni , successfully premiered in Mantua . Goldoni has contractually assured his impresario that 16 new pieces will be staged for the 1750/51 season.
- May 6th : The intermezzo L'uccellatrice ( The Bird Catcher ) by Niccolò Jommelli is premiered at the Teatro San Samuele in Venice. The author of the libretto is unknown.
- May 23 : Il bugiardo ( The Liar ), a three-act comedy by Carlo Goldoni , premieres in Mantua. The third version eventually became a success.
- Georg Friedrich Handel completed the semi-opera Alceste based on the play by Tobias Smollett , which, however, was not performed during his lifetime.
- The Hôtel-Dieu de Carpentras hospital is built.
- The Adler pharmacy in Stolberg is set up in a former copper yard .
- Empress Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel donates the Elisabeth-Theresian Military Foundation .
- around 1750: The first pub garden goes into operation in Vienna .
- March 10 : After a lightning strike in the tower, Hamburg's Michaeliskirche burns down to the ground.
- The Capuchin monastery Marsberg , the monastery of SS. Trinity in Gunzburg and the Monastery of St. George in Ingolstadt founded.
- The Staffarda monastery is dissolved.
Historical maps and views
- January 1 : Frederick Muhlenberg , first speaker of the United States House of Representatives († 1801 )
- January 3 : Helene von Breuning , Bonn noblewoman and patron of Ludwig van Beethoven († 1838 )
- January 10th : Heinrich Rathmann , Prussian educator, historian and Protestant pastor († 1821 )
- January 11 : Johann Jakob Walder , Swiss politician, lawyer and composer († 1817 )
- January 18 : Odano Naotake , Japanese painter († 1780 )
- January 18 : Johann Gottlob Theaenus Schneider , German classical philologist, natural scientist and lexicographer († 1822 )
- January 20 : Louise of Denmark and Norway , Landgrave of Hessen-Kassel († 1831 )
- January 25 : Johann Gottfried Vierling , German organist and composer († 1813 )
- January 26 : Johann Friedrich Facius , German pedagogue and classical philologist († 1825 )
- January 28 : Maria Karoline Flachsland , German author and editor, wife of Johann Gottfried von Herder († 1809 )
- February 4 : Johanna Gabriele of Austria , Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Bohemia, Hungary and Tuscany († 1762 )
- February 9 : Friedrich Traugott Wettengel , Bohemian Lutheran theologian († 1824 )
- February 12 : Friedrich Christoph Jonathan Fischer , German historian and legal scholar († 1797 )
- February 13 : Johann Ludwig Ambühl , Swiss administrative officer and writer († 1800 )
- February 15 : Valentin Stephan Still , master brewer in Munich († 1795 )
- February 16 : Engelbert Arndts , Westphalian lawyer, imperial postmaster and civil servant († 1819 )
- February 19 : Johann Daniel Lawaetz , German businessman and Danish budget adviser († 1826 )
- February 23 : Johann Wilhelm Bartsch , German educator, polymath and landowner († 1828 )
- February 23 : Katharina von Holstein-Beck , German noblewoman († 1811 )
- March 5 : Jean-Baptiste Gaspard d'Ansse de Villoison , French classical philologist († 1805 )
- March 9 : Johann Friedrich August Tischbein , German (family portrait) painter († 1812 )
- March 14 : Samuel Gottlieb Vogel , German physician († 1837 )
- March 16 : Caroline Herschel , Prussian astronomer († 1848 )
- March 22nd : Gustav von Schlabrendorf , German writer († 1824 )
- March 23 : Johannes Matthias Sperger , Austrian composer († 1812 )
- March 26 : Charles-Gilbert Romme , French mathematician and politician, martyr of the Prairial Uprising († 1795 )
- March 28 : Francisco de Miranda , Venezuelan freedom fighter against the Spaniards († 1816 )
- March 30th : Carl Friedrich Ulrich von Ahlefeldt von Dehn , Baron von Dehn in Ludwigsburg († 1829 )
- March: Robert Bowie , American politician, governor of Maryland († 1818 )
- March: Gottfried Raaff , German landscape architect († 1851 )
- April 1 : Étienne André François de Paule Fallot de Beaumont de Beaupré , French bishop († 1835 )
- April 1 : Hugo Kołłątaj , Polish politician and publicist († 1812 )
- April 6 : James Watson , American politician († 1806 )
- April 7 : Maria Beatrice d'Este , Archduchess of Austria and Duchess of Massa and Carrara, founder of the Austria-Este line († 1829 )
- April 10 : Leopold Westen , German officer and university professor († 1804 )
- April 24 : Simon L'Huilier , Swiss mathematician († 1840 )
