IMF knowledge and media
The IWF Wissen und Medien gGmbH , until 2001 an institute for scientific film , was a Göttingen- based institute for media in science . It was founded in 1956 and was part of the nationwide Leibniz Association until the end of 2007 . It was wound up from 2008 to 2010.
The old federal states were shareholders with the exception of Saarland . As a non-profit service institution of the federal and state governments, it promoted science and education through development and transfer services in the field of audiovisual media (AV media).
History of the building
In 1959, a multi-storey administration building, two flat laboratory buildings and a hall for filming were erected on an area in Nonnenstieg in the east of the city that had previously been used for agriculture . In 1960 two more houses were built in the northeast area of the same property (director's villa and master electrician's house), as well as a caretaker's house south of the main building. The director's house was converted into a day care center in 2004 . In 2010 the institute was closed and the IMF building cleared over the following months.
After the attempt to demolish and build new buildings for the construction of ten multi-storey residential buildings initially failed in 2012 due to massive protests among the population, the land-use planning regarding the subsequent use of the property has since been characterized by massive disputes between the city, a private investor and two local citizens' groups .
Activity and importance of the institute
The IWF acquired and optimized AV media from science and made it accessible to teaching and research. The institute had more than 8,500 media that could be bought and some of which could also be borrowed. The media inventory was continuously expanded. This made the institute one of the world's largest collections of scientific films.
The IMF collected information on audiovisual media and activities in the field of the development and use of audiovisual media and made it centrally available. Media and information about it could be researched via the portal. Academic AV media producers have had the opportunity to publish their AV media through the IMF.
The IWF offered seminars on the subject of "Media Use in Science" primarily for scientists and students, but also for teachers and schoolchildren.
According to the IMF, the number of videos accessed online via the IMF portal averaged 80,000 per month in 2007. In 2005 the average was 30,000 per month. The federal-state commission for educational planning and research funding (BLK) passed the resolution in October 2007. In October 2007 the federal-state funding was discontinued.
The shareholders' meeting decided on May 10, 2010 to dissolve the institute. The IMF was closed in October 2010 and was in liquidation as of January 1, 2011.
1934 until the institute was founded
- 1934 Foundation of the " Reichsstelle für den Bildungsfilm" (RfdU) in Berlin (since 1940 also retrospectively called " RWU ")
- 1935 Creation of the "University Department" of the RfdU
- 1936 The university department takes over the holdings of the "German Society for Scientific Films" (DEGEWI)
- 1940 Renaming of the RfdU to "Reichsanstalt für Film und Bild in Wissenschaft und Studium" ( RWU )
- 1940 Separation of the "department for technical-scientific research film"
- 1943 Relocation of the department for technical-scientific research films to Groß-Cammin (Mark Brandenburg)
- 1945 End of the RWU : The house in Berlin is occupied and the inventory is confiscated by US soldiers
- 1945 Relocation of the department for technical and scientific research films to Höckelheim near Göttingen
- 1945 Foundation of the "Institute for Educational Film" (IfdU) for the states of Bavaria, Greater Hesse and Württemberg in Munich
- 1945 Foundation of the " Institute for Film and Image in Science and Education " (FWU) for the British zone of occupation in Hanover, from April 1946 in Hamburg
- 1949 Foundation of the "International Scientific Film Association" (ISFA)
- 1949 Merger of the technical-scientific research film department (Höckelheim) and the university department of the former RWU to form the "University and Research Department" in Göttingen
- 1952 Foundation of the " Encyclopaedia Cinematographica " (EC) in Göttingen
- 1953 Renaming of the university and research department to “Institute for Scientific Film” (IWF) as a “branch” of the FWU
1956 to 1981
- Since April 1, 1956, Institute for Scientific Film (IWF) in Göttingen as an independent institution of the federal states according to the Königstein Agreement .
- 1956–1967 some important technical film developments emerged from the IMF, u. a. a rotating mirror camera with 300,000 fps, 60 individual images, a spark camera according to Cranz-Schardin 1,000,000 fps, 20 individual images, construction of a daylight time lapse system according to Rieck, construction of a measuring kinematograph for motion analysis, construction of a flash device for synchronous normal-frequency recordings
- 1957 Gotthard Wolf appears : The Scientific Film (Method-Problems-Tasks)
- 1961 by Gotthard Wolf a . a. appears the film in the service of science
- 1963 ff. The IMF publishes the series of publications on scientific films .
