Bad Zwischenahn

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Bad Zwischenahn community
Bad Zwischenahn
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Bad Zwischenahn highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 11 '  N , 8 ° 1'  E

Basic data
State : Lower Saxony
County : Ammerland
Height : 7 m above sea level NHN
Area : 129.73 km 2
Residents: 28,896 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 223 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 26160
Primaries : 04403, 0441 , 04486Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : WST
Community key : 03 4 51 002
Community structure: 18 farmers
Address of the
municipal administration:
Am Brink 9
26160 Bad Zwischenahn
Website : www.bad-
Mayor : Arno Schilling ( SPD )
Location of the municipality of Bad Zwischenahn in the Ammerland district
Landkreis Wesermarsch Bad Zwischenahn Edewecht Apen Westerstede Rastede Wiefelstede Landkreis Ammerland Niedersachsen Landkreis Cloppenburg Oldenburg Landkreis Oldenburg Landkreis Leer Landkreis Frieslandmap
About this picture

Bad Zwischenahn ( Low German Twüschenahn ) is the largest municipality in terms of population in the Ammerland district in Lower Saxony and is located west of the city of Oldenburg .


Aerial photo of the town of Bad Zwischenahn (taken from the water tower, Bahnhofstrasse is in the center of the image)

Geographical location

The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn is located in the southeast of the Ammerland district. The main town of the municipality and its administrative seat is the town of the same name Bad Zwischenahn am Zwischenahner Meer . It is located 17 kilometers west of the city of Oldenburg . The North Sea is around 60 kilometers away and the Dutch border around 80 kilometers away.

Neighboring communities

The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn borders in the northeast on the municipality Wiefelstede , in the southeast on the city of Oldenburg , in the south on the municipality Edewecht and in the northwest on the district town of Westerstede .

Land use

Tree nursery in the Bad Zwischenahn community

The landscape is dominated by the entire Ammerland occurring nurseries , mainly due to the coastal climate (high humidity, mild winters) found in this area excellent conditions. Especially rhododendrons , flesh-leaved hardwoods from the rainy areas of the Himalayas , find the moist air necessary for breeding here.

10.3% of the municipal area is covered by forests and trees (as of 1993). The largest contiguous forest area is the Wold near Bloh. It is around 250  hectares and offers the Woldsee Baggersee, a bathing park that is popular in summer. About 35% of the municipal area is used as pastureland or meadow. In particular, the cultivated areas of the former raised bogs are among these areas. Arable land, including tree nurseries and horticultural companies, makes up around 23% of the municipal area. Unlike in the Middle Ages, fields are now also found in the drained bog areas. A distinction is made here between the historical Eschäcker and the modern Mooräcker .


The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn is located in the North Oldenburg-East Frisian Geest . While wet meadows can be found in the lowlands (valleys), arable land was cultivated on the sandy ridges. Up until the Middle Ages, mainly grain was grown on this ridge. The mono-cultivation resulted in a depletion of nutrients. In order to restore nutrients to the impoverished soil, so-called pests were cut in the humus-rich grassland of the valleys and, enriched with animal excrement, were spread as pest fertilizer on the arable land. As a result, the ridge areas were turned into plague-fertilized Esch . By applying these fertilizers, the ash areas were significantly increased over time. The valley floors are often flooded, which is due to the clay below the Ammerländer Geest .

To the south of the Ammerländer Geest is the Leda - Jümme lowland . This lowland consists mainly of bog . The large moors Ekerner Moor , Speckener Moor and Kayhauser Moor belonging to the municipality of Bad Zwischenahn belong to the Vehnemoor as northern branches . Due to the presence of moor, Bad Zwischenahn could be developed into a state-recognized mud spa and also benefit economically from the extraction of peat .

The center of the community is the Zwischenahner Meer , which lies above a salt dome that protrudes far into the depths .

