Thuringian Parliament

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Thuringian Parliament
logo Parliament building
logo building
Basic data
Seat: Building of the former Prussian administrative district of Erfurt
Jürgen-Fuchs-Strasse 1
99096 Erfurt
Legislative period : five years
MPs: 90
Current legislative period
Last choice: October 27, 2019
Next choice: Autumn 2024
Chair: President of the State Parliament
Birgit Keller (Die Linke)
Distribution of seats: Government (42)
  • The Left 29
  • SPD 8
  • Green 5
  • Opposition (48)
  • AfD 22
  • CDU 21
  • FDP 5
  • Website
    Terrace between parliamentary group building (left) and functional building
    Chamber, from the outside
    Chamber, from the inside

    The Thuringian Landtag is the state parliament of the Free State of Thuringia . The seat of the state parliament is in Erfurt .

    In the political system of Thuringia, the state parliament takes on the role of the legislature at state level. Its constitutional basis is Articles 48 to 69 of the Constitution of the Free State of Thuringia . The state parliament passes state laws, elects the Thuringian Prime Minister and controls the work of the state government .

    In Erfurt, several buildings on Arnstädter Strasse are used by the state parliament. The street side is dominated by a neoclassical building complex built by Wilhelm Pook between 1936 and 1939 , which now houses offices. Behind it are several new buildings from the years 1998 to 2003, among others. also the plenary hall in which the sessions of the state parliament take place. In addition, the high-rise building for the administration of the former Erfurt district , known colloquially as the egg box, was built between 1950 and 1951 and is part of the state parliament's buildings. Today it is used by the state administration as an office building.

    Six parliamentary groups are represented in the 7th state parliament, which was elected on October 27, 2019 . The Left has 29 seats, making it the strongest parliamentary group; the alternative for Germany as the second strongest force has 22 seats. The CDU parliamentary group, which was always the largest parliamentary group from 1990 to 2019, is only the third largest with 21 seats, followed by the SPD parliamentary group with eight members and the Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen parliamentary group with five seats. For the third time since 1990, the FDP is again represented in the state parliament, to which it was previously able to send representatives from 1990 to 1994 and from 2009 to 2014. It also has five MEPs, making it the smallest group in Parliament, level with the Greens.

    The President of the State Parliament has been Birgit Keller (Die Linke) since November 26, 2019 . Her predecessor was Birgit Diezel (CDU), who is no longer a member of the 7th parliamentary term. Other vice-presidents are Henry Worm (CDU), Dorothea Marx (SPD), Madeleine Henfling (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), Dirk Bergner (FDP) and Michael Kaufmann (AfD).


    The state parliament is elected for five years. All Germans who are 18 years old on the day of the election and who have lived in Thuringia for at least three months or who usually reside there are entitled to vote. The election of the normally 88 MPs takes place according to the principles of proportional representation combined with the election of persons . In 44 constituencies, 44 constituency representatives are directly elected; these are taken into account when the total number of 88 members is distributed. Only those state lists of parties and electoral associations that received more than five percent of the votes cast ( five percent hurdle ) are taken into account . The votes not taken into account in the allocation of seats reached a maximum of 16.4 percent of the second votes cast in the 2004 state elections .

    Due to overhang and compensation mandates , the 7th Thuringian Parliament consists of 90 instead of the usual 88 members.

    Election results and state governments since 1990

    In the state elections in 1990 , 1994 , 1999 , 2004 , 2009 and 2014 , the CDU emerged as the strongest force. From 1990 to 1994 a CDU / FDP coalition (Cabinets Duchač and Vogel I ) ruled , from 1994 to 1999 a grand coalition ( Cabinet Vogel II ) and from 1999 to 2009 the CDU alone ( Vogel III , Althaus I , Althaus II ). The largest opposition party in the first electoral term was the SPD, then from 1994 to 2014 the PDS (since 2007: Die Linke). From 1994 to 2009 only the CDU, SPD and PDS were represented in the state parliament, other parties always failed in this period because of the five percent hurdle .

    The 2009 election result brought several coalition options. Finally, the SPD decided on a coalition as a junior partner of the CDU ( Lieberknecht cabinet ) and against a possible red-red coalition with the left. After the 2014 election, the SPD did not continue this coalition and instead joined a government made up of Die Linke, SPD and Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen. On December 5, 2014, Bodo Ramelow was elected the first Prime Minister of the party Die Linke der Deutschen Geschichte ( Cabinet Ramelow I ) with 46 out of 91 possible votes . The CDU went into the opposition for the first time since Thuringia was re-established, although it had once again become the strongest party .

    In the state election on October 27, 2019 , Die Linke became the strongest party in a German state election for the first time. But at the plenary session on February 5, 2020, Thomas Kemmerich was surprisingly elected Prime Minister in the 3rd ballot with the votes of the FDP, CDU and AfD. Shortly after his acceptance, Kemmerich resigned from office as Prime Minister and was only in office until March 4, 2020. On March 4, Bodo Ramelow was elected Prime Minister in the third ballot ( Ramelow II cabinet ).