- 1967–1970 Construction of a holographic recording arrangement with He-Ne laser, development and construction of a device for synchronous image / sound recording at 20 times the time expansion, development of a wireless start marking system for sound film recordings, construction of a Cranz-Schardin camera, 2,000,000 B / s, 36 frames
- 1968 Technology of Scientific Cinematography is published by Joachim Rieck
- 1977 Adoption of the IMF in the "Blue List" by the financial participation of the federal government (BMFT)
- 1978–1980 Further development of the daylight time lapse, construction of an optical straightening and copying bench
- 1981 25th anniversary of the institute
1982 to 2010
- 1986/1987 evaluation by the Science Council
- 1990 First joint congress of scientists and media institutions from East and West at the IMF
- 1991 Founding of the "Working Group Blue List" (AG-BL) (IWF is a founding member)
- 1991 Foundation of the " Society for Media in Science " (GMW) on the initiative of the IMF
- 1992 Founding of the "International Association for Media in Science" (IAMS) as the successor to ISFA (IWF is a founding member)
- 1992 40th anniversary of the Encyclopaedia Cinematographica . Hermann Kalkofen will give a lecture on the topic: The tasks of the EC as reflected in its 40th anniversary .
- Founded in 1993 Göttingen International Ethnographic Film Festival , which since 1994 has made new ethnographic films from all over the world accessible.
- 1995/1996 evaluation by the Science Council
- 1997–2000 As a result of the negative evaluation of the institute, a new concept and its evaluation took place. The concept - "IWF - The Scientific Media Service Provider" - was found to be viable. The federal government terminated the joint funding of the institute in its previous constitution and after a successful reorganization, the IMF was re-included in the joint funding (“Blue List”) on the basis of the new concept.
- 2001 Introduction of the new company name "IWF Wissen und Medien gGmbH"
- 2002 reorganization
- 2004/2005 evaluation by the Senate of the Leibniz Association
- At the end of 2007 the federal-state funding was discontinued.
- 2008–2010 liquidation of the institute
- In May 2010, the shareholders' meeting decided to dissolve the institute on December 31, 2010.
|2006-2008||Hanns Ulrich Freiherr von Spiegel|
Material remains after closure
The IWF film inventory, including all rights, was transferred to the Technical Information Library (TIB) in Hanover at the end of 2012 . The TIB is in the process of examining the rights situation for the films and renegotiating rights to a certain extent. The films are or will be made available gradually (insofar as their content is suitable) online via the TIB AV portal.
Reuse of the site
The property of the institute (Nonnenstieg 72, Göttingen) comprised a total of 32,000 m² when it was closed in 2010 and was cut through by a public sidewalk (Habichtsweg). The IMF buildings were located on the 22,000 m² area between Nonnenstieg and Habichtsweg. The Habichtsweg itself took up an area of 2500 m². The remaining area of approx. 7500 m² on the other side (southeast) of the Habichtsweg has been used for 20 allotment garden plots by the allotment garden colony "Am Rohns" comprising 60 allotments since the 1950s and had meanwhile been acquired by the country as a reserve area for the IMF should the IMF close can be expanded at a later date. However, this case never occurred.
In August 2010, the shareholders appointed management consultant Horst Scherer as the new managing director and liquidator , with the task of dissolving the company and selling the property.
Planning for the allotment gardens 2011/2012
Liquidator Scherer initially tried to sell the entire 32,000 m² property including the allotment garden colony for the highest possible amount to an investor who was planning to create apartments and shops there. At the end of 2011 he asked the tenants to vacate their parcels by November 2012 and hand them over to the property owner. A preliminary building request has been submitted. After violent protests in the district, the city decided to keep the allotment garden colony. On December 6, 2012, the city council passed a ban on changes to the affected allotment garden area.
Failed construction planning in 2012
On February 13, 2012, a resolution was passed for a development plan , which stipulated an orderly residential development and the preservation of green structures as the objective. A few weeks later, a restricted urban planning competition for the construction of residential and commercial buildings was announced, in which in July 2012 a proposal from the architectural office Dietrich / Untertrifaller Architekten was chosen as the winning design.
