|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||7 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||129.73 km 2|
|Residents:||28,896 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||223 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||26160|
|Primaries :||04403, 0441 , 04486|
|License plate :||WST|
|Community key :||03 4 51 002|
|LOCODE :||DE BAN|
|Community structure:||18 farmers|
|Address of the
|Am Brink 9
26160 Bad Zwischenahn
|Mayor :||Arno Schilling ( SPD )|
|Location of the municipality of Bad Zwischenahn in the Ammerland district|
The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn is located in the southeast of the Ammerland district. The main town of the municipality and its administrative seat is the town of the same name Bad Zwischenahn am Zwischenahner Meer . It is located 17 kilometers west of the city of Oldenburg . The North Sea is around 60 kilometers away and the Dutch border around 80 kilometers away.
The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn borders in the northeast on the municipality Wiefelstede , in the southeast on the city of Oldenburg , in the south on the municipality Edewecht and in the northwest on the district town of Westerstede .
The landscape is dominated by the entire Ammerland occurring nurseries , mainly due to the coastal climate (high humidity, mild winters) found in this area excellent conditions. Especially rhododendrons , flesh-leaved hardwoods from the rainy areas of the Himalayas , find the moist air necessary for breeding here.
10.3% of the municipal area is covered by forests and trees (as of 1993). The largest contiguous forest area is the Wold near Bloh. It is around 250 hectares and offers the Woldsee Baggersee, a bathing park that is popular in summer. About 35% of the municipal area is used as pastureland or meadow. In particular, the cultivated areas of the former raised bogs are among these areas. Arable land, including tree nurseries and horticultural companies, makes up around 23% of the municipal area. Unlike in the Middle Ages, fields are now also found in the drained bog areas. A distinction is made here between the historical Eschäcker and the modern Mooräcker .
The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn is located in the North Oldenburg-East Frisian Geest . While wet meadows can be found in the lowlands (valleys), arable land was cultivated on the sandy ridges. Up until the Middle Ages, mainly grain was grown on this ridge. The mono-cultivation resulted in a depletion of nutrients. In order to restore nutrients to the impoverished soil, so-called pests were cut in the humus-rich grassland of the valleys and, enriched with animal excrement, were spread as pest fertilizer on the arable land. As a result, the ridge areas were turned into plague-fertilized Esch . By applying these fertilizers, the ash areas were significantly increased over time. The valley floors are often flooded, which is due to the clay below the Ammerländer Geest .
To the south of the Ammerländer Geest is the Leda - Jümme lowland . This lowland consists mainly of bog . The large moors Ekerner Moor , Speckener Moor and Kayhauser Moor belonging to the municipality of Bad Zwischenahn belong to the Vehnemoor as northern branches . Due to the presence of moor, Bad Zwischenahn could be developed into a state-recognized mud spa and also benefit economically from the extraction of peat .
The municipality of Bad Zwischenahn is divided into 18 parts of the municipality ( farmers ):
- Bad Zwischenahn
- Ear canals
- Petersfehn I.
- Petersfehn II
- Rostrup I
- Rostrup II
Archaeological finds in Querenstede attest to the first settlement of what is today the municipality of Bad Zwischenahn at the end of the Vistula glacial period around 10,000 BC. Systematic archaeological excavations in the Ammerland in the middle of the 20th century indicate a continuous settlement that suddenly broke off around 500 AD. A significant find from this time is the " Kayhausen boy ", which was discovered in 1922 in the Kayhauser Moor. After several hundred years of devastation , the region began to be repopulated in the 9th century. During this time, Eschhöfe emerged everywhere and so-called Brink settlements with mostly lower-quality arable land formed on the foothills of their lands . Archaeological finds from a well near today's market square (today Am Brink ) can also be dated to this period.
The first written evidence about Zwischenahn was in 1124 in connection with the founding of St. John's Church by Count Egilmar from Oldenburg . The establishment of Bad Zwischenahn is therefore officially set for this year. The parish Zwischenahn , which extends around the Zwischenahner Meer, formed after the end of the French era from 1814 with the parish Edewecht, the Amt Zwischenahn , which was then merged with the Amt Westerstede under the same name in 1858 . In 1933 the localities of Ofen, Wehnen, Bloh, and Petersfehn from the dissolved community of Ofen and the southern part of Westerholtsfelde from the community of Wiefelstede were incorporated. This gave Bad Zwischenahn its current size.
