from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Campanile at St. Mark's Basilica in Venice

A campanile (derived from Italian campana , to German " bell "), also campanile , is a free-standing bell tower next to a church building without any connection to it . In Italy and Lithuania , the free-standing arrangement of the church tower is relatively common.

The most famous campanile is the Leaning Tower of Pisa . Also known are the Campanile of Venice ( Markus Tower ) and Giotto's Campanile of the Florentine Cathedral as well as the Campanile of the St. Stanislaus Cathedral in Vilnius . In Zurich, the tower of the Reformed Church in Enge, consecrated in 1894, was also designed in the style of an Italian campanile.

In Germany, the free-standing arrangement is often found in post-war new buildings , sometimes due to the fact that the tower was added later for cost reasons. Before that, it was customary in Germany to build the bell tower onto the church building or to integrate it. There were very few exceptions, such as the churches of Reinhold Persius and the Red Tower in Halle (Saale) , which was built by the Mariengemeinde and complements the four towers of the market church . In addition, you can find special forms of the campanile in Germany that came about through historical events . An example of this is the Schwäbisch Gmünder bell tower , which was built in a residential tower next to the church building after the collapse of the towers of the Holy Cross Minster in 1497 . The free-standing church tower can also be found in the Ammerland , for example in Zwischenahn or Rastede .


  • Katherine Jansen, Joanna Drell, Frances Andrews: Medieval Italy: Texts in Translation . Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia 2009, ISBN 9780812220582 , page 223.
  • Joann Jovinelly, Jason Netelkos: The Crafts and Culture of a Medieval Cathedral . The Rosen Publishing Group Inc., New York 2006, ISBN 9781404207585 , page 8.

Individual evidence

  1. The Great Brockhaus in 12 volumes . 18th completely revised edition. Wiesbaden 1978.

Web links

Wiktionary: Campanile  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations