CDU Rhineland-Palatinate

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CDU Rhineland-Palatinate
Julia Kloeckner
Julia Kloeckner
Logo CDURLP.png
Chairperson Julia Kloeckner
Deputy Christian Baldauf
Günther Schartz
Treasurer Winfried Görgen
executive Director Jan Zimmer (Country Political Director)
Establishment date February 14, 1947
Place of foundation Bad Kreuznach
Headquarters Rheinalle 1a – d
55116 Mainz
Landtag mandates
Number of members 40,854 (as of end of 2016)

The CDU Rhineland-Palatinate is the regional association of the CDU in Rhineland-Palatinate . From 1947 to 1991 it was the strongest party in the state parliament and during this time it was the prime minister . The state party has been in opposition since 1991 . The long-time German Chancellor Helmut Kohl was a member of the regional association.


State Board

Since the election at the 72nd state party conference of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate in Wittlich on October 20, 2018, the state executive has been composed as follows:

Chairperson Julia Kloeckner
vice-chairman Christian Baldauf , Günther Schartz
Secretary General Gerd Schreiner
Political country manager Jan room
Treasurer Winfried Görgen
Assessor Andreas Biebricher , Martin Binder, Horst Gies , Marcus Klein, Udo Köhler, Alexander Licht , Eva Lohse , Klaus Lütkefedder, Bernhard Matheis , Christina Rauch, Jörg Röder, Dorothea Schäfer , Flavia Schardt, Hedi Thelen , Susanne Thelen
Co-opted members of the state executive Hans-Josef Bracht (Vice-President of the State Parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate), Bernhard Henter (CDU district chairman of Trier), Matthias Lammert (CDU district chairman of Koblenz-Montabaur), Christian Baldauf (CDU district chairman of Rheinhessen-Pfalz), Jens Münster (Chairman of the Junge Union ), Ursula Groden-Kranich (Women's Union), Gordon Schnieder (Local Political Association of the CDU and CSU in Germany), Maximilian Oelbermann (Chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Student Ring ), Frank Gotthardt (Chairman of the Economic Council), Gereon Haumann (Chairman of the SME and Business Association), Dr. Fred-Holger Ludwig (Chairman of the Senior Citizens' Union ), Jessica Weller (Chairman of the Christian Democratic Workforce ), Stefan Grieser-Schmitz (Chairman of the Christian Democrats for Life), Helmut Martin (Chairman of the Christian Democratic Lawyers Working Group), Markus Rheinbold ( Chairman of the Working Group of Christian Democratic Teachers), Nikolaus Poppitz (Chairman of the East and Central German Association), Wolfgang Reeder (Chairman of the Evangelical Working Group), Diana Schnickmann (Chairman of the Student Union ), Philipp Lerch (Head of the Mainz Education Center of Konrad-Adenauer Foundation ), Jörg Röder (Member Representative ), Erwin Rüddel (Sports Representative ), Werner Langen (Representative for Europe), Andreas Göbel (Managing Director of the CDU parliamentary group), Olaf Quandt (press spokesman for the CDU parliamentary group), Klaus Hafner (Sport project group) , Martin Brandl (Parliamentary Managing Director of the CDU state parliamentary group)


The regional association of the CDU in Rhineland-Palatinate consists of three district associations, 36 district associations and 200 municipal associations and well over 1000 local associations.

The Rhineland-Palatinate regional association comprises a total of 36 district associations:
Ahrweiler , Altenkirchen , Alzey-Worms , Bad Dürkheim , Bad Kreuznach , Bernkastel-Wittlich , Birkenfeld , Bitburg-Prüm , Cochem-Zell , Donnersberg , Frankenthal , Germersheim , Kaiserslautern-Land , Kaiserslautern- City , Koblenz , Kusel , Landau , Ludwigshafen , Mainz-Bingen , Mainz-Stadt , Mayen-Koblenz , Neustadt , Neuwied , Pirmasens , Rhine-Hunsrück , Rhine-Lahn , Rhine-Palatinate , Speyer , Südliche Weinstrasse , Südwestpfalz , Trier-Saarburg , Trier-Stadt , Vulkaneifel , Westerwald , Worms , Zweibrücken


Foundation (1945–1947)

CDU poster from the 1947 state election campaign

In September 1945, the Christian Democratic Party (CDP) was founded by a group of Trier personalities such as student Mathilde Gantenberg, which was approved by the French occupation authorities in December of the same year at the district level. The CDP was approved in Koblenz in January 1946. On January 31, 1946, the CDP district associations of Trier, Koblenz and Montabaur merged to form the Rhineland-Hesse-Nassau provincial party.

In contrast, a regional association of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) was founded in Rheinhessen and the Palatinate. The first local establishment took place in Landau . The idea of ​​a non-denominational party was already being discussed there in September 1944. Initiators were Johannes Finck , Catholic pastor (formerly the center) and Gustav Wolff , Protestant teacher (formerly the center). On December 20, 1945, at the “Tower Room Conference” in Winzingen, the name CDU was decided and the center would not be re-established. Founding on January 27, 1946 with a joint board of directors. It was approved on March 5, 1946.

In Rheinhessen, the "Christian Social People's Party" was formed on January 5, 1946 around Lorenz Diehl (former Secretary General of the Center in the People's State of Hesse ) and Jakob Bieroth . On March 3rd, under pressure from the occupying power, an agreement was reached on the "CDU Hessen-Palatinate". As a result, on August 30, 1946, when the federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate was formed, there were two Christian Democratic parties in the state. An agreement between the groups proved difficult. In the advisory state assembly, a “Christian-democratic bloc” was formed instead of a common parliamentary group.

In the first free elections, the Christian Democratic parties were by far the strongest force. In the municipal elections on September 15, 1946, they received 45.2% of the votes (SP 24.5%, CP 6.5%, Sozialer Volksbund 1%, non-party 28.8%), and even in the district elections on October 13, 1946 54.9% (SP 30.2, CP 7.4, Sozialer Volksbund 4.9, Liberal Party 2.5, German Party 0.1). The Christian Democrats scored high in both the Catholic and Protestant areas.

On December 2, 1946, Wilhelm Boden was appointed provisional prime minister of the newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate by the French occupation authorities on the initiative of Claude Hettier de Boislambert . In addition to Christian Democrats, the first state cabinet also included two SPD members. State Minister for Reconstruction and Transport became the KPD member Willy Feller .

Prime Minister Peter Altmeier (1966, front right) at a plenary session in the Federal Council
The Peter Altmeier Monument in Koblenz

On February 14, 1947, the party boards from the five administrative districts of Trier , Koblenz , Montabaur , Rheinhessen and Palatinate met to form a regional association. The CDU politician Peter Altmeier, who was born in Saarbrücken , took over the chairmanship of the newly founded state party “CDU Rhineland-Palatinate” . The first state party conference on March 25, 1947 confirmed this choice. The CDU RLP was the publisher of the party newspaper Der Westen - Christlich-Demokratische Rundschau with an initial circulation in May 1947 of 100,000 copies. The newspaper appeared in Neuwied until April 1949.

The time under Peter Altmeier and Helmut Kohl (1947–1976)

After the first state election on May 18, 1947 , Boden put together a cabinet made up only of CDU members . In addition to the office of Prime Minister, Boden also took on the Ministry of the Interior . However, as Prime Minister, Boden became untenable for the state CDU because of his critical attitude towards Protestant expellees .

On July 9, 1947, Peter Altmeier was elected Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate, heralding the 22-year-old "Altmeier era". From 1948 to 1967 Altmeier also held the office of Minister of Economics in personal union . Altmeier ruled together with the SPD, LDP and KPD from 1947 to 1951. On June 13, 1951, he formed a black-yellow coalition .

In 1966 he was succeeded by Helmut Kohl as head of the state CDU, and in 1969 also as prime minister. As the top candidate of his party, Kohl won an absolute majority in 1971. 1973 Kohl was elected as the successor to Rainer Barzel as the new federal chairman of the CDU. In the regional elections in Rhineland-Palatinate in 1975 , Kohl again succeeded in gaining an absolute majority in his party. A year later he stood as candidate for chancellor of the Union parties in the 1976 federal election and achieved the Union's second-best result in a federal election with 48.6% . However, since the SPD and FDP together received more mandates than the CDU and CSU, Helmut Schmidt remained Federal Chancellor and continued the social-liberal coalition that had existed in the federal government since 1969 , while Kohl went to Bonn as opposition leader .

