Science Council (Germany)
The Science Council is the most important scientific policy advisory body in Germany . It was founded on September 5, 1957 and advises the federal and state governments on issues relating to the further development of the university system in terms of content and structure as well as state funding for research institutions . The seat is in Cologne .
The Science Council mainly fulfills its advisory function by developing recommendations, which are also published. These recommendations can relate to individual scientific institutions ( universities , universities of applied sciences , non-university research institutions) as well as overarching issues of the science system (e.g. university access, teacher training , university medicine ).
In addition, the Science Council has taken on a number of individual tasks over the years:
- Evaluation of non-university research institutions, in particular the Leibniz Association and so-called departmental research
- Institutional accreditation of private and church universities (since 2001)
- Implementation of the Excellence Initiative (since 2005, together with the German Research Foundation )
- Advising the federal and state governments on the structure of research funding
|Wilhelm A. Kewenig||1976||1979|
|Karl Max Einhäupl||2001||2006|
|Peter straw cutter||2006||2011|
Sponsorship and organization
The bodies responsible for the body are the federal and state governments. The General Assembly of the Science Council consists of two equal commissions. The Scientific Commission consists of 24 scientists and 8 representatives from public life. They are appointed by the Federal President. The 24 scientists are proposed jointly by the German Research Foundation , Leibniz Association , the University Rectors' Conference , Max Planck Society , Helmholtz Association and the Fraunhofer Society . The 8 representatives of public life are proposed jointly by federal and state governments. The administrative commission consists of one delegated representative from each of the sixteen federal states and six representatives from the federal government, although the latter have 16 votes, so that the administrative commission also has 32 votes. General meetings of the Science Council take place every quarter and must pass resolutions with a two-thirds majority. The office of the Science Council is in Cologne. There around 80 employees - 40 of them scientists - oversee the work of the Science Council in its committees and committees. The chairman of the Science Council is appointed for one year and represents the Science Council externally.
Great social challenges (GgH)
In a position paper entitled Great Social Challenges , the Science Council calls for “knowledge of ecological, technological, social, cultural and economic aspects of a transformation process to be merged or flexibly recombined.” Internationally used terms for Great Social Challenges are “societal challenges ”or“ grand challenges ”.
- German Research Foundation
- Max Planck Society , Fraunhofer Society , Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers , Leibniz Association
- University Rectors ' Conference , Joint Science Conference
- List of advisory bodies of the federal government
- Olaf Bartz: The Science Council. Lines of Development of Science Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany 1957–2007. Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2007, ISBN 978-3-515-09074-2 .
- Olaf Bartz: Science Council and University Planning. Mission statement change and planning processes in the Federal Republic of Germany between 1957 and 1975 , dissertation, Cologne 2005. (available as an electronic resource )
- Hans Christian Röhl : The Science Council. Cooperation between science, the federal government and the states and their legal determinants , Nomos, Baden-Baden 1994, ISBN 3-7890-3480-0 .
- Andreas Stucke: The Science Council . In: Falk, Svenja / Rehfeld, Dieter / Römmele, Andrea / Thunert, Martin (Hrsg.): Handbuch Politikberatung. VS Verlag, Wiesbaden 2006, ISBN 978-3-531-14250-0 , pp. 248-254.
- Literature on the Science Council in the catalog of the German National Library
- Science Council
- Publications of the Science Council
- Members of the Scientific Commission and the Administrative Commission
- ↑ z. B. Hans-Heinrich Trute : Research between freedom of fundamental rights and state institutionalization: the law of science as the right of cooperative administrative processes. Tübingen 1994, p. 704
- ↑ On the science policy discourse on major societal challenges @ Wissenschaftsrat.de (PDF 356 KB), April 2015, accessed January 28, 2017
- ↑ Great social challenges @ uni-heidelberg.de, Joachim Funke, Psychological Institute Heidelberg, accessed January 28, 2017