historical event

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A historical event referred to in the science of history an event that brings about a historical change. It can be short-term or sudden. Events that develop in a lengthy process are, however, referred to as (historical) epochs .


A historical event means a deep cut in history. According to the definition of the historian Reinhart Koselleck, it divides time into before and after. Dirk van Laak , Professor of Contemporary History at the Justus Liebig University in Giessen , defines the term as an event that leads out of the routine of everyday experience. This must be something that does not fit in, that is not known, that is not common, or that has not yet been understood.

Such an event, understood in retrospect as a caesura , can be triggered by nature, human will or human failure. Examples of nature-triggered historical events include major earthquakes, floods, volcanic eruptions, landslides, terrain collapses, and lightning strikes that affected humans. On the other hand, war, revolution, reformation, takeover, purchase, founding or high visits are historical events caused by man.

Web links


  1. Lucian Hölscher: event . In: Stefan Jordan (Hrsg.): Lexikon Geschichtswwissenschaft. A hundred basic terms . Reclam, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-15-010503-X . Pp. 72-73
  2. Jakob Epler: What distinguishes historical events. Historians studied the anatomy of the extraordinary. Deutschlandfunk, November 6, 2012, accessed on June 24, 2013.
  3. Daniel Gutscher: Historical event and archaeological evidence. Thoughts to introduce the topic. ( Memento of the original from March 16, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Communications from the German Society for Archeology in the Middle Ages and Modern Times 16. 2005, p. 10. ISSN 1619-1439 on dgamn.de, viewed on June 24, 2013. (PDF file; 145 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.dgamn.de