The time under Bernhard Vogel and increasing internal party quarrels (1976–1991)

Kohl's successor in the office of Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate was the long-standing Minister of Education, Bernhard Vogel . During his time as Prime Minister, Vogel pushed ahead with the expansion of the university landscape in Rhineland-Palatinate. Even with Vogel at the helm, the state CDU was able to defend its absolute majority in 1979 and 1983 for the time being.

Helmut Kohl (1984) as Federal Chancellor

After the break of the social-liberal coalition in the federal government, Kohl was elected Chancellor by a parliamentary majority made up of CDU, CSU and FDP in October 1982 in the course of a constructive vote of no confidence in Helmut Schmidt. Kohl held the office until 1998, always relying on a black-yellow coalition.

Bernhard Vogel (1981) as Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate

In Rhineland-Palatinate, however, in the course of time there was internal party resistance to Vogel's administration. When the CDU lost almost seven percentage points and thus the absolute majority in the state elections in Rhineland-Palatinate in 1987 and the Greens moved into the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament for the first time, the party-internal critics of Vogel saw themselves strengthened. After the election, a black-yellow coalition could be formed, but Hans-Otto Wilhelm , chairman of the parliamentary group at the time, demanded that Vogel give up the state chairmanship. The following candidacy for the party chairmanship in 1988 was won by Wilhelm, while Vogel lost. Thereupon Vogel resigned from the office of Prime Minister with the words "God protect Rhineland-Palatinate" .

Carl Ludwig Wagner agreed to take over Vogel's successor. However, Wagner came under criticism , among other things, because of his expression of sympathy for a potential coalition with the Republicans . In 1991 Wagner led the now heavily divided state party to its first defeat in a Rhineland-Palatinate state election. The CDU was only the second strongest force in the state parliament and, even together with the FDP, could not achieve an absolute majority of the mandates. The top candidate of the SPD, Rudolf Scharping , then formed a coalition with the FDP and replaced Wagner as Prime Minister, while the CDU formed the state parliament opposition from then on .

Opposition period (since 1991)

Due to the severe election defeat of the CDU, Wilhelm gave up the party chairmanship in 1992. He was followed by Werner Langen , who had headed the Ministry of Agriculture in the Wagner cabinet . However, Langen only served one year.

In the 1996 state elections , the new state chairman, Johannes Gerster, ran as his party's top candidate against Scharping's successor, Kurt Beck (SPD). Although the SPD lost five percentage points, the result of the state CDU in the last state elections could be maintained and there was even an arithmetical black and yellow state parliament majority, the coalition of SPD and FDP was continued and the CDU remained in the opposition. After the election, Gerster also took over the office of parliamentary group leader and thus became the opposition leader in the state parliament. As early as 1997, however, Gerster resigned from both the chairmanship of the state party and the chairmanship of the parliamentary group.

Successor in both offices was Christoph Böhr , who had already led the parliamentary group from 1994 to 1996. In 2001 , Böhr ran as the top candidate of the state party, although he was not rated as popular. The Rhineland-Palatinate CDU received the worst result to date and had to remain in the opposition, while the social-liberal coalition under Beck was again continued. Böhr remained the state party and parliamentary group leader and from 2002 to 2006 also took on the duties of deputy federal chairman of the CDU. In 2005, the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate carried out a member survey about the top candidacy in the following year, in which Böhr succeeded in asserting himself against the Trier district chairman Peter Rauen . When the CDU achieved its worst result in the state elections in Rhineland-Palatinate in 2006 and the SPD won the absolute majority of the state parliament seats, Böhr resigned as party and parliamentary group leader. In 2006 Christian Baldauf succeeded him in both offices .

State office of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate in Mainz

In 2009, Baldauf proposed the then State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection, Julia Klöckner, as the top candidate for the 2011 state election . In September 2010, Klöckner Baldauf followed in the office of state chairman.

The CDU Rhineland-Palatinate had to admit on December 20, 2010 that it had illegally financed its election campaign in 2006. Secretary General Rosenbauer admitted that the agency C4 Consulting had provided its consulting services in 2005/2006 mainly for the election campaign of the Rhineland-Palatinate Christian Democrats.

Under the leadership of Klöckner, the CDU was able to improve its state result in the state elections in 2011 for the first time since 1983, but the party remained behind the state SPD, which lost the absolute majority in mandate, only second force. While a red-green state government was formed for the first time in Rhineland-Palatinate , the CDU remained in the opposition. After the election, Klöckner also took over the chairmanship of the parliamentary group. Baldauf took over one of the deputy posts both in the state executive committee and in the parliamentary group.