After massive protests against the planned overly massive and overly dense development had formed, this design was finally rejected by the city in April 2013 and new planning began. The city decided to take over the development of the zoning plan and the development plan itself.
Development of a land-use plan in 2013
The protest led to the establishment of two citizens' initiatives on site , which were initially formally involved in the discussion about the future of the 22,000 m² area as part of two public events (June 24, 2013, August 19, 2013), but only after May 23 In 2013 the city council decided on the main features for the preparation of a development plan. The city's proposals for building on the site were particularly sharply criticized at the citizens' meeting on June 24, 2013. On November 7, 2013, a draft of a development plan for the IMF site was presented and discussed in the public section of the Committee for Building, Planning and Land, but was postponed due to the need for advice. In the non-public administrative committee, the need for advice was withdrawn on November 11, 2013 and the interpretation decided. City politicians and the administration were thereupon exposed to the accusation of paying lip service and deceit to reissue the plan, which was rejected in 2012, in an almost unchanged form.
Interpretations of the development plan 2014
The vehemence of the public protest against the urban land-use planning led in 2014 that the drafts of the administration for the development plan and the land use plan as well as the associated documents were redesigned several times in a row. The procedural procedures (interpretative decisions, publications in the official gazette ) also had to be repeated, which each time took about 3–4 months.
First interpretation of the development plan
The public display of the plans began on December 16, 2013. Shortly before the end of the display phase on January 24, 2014, it turned out that the documents displayed did not match those that had been discussed in the public meeting on November 7, 2013. Some documents were changed in the following weeks, including a traffic report. After protests and initial denials, the city was forced to pass a new interpretation decision on February 20, 2014 and to repeat the proceedings. At that time, 300 objections from citizens had already been received against the planning drafts.
Second interpretation of the development plan
The second design phase began on March 17, 2014 and ended one month later on April 17, 2014. On May 22, 2014, the administration informed the public that during the design phase several documents from the public in the hallway on the 11th floor of the town hall designed folder stolen and presumably stolen had been, and the design in consultation with the municipal legal department must be repeated a third time. The number of 300 statements has now been exceeded, and the city described them as "very costly". The Nonnenstieg citizens' initiative alone submitted 110 objections and suggestions. The new interpretation was decided on July 10, 2014 in the Committee for Construction, Planning and Land and on July 14, 2014 in the Administrative Committee, and published in the Official Journal on July 17, 2014.
Third interpretation of the development plan
The third four-week design phase of the plans, which were again slightly changed, began on July 25, 2014 and ended on August 25, 2014.
Modification of suggestions
On October 23, 2014, the administration presented the results of the assessment in a first reading in the technical committee and announced the data and content to the public. 110 citizens had submitted 1018 comments on the development plan (982) and the land use plan (36) on a total of 1055 pages. After summarizing complaints with the same content, there were 428 entries with different content, which were divided into 234 subject areas. The range of topics ranged from building density, building method and architectural style to horticulture, nature conservation, noise and traffic to process-related improvement proposals. Of these 428 entries, a careless error was corrected by the administration, a content-related suggestion was taken into account (the field maple should be included in one of the horticultural planting lists), the remaining 426 objections were rejected.
Citizens' initiatives criticized the city's behavior as uncompromising and accused the administration of having provoked “a real labor dispute with the citizens on an unprecedented scale”. A second reading was scheduled for November 20, 2014. As explained on October 23, 2014, after further familiarization with the documents, a content-related discussion should take place with a subsequent resolution either directly afterwards or at the following meeting of the committee on December 4, 2014, whereupon at the next meeting of the city council on December 12, 2014 the resolution of the statutes should be ratified.
New start in the planning process in 2015
On November 1, 2014, Rolf-Georg Köhler ( SPD ) took up the post of Lord Mayor in Göttingen. The inauguration took place at the meeting of the city council on November 17, 2014. In a short welcoming speech, Köhler announced that it was being examined whether refugees could be accommodated in the currently vacant IMF buildings . This had already been called for a year earlier by the left and was now also supported by the Greens and pirates . The proposal also found support from the local population.
