Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers
|Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers V.
|Chair:||Otmar Wiestler (President)|
|Executive Director:||Franziska Broer|
|Number of members:||19 research centers|
|Number of employees:||40,404|
The Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers e. V. (also Hermann von Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers) is a German organization for the promotion and financing of research.
The Helmholtz Association is a member association of 19 independent scientific - technical and biological - medical research centers with a total of more than 40,000 employees. Around 40 percent of these are scientists, around 3,500 doctoral students and around 1,400 trainees (as of 2018). The budget is currently 4.8 billion euros (as of 2019). The Helmholtz Association is therefore the largest scientific organization in Germany in terms of staff and budget. The declared aim is to "answer big and pressing questions from science , society and business ".
A good two thirds of the budget is financed by the public sector as part of the basic funding, while the rest (over 30%) is raised by the members as third-party funding. The basic funding is provided 90% by the federal government and 10% by the federal states . Planning security through continuous budget increases is given with the Pact for Research and Innovation .
In 2018, 16,731 publications appeared in ISI or SCOPUS -cited specialist journals with the participation of Helmholtz scientists. In the publication ranking of the Nature publishing house (“Nature Index”), the Helmholtz Association took second place in the category “Earth and Environment” on a global level for 2018, ahead of institutions such as the CNRS (third place), the ETH Zurich (4th place), NASA (5th place), Caltech (7th place) and the University of California, Berkeley (8th place). The Helmholtz Association ranks 7th in the Nature Index on a global level across all scientific areas. In the field of physics, the global 8th place is achieved in the ranking.
The Helmholtz Association makes its research infrastructures and large-scale equipment available to Helmholtz internal and external scientists . In 2018 they were used by around 4,300 visiting researchers from all over the world. Examples of this are the EMIL laboratory of the Helmholtz Center Berlin (HZB), the Energy Lab 2.0. of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), the earth observation satellites of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the GeoForschungsZentrum (GFZ), the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator from the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (IPP) and the ultra-modern research aircraft DLR's HALO and numerous research vessels such as the Polarstern .
Otmar Wiestler has been President of the Helmholtz Association since September 1, 2015 . He succeeded Jürgen Mlynek , who was Helmholtz President from 2005 to 2015. Franziska Broer is the managing director of the Helmholtz Association .
Foundation and history of the Helmholtz Association
The cornerstone of the scientific community was in 1958 the "Working Committee for Administrative and Operational Issues of German Reactor Stations", founded by the Karlsruhe Research Centers (since October 2009 Karlsruhe Institute of Technology ) and Jülich , the former "Society for Nuclear Energy Utilization in Shipbuilding and Shipping" (today Helmholtz Geesthacht Center - Center for Materials and Coastal Research , HZG for short) and by the nuclear research institutes of some universities. In the following years, further research centers were added to the loose network. In 1970 the Working Group of Large Research Institutions (AGF) emerged from this . In 1995 this working group got its current name: Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers, after the German physiologist and physicist Hermann von Helmholtz . In 2001 it was finally converted into a registered association of legally independent members.
Members of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers are (in order of the acronyms):
- AWI Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research , Bremerhaven
- CISPA Helmholtz Center for Information Security , Saarbrücken
- DESY German Electron Synchrotron , Hamburg
- DKFZ German Cancer Research Center , Heidelberg
- DLR German Aerospace Center , Cologne
- DZNE German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases eV, Bonn
- FZJ Research Center Jülich , Jülich
- GEOMAR Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel , Kiel
- GFZ Helmholtz Center Potsdam - German Research Center for Geosciences , Potsdam
- GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research , Darmstadt
- HMGU Helmholtz Center Munich - German Research Center for Health and Environment , Neuherberg near Munich
- HZB Helmholtz Center Berlin for Materials and Energy
- HZDR Helmholtz Center Dresden-Rossendorf
- HZI Helmholtz Center for Infection Research , Braunschweig
- IPP Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics (associated member), Garching near Munich
- KIT Karlsruhe Institute of Technology , Karlsruhe
- MDC Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association , Berlin-Buch
- UFZ Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research , Leipzig
Helmholtz institutes together with universities
Helmholtz institutes describe a partnership between a Helmholtz center and a university. The Helmholtz Center is establishing a branch office on the university campus. The Helmholtz Association funds Helmholtz institutes with three to five million euros per year, the leading scientists are appointed together with the partner university. The following Helmholtz institutes currently exist:
- Helmholtz Institute Mainz : Cooperation between Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and the GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research, founded as the first Helmholtz Institute in June 2009. The institute is dedicated to researching the structure, symmetry and stability of matter and antimatter.