In January 2013, Kurt Beck resigned as Prime Minister for health reasons. Malu Dreyer was elected as his successor .

Julia Klöckner, for her part, declared her renewed top candidacy for the state elections in March 2016 . Although the CDU was up to ten percentage points ahead of the SPD in all surveys from 2013 onwards, the CDU itself lost 3.4 percentage points on election day and again achieved a historic low in Rhineland-Palatinate with 31.8 percent of the votes cast. Malu Dreyer was re-elected as Prime Minister of a traffic light coalition , Julia Klöckner remained leader of the opposition . After Julia Klöckner became Federal Minister for Food and Agriculture in March 2018 , Christian Baldauf again took over the chairmanship of the parliamentary group. Klöckner remains party chairman.

Party leader of the regional association

Julia Klöckner Christian Baldauf Christoph Böhr Johannes Gerster Werner Langen Hans-Otto Wilhelm Bernhard Vogel Helmut Kohl Peter Altmeier
Surname Beginning of the term of office Term expires
Thomas Dehler (3rd from left) Peter Altmeier 1946 1966
Helmut Kohl Helmut Kohl 1966 1974
Bernhard Vogel Bernhard Vogel 1974 1988
Hans-Otto Wilhelm Hans-Otto Wilhelm 1988 1992
Werner Langen Werner Langen 1992 1993
Johannes Gerster Johannes Gerster 1993 1997
Christoph Boehr Christoph Boehr April 1997 March 26, 2006
Christian Baldauf Christian Baldauf March 26, 2006 September 25, 2010
Julia Kloeckner Julia Kloeckner September 25, 2010 officiating


Group leaders

Johann Wilhelm Gaddum (1981, 3rd from right)
Years Chairman
1947 Peter Altmeier
1947-1951 Alois room
1951-1961 Wilhelm Boden
1961-1963 Hermann Matthes
1963-1969 Helmut Kohl
1969-1971 Johann Wilhelm Gaddum
1971-1972 Willi Hört
1973-1976 Kurt Böckmann
1976-1981 Rudi Geil
1981-1987 Hans-Otto Wilhelm
1987-1988 Emil Wolfgang Keller
1988-1994 Hans-Otto Wilhelm
1994-1996 Christoph Boehr
1996-1997 Johannes Gerster
1997-2006 Christoph Boehr
2006-2011 Christian Baldauf
2011-2018 Julia Kloeckner
since 2018 Christian Baldauf

Current composition

In the 17th state parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate, the CDU parliamentary group is represented by a total of 35 members, including 12 women and 23 men.

Parliamentary group

Other MPs

Thomas Barth , Anke Beilstein , Ellen Demuth , Josef Dötsch , Guido Ernst , Christoph Gensch , Horst Gies , Bernhard Henter , Dirk Herber , Simone Huth-Haage , Adolf Kessel , Marlies Kohnle-Gros , Matthias Lammert , Michael Ludwig , Helmut Martin , Elfriede Meurer , Christof Reichert , Arnold Schmitt , Marion Schneid , Gordon Schnieder , Gerd Schreiner , Ralf Seekatz , Hedi Thelen , Michael Wäschenbach , Thomas Weiner , Gabriele Wieland , Johannes Zehfuß

In addition, Reinhard Oelbermann was a member of the 17th Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament until his death in April 2019.

Results in the state elections

State election results
year be right Seats Top candidate
1947 47.2% 48 Peter Altmeier
1951 39.2% 43 Peter Altmeier
1955 46.8% 51 Peter Altmeier
1959 48.4% 52 Peter Altmeier
1963 44.4% 46 Peter Altmeier
1967 46.7% 49 Peter Altmeier
1971 50.0% 53 Helmut Kohl
1975 53.9% 55 Helmut Kohl
1979 50.1% 51 Bernhard Vogel
1983 51.9% 57 Bernhard Vogel
1987 45.1% 48 Bernhard Vogel
1991 38.7% 40 Carl-Ludwig Wagner
1996 38.7% 41 Johannes Gerster
2001 35.3% 38 Christoph Boehr
2006 32.8% 38 Christoph Boehr
2011 35.2% 41 Julia Kloeckner
2016 31.8% 35 Julia Kloeckner

