Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

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Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
motto Ut omnes unum sint
"That all are one"
founding 1477
place Coat of arms of Mainz-2008 new.svg Mainz (headquarters) ,
Germersheim (department 6)
state Rhineland-PalatinateRhineland-Palatinate Rhineland-Palatinate
country GermanyGermany Germany
president Georg Krausch
Students 31,967 (WS 2018/19)
Employee 9241 (2018)
including professors 523 (2018)
Annual budget EUR 504 million (2018)
funding: EUR 347 million Third-party funding: EUR 157 million
Networks DFH

The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) is a university in the Rhineland-Palatinate state capital Mainz . With around 32,000 students at around 100  institutes and clinics , it is one of the twenty largest universities in Germany.

Since a structural reform on September 1, 2010, the university has been divided into ten departments . JGU was named after the inventor of printing with movable type, Johannes Gutenberg . According to its own information, JGU is the only full university in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate .

The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main and the Technical University Darmstadt together form the Rhine-Main Universities (RMU).


Seal of the university and coat of arms of Elector Diether von Isenburg , stamp from 1977


Domus Universitatis (approx. 2006)

The first University of Mainz goes back to the Archbishop of Mainz, Elector and Imperial Chancellor Adolf II of Nassau . The foundation of a university had to be approved by the Pope at that time and Adolf II had initiated a corresponding approval process during his tenure. Pope Sixtus IV approved the establishment of the university on November 23, 1476. However, the university was only opened in 1477 by Adolf's successor on the bishop's throne Diether von Isenburg . The first rector was Jakob Welder . Since the matriculation of the university has been lost, only Johannes Ugelheimer is known by name of the students enrolled in the first year , who received a certificate of enrollment in 1481.

In the early days, the Zum Algesheimer courtyard was the central building from 1477 , as the Senate meetings and doctorates took place here, as well as the university's internal celebrations. A little later a burse was set up for the lawyers in the courtyard of the Gutenberg . The followers of the Via Antiqua set up their own Burse in the courtyard of the Schenkenberg from 1482 . In addition to the philosophers, the medical faculty and the first holdings of the university library were also housed in the house. After the Jesuits arrived in 1562, the Hof zum Schenkenberg was the only building for teaching until the new Domus Universitatis was built . This took place from 1615 to 1618 under the direction of the Jesuits.

Elector and Archbishop Friedrich von Erthal (1719–1802) tried to reform the university. In order to improve the financial situation of the university, he dissolved the Mainz monasteries Altmünster , Reichklara and Kartause in 1781 and handed over the monastery property to the university. In 1790 there was the Mainz knot uprising when craftsmen provoked by the students attacked the students and the university's organs. In the turmoil after the establishment of the Mainz Republic in 1792 and its suppression by the Prussians, teaching gradually came to a standstill. In 1798 the university was officially closed under French rule. Only a grande école in the form of an École spéciale de médecine should be retained. Until 1823, lectures were held in the medical faculty.

(Re) establishment in 1946

The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, which exists today, was founded in 1946 by the French occupying forces. Raymond Schmittlein , head of the culture and education department of the French military government, was one of the main operators of this re-establishment. The continuity of the University of Mainz was implied by the decree of the French military government on March 1st: the university was "authorized to resume its activities". The first university buildings were the remains of an air force barracks , which are still in use today , and which were built in 1938 after the remilitarization of the Rhineland during the Nazi era . On May 15, 1946, the university, now called "Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz", began teaching under the motto "Ut omnes unum sint - that all are one" ( Joh 17.21  EU ).

The Philosophical-Theological University Mainz, founded in 1877, was incorporated into the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz , becoming its Catholic Theological Faculty .

Question of continuity

The continuity between the Alter Universität and Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz is disputed because of the interruption in teaching for over 100 years. The general administrator of the French military government in Baden-Baden established the controversial continuity of the University of Mainz with the founding deed, in which the resumption of activity is expressly permitted . The main reason for the continuity is that the old university was never formally dissolved and because the Mainz University Fund, founded in 1781, was always recognized by the state as a university asset. The Mainz University Fund Foundation, whose proceeds flow in full to the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, still includes apartments, houses and heritable building rights as well as 850 hectares of agricultural land in the form of arable land and vineyards. This makes the foundation one of the most important large landowners in Rhineland-Palatinate. Only the seminary and a midwifery college existed until the reopening.

After 1946

Old logo

In 1950 the Research Institute for Economic Policy was founded. Since the university reopened, Fritz Straßmann has devoted himself to building up the Institute for Chemistry and the MPI for Chemistry , which arose from the move of the former Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry in Berlin to Mainz. In 1956 the MPI for Chemistry was inaugurated by Otto Hahn . In 1967 Otto Hahn commissioned the Mainz research reactor , which serves as a research neutron source. In 1972 the effect of the student protests in 1968 was also reflected in the structure of the University of Mainz. The faculties were abolished and the university was divided into departments. In 1973, as part of the university reform and the reorganization of the university into departments, the foreign and interpreting institute in Germersheim and the university institutes for art, music and physical exercise were incorporated into the university.

In 1974, Peter Schneider was finally elected as the first president of the university, which was now organized as a “group university”. In 1979, the first stage of the electron accelerator MAMI ( Mainz Microtron ) was put into operation at the Institute for Nuclear Physics, after a decision had been made to develop such a racetrack microtron on the university campus four years earlier . In 1990 stage B of the electron accelerator MAMI (Mainzer Mikrotron) was put into operation after ten years of conversion and development. In 1990 Jürgen Zöllner became President, but he stayed in office for only one year and then became Minister for Science and Further Education of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate . As the SPD's coordinator for university policy, the professor on leave from the Institute for Physiological Chemistry played a crucial role in the SPD's university policy and in the development of student accounts . In 2002, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz was recognized as a "Best Practice University" by the Center for University Development (CHE) for its special reform results.

In 2004, the university hit the headlines for the European and American Mars Express / Beagle 2 and Opportunity / Spirit missions , as two of the most important analysis devices on board came from Mainz. The APXS ( Alpha Particle X-Ray Spectrometer ) was from the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry in Mainz on the campus of the University and the MIMOS II (Miniaturized Mössbauer - Spectrometer ) developed University of Gutenberg, Johannes. Since a structural reform on January 1, 2005, the university has been organized into eleven departments. In 2006, as part of the 1960 anniversary celebrations for the reopening of the university, gold doctoral certificates were awarded for the first time to the doctoral candidates still alive between 1947 and 1956. The very first doctoral candidate was a zoologist who did her doctorate under Wolfgang von Buddenbrock-Hettersdorff . Furthermore, the current fourth stage C of the electron accelerator MAMI (Mainz Microtron) was put into operation for experiments at the Institute for Nuclear Physics after several years of renovation and development.

The study accounts co-developed by Zöllner were introduced by the Ministry of Science and Further Education in the winter semester of 2004/2005. If the student account is overdrawn, flat-rate tuition fees of EUR 650 per overdrawn semester will apply during the transition period . The study accounts allow a free first degree within 1.75 times the standard period of study . In a second step, the accounts will in future be debited according to actually "used" study times. It is still controversial whether the enormous administrative effort actually leads to an improvement in study conditions. Measurable success, similar to the introduction of long-term tuition fees in other federal states, is the decline in nominally enrolled students. The decentralized organization of university teaching means that it is not possible to prove whether the measure actually means that less teaching performance is queried at the university, or whether, in the end, only file parts are removed from the files of the student secretariat. On March 1, 2012, the student accounts in Rhineland-Palatinate were abolished.

In June 2009 the Helmholtz Institute Mainz was founded as a joint project between the university and the GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt.


Forum of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (January 2006)


Today Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz has around 32,000 students and consists of more than 100 institutes and clinics .

When Erasmus -Studierendenaustausch the university was in 2007 in the first place, occupied since then in terms of absolute number of exchange students in a nationwide comparison of German universities top spots and has a 15% claims to be the highest percentage of foreign students. She has received the European seal of quality for special merits in the Erasmus program several times.