- April 24 : John Trumbull , American poet († 1831 )
- April 25 : Joanna Southcott , English enthusiast († 1814 )
- April 30 : Friedrich Hildebrand von Einsiedel , German lawyer, writer and translator († 1828 )
- May 2 : John André , British officer († 1780 )
- May 13 : Sophia Lee , English writer († 1824 )
- May 13 : Lorenzo Mascheroni , Italian mathematician († 1800 )
- May 14 : Johann Gerhard Helmcke , German master baker, grain trader and property speculator, keeper of Herrenhäuser Allee in Hanover († 1824 )
- May 14 : William Windham , British politician († 1810 )
- May 19 : Kaspar Heinrich von Sierstorpff , German forester and statesman, founder of the baths in Bad Driburg († 1842 )
- June 6 : José Correia da Serra , Portuguese clergyman, scholar, diplomat and botanist († 1823 )
- June 23 : Déodat de Dolomieu , French geologist and mineralogist († 1801 )
- July 5 : François Pierre Ami Argand , Swiss physicist, chemist, inventor and entrepreneur († 1803 )
- July 5 : Peter Anton Ulrich Piutti , Italian entrepreneur and businessman in Germany († 1823 )
- July 6th : Johann Gottfried Brügelmann , German entrepreneur and founder of the first factory on the European mainland († 1802 )
- July 9 : Bathilde d'Orléans , Duchess of Bourbon, Princess of Condé († 1822 )
- July 9 : Thomas Posey , American politician, governor of the Indiana Territory († 1818 )
- July 14 : Aaron Arrowsmith , English cartographer, engraver and publisher († 1823 )
- July 14 : Frederik von Haxthausen , Danish officer and first Norwegian head of state († 1825 )
- July 15 : Franz , Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld († 1806 )
- July 23 : Friedrich Ewald Ernst von Massow , German civil servant († 1791 )
- July 25 : Henry Knox , American Supreme Artillery Officer in the Continental Army († 1806 )
- July 29 : Fabre d'Églantine , French poet, actor, dramaturge and revolutionary († 1794 )
- August 3 : Ludwig Engelbert Marie Joseph Augustin , Duke of Arenberg, Aarschot and Meppen and Prince of Recklinghausen († 1820 )
- August 9 : Helwig Bernhard Jaup , German lawyer and university professor († 1806 )
- August 10 : Daniel Gottlob Türk , German organist and music theorist († 1813 )
- August 18 : Antonio Salieri , Italian-Austrian composer, conductor and music teacher († 1825 )
- August 19 : Johann Georg August Galletti , German historian and geographer († 1828 )
- August 20 : Julie Clodius , German writer († 1805 )
- August 24 : Hans Ernst Bütemeister , German civil servant († 1837 )
- August 24th : Laetitia Ramolino , Corsican noblewoman, ancestor of the Bonaparte family († 1836 )
- August 26 : Marie Zéphyrine , French princess († 1755 )
- August 29 : Johann Christoph Stelzhammer , Austrian Catholic clergyman and physicist († 1840 )
- September 2 : Pehr Frigel , Swedish composer († 1842 )
- September 3 : Arthur Dillon , French general († 1794 )
- September 8 : Tanikaze kajinosuke , Japanese sumo wrestler and fourth yokozuna († 1795 )
- September 13 : Giuseppe Albani , Italian Roman Catholic Cardinal († 1834 )
- September 13 : Friedrich Ludwig Sckell , German landscape gardener († 1823 )
- September 16 : Johann Melchior Kubli , Swiss politician († 1835 )
- September 22nd : Christian Konrad Sprengel , German theologian and naturalist († 1816 )
- September 24th : Luise von Brandenburg-Schwedt , Duchess of Anhalt-Dessau († 1811 )
- September 26 : Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood , British Vice Admiral († 1810 )
- October 1 : Albert Jakob Arnoldi , German theologian and orientalist († 1835 )
- October 7 : Abraham Woodhull , American spy († 1826 )
- October 8 : Adam Afzelius , Swedish botanist († 1837 )
- October 22 : Joseph Calhoun , American politician († 1817 )
- October 23 : Thomas Pinckney , American soldier, politician and diplomat († 1828 )
- November 5 : Bak Je-ga , Korean politician and economist († 1815 )
- November 7th : Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg , German politician and poet († 1819 )
- November 9 : Johann Wilhelm Fuhrmann , German Protestant theologian and university lecturer († 1780 )
- November 15 : Amasa Learned , American politician († 1825 )
- November 18 : Wolfgang Heribert von Dalberg , Palatine Chamberlain of Worms and Artistic Director of the National Theater in Mannheim († 1806 )
- November 30th : Andreas Joseph Schnaubert , German legal scholar († 1825 )
