University of Bremen
|University of Bremen|
|Students||18,669 (WS 2019/20)|
|including professors||329 (2019)|
|Annual budget||€ 354.6 million (2019)|
|Networks||DFH , VNU , YUFE|
The University of Bremen (short Uni Bremen ) is the founding year 1971, a recent state universities in Germany and with about 19,200 students and about 2,300 scientists, the largest university in the country Bremen .
From 2012 to 2017, the university was one of the eleven German universities to receive awards in the third round of the Excellence Initiative in the highly endowed “Future Concept” funding line.
The tradition can be traced back to the Bremen Latin School, which was renamed the Gymnasium Academicum in 1584 . In 1610 it was converted to the Illustre grammar school , a university with the four classical faculties of theology, law, medicine and philosophy. This college existed until 1810 and was dissolved by Napoleon I. Instead, under the Napoleonic rule, a Franco-Bremen university was considered. After the end of the Second World War , the establishment of an International University in Bremen was discussed in 1948 .
The general planning for the construction of the university has been carried out since 1966 by the University Building Authority Bremen (UBA) under the direction of Otto Freese . The overall planning, urban planning ideas were achieved through a national competition. In the marshland area, around 5 meters of marshland had to be replaced with sand; the university lake and the "university wilderness" were created. Since from 1969 the federal government under Willy Brandt (SPD) with Science Minister Hans Leussink (non-party) promoted the expansion of five universities, including Bremen, to a special degree and under time constraints, the first buildings - humanities (GW 1) and natural sciences (NW 1) - can even be built outside the later center of the university. This was followed by the first buildings in the central area with the University Library Bremen (UB), the central area (ZB), the cafeteria, GW 2, NW 2, the central multi-purpose high-rise (MZH) and then the sports buildings in the east.
Studies at today's university began in the winter semester 1971/72 in the GW 1 building complex. The founding phase in the 1960s was very controversial and led, among other things, to the termination of the Bremen coalition between the SPD and FDP . It was also accompanied by a building land scandal. The foundation stone was laid on November 11, 1968 by students and schoolchildren jokingly under the name "Marx- & Moritz-Universität" - the latter after the name of the then Senator for Education Moritz Thape . In 1971/1973 the Bremen University of Education was integrated. A university was planned with the classic subjects of law, medicine and natural sciences, but with interdisciplinary learning, the so-called project study . The traditional term faculty has been replaced by the term department. The teacher training and law courses were designed in one phase, i. This means that graduates after the first state examination did not go to work, but stayed at the university and were prepared for the second state examination through appropriate practical parts. The single-phase courses did not prevail in the long run, as some of the Bremen graduates had difficulties applying in other federal states. The medical department was not established.
In June 1997 the cafeteria was completely destroyed by fire. Two children had played with fire accelerators left behind by craftsmen on the roof and started a fire in the process. The rebuilding of the cafeteria cost 36 million D-Marks and it opened in March 2000.
Third parity was introduced in the self-administration of the university, equal rights for the status groups of teachers , students and so-called service providers . The lawsuit of some professors eventually ended third parity.
Some components of the so-called Bremen model have been preserved to this day. The teaching is oriented towards research-based learning, interdisciplinarity, practical orientation and responsibility towards society. This model continues to exist in computer science in particular , in which a significant part of the main course is completed in a student project ( project study ).
The original Bremen model as well as tendencies in the appointment of some university lecturers brought the University of Bremen the reputation of a red cadre forge . Many university professors introduced the theory of historical materialism developed by Karl Marx , and some of them were active in Marxist groups. This included the external presentations (demonstrations) in downtown Bremen on the committee days on Wednesday mornings (nominally no events) . Physicist Jens Scheer was one of the best-known professors from the early days of the company .
Many years later, the University of Bremen was able to establish its reputation as an excellent university . As part of the excellence initiative of the federal and state governments in 2012, the University of Bremen was placed among the top eleven of the German universities in the field of “Future Concepts for Top University Research”. Today the University of Bremen is considered a science center in northwest Germany.
Overall, the University of Bremen has three institutions of excellence that have been or will be funded by the excellence initiative of the federal and state governments.
In the first round of the Excellence Initiative, the Graduate School Global Change in the Marine Realm received funding approval.
In the course of the second round of the Excellence Initiative, the applications from the Graduate School Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences , a project in cooperation with Jacobs University , and the Excellence Cluster Marum - The Ocean in the Earth System were also successful. This was announced by the German Research Foundation and the Science Council on October 19, 2007 in Bonn.