Results in the federal election

Bundestag election results
in percent
Bundestag election results
year Number of votes Share of votes Seats
1949 702.125 49.0% 13
1953 924.932 52.1% 18th
1957 1,019,709 53.7% 18th
1961 964.270 48.9% 16
1965 1,013,573 49.3% 16
1969 982.640 47.8% 16
1972 1,090,339 45.9% 15th
1976 1.211.208 49.9% 16
1980 1,118,216 45.6% 15th
1983 1,241,886 49.6% 16
1987 1,110,633 45.1% 15th
1990 1,078,796 45.6% 17th
1994 1,061,643 43.8% 15th
1998 975.258 39.1% 14th
2002 967.011 40.2% 13
2005 877.632 36.9% 12
2009 767.487 35.0% 13
2013 958.655 43.3% 16
2017 848.003 35.9% 14th

Member of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate in other parliaments

German Bundestag

The following members of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate are represented in the current Bundestag:

European Parliament

The CDU Rhineland-Palatinate is represented in the European Parliament by the following people :

Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate with party membership in the CDU

The following politicians were members of the CDU in the position of Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate.


  • 50 years of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate. Ceremony on September 30, 1995 in the Rheingoldhalle in Mainz. Ingelheim 1995.
  • 50 years of the CDU regional association Rhineland-Palatinate. Ceremonial event on February 14, 1997 in Bad Kreuznach. Mainz 1997.
  • Michael Kißener : Brief history of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate 1945-2005. Karlsruhe 2006.
  • Hans-Otto Kleinmann : History of the CDU. Stuttgart 1993.
  • Anne Martin: The formation of the CDU in Rhineland-Palatinate. Munich 1995.
  • Josef Schmid: The CDU. Opladen 1990.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate - our country . 3. Edition. State Center for Civic Education Rhineland-Palatinate , Mainz 2012, ISBN 978-3-89289-012-6
  • Winfried Becker : CDU and CSU 1945–1950: forerunners, founding and regional development up to the emergence of the CDU federal party (= studies on political education, 13). von Hase and Koehler, Mainz 1987, ISBN 3-7758-1151-6 , pages 97-107.

Web links

Commons : CDU Rheinland-Pfalz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Oskar Niedermayer : Party members according to federal states. Federal Agency for Civic Education , July 8, 2017, accessed on August 25, 2017 .
  2. ^ State executive committee of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate
  3. regional associations. In: Retrieved November 23, 2016 .
  4. State Board . In: CDU Rhineland-Palatinate . ( [accessed on November 23, 2016]).
  5. CDU district associations in Rhineland-Palatinate ( Memento of the original from October 12, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. the French zone of occupation, decree No. 32 of December 13, 1945, allowed the establishment of parties on a supraregional level.
  7. ^ History of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate - history of the regional association. Konrad Adenauer Foundation
  8. ^ Pool of players . In: Der Spiegel . No. 21 , 1969 ( online ).
  9. Christian Werwath: Tired in the southwest . Göttingen Institute for Democracy Research
  10. Development and change of the party system in Rhineland-Palatinate - From the predominance of the CDU to the dominance of the SPD? (PDF; 2.3 MB)
  11. "Magna cum laude" into powerlessness? Mirror online
  12. Beck stronger than ever . Mirror online
  13. Boehr resigns . FocusOnline
  14. ^ Soon new CDU country chief . FocusOnline
  15. Former wine queen is supposed to challenge Beck . FocusOnline
  16. Klöckner new state chairman CDU top candidate in Rhineland-Palatinate follows Baldauf . ( Memento of the original from December 30, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: FAZ @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  17. Financial affair in the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate ., December 22, 2010
  18. State CDU admits inadmissible party donations . Mirror online
  19. Klöckner new CDU parliamentary group leader .
  20. Red-Green coalition agreement is in place . FocusOnline
  21. ↑ Re- election of parliamentary group chairmanship . ( [accessed on March 16, 2018]). Re-election of the parliamentary group chairmanship ( Memento of the original from March 17, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  22. Photo documentary: The CDU regional chiefs from 1946 until today
  23. ^ Results of the state elections in Rhineland-Palatinate
  24. ^ SPD wins in Mainz .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. 2Template: Dead Link /  
  25. Continuity is the key . Southgerman newspaper
  26. Results of the Bundestag elections ( Memento of the original from July 9, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /