|Seat:||Deutschhaus in Mainz|
|Legislative period :||five years|
|Current legislative period|
|Last choice:||March 13, 2016|
|Next choice:||March 14, 2021|
State Parliament President
Hendrik Hering (SPD)
|Distribution of seats:||
Legitimation and tasks
According to Article 79, Paragraph 1 of the state constitution , the state parliament is “the highest body elected by the people for the formation of political will”. "He represents the people, elects the prime minister and confirms the state government, passes laws and the state budget, controls the executive power and helps shape the state's will in the handling of public affairs, in European policy issues and in accordance with agreements between the state parliament and State government. "
The Rhineland-Palatinate state parliament has been meeting in the Deutschhaus in Mainz since 1951 . In 1999 the so-called House of Representatives was built, which unites the offices of the representatives and the parliamentary group offices. Part of the building is used by the state government. The two complexes are separated by a structural joint, which symbolizes the separation of powers between the legislature and the executive . The state parliament has its seat at Platz der Mainzer Republik 1, the state parliament administration at Diether-von-Isenburg-Strasse 1 and the House of Representatives at Kaiser-Friedrich-Strasse 3.
Since when the state of Rhineland-Palatinate was founded, the capital Mainz, which was specified in the founding ordinance, did not have sufficient administrative buildings due to war damage and destruction, the constituent meeting of the regional consultative assembly took place on November 22, 1946 in the Koblenz theater , in which a draft constitution was drawn up. On May 18, 1947, the constitution for Rhineland-Palatinate was adopted in a referendum by 53 percent of the electorate. The constituent meeting of the first state parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate took place on June 4, 1947 in the large town hall of Koblenz . Koblenz was the administrative seat of government in the country. On May 16, 1950, the state parliament decided to rebuild the Deutschhaus in Mainz and to relocate the state government and state parliament to Mainz.
Since December 2015, the Deutschhaus has been extensively adapted to modern infrastructure, which is why the interim quarters of the plenary hall in the stone hall of the Landesmuseum Mainz were set up while the state parliament administration moved into the new Isenburg-Karrée.
The election of the 101 members of the state parliament takes place every five years and is general, free, secret, equal and immediate. The choice will be guided by principles of a persons choice associated proportional performed. All Germans who have reached the age of 18 and have lived in Rhineland-Palatinate for at least three months are entitled to vote.
Each voter has two votes. The first vote, the constituency vote, is used to elect a member of one of the 51 constituencies . Whoever can unite the simple majority is elected. Since the five percent clause does not apply to constituency applicants, individual applicants can also be elected to the state parliament.
With the second vote, the state vote, a state or district list is elected. It decides on the composition of the state parliament. According to the Sainte-Laguë procedure, each party that has received more than five percent of the vote gets as many seats as it is entitled to in relation to the number of second votes. The number of constituency seats is deducted and the remaining seats are filled with candidates for the list. Overhang mandates are balanced out by compensatory mandates , which can lead to an enlargement of the state parliament.
The election to the 17th state parliament on March 13, 2016 brought the following result:
The new state parliament was constituted on May 18, 2016.
After there had previously been an advisory state assembly appointed by the French occupying power at the suggestion of the cities and districts, a freely elected state parliament met for the first time in 1947.
From 1947 to 1987 proportional representation was held in which each voter had one vote. Since 1991 there has been a personalized proportional representation system with two votes, one for the constituency candidate and one for the state or district list.
In the first election in 1947 there was no threshold clause. Since 1951, the parties have had to reach five percent nationwide to get into the state parliament.
The first state parliament was designed for 100 members. As a result of the re-organization of 61 municipalities to Rhineland-Palatinate in the Saarburg and Trier-Land districts, there was a by-election in 1947 and the number of MPs increased to 101. From 1951 to 1987 there were 100 MPs each. Since 1991 the state parliament has 101 members.
The right to vote was 21 years from 1947 to 1967 until it was set at 18 years in 1971.
The right to stand for election was 25 years from 1947 to 1967 before it was reduced to 21 years in 1971. Since 1979 the limit has been 18 years.
The allocation of mandates was calculated from 1947 to 1971 using the key voting method . It was declared unconstitutional by the Federal Constitutional Court in 1972 , as a result of which the distribution of seats in the 1971 election had to be subsequently corrected. From 1975 to 1987 the D'Hondt procedure was valid. For the elections from 1991 to 2006 the Hare-Niemeyer procedure was used . The Sainte-Laguë method has been used since 2011 .
The legislative periods lasted four years from 1947 to 1987. Elections have been held every five years since 1991.