- November: John Henry , American politician, governor of Maryland († 1798 )
- December 3 : Johann Martin Miller , German theologian and writer († 1814 )
- December 6 : David Friedländer , German manufacturer and author († 1834 )
- December 6 : Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes , French painter († 1819 )
- December 7th : Cornelia Schlosser , German letter writer and sister of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe († 1777 )
- December 11 : Isaac Shelby , American officer and politician († 1826 )
- December 12 : Anne Barnard , Scottish writer and artist († 1825 )
- December 17 : Elizabeth Craven , British writer († 1828 )
- December 17 : Joseph Franz Xaver Stark , German Catholic theologian († 1816 )
- December 22 : Nicolaus Sander , German Protestant clergyman († 1824 )
- December 23 : Friedrich August I , Elector and King of Saxony, Duke of Warsaw († 1827 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- George Adams junior , English instrument maker and author of scientific books († 1795 )
- Johann von Andrássy , Hungarian military († 1817 )
- Julián Apaza , indigenous insurgent in Alto Perú against the Spaniards († 1781 )
- Buckongahelas , chief of the Lenni Lenape († 1805 )
- Christopher Greenup , American politician, governor of Kentucky († 1818 )
- Heshen , Manchurian official of the Qing Dynasty († 1799 )
- John Laurance , American lawyer and politician († 1810 )
- Christian Lofthuus , Norwegian peasant leader († 1797 )
- Margaret Nicholson , English assassin († 1828 )
- Pemulwuy , tribal leader of the Darug Aborigines in New South Wales († 1802 )
- Luise Franziska Sophie von Schardt , Weimar citizen, sister of Charlotte von Stein and friend of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Johann Gottfried von Herder and Friedrich von Schiller († 1803 )
- Sengai , Japanese monk of the Rinzai-shū († 1837 )
- Shiba Zenko , Japanese writer and actor († 1793 )
- Benjamin Taliaferro , American politician († 1821 )
- Thomas Tillotson , American doctor and politician († 1832 )
- Maria Barbara Wäser , German actress and theater director († 1797 )
- Richard Winn , American politician, lieutenant governor of South Carolina († 1818 )
- Yazid , Sultan of Morocco († 1792 )
Born around 1750
- John Hoskins Stone , American politician, governor of Maryland († 1804 )
- Tío Luis el de la Juliana , Spanish singer
- William Lee , personal slave of George Washington († 1828 )
- Câbî Ömer Efendi , Ottoman tax officer and chronicler († 1814 )
- January 6 : Georg Lisiewski , German portrait painter (* 1674 )
- January 7th : Joseph Anton Merz , German painter (* 1681 )
- January 22nd : Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl , electoral Bavarian secret council chancellor and conference minister (* 1675 )
- January 23 : Michael Lilienthal , German Lutheran theologian and historian (* 1686 )
- January 29 : Daniel Salthenius , Swedish educator and Protestant theologian (* 1701 )
- February 1 : Moyse Garrigue , jeweler and court assessor of the French colony in Magdeburg (* 1708 )
- February 2 : Johann Graf , German composer (* 1684 )
- February 5 : Adolph Friedrich Hamberger , German medic (* 1727 )
- February 8 : Siard Frick , Abbot of Schussenried (* 1679 )
- February 14 : Franz Albert Aepinus , German Protestant theologian, writer and philosopher (* 1673 )
- February 18 : Georg Bernhard Bilfinger , Württemberg philosopher, master builder, mathematician and theologian (* 1693 )
- February 22nd : Pietro Filippo Scarlatti , Italian composer, organist and choir director (* 1679 )
- March 1 : Friedrich Andreas Hallbauer , German Lutheran theologian (* 1692 )
- March 15 : David Schatz , Saxon architect and court builder (* 1667/68)
- March 19 : Sebastian Zeidlmayr , Bavarian clergyman, organist and music teacher (* 1671 )
- March 31 : Johanna Charlotte von Anhalt-Dessau , Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt (* 1682 )
- April 1 : William Parks , English printer and publisher (* around 1700 )
- April 12 : Georg Wilhelm Henning , German-Russian engineer, designer, officer and organizer (* 1676 )
- April 15 : Theophilus Grabener , German educator (* 1685 )
- April 29 : Egid Quirin Asam , German painter, plasterer and sculptor (* 1691 )
- May 1 : David Stähelin , Mayor of St. Gallen (* 1673 )
- May 7 : Gustav Philipp Mörl , German Protestant clergyman and librarian (* 1673 )