Community structure

East of the community of Bad Zwischenahn from the air

The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn is divided into 18 parts of the municipality ( farmers ):


Fountain and St. John's Church on the market square in Bad Zwischenahn
The Bahnhofstrasse in Bad Zwischenahn, the train station can be seen in the background

Archaeological finds in Querenstede attest to the first settlement of what is today the municipality of Bad Zwischenahn at the end of the Vistula glacial period around 10,000 BC. Systematic archaeological excavations in the Ammerland in the middle of the 20th century indicate a continuous settlement that suddenly broke off around 500 AD. A significant find from this time is the " Kayhausen boy ", which was discovered in 1922 in the Kayhauser Moor. After several hundred years of devastation , the region began to be repopulated in the 9th century. During this time, Eschhöfe emerged everywhere and so-called Brink settlements with mostly lower-quality arable land formed on the foothills of their lands . Archaeological finds from a well near today's market square (today Am Brink ) can also be dated to this period.

The first written evidence about Zwischenahn was in 1124 in connection with the founding of St. John's Church by Count Egilmar from Oldenburg . The establishment of Bad Zwischenahn is therefore officially set for this year. The parish Zwischenahn , which extends around the Zwischenahner Meer, formed after the end of the French era from 1814 with the parish Edewecht, the Amt Zwischenahn , which was then merged with the Amt Westerstede under the same name in 1858 . In 1933 the localities of Ofen, Wehnen, Bloh, and Petersfehn from the dissolved community of Ofen and the southern part of Westerholtsfelde from the community of Wiefelstede were incorporated. This gave Bad Zwischenahn its current size.

A serious train accident occurred on November 20, 1944, when a train manned by 1,500 Dutch workers collided with a train at Bad Zwischenahn station. 29 people died and 67 were injured, including around 30 seriously.

In March 1945, the Rostrup air base was heavily bombed . On the last day of April 1945, Canadian leaflets urged Bad Zwischenahn to avoid the last senseless bloodshed: “ If Zwischenahn does not surrender, it will be razed to the ground .” However, behind the front , the Canadians also indicated “ that this is our wish Don't destroy nice little towns . ”On the night of May 1, 1945, Edewechter Pastor Wilhelm Schulze - a native of Zwischenahner - managed to get German troops to withdraw without a fight as a parliamentarian. The Canadians thanked him with the words: “ You have done a great work this night ”. Bad Zwischenahn was saved.

With the construction of the Chaussee from Oldenburg via Zwischenahn to Westerstede in 1837 and the construction of the Oldenburg – Leer railway line thirty years later, the population and tourism increased steadily. Zwischenahn was already enjoying increasing popularity as a local recreation area at this time. In 1919, Zwischenahn was awarded the title “ Bath ” and in 1964 the title “State-approved mud spa”. An application for the award of the town charter in 1974 was unsuccessful.

In 2002, Bad Zwischenahn, the “capital of trees”, hosted the first Lower Saxony State Garden Show , which attracted over a million visitors. The garden show grounds were subsequently developed into the Park of Gardens .

The center of Bad Zwischenahn today presents itself like a modern small town with a pedestrian zone, promenade, shops and restaurants.

Name development

The name is most likely derived from the word to-scentan , which indicates a cleared area. The word means about as much as the Cut out . Another theory says that the name comes from the location between several small rivers, the floodplains . Accordingly, Zwischenahn means something like between the meadows .

Population development

year Residents
1998 24,617
1999 25,013
2000 25,348
2001 25,634
2002 25,762
year Residents
2003 26,236
2004 26,898
2005 26,958
2006 27.173
2009 27,647
year Residents
2015 28.204
2016 28,484


Municipal council

Bad Zwischenahns town hall after renovation and reconstruction

The town council of Bad Zwischenahn consists of 36 councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 25,001 and 30,000 inhabitants. The 36 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.

The full-time mayor Arno Schilling (SPD) is also entitled to vote in the municipal council.

The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:

Political party  Proportional votes  Number of seats  Change voices  Change seats
CDU 35.2% 13 - 1.9% 0
SPD 29.5% 11 - 3.3% - 1
Alliance 90 / The Greens 11.2% 4th - 4.6% - 2nd
UWG 7.8% 3 - 1.6% 0
FDP 6.7% 2 + 1.9% 0
left 3.8% 1 + 3.8% + 1
LKR 3.0% 1 + 3.0% + 1
ÖDP 2.7% 1 + 1.9% + 1


Arno Schilling (SPD) has been mayor of Bad Zwischenahn since 2006. In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, he was re-elected with 50.45% of the vote. His opponent in the runoff election Christian Wandscher (CDU) received 49.55%. The turnout was 55.51%.

coat of arms

coat of arms

Blazon : Two red bars in a golden shield, covered with a silver fountain and three riding pistons above.

The red bars symbolize the community of Bad Zwischenahn as a community of the Ammerland . According to tradition, their significance goes back to Count Gerd the brave : they represent the so-called Ammerland blood beams . The fountain symbolizes a fountain in the center of Bad Zwischenahn that was built around 900 and was uncovered again in 1955. The breeches are due to the vegetation at the edge of the Zwischenahner Meer. This Reith also grows in the wide moor areas around Bad Zwischenahn. The moors are the prerequisite for Bad Zwischenahn to have received the status as a state-recognized mud spa .


Flag Bad Zwischenahn.svg

The stripe flag shows the color red in the upper half and the color gold in the lower half. The center of the flag is covered with the municipal coat of arms.

Town twinning

Bad Zwischenahn maintains city ​​partnerships with the following cities:

Culture and sights

Sights and buildings

Cap windmill in the spa gardens
Rügenwalder mill with stretched wings on mill day
  • Zwischenahner Meer
  • St. John's Church
    The Protestant, Romanesque-Gothic church has inside baroque galleries, a baroque pulpit, a classical organ and a splendid Gothic winged altar from the 16th century.
  • Old Kurhaus
  • Water Tower by Fritz Höger
  • Schuessler monument
  • Mills
    • Cap windmill Bad Zwischenahn (1811)
    • Windmill Ekern (1865)
    • Querenstede windmill (1802)
    • Rügenwalder Mill in Kayhausen (2012)


Open-air museum building

The Ammerländer Bauernhaus open-air museum , which has existed since 1910, is a farm complex that today consists of a total of 17 houses and outbuildings. The main building is an original Ammerländer Buurnhus , the core of which dates from around 1695. Additional buildings came to the museum grounds from other locations in the community between 1910 and 2013. The museum shows the rural way of life around 1700.

The Specken Museum is located in Speckener Weg and is part of the Ammerland Farmhouse Open-Air Museum . Since 1993 exhibits have been shown in the so-called Museumskroog as part of changing exhibitions and temporary special exhibitions that do not fit into the open-air museum or are superfluous.

The Alte Pathologie Wehnen is located on the grounds of the Karl Jaspers Clinic in the Wehnen district. It is a memorial and documentation center for victims of euthanasia in National Socialist Germany .

Parks and green spaces

Lower Saxony State Garden Show 2002 in Rostrup
The park of the gardens (bottom right) and the Rostrup golf course (bottom left) from the air

The park of gardens is located in the Rostrup district . The park was created in 2002 when a Lower Saxony State Garden Show was held there for the first time . In 2003 the area of ​​the horticultural show was renamed to its current name Park of the Gardens . The approximately 14 hectare park consists of 43 different themed gardens, which are separated from each other by hedges and spacious lawns. In 2013 the park's new visitor house was opened, which, unlike the park of the gardens, is open all year round. There is a golf course right next to the park of the gardens.

Visitor house from the park of the gardens in Bad Zwischenahn

The spa park is located in Bad Zwischenahn directly on the Zwischenahner Meer. It is public and can be entered without admission.

Regular events

From the Bad Zwischenahn event calendar, the following regular events with great regional or national awareness are worth mentioning:

  • May:
    • Meerlauf Bad Zwischenahn - annual charity run for the work of the Ammerlandhospiz
  • July:
    • Jazz Festival - on the last weekend in July
  • August:
    • Bad Zwischenahner Woche (ZwiWo) - folk festival with "Homeland Day", parade, craft market, art exhibitions and a final fireworks display (since 1975)
  • October:
    • Catfish Market
    • Autumn run in oven - always on the day of German unity

Economy and Infrastructure


Ship of the "White Fleet" at the ferry terminal on the Zwischenahner Meer

The economy of the place is shaped by tourism . Zwischenahn has been a popular holiday destination since the middle of the 19th century. The main attraction is the Zwischenahner Meer with its water sports facilities and the network of cycle and hiking trails around the sea. The three ships of the Weisse Flotte Bad Zwischenahn , which are operated by the Herbert Ekkenga AG shipping company , operate on the Zwischenahn Sea .

There are many places to stay in the community. a. Campsites and a youth hostel are also available. In 2011, 169,708 guests visited the community without day visitors. That was 5335 more than in the previous year. The number of overnight stays rose from 628,106 in 2010 to 633,758. Guests spend an average of 6.2 days in Bad Zwischenahn.

Spa facilities

Old Kurhaus from 1874

As a state-recognized spa town, Bad Zwischenahn has various spa facilities operated by the Bad Zwischenahn spa company founded in 1956 . Mention should be made of the rehabilitation center by the sea with the clinic for orthopedic and rheumatological rehabilitation and the clinic for oncological rehabilitation , the outpatient rehabilitation center by the sea , the health center by the sea , the wave pool with sauna area and the wellness village by the sea . All spa facilities are located on the shores of the Zwischenahner Meer .

The Alte Kurhaus near the lake was built in 1874 and is now a listed building. It was first operated as a health resort and was used as a hospital during World War II . In 1997 the clinic was closed, today the "library by the sea" as well as offices and event rooms are housed there.

In the Bad Zwischenahner Kurpark there has been a Kneipp garden with a freely accessible Kneipp treading basin with cold well water from the Kayhauser Moor and a Kneipp herb garden with various herbs and medicinal plants. The facility is looked after on a voluntary basis by the members of the Bad Zwischenahner Kneipp club .

To finance the spa facilities and the course service, the municipality charges a year-round spa fee .

In 2007, Bad Zwischenahn received the award of health resort number 1 in Lower Saxony in a large quality comparison between 158 spas and health resorts from seven federal states ; in the overall comparison, the health resort came in second.


Bad Zwischenahn train station
Regio-S-Bahn routes

Road traffic

Bad Zwischenahn is connected to the A 28 federal motorway , which runs northeast of the Zwischenahner Meer from Oldenburg to Leer , via the L 815 and L 825 state roads . The state road L 815 from Westerstede to the Neuenkruge junction of the A 28 leads through the village. The traffic is led by a newly built bypass road running parallel to the Oldenburg – Leer railway line past the town center with the spa facilities and separates the town into a northern and a southern part.

Rail transport

Bad Zwischenahn train station is on the Oldenburg – Leer railway line . It is a stop for Intercity trains on line 56 from Norddeich Mole via Oldenburg , Bremen , Hanover , Magdeburg , Halle (Saale) to Leipzig . The station is also served by regional express trains on the Norddeich Mole – Hannover route. Together with the long-distance trains , which are free of charge to Bremen, there is an hourly service. In addition, Bad Zwischenahn is the end point of the regional S-Bahn Bremen / Lower Saxony of the RS3 line from Bad Zwischenahn via Oldenburg , Delmenhorst to Bremen.

( See also: List of Intercity Train Stations )


Bad Zwischenahn is served by several regular buses. The buses are operated by Weser-Ems-Bus , among others . The tariffs of the Bremen / Lower Saxony transport association apply .


