|Scientific Association Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz e. V.
(Leibniz Association / WGL)
|Chair:||since July 1, 2014: Matthias Kleiner|
|Establishment date:||1990 (as "Working Group Blue List" (AG-BL))|
|Number of members:||96 research institutions|
|Seat :||Office in Berlin and office in Brussels|
The Leibniz Association (completely Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz e.V. ) is an amalgamation of German non-university research institutes from different disciplines. The Leibniz Association is based in Berlin.
The Leibniz Association is named after the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716).
Matthias Kleiner has been President of the science organization since July 1, 2014 .
Are vice presidents
- Matthias Beller ( Leibniz Institute for Catalysis , Rostock )
- Sebastian Lentz ( Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography , Leipzig )
- Katrin Böhning-Gaese ( Senckenberg Society for Nature Research , Frankfurt am Main )
- Doreen Kirmse ( Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research ).
Former Presidents of the Leibniz Association
- 1995–1998 Ingolf Volker Hertel
- 1998-2001 Frank Pobell
- 2001-2005 Hans-Olaf Henkel
- 2005–2010 Ernst Theodor Rietschel
- 2010–2014 Karl Ulrich Mayer
The Leibniz Association includes 96 (as of 2020) non-university research institutes and service facilities for research. The orientation of the Leibniz Institutes ranges from the natural, engineering and environmental sciences to economics, social and spatial sciences to the humanities. This also includes a total of eight research museums. Leibniz institutes work on an interdisciplinary basis and combine basic research with practical application. You maintain intensive cooperation with universities, industry and other partners at home and abroad. The Leibniz Institutes employ around 20,000 people and have a total budget of 1.9 billion euros (2018).
The community looks after its own self-understanding their historical origin in the existing since the 1970s "Blue List Institutions", including some from the 1992 Academy of Sciences of the GDR are emerged research institutes whose scientific potential due to the evaluation by the Science Council also had been viewed as worthy of preservation and funding in the future. The term Blue List for the federal-state funding model goes back to the color of a file system and is now colloquially out of date. In the federal budget, which is an annex to the annual budget law, the term “Blue List institutes” is still used.
The institutions have joined forces to form the Leibniz Association in order to carry out cross-institutional tasks. This includes B. in times of scarcity of research funds from public sources to work together to strengthen the institutions or to promote cooperation with universities and industry.
The Leibniz Association has joined forces with nine of the most important science organizations in Germany to form the Alliance of Science Organizations, which regularly take a position on important issues in research and science policy . In 2019, as in 2011 , the Leibniz Association took over the organizational leadership of the alliance, which changes every year.
The community is not a supporting organization of the institutes, but a voluntarily founded association in order to be able to act together with the public.
Leibniz institutes are institutes and research facilities that are jointly funded by the federal government and the federal states. As a rule, the funding key is: 50% federal funds, 50% state funds. A large part of the federal funds come from the budget of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (281 million euros for 49 institutes in 2007). The state funds are made up of the funds from the home country of the Leibniz Institute in question and a grant from the other countries. The distribution of this grant to the other federal states is determined by the federal-state commission on the basis of the population figures and the tax revenue in the Königstein key . In addition to this basic funding, third-party funds are used. In 2011, the total budget of all institutions was around 1.4 billion euros. The share of third-party funding is around 21%.
Planning security through continuous budget increases is given with the Pact for Research and Innovation .
The origins of the Leibniz Association go back to the founding days of the Federal Republic of Germany. In March 1949, the German states signed a state agreement on the "financing of scientific research institutions" - the so-called Königstein State Agreement - in which they committed themselves to the fulfillment of research tasks in the case of larger research institutions of supra-regional importance, whose funding requirements exceed the financial strength of a single country To provide funds jointly.
Twenty years later, this agreement achieved constitutional status when Article 91b expanded the Basic Law in 1969 and offered the federal and state governments the constitutional opportunity to work together on research projects of supraregional importance and national interest in science policy. In 1977 the federal and state governments finally published a list of 46 institutions that were jointly funded under the conditions of Article 91b. The blue paper on which the list was published gave it the name "Blue List".
The German unification in 1990 also brought about lasting changes for the joint promotion of the federal and state governments, as Article 38 of the Unification Treaty stipulated the integration of the science and research landscape of the former GDR into the federal republican system.
In the course of the restructuring of the East German scientific landscape, the inclusion of former institutes of the GDR Academy of Sciences that were positively evaluated by the Science Council in the joint research funding almost doubled the number of “Blue List” institutes; the number of funded institutions rose from 47 in 1989 to 81 in 1992. The new entries changed the face of the “Blue List” and shifted the scientific focus to research in the natural, technical, agricultural, life and spatial sciences.
