Leibniz Association

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Scientific Association Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz e. V.
(Leibniz Association / WGL)
Leibniz Logo DE blue-black 500px.svg
purpose research
Chair: since July 1, 2014: Matthias Kleiner
Establishment date: 1990 (as "Working Group Blue List" (AG-BL))
Number of members: 96 research institutions
Seat : Office in Berlin and office in Brussels
Website: www.leibniz-gemeinschaft.de
former logo

The Leibniz Association (completely Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz e.V. ) is an amalgamation of German non-university research institutes from different disciplines. The Leibniz Association is based in Berlin.

The Leibniz Association is named after the German philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646–1716).


Matthias Kleiner has been President of the science organization since July 1, 2014 .

Are vice presidents

Former Presidents of the Leibniz Association

Leibniz Association

The Leibniz Association includes 96 (as of 2020) non-university research institutes and service facilities for research. The orientation of the Leibniz Institutes ranges from the natural, engineering and environmental sciences to economics, social and spatial sciences to the humanities. This also includes a total of eight research museums. Leibniz institutes work on an interdisciplinary basis and combine basic research with practical application. You maintain intensive cooperation with universities, industry and other partners at home and abroad. The Leibniz Institutes employ around 20,000 people and have a total budget of 1.9 billion euros (2018).

The community looks after its own self-understanding their historical origin in the existing since the 1970s "Blue List Institutions", including some from the 1992 Academy of Sciences of the GDR are emerged research institutes whose scientific potential due to the evaluation by the Science Council also had been viewed as worthy of preservation and funding in the future. The term Blue List for the federal-state funding model goes back to the color of a file system and is now colloquially out of date. In the federal budget, which is an annex to the annual budget law, the term “Blue List institutes” is still used.

The institutions have joined forces to form the Leibniz Association in order to carry out cross-institutional tasks. This includes B. in times of scarcity of research funds from public sources to work together to strengthen the institutions or to promote cooperation with universities and industry.

The Leibniz Association has joined forces with nine of the most important science organizations in Germany to form the Alliance of Science Organizations, which regularly take a position on important issues in research and science policy . In 2019, as in 2011 , the Leibniz Association took over the organizational leadership of the alliance, which changes every year.

Leibniz Institute

The community is not a supporting organization of the institutes, but a voluntarily founded association in order to be able to act together with the public.

Leibniz institutes are institutes and research facilities that are jointly funded by the federal government and the federal states. As a rule, the funding key is: 50% federal funds, 50% state funds. A large part of the federal funds come from the budget of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (281 million euros for 49 institutes in 2007). The state funds are made up of the funds from the home country of the Leibniz Institute in question and a grant from the other countries. The distribution of this grant to the other federal states is determined by the federal-state commission on the basis of the population figures and the tax revenue in the Königstein key . In addition to this basic funding, third-party funds are used. In 2011, the total budget of all institutions was around 1.4 billion euros. The share of third-party funding is around 21%.

Planning security through continuous budget increases is given with the Pact for Research and Innovation .


The origins of the Leibniz Association go back to the founding days of the Federal Republic of Germany. In March 1949, the German states signed a state agreement on the "financing of scientific research institutions" - the so-called Königstein State Agreement - in which they committed themselves to the fulfillment of research tasks in the case of larger research institutions of supra-regional importance, whose funding requirements exceed the financial strength of a single country To provide funds jointly.

Twenty years later, this agreement achieved constitutional status when Article 91b expanded the Basic Law in 1969 and offered the federal and state governments the constitutional opportunity to work together on research projects of supraregional importance and national interest in science policy. In 1977 the federal and state governments finally published a list of 46 institutions that were jointly funded under the conditions of Article 91b. The blue paper on which the list was published gave it the name "Blue List".

The German unification in 1990 also brought about lasting changes for the joint promotion of the federal and state governments, as Article 38 of the Unification Treaty stipulated the integration of the science and research landscape of the former GDR into the federal republican system.

In the course of the restructuring of the East German scientific landscape, the inclusion of former institutes of the GDR Academy of Sciences that were positively evaluated by the Science Council in the joint research funding almost doubled the number of “Blue List” institutes; the number of funded institutions rose from 47 in 1989 to 81 in 1992. The new entries changed the face of the “Blue List” and shifted the scientific focus to research in the natural, technical, agricultural, life and spatial sciences.

Foundation of the community

On January 24, 1991, representatives of initially 32 institutions in Dortmund founded the “Blue List Working Group” (AG-BL), which was particularly active across the institute in administrative issues. Four years later the name was changed to the “Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Blaue Liste” (WBL), which was finally followed in 1997 by the name “Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz” (WGL) with the first president, the physicist Ingolf Volker Hertel (* 1941). With these name changes, which also documented the process of self-organization of the still independent and autonomous institutions, the stronger content-related cooperation was connected with the goal of regular information and experience exchange, cooperation with regard to common interests as well as the perception of these interests externally, i.e. H. in the field of science policy and science administration, but also in general in public.