- Helmholtz Institute Jena : Joint institute of the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena and the German Electron Synchrotron as well as the GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research, founded in June 2009. The institute brings the competencies of the University of Jena in the field of high-power laser physics with the Expertise in accelerator, laser and X-ray technology at DESY and GSI together.
- Helmholtz Institute for Pharmaceutical Research Saarland : Joint establishment of the University of Saarland and the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research , founded in August 2009. At the Helmholtz Institute Saarbrücken, new active ingredients for combating infectious diseases are to be identified and further developed for pharmaceutical use.
- Helmholtz Institute Ulm : Cooperation between the University of Ulm and the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, founded in January 2011. The institute is engaged in the research and development of electrochemical battery concepts.
- Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology : Joint establishment of the TU Bergakademie Freiberg and the Helmholtz Center Dresden-Rossendorf, founded in summer 2011. The institute's aim is to develop innovative technologies for the economy in order to provide and supply mineral and metal-containing raw materials more efficiently use as well as environmentally friendly recycling.
- Helmholtz Institute Erlangen-Nürnberg for Renewable Energies : Cooperation between the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg and the Helmholtz Center Berlin for Materials and Energy (HZB) as well as the Research Center Jülich, founded in August 2013. The institute deals with the Research into printable photovoltaics and innovative methods for chemical energy storage using hydrogen technologies.
- Helmholtz Institute Münster : Joint institute of the Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität in Münster and the Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen with the research center Jülich, founded in June 2014. The central research subject is the electrochemistry of batteries and in particular the electrolyte as a medium for ion transport and central Component of batteries.
- In October 2016 the Senate of the Helmholtz Association decided to found two further Helmholtz institutes:
- Helmholtz Institute for RNA-based Infection Research in Würzburg, cooperation between the Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg and the Helmholtz Center for Infection Research.
- Helmholtz Institute for Functional Marine Biodiversity in Oldenburg, cooperation between the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg and the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research.
- Helmholtz Institute for Translational Oncology (HI-TRON Mainz) : Founded in Mainz in February 2019, the German Cancer Research Center and the Research Institute for Translational Oncology (Tron) at Mainz University Medical Center work together.
The work of the centers is categorized into programs divided into six research areas. For each research area it is indicated which member centers of the Helmholtz Association are involved:
Energy ( DLR , KIT , FZ Jülich , GFZ , HZB , HZDR , IPP , UFZ ) Coordinator: Holger Hanselka
- Energy Efficiency, Materials and Resources
- Renewable Energies
- Storage and Cross-Linked Infrastructures
- Future Information Technology (together with the Key Technologies division)
- Technology, Innovation and Society (together with the Key Technologies division)
- Nuclear Waste Management, Safety and Radiation Research
- Nuclear Fusion
- Earth and Environment ( AWI , FZ Jülich , GEOMAR , KIT , HMGU , GFZ , HZG , UFZ ) Coordinator: Antje Boetius
- Health ( DKFZ , DZNE , HMGU , HZI , HZDR , GSI , MDC , UFZ ) Coordinator: Dirk Heinz
Key technologies, future: Information ( FZ Jülich , KIT , HZG ) Coordinator: Wolfgang Marquardt
- Supercomputing & Big Data
- Future Information Technology
- Science and Technology of Nanosystems
- Advanced engineering materials
- BioSoft: Fundamentals for Future Technologies in the fields of Soft Matter and Life Sciences
- Biointerfaces in Technology and Medicine
- Decoding the Human Brain
- Key Technologies for the Bioeconomy
- Technology, Innovation and Society (together with the Energy Research Department)
- Matter ( DESY , FZ Jülich , KIT , HZDR , HZG , GSI , HZB ) Coordinator: Helmut Dosch
- Aviation, Space and Transport ( DLR ) Coordinator: Pascale Ehrenfreund
The cooperation between the Helmholtz centers in these six research areas is structured by program-oriented funding (POF), which is based on research policy guidelines from the federal and state governments. An expert opinion by the Science Council (WR) comes to the conclusion that program-oriented funding should be geared more towards strategic issues. By systematically opening up the dialogue with social actors, the HGF could even better meet the requirement of making contributions to solving social problems.
Awarding of science awards
Since 1999, the Helmholtz Association, together with the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft, has awarded the Erwin Schrödinger Prize for outstanding interdisciplinary research.
The Helmholtz Association has been awarding the Helmholtz Doctoral Prize in all six research areas since 2013. This is endowed with 5,000 euros each. In addition, each award winner will be given 12,000 euros for a stay abroad of up to six months at an international research institution of their choice.
Nobel Prizes in the Helmholtz Association
Nobel Prize in Medicine 2008
Harald zur Hausen was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2008 . Zur Hausen studied at the German Cancer Research Center in the Helmholtz Association how cervical cancer is triggered by viral infections. His research made it possible to develop a vaccine against the third most common cancer in women. Zur Hausen received half of the Nobel Prize, the other half went to Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier for the discovery of the HIV virus that causes AIDS .
Nobel Prize in Physics 2007
The 2007 Nobel Prize for Physics went to solid-state physicist Peter Grünberg from the Helmholtz Research Center in Jülich . Grünberg received the award together with his French colleague Albert Fert (University of Paris-South) for the discovery of giant magnetoresistance . Both scientists discovered this effect independently in 1988.
2007 Nobel Peace Prize
In 2007 the Nobel Prize Committee awarded the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Albert A. Gore the Nobel Peace Prize. The researchers received the award for their efforts to educate the public about the causes of global climate change . Among the more than 2000 scientists who worked on the IPCC report are numerous scientists from the Helmholtz Association. As coordinating lead author, Peter Lemke from the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in Bremerhaven was responsible for the chapter Observed Changes in Snow, Ice and Permafrost .
Refugee initiative of the Helmholtz Association
In December 2015, the Helmholtz Association started a new initiative together with the Federal Employment Agency : It offers people who had to flee their homeland an entry into scientific or scientific employment. These can be internships, internships, jobs or training and study positions. In the meantime, the initiative has opened up a new perspective for around 750 refugees in one of the Helmholtz centers, as students, interns, trainees, doctoral students or employees (as of February 2019).
Other German non-university research organizations
- Research funding , large-scale research
- Science business , science policy
- Alliance of Science Organizations
- Helling-Moegen, Sabine: Research according to the program. Program-oriented funding in the Helmholtz Association: Anatomy of a Reform ISBN 978-3-8288-2067-8 , Marburg 2009 review
- Publications and brochures of the Helmholtz Association
- Database of scientific publications from the research centers of the Helmholtz Association
- Large-scale research and autonomy - The history of the Helmholtz Association (PDF; 925 kB), 2006
- 20 years of the Helmholtz Association (PDF), 2015
- Wissenschaftsrat: Recommendations for the further development of program-oriented funding by the Helmholtz Association (PDF), 2015
- Helmholtz Association: 
- Resonator podcast of the Helmholtz Association : 20 Years of the Helmholtz Association (episode 62, July 19, 2015)
- Helmholtz: Pact Monitoring Report 2019. In: helmholtz.de. Retrieved October 11, 2019 .
- 19_Helmholtz_Geschaeftsbericht. Retrieved October 11, 2019 .
- Helmholtz Association: 
- Numbers and facts - Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers. In: www.helmholtz.de. Retrieved May 27, 2016 .
- 19_Helmholtz_Geschaeftsbericht. Retrieved October 11, 2019 .
- Nature Index: Top 10 institutions for Earth and environmental sciences in 2018. Accessed July 23, 2019 .
- Nature Index: The top 10 global institutions for 2018. Accessed July 23, 2019 .
- Nature Index: Top 10 institutions for physics in 2018. Accessed July 23, 2019 .
- Helmholtz Association: From a loose association to a community in four decades
- Helmholtz Institute. Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers, accessed on February 7, 2017 .
- New Helmholtz institutes in Würzburg and Oldenburg. Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers, October 13, 2016, accessed on February 7, 2017 .
- New Helmholtz Institute in Mainz. On: pharmaceutical-zeitung.de from February 14, 2019
- Earth System Knowledge Platform (ESKP) - platform of the research area Earth and Environment, Helmholtz Association
- Wissenschaftsrat: Recommendations for the further development of the program-oriented funding of the Helmholtz Association. Bielefeld 2015 (Drs. 4900-15). Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- Erwin Schrödinger Prize , Helmholtz Association
- Helmholtz Doctoral Prize , Helmholtz Association