The range of subjects is almost complete, only the technical subjects, veterinary medicine and nutritional sciences are missing . Instead, you can study book studies , sports studies , anthropology , music , visual arts, and theater and film studies. The variety of subjects results in a large number of university groups, from the debating club to student management consultancies to underwater rugby.

The university is part of the Rhein-Main-Neckar IT cluster , a self-proclaimed Silicon Valley in Europe.

There are tuition fees for senior students, guest auditors, and postgraduate students.


The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz has been divided into ten departments since September 1, 2010.

View from the Institute for Computer Science to the Department of Chemistry (2004)
  1. Catholic theology and Protestant theology
  2. Social sciences , media and sports
  3. Law and economics
  4. University Medicine
  5. Philosophy and philology
  6. Translation , language and cultural studies
  7. History and cultural studies
  8. Physics , mathematics and computer science
  9. Chemistry , Pharmacy , Geography and Earth Sciences
  10. biology

In addition, there is the University of Music and the University of Art , which are part of the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz as independent artistic universities.

Profile areas

Research profile areas at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz are:

  • Classical Studies: Dealing with Past Challenges
  • Scientific modeling
  • Life sciences: stability of biological systems
  • Chemistry: Resource-saving chemistry
  • Materials science: topology of materials

Student parliament

The student parliament at Johannes Gutenberg University consists of 35 students who are elected once a year by and from the student body. The student parliament has budgetary law over the finances of the student body. This budget comprises around 21 million euros and is mainly used to finance the semester ticket. In addition, the student parliament takes decisions of a political and other content-related nature in order to represent the student body vis-à-vis the public or other university bodies. In addition, the student parliament fulfills the task of parliamentary control of the general student committee in the form of inquiries by the parliamentary groups. The members of the General Student Committee and the standing committees of the student body are also elected by the student parliament. These are:

  • the budget committee
  • the audit committee
  • the Statute and Election Committee
  • the equality committee

The last election to the student parliament took place from May 16-21, 2019. Results of the university groups (n.k. = not running):

year Juso-HSG CampusGreen RCDS LHG SDS and
critical left
PIRATES Pink list The list Fachschaft list
Free list
Uni Mainz
Luhmann HSG Total seats
2013/14 13 9 9 1 2 1 nk nk nk nk nk 35
2014/15 11 10 8th 3 1 1 1 nk nk nk nk 35
2015/16 7th 11 6th 4th 2 nk 1 2 2 nk nk 35
2016/17 8th 9 5 5 4th nk nk 2 2 nk nk 35
2017/18 7th 8th 7th 4th 4th nk nk 1 1 3 nk 35
2018/19 9 9 7th 5 3 nk nk 1 nk nk 1 35
2019/20 7th 15th 5 3 3 nk nk 2 nk nk nk 35

General student committee

The General Student Committee (AStA) of the Johannes Gutenberg University is elected at the constituent session of the student parliament , with the exception of later by-elections of individual persons . An exception are the members of the autonomous units, who in turn are elected by people from the groups concerned within the student body. The AStA is composed of the chairman, his deputy and speakers in these areas:

  • Finances
  • University policy
  • Ecology and Studierendenwerk
  • Press and public relations
  • Political education
  • Social
  • traffic
  • Culture
  • Major events
  • Legal affairs

Excellence Initiative

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz was one of 39 universities that applied for the federal government's Excellence Initiative. Although this was institutional strategy in the initiative is not successful, the - "Crossing Boundaries Moving Minds The Gutenberg Spirit" Cluster of Excellence "Precision Physics, Fundamental Interactions and Structure of Matter" (PRISMA) and the Graduate School "Materials Science in Mainz" (MAINZ) got however, funding of 50 million euros has been approved.

Rankings and Academic Reputation

According to the funding atlas of the German Research Foundation (DFG), the University of Mainz received the highest funding approvals from the DFG in the natural sciences between 2014 and 2016 in absolute terms and in terms of personnel ; for the years 2011 to 2013, it was among the 20 universities with the highest funding in this subject group. In a competitive selection process, the DFG selects the best research projects from researchers at universities and research institutions and finances them.

In the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), Mainz University was ranked 12th in Germany in 2013 in a comparison of universities (Academic Ranking of World Universities). In the Leiden Ranking 2013 and 2014, the University of Mainz is among the twenty best universities in Germany in all categories.

