Bremen Chamber of Employees

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Building of the Bremen Chamber of Employees
Training center of the Chamber of Employees in Bad Zwischenahn

The Bremen Chamber of Employees is a public corporation . It represents the overall interests of the employees belonging to the Chamber, in particular their economic, professional, social or gender equality- promoting interests in harmony with the general good. It was created in 2001 through the merger of the originally independent chambers for workers and salaried employees founded in 1921.


The approximately 390,000 members of the Chamber of Employees include all employees working in the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen as well as those employed for their vocational training in the form of mandatory membership . They finance the Chamber of Employees with 0.15% of gross income , which, like the mandatory contributions to unemployment insurance and pension insurance , are paid directly by the employer. The income from chamber contributions amounted to around 19.11 million euros in 2017. Unemployed people who last worked in the state of Bremen are also members of the Chamber of Employees.


The legal basis of the Chamber of Employees is the Bremen Chamber of Employees Act. The chamber also provides public legal advice to the state of Bremen.

The Chamber of Employees provides a wide range of services, including information, advice and training for individual members. The chamber advises young members on questions of training and further education , BAföG and other funding opportunities . The chamber also provides information on questions relating to income and wage tax or labor law . But also technical support and advice to works and staff councils is part of the work of the Chamber of Employees. The public administration is also supported with suggestions, suggestions, statements and reports.

Cooperations and institutions

The Chamber of Employees operates its own facilities and cooperates with various partners.

The Bremen Chamber of Employees gGmbH's own educational institution, Economic and Social Academy, offers seminars, further training and educational leave . She has an educational establishment in Bad Zwischenahn . Together with the Chamber of Commerce and the Chamber of Crafts, the Chamber is responsible for the Bremen Technical School . She is a co-operator of the culture workshop westend . It is responsible for the LernNetzwerk project within the framework of the Learning Regions program . It cooperates with the University of Bremen in the center for further education , in the institute for work and economy and in the center for work and politics . The chamber is a co-initiator of the Bremen Network for Work and Health (AuGe) and conducts its business. Together with the Bremen Community Foundation , with which it has also agreed a strategic partnership, it is in charge of the Bremen Initiative Active Citizens' City (BIAB) . She cooperates in the Bremen network for post-qualification within the framework of the federal program Perspective Vocational Degree .


In Bremen, the Bremen Chamber of Commerce and the Bremen Chamber of Commerce were newly formed in 1849 to represent the interests of small to large companies. 1877 by the Social Democrats in Bremen set up a working chamber and Labor demanded, and since 1898 was in Bremen and the demand for employees chamber in the discussion. In 1888, an application by the member of parliament Erich Sanders (SPD) for the establishment of a Chamber of Labor and again in 1902 by Friedrich Ebert (SPD) with 32 to 44 votes from the Bremen citizenship was rejected.

The Constitutional Commission of the Bremen National Assembly in 1919 advocated two labor chambers , and in the Bremen Constitution of 1920, the chambers were included in §§ 83 and 84. On May 18, 1920 the Chamber of Employees and the Chamber of Labor were constituted and on July 8, 1921 the necessary laws were passed in the citizenry with a majority. The Chamber of Labor consisted of 30 and the Chamber of Employees of 24 members who were elected for three years. The first chairman of the Chamber of Labor was Oskar Schulze (SPD). In the Chamber of Labor elections of 1932, the free trade unions 23, the communists 6, the Christian trade unions one and the NSDAP / Stahlhelm list could not win any of the 30 places. On April 1, 1933, the National Socialists dismissed Schulze, and representatives of the German Labor Front took over the tasks in the chambers, which were dissolved by law in 1936.

In June 1945 Wilhelm Kaisen (SPD) applied for the two chamber laws to be re-established in the versions from before 1933, which was then also carried out in 1945 through ordinances. The Senate then appointed the boards of the chambers. In 1954, the Senator for Economic Affairs unsuccessfully proposed that the two chambers be merged.

In 1999, the plenary assemblies of the Chamber of Employees and the Chamber of Labor decided unanimously in separate sessions to merge. On March 28, 2000, the new law on the Chamber of Employees in the state of Bremen was passed by the citizens.


In contrast to trade unions, membership and payment of contributions in the Chamber of Employees is mandatory for employees in Bremen . This has been repeatedly criticized in the past and triggered calls for the abolition of the Chamber as a whole or at least compulsory membership.

Comparable facilities

In Germany, besides the Bremen Chamber of Employees, there is only one other federal state in which there is a comparable institution in the interests of the workforce, the Saarland Chamber of Labor . In Austria there are labor chambers in all federal states. However, their influence is considerably greater; they are an important pillar of the Austrian social partnership , are involved in legislative proposals, among other things, and have a federal headquarters in the capital Vienna.

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Chamber of Labor Act. Transparency portal Bremen, accessed on April 15, 2016 .
  2. Law on Public Legal Advice. Transparency portal Bremen, accessed on April 15, 2016 .
  3. Cooperations / institutions. Bremen Chamber of Employees, accessed on October 9, 2010 .
  4. Citizens' participation instead of being bored with politics. In: press archive. Bremen Chamber of Employees, November 13, 2008, accessed October 9, 2010 .
  5. ^ Herbert Black Forest : History of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen . Volume III p. 167 ff, Edition Temmen, Bremen 1995, ISBN 3-86108-283-7 .
  6. ditto: Volume IV, pp. 78, 126f, 144, 207, 256.
  7. ^ Bremen Chamber of Employees: History
  8. Ziegert questions the Chamber of Employees

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