In the northern municipal area is located on a part of the former air base Zwischenahn the Wehrmacht , the Segelfluggelände Rostrup. The airfield, approved for gliders and motor gliders , is located on the northwest corner of the Zwischenahner Meer and is operated by the Luftsportverein Oldenburg - Bad Zwischenahn e. V. operated. There are flights from April to October depending on the weather.

Established businesses

The "Carl Müller Rügenwalder Wurstfabrik", founded by master butcher Carl Müller in Rügenwalde in Pomerania in 1834, has its headquarters in Bad Zwischenahn . After the Second World War , the company was relocated to Ammerland in 1946 and has been operating under the name Rügenwalder Mühle Carl Müller GmbH & Co. KG ever since . The distinguishing mark is the Rügenwalder mill . In 2012 a windmill was built in Kayhausen to represent the company's logo. With almost 400 employees, the company achieved a turnover of 166 million euros in 2010 . It is one of the major employers in the region .

Another major employer in Bad Zwischenahn is the Hüppe Group , which is active in 22 countries around the world. The company employs around 320 people in its factory in Bad Zwischenahn. 50 percent of the total production is made there.

The Bruns tree nursery is based in Bad Zwischenahn. The tree nursery is one of the largest tree nurseries in Europe. She is particularly specialized in the area of ​​large plants and export.

The Schepers shipping company, which is internationally active in cargo shipping, has its headquarters in Bad Zwischenahn.

In the cabin Eiden am Zwischenahner one since 1976 casino located. The Bad Zwischenahn casino belongs to the Casinos Austria group .

The Rügenwalder Meat Products Manufacturers Association, founded in 1957, aims to protect the Rügenwalder Teewurst brand name .


The community of Bad Zwischenahn is located in the catchment area of ​​the Nordwest-Zeitung with its local section "Ammerländer Nachrichten". In addition, the Ammerländer Sunday newspaper and the Hunte Report appear here on Wednesday as weekly advertising newspapers. The Oldenburg local broadcaster oeins also reports from the health resort on national events .

Educational institutions

Elementary schools
  • Primary school on Wiesengrund in Bad Zwischenahn
  • Erwin Roeske primary school in Elmendorf / Aschhausen
  • Elementary school furnace
  • Petersfehn Elementary School
  • Rostrup primary school
  • Catholic Primary School Christophorus Rostrup
Further training
  • Oberschule Bad Zwischenahn
  • Bad Zwischenahn / Edewecht high school

The two secondary schools in the Bad Zwischenahn community form a spatial school center.

Vocational schools
  • Ammerland vocational schools in Rostrup
  • Bau-ABC, educational institution for the building trade, also in Rostrup
Vocational education


Sons and daughters of the church

Connected with Bad Zwischenahn

Sophie Charlotte von Oldenburg 1913
  • Count Gerhard (Gerd) the Brave (1430–1500), sea and highway robber, regent of Bad Zwischenahn
  • Richard Friese (1854–1918), important German animal painter and sculptor, died in Bad Zwischenahn
  • Georg Bernhard Müller vom Siel (1865–1939), painter, lived in Wehnen from 1909–1939
  • Johann Friedrich Höger , known as Fritz Höger (1877–1949), architect, built the water tower in Bad Zwischenahn in 1928
  • Sophie Charlotte von Oldenburg (1879–1964) lived in a small house in Bad Zwischenahn from 1951 until her death.
  • Alma Rogge (1894–1969), writer, her comedy De Vagentschooster premiered in 1921 in the “Ammerländer Bauernhaus” in Bad Zwischenahn
  • Adolf Georg Niesmann (1899–1990), painter, died here
  • Karl Dieter Zoller (1921–1993), archaeologist, founded the settlement archaeological research center in Bad-Zwischenahn in 1965
  • Dieter Nordholz (* 1926), dentist and former stage manager in dentistry in the Bundeswehr
  • Wolf Gerlach (1928–2012), German set designer and inventor of the Mainzelmännchen
  • Rolf Schmiederer (1928–1979), political didactic, died in Bad Zwischenahn
  • Horst Eckert (* 1931), known as Janosch , author and painter, lived in Bad Zwischenahn from 1946 to 1952 and then again from 1953 to 1958
  • Hilka Koch , (* 1938), author, lives in Bad Zwischenahn from 1950
  • Udo Pastörs (* 1952), politician of the NPD , grew up here.
  • Horst Bösing (* 1954), composer and music producer composed most of his works here, including a. for the State Garden Show 2002
  • Jens Koch (* 1970), is a German screenwriter and writer in the field of fiction, who became known under the pseudonym Jando .
  • Michael Ramsauer (* 1970), painter, graduated from high school here
  • Ferdinand Rohde (* 1957), former Bundesliga player, lives in Bad Zwischenahn


  • Karl Benke, Hellmuth Boelsen, Wilhelm Bruns, Heike Düselder, Gerd Fischer, Eilert Freese, Jürgen Günther, Michael Hansing, Klaus Harms, Wolfgang Hartung, Walter Helmerichs, Paul Hinrichs, Ulrich Hellweg, Günter König, Uwe Krüger, Günter Kühl, Axel Lüers , Bernhard Menke, Wilhelm Friedrich Meyer, Helmut Ottenjann, Christoph Reinders-Düselder, Karl Veit Riedel, Ilse-Jutta Sandstede, Wilhelm Sandstede, Gerd Schmidt-Möck, Carl-Heinz Schöfer, Peter Schulze, Gerd von Seggern, Erhard Steiner, Klaus Taux , Günther Wiechmann, Christian Wöbcken, Karl-Heinz Ziessow, Dieter Zoller, Dirk Zoller, Marianne Zoller: The Bad Zwischenahn community . People, history, landscape. Ed .: Municipality of Bad Zwischenahn. Friedrich Schmücker GmbH, Bad Zwischenahn 1994 (1062 pages; alternative title: Chronicle of the Bad Zwischenahn community on google-books ).

Web links

Commons : Bad Zwischenahn  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bad Zwischenahn  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019  ( help ).
  2. Main statutes of the Bad Zwischenahn community
  3. ^ Bad Zwischenahn: Community portrait - figures & data in brief , accessed on June 16, 2013
  4. ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on January 6, 2017
  5. Overall results of the 2016 municipal council elections , accessed on January 6, 2017
  6. ^ Municipality of Bad Zwischenahn - 2014 - election of the mayor , accessed on June 15, 2014
  7. a b municipal law. In: bad- June 21, 2011, accessed September 23, 2018 .
  8. ^ Centerville Partnership
  9. Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse: Bad Zwischenahn cap windmill
  10. ↑ Description of the museum on the website of the Association for Home Care. Retrieved June 14, 2014 .
  11. Park of the Gardens - The Garden Show in Bad Zwischenahn , accessed on October 14, 2012
  12. Sea Running Bad Zwischenahn. Retrieved June 6, 2019 (German).
  13. Jazzfest 2019. Accessed June 6, 2019 .
  14. ^ Bad Zwischenahner Woche
  15. ^ Weisse Flotte Bad Zwischenahn , accessed on October 13, 2012
  16. Statistics show growth of 3.2 percent - big plus in young groups , accessed on October 13, 2012
  17. ^ Rehabilitation center by the sea - Clinic portrait , accessed on October 13, 2012
  18. ^ Sights - Altes Kurhaus ( Memento of October 27, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 16, 2013
  19. Der Kneippgarten ( memento of November 2, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 13, 2012
  20. Health resort contribution in Bad Zwischenahn ( memento of October 26, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 13, 2012
  21. Bad Zwischenahn is the number 1 health resort in Lower Saxony ( memento from October 30, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 13, 2012
  22. Gliding on the (Zwischenahner) sea. In: February 18, 2018, accessed September 23, 2018 .
  23. The Rügenwalder Mill at a Glance ( Memento from March 14, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on September 20, 2012