In the QS World University Rankings 2014, the University of Mainz is ranked among the best 101–150 universities in the world in the subjects of physics , chemistry and pharmacy . In the overall field of natural sciences, it ranks 124th worldwide (2013).

In the 2014 CHE university ranking, the University of Mainz took fifth place overall in Germany in the field of economics. Top positions were achieved in 4 out of 5 categories. In terms of study conditions, the University of Mainz ranks first in Germany. The university ranks first in Germany in the Master- CHE ranking of the economics course. With Isabel Schnabel , the university has also been represented on the Advisory Council for assessing macroeconomic developments since 2014, as was the case with Beatrice Weder di Mauro until 2012 .

In 2012, the university was one of the founders of the German U15 , fifteen large research-oriented and medical leading universities in Germany that want to jointly defend their interests in this area.

Financing & independence

The Boehringer Ingelheim Foundation has donated funds of 150 million euros to the University of Mainz. a. were used to set up the Institute for Molecular Biology . The contracts for this were not published, but according to the university they should be available on the foundation's website in the medium term.

In mid-2016, it became known that the University had granted the Boehringer Ingelheim Foundation extensive veto rights over the appointment of professors. This was regretted by the university.


Campus university

Plastic horse and man , by Reinhold Petermann , location: in front of the Philosophicum
Gutenberg statue on the university forum (March 2006)

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz is a campus university. Almost all institutes and facilities are housed on a former barracks site in the south-west of the city.

The university clinic and the Department of Translation, Linguistics and Cultural Studies, which was incorporated in 1973 and based in Germersheim (formerly the Germersheim International and Interpreting Institute), are located outside the campus . Various smaller institutes and facilities are located off campus for different reasons. The journalistic seminar is located in the “old university” next to the Mainz theater . The Institute for Prehistory and Early History is housed with the library in a historic building on Schillerplatz . The courses in film studies and media dramaturgy, as well as the practical media events for journalism, but also the television project CampusTV are not housed on campus, but with a video library and library in the media house in Wallstrasse. Since 2009, the Institute for Psychology has been located together with the Outpatient Clinic for Psychotherapy in a building complex on Binger Strasse or Wallstrasse. The former student skyscraper Inter 1 was famous .

The MAMI electron accelerator and the Mainz research reactor , the botanical garden and a sports stadium and indoor swimming pool are also located on the university premises . The integration of the music academy , the art academy and sports in one university is unique in the federal German university landscape . This also includes the integration of Catholic theology and Protestant theology in one subject area, but the two subjects form largely independent “ faculties ”.

In addition to the university, the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry and the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research are also located on campus. A campus of the Mainz University of Applied Sciences is located in the immediate vicinity of the university campus .


The University of Mainz has a central library, nine departmental or cross-departmental departmental libraries as well as about 30 departmental (sub) libraries as decentralized reference libraries and a women's library that is administered by the students themselves. The inventory currently comprises around 4 million media.

Supercomputer Mogon

In 2012 the supercomputer “Mogon I” was put into operation. With a performance of 287 TFlops , Mogon I was one of the most powerful computers in the world. At that time it was ranked 264th in the world and ranked 6th in Germany for the fastest computers. It is primarily used for the fields of physics, mathematics, biology, medicine and geosciences.

The “Mogon II” supercomputer, which went into operation in the summer of 2017, ranks first among the fastest university computers in Germany. Its computing power was used, among other things, during the COVID-19 pandemic to select promising drug candidates.

Collegium musicum

The Collegium musicum was founded at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in 1946 by the then director of the musicological institute, Arnold Schmitz . After that it was under the direction of Ernst Laaff until 1972 . The subsequent collaboration with Wolfram Wehnert , who took over the management in 1973 , lasted almost ten years . Joshard Daus headed the institute from 1985 to 2012 . Felix Koch took over the management in October 2012. The aim is to closely link artistic, musicological and educational aspects.

The two main symphonic ensembles are the UniChor Mainz and the UniOrchester Mainz. The Gutenberg Chamber Choir has been selected since 2013.

Debating Club

The Johannes Gutenberg Debating Club (DCJG) has existed at the university since 2002 . Today it is one of the largest and most successful German-speaking debating clubs. The DCJG managed to win the title of German champion three times and that of German runner-up four times. This makes it the most successful club at the German Debate Championship to date.

Electronic exams

The University of Mainz was one of the first universities in Germany to introduce the electronic exam ("E-exam") in 2004 and is considered a pioneer in this field nationwide. Meanwhile, 25% of all exams are written electronically.

International courses

At the Johannes Gutenberg University there are several international integrated courses of study in which at least one foreign degree is awarded in addition to the acquisition of a German degree. The main focus is on the binational Mainz-Dijon courses in the humanities and cultural sciences, the tri-national Master in European Studies and the participation of the University of Mainz in the joint degree program "Sociolinguistics and Multilingualism".


According to § 50 of the official regulation of the German spelling, the name of the university should be written with two hyphens: Johannes-Gutenberg-Universität Mainz . However, this university chose - in contrast to this - the spelling with just one hyphen: Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz . So it will u. a. also referred to in the Higher Education Act of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate, § 1 (2).

Rectors and Presidents

The university had a rector until 1974, who was assisted by a vice rector. Josef Schmid was the founding rector from 1946 to 1947 .

Since 1974 the university has had a president and two vice-presidents. Georg Krausch is currently President (since April 1, 2007); The current vice-presidents are Stephan Jolie (studies and teaching, since January 16, 2018) and Stefan Müller-Stach (research and young scientists, since April 1, 2017).

For a complete overview of the incumbents, see the list of rectors and presidents of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz .

Personalities (by year of birth)

To 1900

Between 1901 and 1945

Since 1946

  • Felix Blume (* 1984), German rapper, known under the stage name "Kollegah"
  • John Allen (* 1984), German musician and songwriter
  • Mai Thi Nguyen-Kim (* 1987), German chemist and science journalist

Distinguished personalities of the university

See also


  • Leo Just: The old University of Mainz from 1477 to 1798. An overview . Wiesbaden 1957.
  • Leo Just; Helmut Mathy: The University of Mainz. Outlines of their history . Mainz 1965.
  • Heinrich Metzner: The old University of Mainz . In: The Old Mainz University. Commemorative letter on the occasion of the reopening of the University in Mainz as Johannes Gutenberg University. Mainz 1946.
  • Aloys Ruppel: The teaching centers of the old Mainz University . In: The Old Mainz University. Commemorative letter on the occasion of the reopening of the University in Mainz as Johannes Gutenberg University. Mainz 1946, pp. 24-29.
  • Jürgen Steiner: The artist faculty of the University of Mainz 1477–1562. Stuttgart 1988.

