Election to the 18th state parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate
Each voter has two votes. The first vote with which a direct candidate is elected is called the constituency vote. With the second vote, called the state vote, a party or electoral association is elected. This is decisive for the allocation of seats in the state parliament. The number of constituencies was increased from 51 to 52 in 2019.
Only parties and electoral associations that receive at least 5% of the national votes are taken into account when allocating seats. In contrast to federal elections, there is no basic mandate clause . The number of seats in the Landtag is generally 101, with the number of direct mandates that do not belong to a party or electoral association that overcomes the threshold clause being deducted from the total number before further seats are allocated. 52 seats are assigned as direct mandates. If one party receives more direct mandates than it is entitled to based on proportional representation , the other parties receive compensatory mandates . This may increase the total number of seats.
According to Article 84 of the Constitution for Rhineland-Palatinate , elections will take place at the earliest 57 and at the latest 60 months after the 17th Landtag has met. The 17th state parliament was constituted on May 18, 2016. As a result, the election, which has to be held on a Sunday (Section 16 LWahlG), would take place on February 21 or 28, 7, 14, 21, 28. March, 4th, 11th, 18th or 25th April, 2nd, 9th or at the latest on May 16, 2021.
The election day on February 11, 2020 was set by the state government to Sunday, March 14, 2021.
Previous election 2016
In the 2016 election, the SPD was again the strongest party in the state parliament with 36.2 percent. The CDU lost slightly and came to 31.8 percent. The AfD , who stood for the first time in a state election in Rhineland-Palatinate, achieved the largest gain in votes , and with 12.6 percent of the state votes, it became the third strongest force in the state parliament.
The FDP succeeded in re-entering the state parliament with 6.2 percent. The Greens , on the other hand, lost two thirds of their seats and are only represented with six seats in the state parliament. The Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate thus consisted of five parties for the first time.
The red-green coalition, which has ruled since 2011, no longer had the majority of seats in the state parliament after the election. As a result, the currently only active “ traffic light coalition ” in Germany was formed between the SPD, FDP and the Greens , which has a narrow majority with 52 of 101 seats in the state parliament. Malu Dreyer thus remained Prime Minister.
Parties previously represented in the state parliament
|Social Democratic Party of Germany||SPD||39||39|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany||CDU||35||35|
|Alternative for Germany||AfD||14th||12|
|Free Democratic Party||FDP||7th||6th|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||GREEN||6th||6th|
|Infratest dimap||04/23/2020||27%||38%||8th %||6%||13%||4%||-||4%|
|INSA||April 15, 2020||24%||30%||12%||5%||19%||5%||-||5%|
|INSA||September 18, 2019||22%||28%||12%||8th %||20%||4%||3%||3%|
|Infratest dimap||09/12/2019||23%||28%||11%||8th %||21%||4%||-||5%|
|State election 2016||03/13/2016||36.2%||31.8%||12.6%||6.2%||5.3%||2.8%||2.2%||2.8%|
|2016 - 2018|
Direct election of Prime Minister
|Institute||date||Malu Dreyer ( SPD )||Christian Baldauf ( CDU )||Anne Spiegel ( Green )||Julia Klöckner (CDU)||none of the questions asked|
|Infratest dimap||December 14, 2017||56%||-||-||30%||6%|
- SWR Aktuell: Date set for state elections. In: swr.de. Südwestrundfunk, February 11, 2020, accessed on February 11, 2020 .
- Law of September 26, 2019 (GVBl. P. 297)
- Information from the Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate ( Memento from May 8, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) PDF, page 4
- Landtag Rhineland-Palatinate: Search for Members - 17th electoral term , accessed on May 12, 2020
- surveys Rhineland-Palatinate , on Wahlrecht.de. Retrieved October 20, 2017
- Direct election: Dreyer before challengers , on swr.de, accessed on March 5, 2020.
- Direct election question: Dreyer still well ahead of Klöckner , on infratest-dimap.de, accessed on March 8, 2018.