The composition of the state parliaments has been as follows:
- 1. Landtag 1947–1951: CDU 48, SPD 34, FDP 11, KPD 8
- 2nd state parliament 1951–1955: CDU 43, SPD 38, FDP 19
- 3rd State Parliament 1955–1959: CDU 51, SPD 36, FDP 13
- 4th State Parliament 1959–1963: CDU 52, SPD 37, FDP 10, DRP 1
- 5th State Parliament 1963–1967: CDU 46, SPD 43, FDP 11
- 6th state parliament 1967–1971: CDU 49, SPD 39, FDP 8, NPD 4
- 7th state parliament 1971–1975: CDU 52, SPD 42, FDP 6
- 8th state parliament 1975–1979: CDU 55, SPD 40, FDP 5
- 9th state parliament 1979–1983: CDU 51, SPD 43, FDP 6
- 10th state parliament 1983–1987: CDU 57, SPD 43
- 11th Landtag 1987–1991: CDU 48, SPD 40, FDP 7, Greens 5
- 12th state parliament 1991–1996: SPD 47, CDU 40, FDP 7, Greens 7
- 13th Landtag 1996-2001: SPD 43, CDU 41, FDP 10, Greens 7
- 14th Landtag 2001-2006: SPD 49, CDU 38, FDP 8, Greens 6
- 15th Landtag 2006–2011: SPD 53, CDU 38, FDP 10
- 16th state parliament 2011–2016: SPD 42, CDU 41, Greens 18th
- 17th State Parliament 2016–2021: SPD 39, CDU 35, AfD 14, FDP 7, Greens 6
Previous state parliament presidents were:
- 1947–1948: Jakob Diel , CDU
- 1948–1959: August Wolters , CDU
- 1959–1971: Otto van Volxem , CDU
- 1971–1974: Johannes Baptist Rösler , CDU
- 1974–1985: Albrecht Martin , CDU
- 1985–1991: Heinz Peter Volkert , CDU
- 1991–2006: Christoph Grimm , SPD
- 2006–2016: Joachim Mertes , SPD
- since 2016: Hendrik Hering , SPD
Council of Elders
The Council of Elders:
- supports the President of the Landtag in running the business
- Adopts the agenda of the sessions of the state parliament by determining the order of the items to be discussed and the speaking times for the individual members of parliament or parliamentary groups
The Council of Elders of the State Parliament consists of the President of the State Parliament, the two Vice-Presidents and twelve other members who are appointed by the parliamentary groups according to their strengths. The President of the State Parliament is in the chair.
The composition of the council of elders for the 17th electoral term:
- Hendrik Hering - President of the State Parliament
- Barbara Schleicher-Rothmund - Vice President of the State Parliament
- Hans-Josef Bracht - Vice -President of the State Parliament
- Kathrin Anklam-Trapp
- Alexander Fuhr - SPD
- Martin Haller - SPD
- Astrid Schmitt - SPD
- Alexander Schweitzer - SPD
- Christian Baldauf - CDU
- Martin Brandl - CDU
- Julia Klöckner - CDU
- Alexander Licht - CDU
- Uwe Junge - AfD
- Marco Weber - FDP
- Pia Schellhammer - Alliance 90 / The Greens
Committees and Boards
The state parliament of the 17th electoral term has formed the following specialist and sub-committees:
- Budget and Finance Committee
- Audit Commission
- Committee for Home Affairs, Sport and State Planning
- Social and Labor Committee
- Committee on Health, Nursing and Demography
- Education Committee
- Committee on Science, Education and Culture
- Committee on Economy and Transport
- Agriculture and Viticulture Committee
- Legal Committee
- Committee on Environment, Energy and Food
- Committee on Society, Integration and Consumer Protection
- Committee on Media, Digital Infrastructure and Network Policy
- Committee on European Affairs and One World
- Committee for Equality and the Advancement of Women
- Petitions Committee
- Prison Commission
In addition, further committees and commissions have been formed:
- Interim committee
- Electoral review committee
- Commission under Article 10 of the Basic Law
- Parliamentary Control Commission
- Data Protection Commission
- Markus Schäfer: Data handbook on the history of the Landtag Rhineland-Palatinate 1947-2003 . Mainz 2005, ISBN 3-7758-1405-1
- Michael Kißener : Brief history of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate 1945-2005 . Leinfelden-Echterdingen 2006, ISBN 3-7650-8345-3
- “Mainz was very badly damaged by the air raids of the last months of the war. Accordingly, it was impossible to provide the necessary service buildings for administration, parliament and government here immediately. In addition, the administrative centers of the previous post-war organization were in Neustadt and Koblenz. In Koblenz there were also numerous premises of the former Prussian (sic!) Administration, which is why the state government set up its seat in Koblenz in agreement with the occupying power. ”State archives administration Rhineland-Palatinate: November 29, 1949. Koblenz or Mainz. The 72nd session of the Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate. Discussions about the seat of the state government. Archived copy ( Memento from December 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- Steinhalle: Start of the renovation work, notification dated February 23, 2015, accessed on March 31, 2016
- http://www.wahlen.rlp.de/ltw/wahlen/2016/land/index.html ? official final result
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: LWL RLP - State elections: Election results: Election results 2016: State result. In: www.wahlen.rlp.de. Retrieved April 28, 2016 .
- Landtag Rhineland-Palatinate: Landtag Rhineland-Palatinate - Landtag election 2016. (No longer available online.) In: www.landtag.rlp.de. Archived from the original on April 28, 2016 ; Retrieved April 28, 2016 .