Foundation of the community
On January 24, 1991, representatives of initially 32 institutions in Dortmund founded the “Blue List Working Group” (AG-BL), which was particularly active across the institute in administrative issues. Four years later the name was changed to the “Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Blaue Liste” (WBL), which was finally followed in 1997 by the name “Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz” (WGL) with the first president, the physicist Ingolf Volker Hertel (* 1941). With these name changes, which also documented the process of self-organization of the still independent and autonomous institutions, the stronger content-related cooperation was connected with the goal of regular information and experience exchange, cooperation with regard to common interests as well as the perception of these interests externally, i.e. H. in the field of science policy and science administration, but also in general in public.
For this purpose, the Leibniz Association has had an office in Bonn since 1995 and an office in Berlin since 2000. The consolidation of the structures is also expressed in the establishment of an externally staffed Senate as a supervisory and advisory body in November 1998 under the second President, the physicist Frank Pobell design ”and has been operating under the“ Leibniz Association ”brand ever since.
Since 1979, the institutions on the “Blue List” have been regularly evaluated by the Science Council in order to guarantee a high level of performance in scientific work and to be able to initiate targeted further development at an early stage. Most of the institutes convinced the assessment committees with their scientific quality, some reoriented their research work and a few withdrew from joint research funding.
The externally staffed Senate of the Leibniz Association has been evaluating the institutions of the Leibniz Association since 2003. The Science Council has developed in its opinion on System Evaluation of the "Blue List" of November 2000 a proposal. The decisions of the Joint Science Conference (GWK) on the eligibility of the institutions of the Leibniz Association are now generally based on the statements of the Senate. The GWK Research Funding Committee initiates a corresponding review at least every seven years.
Institutes of the Leibniz Association
The institutes of the Leibniz Association are grouped into five sections.
Section A - Humanities and Educational Research
Section B - Economics and Social Sciences, Spatial Sciences
Section C - Life Sciences
Section D - Mathematics, Natural and Engineering Sciences
Section E - Environmental Sciences
|Name of the organization||place||abbreviation|
|Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy||Potsdam||ATB|
|Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research||Leipzig||TROPOS|
|Leibniz Institute for Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries||Berlin||ITUC|
|Leibniz Institute for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops||Großbeeren & Erfurt||IGZ|
|Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research||Rostock-Warnemünde||IOW|
|Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research||Potsdam||PIK|
|Leibniz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research||Müncheberg||ZALF|
|Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Research||Bremen||ZMT|
|Name of the organization||excluded
|Central archive for university construction||1980||Stuttgart||ZA|
|German Society for Peace and Conflict Research||1983||Bonn||DGFK|
|Research Institute for Rationalization||1984||Aachen||FIR|
|Institute for Marine Research||1985||Bremerhaven||IfM|
|Society for information and documentation||1987||Frankfurt am Main||GID|
|Research Institute for Child Nutrition||1998||Dortmund||FKE|
|Institute for Petroleum Research||1998||Clausthal||IfE|
|German Library Institute||1999||Berlin||DBI|
|Medical Institute for Environmental Hygiene||2000||Dusseldorf||MIU|
|German Central Library of Agricultural Sciences||2000||Bonn||ZBL|
|German Institute for Distance Learning Research||2000||Tübingen||DIFF|
|Heinrich Hertz Institute for Telecommunications
(now Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications )
(newly founded as Hamburgisches Weltwirtschafts-Institut, HWWI)
|IWF - Knowledge and Media gGmbH||2007||Goettingen||IMF|
Berlin Electron Storage Ring Society for Synchrotron Radiation
(merged with the Hahn-Meitner Institute of the Helmholtz Association to form the Helmholtz Center Berlin for Materials and Energy GmbH)
Research Center Dresden-Rossendorf
(change to the Helmholtz Association as Helmholtz Center Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR))
|Leibniz Institute for Arteriosclerosis Research||2012||Muenster||LIFA|
Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel
(change to the Helmholtz Association as Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR))
|Specialized Information Center for Chemistry (1981-2013)||2013||Berlin||FCH|
|German Research Institute for Public Administration Speyer||2015||Speyer||FÖV|
|ZB MED - Leibniz Information Center for Life Sciences||2016||Cologne||E.g. MED|
|Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics||2019||Hanover||LIAG|
- Ariane Brill: From the “Blue List” to an all-German science organization. The history of the Leibniz Association , Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2017 ( ISBN 978-3-96023-127-1 ) ( online , PDF)
- Homepage of the Leibniz Association with links to all institutes