In the third and so far last round, BIGSSS and Marum defended their status. The marine science graduate school had not started again as this program is now part of the Marum. In addition, the University of Bremen with its ambitious and agile future concept also asserted itself in the third, highest funding line, and is one of the eleven German universities that have been awarded this status.
For the 2016/17 winter semester, the university is offering 119 courses in twelve departments . The degrees offered include Bachelor ( B.Sc. & BA ), Master ( M.Sc. , MA , M.Ed. ) and the First Legal Examination .
The university is divided into twelve departments (faculties):
- Faculty 01: Physics / Electrical Engineering
- Faculty 02: Biology / Chemistry
- Faculty 03: Mathematics / Computer Science
- Department 04: Production engineering - mechanical engineering / process engineering
- Faculty 05: Geosciences
- Faculty 06: Law
- Faculty 07: Economics
- Faculty 08: Social Sciences
- Faculty 09: Cultural Studies
- Faculty 10: Linguistics and Literature Studies
- Faculty 11: Human and Health Sciences
- Faculty 12: Education and training
The range of courses is supplemented by virtual lectures, so-called e-learning modules . Interdisciplinary content is conveyed in learning videos and then tested.
With the Virtual Academy of Sustainability , the University of Bremen offers a range of courses for sustainable development . The University of Berninghausen has been awarding the Berninghausen Prize for excellent teaching and innovation since 1992, which is Germany's oldest teaching award.
The university administration has an equal opportunities department. The university successfully participated in the federal program for women professors in both rounds .
- Marine, polar and climate research
- Social change, social policy and the state
- Material science and its technologies
- Minds, Media, Machines
- Health sciences
The Oceans in the Earth System - MARUM, the Cluster of Excellence, developed in 2007 from the DFG Research Center Ocean Margins , founded in 2001 .
Collaborative Research Centers
In May 2017, the university has four Collaborative Research Centers (SFB):
- CRC 1320: Science of Everyday Activities - Analytical and Generative Modeling (Everyday Activity Science and Engineering - EASE) (2017-)
- CRC 1232: From colored states to evolutionary construction materials (2016–)
- TRR 136: Function-oriented manufacturing based on characteristic process signatures (2014-)
- CRC 747: Micro Cold Forming - Processes, Characterization, Optimization (2007–)
The University of Bremen is also involved in the following special research areas:
- TRR 172: Arctic Reinforcement: Climate-Relevant Atmospheric and Surface Processes and Feedback Mechanisms (AC) 3 (2016-)
- TRR 181: Energy transfer in the atmosphere and in the ocean (2016-)
Expired Collaborative Research Centers:
- CRC 597: Changing Statehood (2003–2014)
- SFB / TR8: Spatial Cognition - Inference, Action, Interacting (2003– 2014)
- SFB 637: Self-control of logistic processes (2004–2012)
- SFB / TR4: Process chains for the replication of complex optical components (2001–2012)
- SFB 570: Distortion Engineering - Warp control in manufacturing (2001–2011)
- SFB 517: Neural Basics of Cognitive Performance (1996-2005)
- SFB 372: Spray compacting (1994-2004)
Many institutes and research facilities are located in the campus area that either belong to the university or are in close cooperation with it. The larger institutions include:
- ALTA - Institute for Algebra, Geometry, Topology and Their Applications
- ANT - communications engineering division
- artec - Research Center Sustainability
- BCCMS - Bremen Center for Computational Material Science
- BCM - Bremen Center for Mechatronics
- BIAS - Bremen Institute for Applied Beam Technology , since 1977
- BIBA - Bremen Institute for Production and Logistics
- BIKQS - Bremen Institute for Canada and Québec Studies
- BIMAQ - Bremen Institute for Measurement Technology, Automation and Quality Science
- BIME - Bremen Institute for Structural Mechanics and Production Systems
- BIPS - Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology
- BITZ - Bremen Technology Center; Architect (1985): Gert Schulze
- BreMarE - Bremen Marine Ecology - Center for Research and Education (BreMarE)
- CEuS - Jean Monnet Center for European Studies
- DFKI Bremen - Bremen location of the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence ( Saarbrücken / Kaiserslautern ), since 2006
- Research Center Eastern Europe , since 1982
- Research and cooperation center for shipping, since 1997
- IALB - Institute for Electric Drives, Power Electronics and Components
- IAT - Institute for Automation Technology
- IAW - Institute for Labor and Economy
- IBB - Institute for Soil Science
- IDN - Institute for Didactics of Natural Sciences
- IFAM - Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Technology and Applied Materials Research
- IFP - Institute for Solid State Physics
- IMSAS - Institute for Microsensors, Actuators and Systems
- InIIS - Institute for Intercultural and International Studies
- IfH - Institute for Brain Research
- ifib - Institute for Information Management Bremen
- IPK - Institute for Psychology and Cognitive Research
- ISIS - Integrated Solutions in Sensorial Structure Engineering, Sensorial Materials Scientific Center, since 2008
- ISL - Institute for Shipping Economics and Logistics, since 1954
- ITB - Institute for Technology and Education , since 1986
- ITEM - Institute for Theoretical Electrical Engineering and Microelectronics
- ITH - Institute for Telecommunications and High Frequency Technology
- ITP - Institute for Theoretical Physics
- IUP - Institute for Environmental Physics (with the organizationally affiliated IFE - Institute for Remote Sensing), since 1993
- IWT - Institute for Materials Technology , since 1950
- LogDynamics - Bremen Research Cluster for Dynamics in Logistics, since 1995
- MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences (together with the DFG Research Center Ocean Margins: RCOM - Research Center Ocean Margins, since 2001)
- MEVIS - Fraunhofer MEVIS (formerly MeVis Research GmbH), since 1995
- MPI Bremen - Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology
- MRC Bremen - Mobile Research Center, since 2004
- PIW - Progress Institute for Economic Research
- SOCIUM - Research Center Inequality and Social Policy
- TZI - Technology Center for Computer Science and Information Technology , since 1995
- UFT - Center for Environmental Research and Sustainable Technologies
- zap - center for work and politics
- ZARM - Center for Applied Space Technology and Microgravity (ZARM)
- ZeMKI - Center for Media, Communication and Information Research
- ZeS - Center for Social Policy
- ZeTeM - Center for Technomathematics
- ZHG - Center for Human Genetics
- ZKW - Center for Cognitive Science
- ZMT - Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Ecology
- ZPHG - Center for Philosophical Foundations of Science, since 1984
→ See main article State and University Library Bremen
The State and University Library Bremen (SuUB) is the scientific library of the state and the University of Bremen. As a state library and university library, it provides scientific and regionally related literature to users and institutions from the state of Bremen and the Lower Weser region.
The printed and electronic information on offer consists of 3,252,772 volumes (books, magazines and newspapers), 242,142 dissertations, 6,446 cards, 13,603 rarities, 184 incunabula , 68,071 notes, 97,125 audiovisual materials, 8,090 continuously obtained printed journals and 21,248 continuously obtained electronic journals (As of 2008). In 2008, 38,129 active users visited the library and there were 1,433,837 library visits per year.
In addition to the main building on campus, there are nine other decentralized locations:
- The departmental libraries for economics (Uni - Hochschulring 4), for physics and electrical engineering (Uni - NW 1), for mathematics and computer science (Uni - MZH), and for law (Uni - GW 1) as well
- the branch libraries of the Bremen University of Applied Sciences (for technology and social affairs: Neustadtswall 30 and for economics and nautical science: Werderstraße 73), the Bremen University of the Arts (for art in Speicher XI , for music in Dechanatstraße) and the Bremerhaven University (Karlsburg 7, house S)
In 2016, the total budget was around 326 million euros. Around 110 million euros of this came from third-party funds .
The state government's austerity measures and the growing number of students have worsened the university's financial situation. One consequence of the financial problems was the discussion on the introduction of tuition fees since the end of 2002. An administration fee of € 50 per semester was introduced in 2004. A university master plan was discussed by Bremen politicians. In this context, the sports and disability education courses were closed. The decision on this was made on February 16, 2008 in the responsible committee of the Bremen citizenship. In 2007 there were still around 800 sports students. As a result, for example, student teachers studying sport would migrate to the universities of Vechta and Oldenburg .
Together with the technology park, the campus forms a district on the outskirts of Bremen and is conveniently located on the A27 motorway with its own exit. The university can also be easily reached by bus (lines 21, 22, 28, 31, 630, 670) or tram. There are three tram line 6 stops on campus .
On the Weser peninsula Teerhof there is a guest house of the university, another one on Lise-Meitner-Straße in the immediate vicinity of the campus.
