State election in Rhineland-Palatinate 1955

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1951State election 19551959
(Votes in%)
Gains and losses
compared to 1951
 % p
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
e List of the DRP with some applicants from the German party
A total of 100 seats
Ballot for the state election
Election poster of the CDU

The state elections in Rhineland-Palatinate in 1955 took place on May 15th. With the Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate , a Landtag was elected for the first time after the occupation statute was repealed .

The election, which was strongly influenced by federal policy, was clearly won by the CDU , which received an absolute majority of the seats. In this election, the SPD got its worst result in Rhineland-Palatinate to date ( 2016 election ).

Election result

The choice led to the following result:

  • Eligible voters: 2,151,228
  • Voters: 1,634,750
  • Valid votes: 1,583,829
  • Total seats: 100
  • Turnout: 75.99%
Political party be right Share
CDU 741384 46.81 51
SPD 501751 31.68 37
FDP 201847 12.74 12
KPD 50896 3.21
FWG 45220 2.86
BHE 28271 1.78
BdD 10527 0.66
PdgD 3092 0.20
DLV 841 0.05
Total 1583829 100

FWG = Free Voting Community Rhineland-Palatinate (list of the DRP with some applicants from the German party )

List of members of the Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament (3rd electoral term)

Starting position

The previous state elections in 1951 had the following result:

  • Eligible voters: 2,021,164
  • Voters: 1,512,643 (turnout: 74.84%)
  • Valid votes: 1,437,250
Political party be right Share
CDU 563274 39.19 43
SPD 488374 33.98 38
FDP 240071 16.70 19th
KPD 62483 4.35
center 29816 2.07
BHE 27573 1.92
NGK 10012 0.70
DRP 7185 0.50
DNS 4864 0.34
DAP 3598 0.25
Total 1437250 100

NGK = Emergency Community for War Victims, DNS = National Collection, DAP = German Workers' Party

As a result, a black-yellow coalition was formed under Peter Altmeier .

The election campaign was determined by federal political issues. 10 days before the election, the occupation statute was repealed and the Federal Republic regained its sovereignty. As part of the policy of ties to the West , the German government under Konrad Adenauer had recently initiated accession to NATO and WEU . The decision for the Saar Statute was also an issue. Both the CDU ("Mit Altmeier - for Adenauer") and the SPD emphasized the test election character for federal politics.

As for national issues, it was again school policy that separated the political camps. With the Volksschulgesetz (Volksschulgesetz) at the beginning of 1955, the government granted freedom to schools anchored in the constitution for Rhineland-Palatinate . H. Freedom of choice between denominational school and simultaneous school confirmed.

Once again, the Social Democrats tried to vote for a plebiscite against the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, which they rejected. With the end of the occupation statute, it would now be possible to dissolve the state.


With an absolute majority in favor of the CDU, both federal and state politics were impressively confirmed. Despite the absolute majority of the Union, the FDP remained represented in the Altmeier III cabinet .

The right-wing extremist FWG (electoral alliance of DRP and DP) and the left-wing extremist KPD were unable to influence the outcome of the election.

See also

Web links

Commons : Election posters in Germany 1955  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Doris M. Peckhaus and Robert Hess: 40 Years of the Rhineland-Palatinate Parliament, 1987, ISBN 3-87439-142-6 , pages 41-45