On November 20, 2014, the SPD asked the building committee to postpone the scheduled discussion to December 4, 2014 due to the need for advice, as the parliamentary group still had concerns about the extent of structural use . The postponement was approved by all parliamentary groups, which also reported the need for advice, but for different reasons. On December 4, 2014, the topic was not placed on the agenda, and consequently no longer on the agenda of the Council meeting on December 12, 2014.
In the Social Affairs Committee, where the administration had spoken out against examining the left's proposal to accommodate refugees a year earlier on November 12, 2013, it was announced on December 2, 2014 that negotiations had started with liquidator Scherer in order to to be able to accommodate around 200 refugees in the IMF buildings after minor renovations.
On January 7, 2015, Rolf-Georg Köhler finally announced in a greeting to the New Year's reception “a complete new start for the planning process, back to zero, so to speak” and once again confirmed the planned interim use of the old building for the temporary accommodation of refugees. At the same time, Köhler initiated a change of strategy in the city's building policy, whereby the criticized pure investor planning was also to be replaced in other building projects by the city's planning of offers to investors.
Accommodation of refugees 2015–2018
On June 22, 2015, the administrative committee of the city council unanimously decided to conclude a rental agreement with the aim of accommodating around 150 refugees in around 4,000 m² in the IMF main building for at least three years from October 1, 2015, mostly in double rooms. The conversion costs of 300,000 euros would be allocated to the basic rent. On November 3, 2015, the first refugees moved into the building.
The development plan for the site was laid out for the fourth time by resolution of the building committee on September 7, 2017. On April 3, 2018, this was ratified by the city council. It contained only minor changes from the original 2014 version.
The accommodation was operated until mid-2018, on August 31, 2018 the last refugees moved out of the building, which was then empty again. Refugee initiatives had protested against the closure because at the same time a controversial accommodation in a warehouse in the Siekhöhe industrial park was still being operated.
Further planning delays in 2019
In January 2019, two thirds of the property was sold to the Münchner Wertgrund Immobilien AG, whereby the investor's obligations negotiated with the city regarding the creation of affordable living space (housing share of 30% with rental prices below 5.60 or 7 euros / sqm) for completely took over the entire site. A deadline in January 2019 for submitting a completed building application , originally stipulated in the urban development contract , was not met; instead, only a preliminary building request was submitted, so that the planning phase was delayed even further. The city rejected political demands for a contractual penalty against the investor after politicians had to obtain an external legal opinion in May 2019, as three norms control actions are pending against the development plan and one with ratification by the council and publication in the official gazette in April The legal force of the development plan, which entered into force in 2018, was disputed. It was not until September 2019 that the former IMF buildings were gradually demolished.
- IWF films in the AV portal of the Technical Information Library
- VZG database
- Nonnenstieg citizens' initiative
- Citizens' initiative Pro Nonnenstieg
- Allotment gardeners association "Am Rohns" e. V.