The Bremen semester ticket is valid in the traffic group Bremen / Lower Saxony , Verkehrsverbund Ems-Jade , the Transport Community district Cloppenburg and outside their areas on the rail routes to (clockwise) Cuxhaven , Buxtehude , Hamburg , Hannover , Osnabrück , Rheine , Emden , northern dike and Wilhelmshaven .
The university management consists of the rector, vice-rectors and chancellor.
Rectors of the University:
- since September 2012: Bernd Scholz-Reiter
- 2002 to 2012: Wilfried Müller
- 1982 to 2002: Jürgen Timm
- 1977 to 1982: Alexander Wittkowsky
- 1974 to 1977: Hans-Josef Steinberg
- 1970 to 1973: Thomas von der Vring , founding rector
Chancellor of the University:
- from 2021: Frauke Meyer
- 2014 to 2020: Martin Mehrtens
- 2012 to 2013: Martin Mehrtens (acting head)
- 1991 to 2012: Gerd-Rüdiger Kück
- 1990 to 1991: Herbert Berger
- 1984 to 1990: Ralf Wilken
- 1970 to 1983: Hans Heinrich Maaß, Founding Chancellor and Chancellor
Well-known graduates (selection)
- Jürg Acklin (* 1945), Swiss psychoanalyst and author
- Werner Müller (1946–2019), German politician and manager, (doctorate in 1978)
- Enrique Schmidt (1949–1984), Nicaraguan politician
- Helmut Woll (* 1950), German economist
- Peter Masuch (* 1951), President of the Federal Social Court , (graduated 1978)
- Gesa Lindemann (* 1956), German sociologist
- Stefan Dzikowski (* 1957), German author of non-fiction books on the subject of autism
- Helga Trüpel (* 1958), German politician ( Alliance 90 / The Greens )
- Silvia Schön (* 1959), German politician ( Alliance 90 / The Greens )
- Hubertus Knabe (* 1959), German historian and director of the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial
- Marc Kochzius (* 1970), German marine biologist (diploma 1996)
- Ayşe Polat (* 1970), German director and author with Turkish-Kurdish roots
- Jürgen Radel (* 1975), professor of business administration at HTW Berlin
- Reyhan Şahin (* 1980), German rapper, actress and radio presenter
- Florian Kohfeldt (* 1982), German soccer coach
- Coldmirror (* 1984), German video artist
- Oliver Grasmück , German religious scholar, author and editor
- Claas Relotius (* 1985), German journalist
- Ahmad Tavakkoli , German-Iranian journalist and ceramic artist
The university is part of the Association of North German Universities and the U Bremen Research Alliance.
In August 2011, members of the university founded the solar cooperative UniBremenSolar . Independent of the university management, lecturers and students are committed to complying with the university's mission statement "Environmentally Friendly Action" and the sustainability and environmental guidelines.
- Thomas von der Vring : University reform in Bremen. Report by the Rector on the founding and development of the University of Bremen during his term of office from 1970 to 1974 . European Publishing House, Frankfurt 1975, ISBN 3-434-00250-2 .
- Peter Meier-Hüsing: University of Bremen - 40 years in motion . Edition Temmen, Bremen 2011, ISBN 978-3-8378-1015-8 .
- Birte Gräfing: Education policy in Bremen from 1945 until the university was founded in 1971 (PDF; 82 kB). Dissertation, Bremen 2004, LIT-Verlag, Münster 2006.
- Birte Gräfing: Tradition Reform. The University of Bremen 1971-2001. Donat Verlag, Bremen 2012, ISBN 978-3-938275-98-6 .
- Jannik Sachweh: The Bremen University Courses and the Structure of the Bremen Education System after 1945, in: Bremisches Jahrbuch, Volume 96 (2017), pp. 182–206.
- Studierendenwerk Bremen
- Summer Festival Vorstrasse feat. Spittaler Strasse
- Informatica Feminale
- List of student associations in Bremen
- List of universities in Germany
- University of Bremen
- Winnie Abraham (Red.): The world firmly in view. 35 years of the University of Bremen ( memento from June 7, 2007 in the Internet Archive ). May 26, 2006 ( PDF , 2.21 MB).
- Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernd Scholz-Reiter, Rector , Homepage of the University of Bremen, accessed on October 15, 2019.
- Annual report of the rector "University in numbers" 2019. (PDF) Rector of the University of Bremen, April 2020, accessed on August 26, 2020 (2.82 MB).
- Network. List of universities in the DFH network. In: www.dfh-ufa.org. Franco-German University, accessed on October 7, 2019 .
- Marina Ruhlandt: YUFE Alliance designs European university. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .
- European University YUFE: University of Bremen successful with network. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .
- Jannik Sachweh: The Bremen University Courses and the Development of the Bremen Education System after 1945 . In: Historical Society Bremen (Hrsg.): Bremisches Jahrbuch . tape 96 . Bremen 2017, p. 182-206 .
- Essen the fine way , UniSPIEGEL 3/2000, accessed on July 20, 2011
- “There are no ready meals here” ( Memento from April 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ), campus-kurier.de, accessed on January 29, 2013
- Article. In: Der Spiegel. February 21, 2006, accessed June 17, 2015 .
- Martin Spiewak: Werder and science. In: Die Zeit No. 12/2004. March 11, 2004, accessed June 17, 2015 .
- Lilo Berg: After the Revolution. In: Berliner Zeitung . February 7, 2006, accessed June 17, 2015 .
- Günter Beyer: 60 Years of the German States: The State of Free Hanseatic City of Bremen. Deutschlandradio Kultur , December 4, 2006, accessed on January 14, 2017.
- Dpa: Excellence Initiative: Germany has five new elite universities . In: The time . June 15, 2012, ISSN 0044-2070 ( zeit.de [accessed May 3, 2017]).
- Federal Ministry of Education: Excellence Initiative , Graduate Schools section .
- DFG press release on the decision on the second round of the Excellence Initiative ( memento of January 24, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 71 kB). See Excellence Initiative: University of Bremen twice as successful ( Memento from October 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive ). University of Bremen, press release No. 286/9. October 2007 SC.
- Thomas Vitzthum: Cologne and Dresden now have elite universities. Die Welt , June 15, 2012, accessed March 5, 2013.
- db studies. In: dbs.uni-bremen.de. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016 ; accessed on November 14, 2016 .
- db studies. Degrees. In: dbs.uni-bremen.de. Archived from the original on November 16, 2016 ; accessed on November 14, 2016 .
- see Profile Gender Equality of Unit 04 Equal Opportunities
- Page of the university on the program for women professors
- Stefan Lüttgens: Scientific focus of the University of Bremen. Retrieved May 3, 2017 .
- DFG - Ongoing Collaborative Research Centers. In: .dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- DFG - EXC 309: The Ocean in the Earth System - MARUM - Center for Marine Environmental Sciences. In: www.dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- DFG - German Research Foundation - DFG funds 15 new Collaborative Research Centers. Retrieved June 7, 2017 .
- University of Bremen, Germany: DFG approves another special research area at the University of Bremen . In: University of Bremen . ( uni-bremen.de [accessed June 7, 2017]).
- DFG - GEPRIS - SFB 597: Statehood in Transition. In: gepris.dfg.de. Retrieved November 14, 2016 .
- DFG - GEPRIS - TRR 8: Spatial cognition - reasoning, acting, interacting. In: gepris.dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- DFG - GEPRIS - SFB 637: Self-regulation of logistic processes - A paradigm shift and its limits. In: gepris.dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- DFG - GEPRIS - TRR 4: Process chains for the replication of complex optical components. In: gepris.dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- DFG - GEPRIS - SFB 570: Distortion Engineering - Warp control in production. In: gepris.dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- DFG - GEPRIS - SFB 517: Neural Basics of Cognitive Performance. In: gepris.dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- DFG - GEPRIS - SFB 372: Spray compacting. In: gepris.dfg.de. Retrieved November 10, 2016 .
- replaced by SOCIUM since July 2015, see above
- State and University Library Bremen: www.suub.uni-bremen.de . See About Us → Library in Numbers , as of January 3, 2010
- Lisa-Maria Röhling: University Chancellor Mehrtens is retiring. Retrieved January 10, 2020 .
- Frank Hethey: Uni-Chancellor Mehrtens will remain until the end. Retrieved January 17, 2020 .
- Civil clause, arms research and the University of Bremen. In: General Student Committee (AStA) of the University of Bremen. Philip Radke, Irina Kyburz (nee Stinga), Tom Robin Hoffmann, accessed on June 3, 2019 .
- University of Bremen, Germany - Derk Schönfeld: Members. Retrieved September 7, 2017 .