A serious train accident occurred on November 20, 1944, when a train manned by 1,500 Dutch workers collided with a train at Bad Zwischenahn station. 29 people died and 67 were injured, including around 30 seriously.
In March 1945, the Rostrup air base was heavily bombed . On the last day of April 1945, Canadian leaflets urged Bad Zwischenahn to avoid the last senseless bloodshed: “ If Zwischenahn does not surrender, it will be razed to the ground .” However, behind the front , the Canadians also indicated “ that this is our wish Don't destroy nice little towns . ”On the night of May 1, 1945, Edewechter Pastor Wilhelm Schulze - a native of Zwischenahner - managed to get German troops to withdraw without a fight as a parliamentarian. The Canadians thanked him with the words: “ You have done a great work this night ”. Bad Zwischenahn was saved.
With the construction of the Chaussee from Oldenburg via Zwischenahn to Westerstede in 1837 and the construction of the Oldenburg – Leer railway line thirty years later, the population and tourism increased steadily. Zwischenahn was already enjoying increasing popularity as a local recreation area at this time. In 1919, Zwischenahn was awarded the title “ Bath ” and in 1964 the title “State-approved mud spa”. An application for the award of the town charter in 1974 was unsuccessful.
In 2002, Bad Zwischenahn, the “capital of trees”, hosted the first Lower Saxony State Garden Show , which attracted over a million visitors. The garden show grounds were subsequently developed into the Park of Gardens .
The center of Bad Zwischenahn today presents itself like a modern small town with a pedestrian zone, promenade, shops and restaurants.
The name is most likely derived from the word to-scentan , which indicates a cleared area. The word means about as much as the Cut out . Another theory says that the name comes from the location between several small rivers, the floodplains . Accordingly, Zwischenahn means something like between the meadows .
The town council of Bad Zwischenahn consists of 36 councilors. This is the specified number for a municipality with a population between 25,001 and 30,000 inhabitants. The 36 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The full-time mayor Arno Schilling (SPD) is also entitled to vote in the municipal council.
The last local election on September 11, 2016 resulted in the following:
|Political party||Proportional votes||Number of seats||Change voices||Change seats|
|SPD||29.5%||11||- 3.3%||- 1|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||11.2%||4th||- 4.6%||- 2nd|
|left||3.8%||1||+ 3.8%||+ 1|
|LKR||3.0%||1||+ 3.0%||+ 1|
|ÖDP||2.7%||1||+ 1.9%||+ 1|
Arno Schilling (SPD) has been mayor of Bad Zwischenahn since 2006. In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, he was re-elected with 50.45% of the vote. His opponent in the runoff election Christian Wandscher (CDU) received 49.55%. The turnout was 55.51%.
coat of arms
Blazon : Two red bars in a golden shield, covered with a silver fountain and three riding pistons above.
The red bars symbolize the community of Bad Zwischenahn as a community of the Ammerland . According to tradition, their significance goes back to Count Gerd the brave : they represent the so-called Ammerland blood beams . The fountain symbolizes a fountain in the center of Bad Zwischenahn that was built around 900 and was uncovered again in 1955. The breeches are due to the vegetation at the edge of the Zwischenahner Meer. This Reith also grows in the wide moor areas around Bad Zwischenahn. The moors are the prerequisite for Bad Zwischenahn to have received the status as a state-recognized mud spa .
The stripe flag shows the color red in the upper half and the color gold in the lower half. The center of the flag is covered with the municipal coat of arms.
Bad Zwischenahn maintains city partnerships with the following cities:
- Izegem ( Belgium ), since September 1980
- Centerville ( Ohio , USA ), since August 1981
- Goluchow ( Poland ), since July 2006
Culture and sights
Sights and buildings
- Zwischenahner Meer
St. John's Church
The Protestant, Romanesque-Gothic church has inside baroque galleries, a baroque pulpit, a classical organ and a splendid Gothic winged altar from the 16th century.
- Old Kurhaus
- Water Tower by Fritz Höger
- Schuessler monument
- Cap windmill Bad Zwischenahn (1811)
- Windmill Ekern (1865)
- Querenstede windmill (1802)
- Rügenwalder Mill in Kayhausen (2012)
The Ammerländer Bauernhaus open-air museum , which has existed since 1910, is a farm complex that today consists of a total of 17 houses and outbuildings. The main building is an original Ammerländer Buurnhus , the core of which dates from around 1695. Additional buildings came to the museum grounds from other locations in the community between 1910 and 2013. The museum shows the rural way of life around 1700.
The Specken Museum is located in Speckener Weg and is part of the Ammerland Farmhouse Open-Air Museum . Since 1993 exhibits have been shown in the so-called Museumskroog as part of changing exhibitions and temporary special exhibitions that do not fit into the open-air museum or are superfluous.
The Alte Pathologie Wehnen is located on the grounds of the Karl Jaspers Clinic in the Wehnen district. It is a memorial and documentation center for victims of euthanasia in National Socialist Germany .
Parks and green spaces
The park of gardens is located in the Rostrup district . The park was created in 2002 when a Lower Saxony State Garden Show was held there for the first time . In 2003 the area of the horticultural show was renamed to its current name Park of the Gardens . The approximately 14 hectare park consists of 43 different themed gardens, which are separated from each other by hedges and spacious lawns. In 2013 the park's new visitor house was opened, which, unlike the park of the gardens, is open all year round. There is a golf course right next to the park of the gardens.
The spa park is located in Bad Zwischenahn directly on the Zwischenahner Meer. It is public and can be entered without admission.
From the Bad Zwischenahn event calendar, the following regular events with great regional or national awareness are worth mentioning:
- Meerlauf Bad Zwischenahn - annual charity run for the work of the Ammerlandhospiz
- Jazz Festival - on the last weekend in July
- Bad Zwischenahner Woche (ZwiWo) - folk festival with "Homeland Day", parade, craft market, art exhibitions and a final fireworks display (since 1975)
- Catfish Market
- Autumn run in oven - always on the day of German unity
Economy and Infrastructure
The economy of the place is shaped by tourism . Zwischenahn has been a popular holiday destination since the middle of the 19th century. The main attraction is the Zwischenahner Meer with its water sports facilities and the network of cycle and hiking trails around the sea. The three ships of the Weisse Flotte Bad Zwischenahn , which are operated by the Herbert Ekkenga AG shipping company , operate on the Zwischenahn Sea .
There are many places to stay in the community. a. Campsites and a youth hostel are also available. In 2011, 169,708 guests visited the community without day visitors. That was 5335 more than in the previous year. The number of overnight stays rose from 628,106 in 2010 to 633,758. Guests spend an average of 6.2 days in Bad Zwischenahn.
As a state-recognized spa town, Bad Zwischenahn has various spa facilities operated by the Bad Zwischenahn spa company founded in 1956 . Mention should be made of the rehabilitation center by the sea with the clinic for orthopedic and rheumatological rehabilitation and the clinic for oncological rehabilitation , the outpatient rehabilitation center by the sea , the health center by the sea , the wave pool with sauna area and the wellness village by the sea . All spa facilities are located on the shores of the Zwischenahner Meer .
The Alte Kurhaus near the lake was built in 1874 and is now a listed building. It was first operated as a health resort and was used as a hospital during World War II . In 1997 the clinic was closed, today the "library by the sea" as well as offices and event rooms are housed there.
In the Bad Zwischenahner Kurpark there has been a Kneipp garden with a freely accessible Kneipp treading basin with cold well water from the Kayhauser Moor and a Kneipp herb garden with various herbs and medicinal plants. The facility is looked after on a voluntary basis by the members of the Bad Zwischenahner Kneipp club .
To finance the spa facilities and the course service, the municipality charges a year-round spa fee .
In 2007, Bad Zwischenahn received the award of health resort number 1 in Lower Saxony in a large quality comparison between 158 spas and health resorts from seven federal states ; in the overall comparison, the health resort came in second.
Bad Zwischenahn is connected to the A 28 federal motorway , which runs northeast of the Zwischenahner Meer from Oldenburg to Leer , via the L 815 and L 825 state roads . The state road L 815 from Westerstede to the Neuenkruge junction of the A 28 leads through the village. The traffic is led by a newly built bypass road running parallel to the Oldenburg – Leer railway line past the town center with the spa facilities and separates the town into a northern and a southern part.
Bad Zwischenahn train station is on the Oldenburg – Leer railway line . It is a stop for Intercity trains on line 56 from Norddeich Mole via Oldenburg , Bremen , Hanover , Magdeburg , Halle (Saale) to Leipzig . The station is also served by regional express trains on the Norddeich Mole – Hannover route. Together with the long-distance trains , which are free of charge to Bremen, there is an hourly service. In addition, Bad Zwischenahn is the end point of the regional S-Bahn Bremen / Lower Saxony of the RS3 line from Bad Zwischenahn via Oldenburg , Delmenhorst to Bremen.
( See also: List of Intercity Train Stations )
- 350 Westerstede - Rostrup - Bad Zwischenahn - Oldenburg
- 370 Rastede - Wiefelstede - Bad Zwischenahn
- 375 Bad Zwischenahn - Edewecht - Süddorf
- 394 Bad Zwischenahn - Petersfehn ( citizen bus )
In the northern municipal area is located on a part of the former air base Zwischenahn the Wehrmacht , the Segelfluggelände Rostrup. The airfield, approved for gliders and motor gliders , is located on the northwest corner of the Zwischenahner Meer and is operated by the Luftsportverein Oldenburg - Bad Zwischenahn e. V. operated. There are flights from April to October depending on the weather.
The "Carl Müller Rügenwalder Wurstfabrik", founded by master butcher Carl Müller in Rügenwalde in Pomerania in 1834, has its headquarters in Bad Zwischenahn . After the Second World War , the company was relocated to Ammerland in 1946 and has been operating under the name Rügenwalder Mühle Carl Müller GmbH & Co. KG ever since . The distinguishing mark is the Rügenwalder mill . In 2012 a windmill was built in Kayhausen to represent the company's logo. With almost 400 employees, the company achieved a turnover of 166 million euros in 2010 . It is one of the major employers in the region .
Another major employer in Bad Zwischenahn is the Hüppe Group , which is active in 22 countries around the world. The company employs around 320 people in its factory in Bad Zwischenahn. 50 percent of the total production is made there.
The Rügenwalder Meat Products Manufacturers Association, founded in 1957, aims to protect the Rügenwalder Teewurst brand name .
The community of Bad Zwischenahn is located in the catchment area of the Nordwest-Zeitung with its local section "Ammerländer Nachrichten". In addition, the Ammerländer Sunday newspaper and the Hunte Report appear here on Wednesday as weekly advertising newspapers. The Oldenburg local broadcaster oeins also reports from the health resort on national events .
- Elementary schools
- Primary school on Wiesengrund in Bad Zwischenahn
- Erwin Roeske primary school in Elmendorf / Aschhausen
- Elementary school furnace
- Petersfehn Elementary School
- Rostrup primary school
- Catholic Primary School Christophorus Rostrup
- Further training
- Oberschule Bad Zwischenahn
- Bad Zwischenahn / Edewecht high school
The two secondary schools in the Bad Zwischenahn community form a spatial school center.
- Vocational schools
- Ammerland vocational schools in Rostrup
- Bau-ABC, educational institution for the building trade, also in Rostrup
- Vocational education
Sons and daughters of the church
- Jakob von der Specken (around 1390, last mentioned in 1456), influential Drost of the Oldenburg counts Dietrich I and Gerd ; 1428 had the historically significant "Oldenburger Salbuch" written
- Wilhelm Heinrich Schüßler (1821–1898), founder of the "biochemical healing method", the therapy with so-called Schüßler salts
- Diedrich Gerhard Roggemann (1840–1900), Mayor of Oldenburg, President of the Landtag and member of the Reichstag
- Johann Alerich Feldhus (1850–1931), farmer, Oldenburg Chamber President and Member of the State Parliament, honorary citizen of Bad Zwischenahn
- Heinrich Sandstede (1859–1951), plant researcher
- Hermann Voss (1892–1934), politician ( NSDAP )
- Johann Roggemann (1900–1981), politician (member of the Oldenburg Landtag) and NSDAP functionary
- Johann Hinrichs (* 1934), politician born in Ohrwege and Member of the Lower Saxony State Parliament
- Carsten Linke (* 1965), former soccer player from Hannover 96
Connected with Bad Zwischenahn
- Count Gerhard (Gerd) the Brave (1430–1500), sea and highway robber, regent of Bad Zwischenahn
- Richard Friese (1854–1918), important German animal painter and sculptor, died in Bad Zwischenahn
- Georg Bernhard Müller vom Siel (1865–1939), painter, lived in Wehnen from 1909–1939
- Johann Friedrich Höger , known as Fritz Höger (1877–1949), architect, built the water tower in Bad Zwischenahn in 1928
- Sophie Charlotte von Oldenburg (1879–1964) lived in a small house in Bad Zwischenahn from 1951 until her death.
- Alma Rogge (1894–1969), writer, her comedy De Vagentschooster premiered in 1921 in the “Ammerländer Bauernhaus” in Bad Zwischenahn
- Adolf Georg Niesmann (1899–1990), painter, died here
- Karl Dieter Zoller (1921–1993), archaeologist, founded the settlement archaeological research center in Bad-Zwischenahn in 1965
- Dieter Nordholz (* 1926), dentist and former stage manager in dentistry in the Bundeswehr
- Wolf Gerlach (1928–2012), German set designer and inventor of the Mainzelmännchen
- Rolf Schmiederer (1928–1979), political didactic, died in Bad Zwischenahn
- Horst Eckert (* 1931), known as Janosch , author and painter, lived in Bad Zwischenahn from 1946 to 1952 and then again from 1953 to 1958
- Hilka Koch , (* 1938), author, lives in Bad Zwischenahn from 1950
- Udo Pastörs (* 1952), politician of the NPD , grew up here.
- Horst Bösing (* 1954), composer and music producer composed most of his works here, including a. for the State Garden Show 2002
- Jens Koch (* 1970), is a German screenwriter and writer in the field of fiction, who became known under the pseudonym Jando .
- Michael Ramsauer (* 1970), painter, graduated from high school here
- Ferdinand Rohde (* 1957), former Bundesliga player, lives in Bad Zwischenahn
- Karl Benke, Hellmuth Boelsen, Wilhelm Bruns, Heike Düselder, Gerd Fischer, Eilert Freese, Jürgen Günther, Michael Hansing, Klaus Harms, Wolfgang Hartung, Walter Helmerichs, Paul Hinrichs, Ulrich Hellweg, Günter König, Uwe Krüger, Günter Kühl, Axel Lüers , Bernhard Menke, Wilhelm Friedrich Meyer, Helmut Ottenjann, Christoph Reinders-Düselder, Karl Veit Riedel, Ilse-Jutta Sandstede, Wilhelm Sandstede, Gerd Schmidt-Möck, Carl-Heinz Schöfer, Peter Schulze, Gerd von Seggern, Erhard Steiner, Klaus Taux , Günther Wiechmann, Christian Wöbcken, Karl-Heinz Ziessow, Dieter Zoller, Dirk Zoller, Marianne Zoller: The Bad Zwischenahn community . People, history, landscape. Ed .: Municipality of Bad Zwischenahn. Friedrich Schmücker GmbH, Bad Zwischenahn 1994 (1062 pages; alternative title: Chronicle of the Bad Zwischenahn community on google-books ).
- Link catalog on the subject of Bad Zwischenahn at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Bad Zwischenahn website
- Park of the Gardens
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Main statutes of the Bad Zwischenahn community
- Bad Zwischenahn: Community - figures & data in brief , accessed on June 16, 2013
- Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on January 6, 2017
- Overall results of the 2016 municipal council elections , accessed on January 6, 2017
- Municipality of Bad Zwischenahn - 2014 - election of the mayor , accessed on June 15, 2014
- municipal law. In: bad- Zwischenahn.de. June 21, 2011, accessed September 23, 2018 .
- Centerville Partnership
- Lower Saxony Mühlenstrasse: Bad Zwischenahn cap windmill
- museum on the website of the Association for Home Care. Retrieved June 14, 2014 .
- Park of the Gardens - The Garden Show in Bad Zwischenahn , accessed on October 14, 2012
- Sea Running Bad Zwischenahn. Retrieved June 6, 2019 (German).
- Jazzfest 2019. Accessed June 6, 2019 .
- Bad Zwischenahner Woche
- Weisse Flotte Bad Zwischenahn , accessed on October 13, 2012
- Statistics show growth of 3.2 percent - big plus in young groups , accessed on October 13, 2012
- Rehabilitation center by the sea - Clinic portrait , accessed on October 13, 2012
- Sights - Altes Kurhaus ( Memento of October 27, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 16, 2013
- Der Kneippgarten ( memento of November 2, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 13, 2012
- Health resort contribution in Bad Zwischenahn ( memento of October 26, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 13, 2012
- Bad Zwischenahn is the number 1 health resort in Lower Saxony ( memento from October 30, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on October 13, 2012
- Gliding on the (Zwischenahner) sea. In: rostrup-segelflug.de. February 18, 2018, accessed September 23, 2018 .
- The Rügenwalder Mill at a Glance ( Memento from March 14, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on September 20, 2012