- Out for IMF knowledge and media . Heise Online, October 25, 2007
- StadtRadio Göttingen from May 11, 2010 "IWF Knowledge and Media will be closed"
- Final end for IMF . Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine, May 11, 2010
- The light goes out in the film institute . Hessian / Lower Saxony General, September 30, 2010
- Gotthard Wolf : The Scientific Film (Methods-Problems-Tasks) . In: Die Naturwiss. H. 18, Vol. 44, 1957. pp. 477-482. Special reprint
- Gotthard Wolf u. a .: The film in the service of science . Göttingen 1961. Festschrift for the inauguration of the new building for the Institute for Scientific Film
- Joachim Rieck: Technology of Scientific Cinematography . Munich 1968
- Hermann Kalkofen: The tasks of the EC as reflected in its 40-year existence . Typescript, 13 pp. (1992)
- TIB AV Portal Search for IWF films
- statutes on the change block of the city of Göttingen for the development plan Göttingen No. 243 "permanent allotment garden colony 'Am Rohns'". Resolution proposal of the Committee for Building, Planning and Land, December 6, 2012
- IMF appoints new managing director and liquidator . StadtRadio Göttingen, August 20, 2010
- 20 allotments: Liquidator insists on eviction . Göttinger Tageblatt , December 28, 2011
- City wants to buy allotments in the east quarter . StadtRadio from August 15, 2011
- Investor's plans for IMF . Göttinger WirtschaftsDienst, July 26, 2012
- IMF: Ostviertel citizens fight back . Göttinger Tageblatt of November 26, 2012
- Controversial concept: Nonnenstieg is being redesigned . Hessische / Niedersächsische Allgemeine, April 22, 2013
- Pro Nonnenstieg Nonnenstieg citizens' initiative
- Minutes of the Committee for Building, Planning and Land, 23 May 2013
- Citizens' meeting: "Affront against the Nonnenstieg" . Göttinger Tageblatt, June 27, 2013
- Minutes of the Committee for Building, Planning and Land, November 7, 2013
- South of Nonnenstieg: Yes to interpretative decisions . City of Göttingen, Public Relations Department, November 12, 2013
- dispute over building plans for Göttingen Nonnenstieg . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. StadtRadio Göttingen, December 13, 2013
- Design former IMF site . Construction, Planning and Land Committee, December 5, 2013
- Pirate Party January 26th, 2014, IMF premises: interpretation decision and interpretation phase not correct . goettinger stadtinfo, January 28, 2014
- B-plan for the IMF area: No redesign . City of Göttingen, Public Relations Department, January 28, 2014
- Development plan Göttingen No. 242 "Südlich Nonnenstieg" - renewed interpretation decision. Construction, Planning and Land Committee, February 20, 2014
- IMF development plan is laid out again . StadtRadio Göttingen, February 7, 2014
- IMF: Plans have to be redesigned due to a breakdown . Hessisch / Niedersächsische Allgemeine, February 7, 2014
- Göttinger Tageblatt , February 26, 2014, p. 11
- IMF: documents stolen - third interpretation necessary . City of Göttingen, Public Relations Department, May 22, 2014
- Statement by the Nonnenstieg citizens' initiative of April 17, 2014
- Development plan Göttingen No. 242 south of Nonnenstieg - renewed design decision. Construction, Planning and Land Committee, July 10, 2014
- Minutes of the building committee meeting on October 23, 2014
- Presentation of the consideration ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF) Committee for Building, Planning and Land, October 23, 2014
- Limitation of suggestions ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF) Committee for Building, Planning and Land, October 23, 2014
- Today building committee: Nonnenstieg citizens' initiative criticizes the city of Göttingen . StadtRadio, October 23, 2014
- Minutes of the council meeting on November 17, 2014
- Göttingen stands for seven important years. Hessisch / Niedersächsische Allgemeine, November 17, 2014
- IWF building in Göttingen as accommodation for refugees and students? Göttinger Tageblatt, November 8, 2013
- Goettingen Left want to accommodate refugees in the former IMF building . StadtRadio, November 11, 2014
- Göttingen Greens: IMF building is to become refugee accommodation . StadtRadio, November 14, 2014
- Also pirates for accommodating refugees in vacant IMF buildings . StadtRadio, November 19, 2014
- City of Göttingen plans refugee home on Ziet terraces . ( Memento of the original from December 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Göttinger Tageblatt of December 2, 2014
- turn in building planning in Göttingen . Göttinger Tageblatt, January 6, 2015
- Refugees have been living in the former IMF since October . City of Göttingen, Public Relations Department, June 26, 2015
- Two refugees live in the IMF - more will come this week Hessisch / Niedersächsische Allgemeine, November 3, 2015
- Inexpensive housing - the building committee welcomes social housing . Göttinger Tageblatt, September 7, 2017
- Council resolution: Development plan Göttingen No. 242 "Südlich Nonnenstieg" City Council April 3, 2018
- Stunned refugee initiatives Göttinger Tageblatt, May 21, 2018
- Two thirds of the property on Nonnenstieg has been sold Göttinger Tageblatt, January 22, 2019
- last second, the investor submits a preliminary building request in Göttinger Tageblatt, May 27, 2019
- Reviewers see no basis for punishment against EWC Göttinger Tageblatt, May 21, 2018
- The former IMF in Göttingen is being dismantled Hessisch / Niedersächsische Allgemeine, October 8, 2019