Web links

Commons : Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. JGU in figures 09/2019. (PDF) Retrieved September 27, 2019 .
  2. JGU in figures 09/2019. (PDF) Retrieved September 27, 2019 .
  3. JGU in figures 09/2019. (PDF) Retrieved September 27, 2019 .
  4. JGU in figures 09/2019. (PDF) Retrieved September 27, 2019 .
  5. Network. List of universities in the DFH network. In: Franco-German University, accessed on October 5, 2019 .
  6. see homepage of the University of Mainz , quote: "As the only full university in the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, it unites almost all academic disciplines, including Mainz University Medicine and two artistic universities, under one roof - an integration that is unique in the German university landscape." May 2016
  7. ^ Mainz (Erzstift) , Retro-Bibliothek, in: Meyers Konversationslexikon.
  8. Overview of the historical buildings of the university
  9. Statut concernant la division de l'universite en academies, et les villes qui en seront les chefs-lieux, October 18, 1808 ( Memento of March 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 36 kB)
  10. ^ History of the Mainz seminary , accessed on July 16, 2018.
  11. Mainz University Fund Foundation: ( page no longer available , search in web archives: 225 years of Mainz University Fund Foundation ), 2006, Festschrift (PDF; 6 MB), especially from p. 40.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /
  12. ^ Foundation Mainz University Fund : The Mainz University Fund Foundation .
  13. Third State Law to Change University Regulations of December 20, 2011
  14. International: University of Mainz takes 1st and 2nd places nationwide in the ERASMUS student exchange! ( Memento from October 6, 2008 in the Internet Archive ),
  16. "With the amendment of the University Act in autumn 2010, the academy was removed from the division of the university and renamed the Mainz University of Art at the Johannes Gutenberg University." ( Http:// html ( memento of January 23, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) , October 26, 2010).
  17. Profile and potential areas at JGU | Research and technology transfer. Retrieved October 10, 2019 .
  19. 67. StuPa election: Black-green coalition loses votes. In: Campus Mainz, June 4, 2016, accessed on June 7, 2016 .
  20. ^ Website of the student parliament of the University of Mainz. In: Retrieved February 28, 2016 .
  21. 68. StuPa election: green-red loses votes, free list moves in . In: Campus Mainz e. V. ( online [accessed June 3, 2017]). 68th StuPa election: green-red loses votes, free list moves in ( memento from January 20, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
  22. 69th StuPa election: Belgium-AStA wins votes, LiLi loses the election. Retrieved April 24, 2019 .
  23. Excellence initiative for top research at universities: The winners have been announced. ( Memento from June 28, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) In:
  24. JGU performed successfully in the Excellence Initiative: Clusters of Excellence and Graduate School approved. University press release. In:
  25. Funding Atlas 2018 . In: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Hrsg.): Research reports . 1st edition. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim 2018, ISBN 978-3-527-34520-5 , pp. 127 .
  26. Funding Atlas 2015 . In: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Hrsg.): Research reports . 1st edition. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, ISBN 978-3-527-34110-8 , pp. 141 .
  27. ^ Tasks of the German Research Foundation (DFG). Retrieved on October 14, 2019 (German).
  28. Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities: Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 . Retrieved May 12, 2014
  29. University of Mainz achieves good rankings in global university comparisons ( Memento from May 12, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), Cooperation International, November 13, 2013. Editor: Association of German Engineers .
  31. Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz Rankings , QS World University Rankings, accessed on July 8, 2014.
  32. Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz overall ranking , QS World University Rankings, accessed on July 8, 2014.
  33. University ranking: Mainz and Friedrichshafen in Wirtschaft gut , Westfälische Nachrichten , from May 5, 2014
  34. CHE University Ranking 2014/15 at Zeit-Online , accessed on May 6, 2014.
  36. ^ "German U15" advertise German universities , Die Welt , October 12, 2012.
  40. K. Blaum, K. Eberhardt, G. Hampel, W. Heil, J. Kratz, W. Nörtershäuser. Research with neutrons in chemistry and physics at TRIGA Mainz ( Memento from December 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), Natur und Geist 24, 65, 2008 (PDF; 487 kB).
  41.  ( page no longer available , search in web archives )@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /
  42. About us | University library. Retrieved January 16, 2018 .
  43. ^ Supercomputer Mogon inaugurated at the University of Mainz. In: Heise online , June 4, 2012.
  44. Mogon in the Top500. In: Retrieved November 17, 2014.
  45. Using simulations on the MOGON II supercomputer, possible active ingredients against coronavirus found by JGU, published on May 5, 2020
  46. Solveig Bach: Huge arithmetic problem in Mainz Researchers find possible Covid-19 drugs , from NTV, May 15, 2020
  47. Prof. Felix Koch
  51. University exams on the PC: Click, click. Error , Der Spiegel from July 9, 2014
  52. University exams on the computer Clicked, typed, passed. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , May 7, 2014.
  53. Binational courses Mainz-Dijon ( Memento from January 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) In: Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  54. Master of Arts in European Studies ( Memento from April 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive ),, accessed on March 28, 2014
  55. Master of Sociolinguistics and Multilingualism. In: Retrieved March 28, 2014.
  56. The Vice President for Studies and Teaching. Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, accessed on November 26, 2019 .
  57. The Vice President for Research and Young Scientists , accessed on July 10, 2017
  58. A kettle of color

Coordinates: 49 ° 59 ′ 35 ″  N , 8 ° 14 ′ 30 ″  E