For this purpose, the Leibniz Association has had an office in Bonn since 1995 and an office in Berlin since 2000. The consolidation of the structures is also expressed in the establishment of an externally staffed Senate as a supervisory and advisory body in November 1998 under the second President, the physicist Frank Pobell design ”and has been operating under the“ Leibniz Association ”brand ever since.

Since 1979, the institutions on the “Blue List” have been regularly evaluated by the Science Council in order to guarantee a high level of performance in scientific work and to be able to initiate targeted further development at an early stage. Most of the institutes convinced the assessment committees with their scientific quality, some reoriented their research work and a few withdrew from joint research funding.

The externally staffed Senate of the Leibniz Association has been evaluating the institutions of the Leibniz Association since 2003. The Science Council has developed in its opinion on System Evaluation of the "Blue List" of November 2000 a proposal. The decisions of the Joint Science Conference (GWK) on the eligibility of the institutions of the Leibniz Association are now generally based on the statements of the Senate. The GWK Research Funding Committee initiates a corresponding review at least every seven years.

Institutes of the Leibniz Association

The institutes of the Leibniz Association are grouped into five sections.

Section A - Humanities and Educational Research

Name of the organization place abbreviation
German Mining Museum Bochum - Leibniz Research Museum for Georesources Bochum DBM
Leibniz Institute for Jewish History and Culture - Simon Dubnow Leipzig DI
German Institute for Adult Education - Leibniz Center for Lifelong Learning Bonn THE
Leibniz Institute for Research and Information in Education (formerly the German Institute for International Educational Research ) Frankfurt am Main - Berlin DIPF
German museum Munich DM
German Maritime Museum - Leibniz Institute for Maritime History Bremerhaven DSM
Georg Eckert Institute - Leibniz Institute for International Textbook Research Braunschweig GEI
Germanisches Nationalmuseum - Leibniz Research Museum for Cultural History Nuremberg GNM
Leibniz Institute for the History and Culture of Eastern Europe Leipzig GWZO
Herder Institute for Historical Research on East Central Europe Marburg HI
Leibniz Institute for the German Language Mannheim IDS
Leibniz Institute for European History Mainz IEG
Institute for Contemporary History Munich - Berlin IfZ
Leibniz Institute for East and Southeast European Studies regensburg IOS
Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education at Kiel University Kiel IPN
Leibniz Institute for Knowledge Media Tübingen IWM
Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories Bamberg LIfBi
Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum - Leibniz Research Institute for Archeology Mainz RGZM
Leibniz Center for General Linguistics Berlin ZAS
Leibniz Center for Literary and Cultural Research Berlin ZfL
Leibniz Center for the Modern Orient Berlin ZMO
Leibniz Center for Psychological Information and Documentation at the University of Trier trier ZPID
Leibniz Center for Contemporary History Potsdam e. V. Potsdam ZZF

Section B - Economics and Social Sciences, Spatial Sciences

Name of the organization place abbreviation
ARL - Academy for Spatial Development in the Leibniz Association Hanover ARL
German Institute for Economic Research with Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) Berlin DIW
GESIS - Leibniz Institute for Social Sciences Cologne-Mannheim GESIS
GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies , Leibniz Institute for Global and Regional Studies (until 2005 German Overseas Institute (DÜI)) Hamburg GIGA
Leibniz Institute for Media Research - Hans Bredow Institute Hamburg HBI
Leibniz Institute Hessian Foundation for Peace and Conflict Research Frankfurt am Main PRIF
Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Development in Transition Economies Hall IAMO
Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography Leipzig IfL
Ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich V. Munich ifo
Institute for World Economy at the University of Kiel Kiel IfW
Leibniz Institute for Ecological Spatial Development Dresden IOER
Leibniz Institute for Spatial Social Research Erkner IRS
Leibniz Institute for Economic Research Halle Hall IWH
RWI - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research eat RWI
Leibniz Institute for Financial Market Research Frankfurt am Main SAFE
Science Center Berlin for Social Research Berlin WZB
German Central Library for Economics - Leibniz Information Center for Economics Hamburg-Kiel E.g.
Leibniz Center for European Economic Research Mannheim ZEW

Section C - Life Sciences

Name of the organization place abbreviation
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology Bremen BIPS
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine Hamburg BNITM
German Diabetes Center
Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research
Dusseldorf DDZ
German Institute for Nutritional Research Nuthetal DIfE
German Primate Center
Leibniz Institute for Primate Research
Goettingen DPZ
German Rheumatism Research Center Berlin Berlin DRFZ
Leibniz Institute DSMZ - German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures Braunschweig DSMZ
Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology Dummerstorf FBN
Leibniz Institute for Aging Research
Fritz Lipmann Institute
Jena FLI
Leibniz Research Institute for Molecular Pharmacology Berlin FMP
Research Center Borstel - Leibniz Lung Center Borstel FZB
Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology
Hans Knöll Institute
Jena HKI
Heinrich Pette Institute - Leibniz Institute for Experimental Virology Hamburg HPI
Leibniz Institute for Labor Research at TU Dortmund University Dortmund IfADo
Leibniz Institute for Neurobiology
Center for Learning and Memory Research
Magdeburg LIN
Leibniz Institute for Resilience Research Mainz LIR
Leibniz Institute for Plant Biochemistry Hall IPB
Leibniz Institute for Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research Gatersleben IPK
Leibniz Institute for Food Systems Biology at the Technical University of Munich Freising LSB
Leibniz Institute for Environmental Medicine Research at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf Dusseldorf IUF
Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research Berlin IZW
Senckenberg Society for Natural Research Frankfurt am Main SGN
Museum für Naturkunde Berlin
Leibniz Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity Research
Berlin MfN
Zoological Research Institute and Museum Alexander Koenig
Leibniz Institute for Terrestrial Biodiversity Research

