|Residents||104,315 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||884 inhabitants / km²|
|Factions||San Bonico, Pittolo, La Verza, Mucinasso, I Vaccari, Montale, Borghetto, Le Mose, Mortizza, Gerbido|
|Patron saint||Antoninus of Piacenza|
Piacenza ( ancient times Placentia ; Πλακεντία Plakentia ) is a city with 104,315 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in northern Italy . It is the capital of the province of Piacenza in the Emilia-Romagna region and is located near the confluence of the Po and Trebbia in the Lombardy plain. The city is a trading center and industrial center, where natural gas and oil refineries are located. Cement, food, plastic, leather goods and agricultural implements are also produced. There is an air force base nearby., in
It has churches worth seeing, including the cathedral in the Lombard-Romanesque style (1122–1233).
Piacenza was founded in 218 BC. To the Roman colony . While its walls were not yet completed, it had to repel an attack by the Gauls , and in the same year it sheltered the remains of a Roman army under Scipio , defeated in the great Battle of the Trebia . 205 BC BC the city withstood a long siege by Mago . Five years later, the Cisalpine Gauls burned the city down, and in 190 BC. BC it had to be resettled with three thousand families. 187 BC The city was connected to Ariminum ( Rimini ) and the south by the construction of the Via Aemilia . It later became a very important hub; the continuation of the Via Aemilia north to Mediolanum ( Milan ) with a junction to Ticinum ( Pavia ) crossed the Po there , and the Via Postumia from Cremona to Dertona and Genoa ran through it. Even later Augustus built the road from Dertona to Vade and on to Gallia Narbonensis ( Via Julia Augusta ). The rectangular pattern of streets in the city center, through which Via Aemilia ran, is undoubtedly a holdover from Roman times.
Placentia is mentioned in connection with the conquest by Cinna and a defeat of Carbos' troops nearby (82 BC), a mutiny by Julius Caesar's garrison (50 BC), another under Augustus (40 BC). Chr.), The defense of the city by Spurinna ( Othos General) against Caecina ( Vitellius ' General) (69 AD).
When, in the 3rd century, the Alemanni were the first barbaric people to invade northern Italy via the Alps, Placentia was one of the first large Roman cities to be besieged by the invaders. The “soldier emperor” Aurelian then marched north with an army. Thereupon the battle of Placentia took place in front of the city walls in 271 , in which the Alemanni succeeded in surprising the Romans in their camp and inflicting a severe defeat on them. The city was then sacked by the Alemanni and a large part of the population enslaved. The fall of the city, which was important for the entire northern trade of the empire, destabilized the entire empire and caused panic in the capital.
In the 12th and 13th centuries Piacenza was an important member of the Lombard League . As a rule the city remained Guelfish , but on several occasions it called upon powerful Ghibellines to help them against their native tyrants; an example of this was Galeazzo I. Visconti . In 1447 Piacenza was conquered and sacked by Francesco I. Sforza . After it was occupied by papal troops in 1512, it was united with Parma in 1545 to form a hereditary duchy under Pier Luigi II Farnese , a son of Paul III. Until 1731, it was ruled by the Farnese family, who shaped the city's architecture. In 1746 a battle between the French-Spanish and Austrian armies was fought in front of the city walls. In 1796 it was occupied by the French. In 1848 Piacenza was one of the first Lombard cities to join Piedmont ; but it was reoccupied by the Austrians until 1859.
coat of arms
- preserved 6.5 km long city wall from the middle of the 16th century
- Il Gotico, built in 1280 as Palazzo del Comune, grandiose, Gothic town house (town hall), model for numerous Italian town palaces. The upper floor lies above a pointed arched pillar hall with a large hall, the arched windows of which are framed by rich terracotta decorations. The roof is decorated with a crenellated wreath.
- Classicist governor's palace from 1781 (Palazzo del Governatore); today the seat of the Chamber of Commerce
- Piazza dei Cavalli, named after her two mighty, baroque, equestrian statues of the dukes Alessandro Farnese and his son Duke Ranuccio Farnese by the Tuscan artist Francesco Mocchi, erected between 1612 and 1629
- Cathedral with campanile and the column saint standing in front of it
- purely Romanesque church and monastery of Sant'Antonino
- Renaissance Palace Tribunali
- Renaissance Palace Cavazzi Palazzo della Somaglia
- Farnese Renaissance Palace
- Romanesque basilica of San Savino with a crypt with slender columns, ornamental capitals and an interesting mosaic floor in many colors
- Renaissance church of Madonna di Campagna, a Franciscan pilgrimage site, painted by Pordenone .
Various industrial companies have settled in Piacenza, including the truck manufacturer Astra .
At San Damiano there is a military airfield of the Italian Air Force . Since its military future is not certain, there have been plans for civil use for several years. From 1995 to 2001, German Tornado fighter planes were stationed in Piacenza to support multinational missions in the former Yugoslavia.
The air force base is now closed.
sons and daughters of the town
- Giulio Ulisse Arata (1881–1962), architect
- Giorgio Armani (* 1934), fashion designer
- Marco Bellocchio (* 1939), director and screenwriter
- Aldo Bertuzzi (* 1961), racing car driver
- Gaetano Besozzi (* 1725 or 1727; † 1798), oboist and composer
- Giorgia Bronzini (* 1983), racing cyclist
- Giulio Casseri (1552–1616), anatomist and surgeon, employee of Girolamo Fabrizio and teacher of Adriaan van den Spiegel
- Bruno Cassinari (1912–1992), painter
- Corrado Confalonieri († 1351), hermit, saint
- Andrea Dallavalle (* 1999), triple jumper
- Giovanni Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano (1872–1952), Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Archbishop of Bologna
- Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano (1903–1988), Curia Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- Domenico da Piacenza (* around 1420, † around 1475), Italian dancer and choreographer of the 15th century, author of dance books
- Beppe Gabbiani (* 1957), automobile racing driver
- Melchiorre Gioja (1767–1829), philosopher and economist
- Claudio Golinelli (* 1962), cyclist
- August Göllerich (1819–1883), Austrian politician
- Gregory X. (1210–1276), Pope from 1271 to 1276
- Filippo Inzaghi (* 1973), football player and coach
- Simone Inzaghi (* 1976), soccer player and coach
- Umberto Malchiodi (1889–1974), Archbishop and Bishop emeritus of Piacenza
- Gianni Montanari (* 1949), science fiction author, translator and editor
- Giuseppe Nicolini (1762–1842), opera composer
- Giuseppe Orsi (* 1945), manager
- Giovanni Paolo Pannini (1691–1765), painter and architect
- Agostino Pertusi (1918–1979), classical philologist, Byzantine scholar and university professor
- Pilgrims from Piacenza (late 6th century), author of an account of a pilgrimage from Piacenza to the Holy Land
- Luigi Poggi (1917–2010), Vatican diplomat, apostolic nuncio and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
- Sandro Puppo (1918–1986), football player and coach
- Giuseppe Ricci Oddi (1868–1937), art collector
- Gigi Rizzi (1944–2013), actor and playboy
- Nina Zilli (* 1980), singer
- List of rulers of Parma
- List of the bishops of Piacenza-Bobbio
- College Alberoni
- Piacenza train station
- San Sisto Basilica
- Basilica of Sant'Antonino
- liberta.it, the newspaper from Piacenza (Italian)