Peace of Aachen (1748)

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Europe after the Peace of Aachen in 1748
Allegory of the Peace of Aachen
Fireworks over the Thames to celebrate the conclusion of the peace treaty (contemporary colored engraving)

The Peace of Aachen was an international treaty concluded on October 18, 1748 , which ended the War of the Austrian Succession . This was preceded by a congress that began on April 24, 1748 in the free imperial city of Aachen .

Content and consequences

Nothing was stipulated regarding the trade war between England and France in the West Indies, Africa and India; the peace treaty was therefore no basis for a lasting peace. There was general outrage in France for viewing the peace treaty as an unnecessary abandonment of benefits, particularly because of the Austrian Netherlands , which was conquered mainly because of the brilliant strategy of Marshal Moritz Graf von Sachsen . In Paris , the phrase "bête comme la paix" ("stupid as peace") came up. The Aachen Peace brought stability in Italy . The new territorial determinations and the inauguration of the peaceful Ferdinand VI. of Spain allowed the Aachen determinations to endure until the outbreak of the First Coalition War in 1792.

Spain later resisted the Asiento clauses, and the later Peace of Madrid supplemented the Aachen Peace on October 5, 1750. The Treaty of Madrid stipulated that Britain waived its claims under the Asiento clauses in exchange for £ 100,000 in compensation .

In April 1749, to celebrate peace, the fireworks music that the British King George II had commissioned from George Frideric Handel was performed in London's Green Park .


  • Adolf Beer: On the history of the Peace of Aachen in 1748. Commissioned by Karl Gerold's son, Vienna 1871.
  • Reed Browning: The War of the Austrian Succession. St. Martin's Griffin, New York 1995, ISBN 0-312-12561-5 .

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