- May 17th : Georg Engelhard Schröder , Swedish portrait and history painter (* 1684 )
- May 28 : Franz Anton Baumann , Austrian church musician and composer (* 1704 )
- May 28 : Samuel Lutz , Swiss Pietist pastor (* 1674 )
- May 28 : Sakuramachi , Tennō of Japan (* 1720 )
- May 29 : Giuseppe Porsile , Italian composer and singing teacher (* 1680 )
- May 30th : Samuel Heinrich König , Swiss mathematician, orientalist and pietistic theologian (* 1671 )
- June 2 : Valentin Rathgeber , German Benedictine, composer, organist and choir director (* 1682 )
- June 4 : Friedrich Ludwig , Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (* 1688 )
- June 9 : Mattia Bortoloni , Italian painter (* 1696 )
- June 12 : Muhammad Bahawal Khan I , Emir and Nawab of Bahawalpur (* 1715 )
- June 14 : Johann Christoph Balser , German legal scholar (* 1710 )
- June 25 : Diego Francesco Carlone , Italian plasterer (* 1674 )
- July 3 : Jesaias Friedrich Weissenborn , German Lutheran theologian (* 1673 )
- July 26th : Vasily Nikititsch Tatishchev , Russian statesman, historian, geographer and ethnographer (* 1686 )
- July 28 : Johann Sebastian Bach , German composer and organist (* 1685 )
- July 28 : Conyers Middleton , English clergyman and author (* 1683 )
- July 31 : John V , King of Portugal (* 1689 )
- July 31 : Johann George Schreiber , German engraver, cartographer and publisher (* 1676 )
- Beginning of August: Abraham Vandenhoeck , Dutch bookseller and publisher (* around 1700 )
- August 12 : Rachel Ruysch , Dutch painter (* 1664 )
- August 16 : Philipp Ludwig Dreyzigermark , German Protestant clergyman (* 1676 )
- August 23 : Johann Christian Krüger , German writer, actor and playwright (* 1723 )
- August 29 : Kasimir Anton von Sickingen , Prince-Bishop of Konstanz (* 1684 )
- September 2 : Burkhard Leberecht Behrisch , German lawyer and mayor of Dresden (* 1682 )
- September 4th : José de Cañizares , Spanish playwright and librettist (* 1676 )
- September 4th : Margret Zeerleder-Lutz , Swiss Pietist (* 1674 )
- September 10 : Johann Gottlob Weidler , German legal scholar (* 1708 )
- September 17 : Carl Theodorus Pachelbel , German organist and composer in the American colonies (* 1690 )
- September 29 : Nicolaus Rohlfs , German mathematician, astronomer, surveyor and calendar maker (* 1695 )
- October 3 : Matthias Georg Monn , Austrian composer, organist and music teacher (* 1717 )
- October 9th : Maria Anna von Bayern , Bavarian nun (* 1696 )
- October 12 : Angelo Ragazzi , Italian composer and violinist (* around 1680 )
- October 16 : Silvius Leopold Weiss , German lutenist and composer (* 1687 )
- October 27 : August I , Prince of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (* 1691 )
- November 1 : Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (* 1705 )
- November 2 : Theodor Ankarcrona , Swedish admiral and Landshövding over Stockholms län (* 1687 )
- November 11th : Gyurme Namgyel , Tibetan ruler
- November 11th : Apostolo Zeno , Venetian scholar, poet and librettist (* 1668 )
- November 15 : Pantaleon Hebenstreit , German composer, musician and dance teacher, inventor of the Pantaleon (* 1668 )
- November 16 : Johann Georg von Königsfeld , Vice Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire (* 1679 )
- November 19 : Franz Retz , general of the Jesuits (* 1673 )
- November 30th : Moritz von Sachsen , Duke of Courland, Franco-German general, war theorist and Marshal of France (* 1696 )
- December 1 : Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr , German astronomer (* 1677 )
- December 21 : Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel , Archduchess of Austria, German Queen and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (* 1691 )
- December 22nd : Georg Friedrich Christian Seekatz , German painter (* 1683 )
- December 24th : Christian Döring , Leipzig architect and builder (* 1677 )
- December 25 : Friedrich Wilhelm Weidemann , Prussian court painter (* 1668 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Johannes Harpprecht (* 1693 )
- Opoku Ware I. , ruler of the Ashanti Empire in today's Ghana (* 1700 )
- Sulayman II , Shah of Persia from the Safavid dynasty
- Julius Ludwig Rothweil , Hessian builder (* around 1676 )
- Guillaume Thomas Taraval , Swedish painter (* 1701 )
- Jorge de Villalonga , Spanish colonial administrator, viceroy of New Granada (* 1655 )
- Justus Wehmer , German builder in Hildesheim (* around 1690 )