Section D - Mathematics, Natural and Engineering Sciences

Name of the organization place abbreviation
Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam Potsdam AIP
DWI - Leibniz Institute for Interactive Materials Aachen DWI
Ferdinand Braun Institute, Leibniz Institute for High Frequency Technology Berlin FBH
FIZ Karlsruhe - Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure Karlsruhe FIZ KA
Leibniz Institute for Atmospheric Physics at the University of Rostock Kühlungsborn IAP
Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research Dresden IFW
Innovations for High Performance Microelectronics / Leibniz Institute for Innovative Microelectronics Frankfurt (Oder) IHP
Leibniz Institute for Crystal Growth Berlin IKZ
Leibniz Institute for New Materials Saarbrücken INM
Leibniz Institute for Plasma Research and Technology Greifswald INP
Leibniz Institute for Surface Modification Leipzig IOM
Leibniz Institute for Polymer Research Dresden IPF
Leibniz Institute for Photonic Technologies Jena IPHT
Leibniz Institute for Analytical Sciences Dortmund ISAS
Leibniz Institute for Material-Oriented Technologies Bremen IWT
Kiepenheuer Institute for Solar Physics Freiburg KIS
Leibniz Institute for Catalysis at the University of Rostock Rostock LIKAT
Dagstuhl Castle - Leibniz Center for Computer Science Waders LZI
Max Born Institute for Nonlinear Optics and Short Pulse Spectroscopy Berlin MBI
Mathematical Research Institute Oberwolfach Oberwolfach MFO
Paul Drude Institute for Solid State Electronics Berlin PDI
Technical information library Hanover TIB
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics Berlin WIAS

Section E - Environmental Sciences

Name of the organization place abbreviation
Leibniz Institute for Agricultural Engineering and Bioeconomy Potsdam ATB
Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research Leipzig TROPOS
Leibniz Institute for Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries Berlin ITUC
Leibniz Institute for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops Großbeeren & Erfurt IGZ
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Rostock-Warnemünde IOW
Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research Potsdam PIK
Leibniz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research Müncheberg ZALF
Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Research Bremen ZMT

Retired institutes

Name of the organization excluded
place abbreviation
Central archive for university construction 1980 Stuttgart ZA
German Society for Peace and Conflict Research 1983 Bonn DGFK
Research Institute for Rationalization 1984 Aachen FIR
Institute for Marine Research 1985 Bremerhaven IfM
Society for information and documentation 1987 Frankfurt am Main GID
Research Institute for Child Nutrition 1998 Dortmund FKE
Institute for Petroleum Research 1998 Clausthal IfE
German Library Institute 1999 Berlin DBI
Medical Institute for Environmental Hygiene 2000 Dusseldorf MIU
German Central Library of Agricultural Sciences 2000 Bonn ZBL
German Institute for Distance Learning Research 2000 Tübingen DIFF
Heinrich Hertz Institute for Telecommunications
(now Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications )
2002 Berlin HHI
Hamburgisches Welt-Wirtschafts-Archiv
(newly founded as Hamburgisches Weltwirtschafts-Institut, HWWI)
2006 Hamburg HWWA
IWF - Knowledge and Media gGmbH 2007 Goettingen IMF
Berlin Electron Storage Ring Society for Synchrotron Radiation
(merged with the Hahn-Meitner Institute of the Helmholtz Association to form the Helmholtz Center Berlin for Materials and Energy GmbH)
2008 Berlin BESSY
Research Center Dresden-Rossendorf
(change to the Helmholtz Association as Helmholtz Center Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR))
2011 Dresden FZD
Leibniz Institute for Arteriosclerosis Research 2012 Muenster LIFA
Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences at the University of Kiel
(change to the Helmholtz Association as Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR))
2012 Kiel IFM-GEOMAR
Specialized Information Center for Chemistry (1981-2013) 2013 Berlin FCH
German Research Institute for Public Administration Speyer 2015 Speyer FÖV
ZB MED - Leibniz Information Center for Life Sciences 2016 Cologne E.g. MED
Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics 2019 Hanover LIAG

See also


  • Ariane Brill: From the “Blue List” to an all-German science organization. The history of the Leibniz Association , Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2017 ( ISBN 978-3-96023-127-1 ) ( online , PDF)

Web links

Commons : Leibniz Association  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Matthias Kleiner elected President of the Leibniz Association
  2. Research museums . Leibniz Association
  3. ^ Alliance of Science Organizations . In: website. Leibniz Association;
  4. About us / Leibniz in numbers. Leibniz Association, accessed on May 27, 2016 .