    President of the Thuringian Parliament

    Age presidents

    The following MPs opened the constituent sessions of the Thuringian state parliaments as senior presidents :

    Lists of representatives

    Predecessor state days

    Parliamentary groups in the Thuringian state parliament

    Parliament building

    There are three buildings on the grounds of the Thuringian Parliament:

    A quote from the writer and historian Ricarda Huch from her time as senior president of the Thuringian Advisory State Assembly adorns the parliament in Erfurt today. Whoever enters the Thuringian state parliament by the original entrance at the Arnstadt road meets the foyer of the group building on their words of 12 June 1946 which act as a dedication: "It was granted the land of Thuringia, that never in the changing events him this Stars go down: Law, freedom and peace. "

    At the request of the Thuringian State Parliament, the access road to Parliament in Erfurt has been bearing the name of the writer and GDR civil rights activist Jürgen Fuchs since December 20, 2002 as a memorial and as a tribute . Since then, the official address of the Thuringian state parliament has been Jürgen-Fuchs-Straße 1 .

    In August 2009, Dagmar Schipanski, President of the State Parliament, unveiled a plaque on the wall opposite the Ricarda Huch slogan in the foyer of the parliamentary group building with the words: The Thuringian State Parliament commemorates all persecuted politicians in the state of Thuringia 1945–1952 , among whom the following three politicians are named and portrayed : Hermann Becker (LDP), Hermann Brill (SPD) and Hugo Dornhofer (CDU).


    Literature about the Thuringian state parliament

    • Joachim Linck : How a state parliament learned to walk - memories of a West German construction worker in Thuringia. Cologne Weimar Vienna 2010, ISBN 978-3-412-20468-6
    • Steffen Raßloff : Mirror of contemporary history: the state parliament complex represents the state capital Erfurt and was shaped by three political systems. In: Thüringer Allgemeine from July 12, 2014 ( online )
    • Peter M. Huber : Development of the state constitutional law in Thuringia. In: Yearbook of Public Law of the Present . New series / Vol. 52, 2004, pp. 323-345.
    • Karl Schmitt (ed.): The constitution of the Free State of Thuringia. Böhlau Verlag, Weimar, Cologne, Vienna 1995.
    • Holger Zürch : With a free people on free land. 15 years of the Thuringian Parliament in retrospect, former MPs from the founding years in the Free State of Thuringia . Leipzig 2006, ISBN 978-3-939404-01-9 . Since May 2013 also published online as a free e-book via Qucosa .
    • Holger Zürch: Thuringia's early years. Talks with Thuringian members of parliament about their time in the state parliament between 1990 and 1999. Erfurt 2004, ISBN 3-931426-85-8
    • Holger Zürch: Foil stitch, boomerang, crook. Heckling in the Thuringian Parliament 1991–1993. Osnabrück 2001, ISBN 3-935316-26-7

    Literature published by the Thuringian Parliament

    • Publication Series writings on the history of parliamentarism in Thuringia , published by the Thuringian state parliament, has been published since 1992 (on the occasion, not periodic)
    • Klaus-Jürgen Winkler: The conference venues of the state parliaments in Thuringia - a contribution to their history of construction and use. Issue 4 of the writings on the history of parliamentarism in Thuringia, Jena 1994, 144 pages, ISBN 3-86160-504-X
    • Alfred Ahner - Landtag drawings 1924-1933 . Brochure accompanying the exhibition of the same name in the Thuringian state parliament. Erfurt 2002, 68 pages, without ISBN.

    Web links

    Commons : Thuringian Parliament  - collection of images, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. a b c Board of Directors | Thuringian Parliament. Retrieved November 26, 2019 .
    2. New Vice President of the State Parliament., May 14, 2020, accessed on May 16, 2020 .
    3. Ramelow elects AfD man | Thuringian State Parliament. Retrieved March 9, 2020 .
    4. DER SPIEGEL: After the election debacle: Thuringian CDU parliamentary group wants to avoid new elections - DER SPIEGEL - politics. Retrieved February 5, 2020 .
    5. ^ Tagesschau: Government crisis in Thuringia: Kemmerich resigns as Prime Minister. Retrieved March 3, 2020 .
    6. Bodo Ramelow elected Prime Minister. Retrieved March 4, 2020 .
    7. On September 28, 2018, Carius announced in the state parliament meeting that he would resign from office at the end of October and not run for the 2019 state elections. - The President of the State Parliament Christian Carius resigns , on, accessed on September 28, 2018 at 10:39 a.m.
    8. P. 240 in: Holger Zürch : With free people on free ground. 15 years of the Thuringian Parliament in retrospect, former MPs from the founding years in the Free State of Thuringia. Leipzig 2006, ISBN 978-3-939404-01-9 . Proof: German National Library
    9. Jürgen-Fuchs-Straße in Erfurt ( Memento from October 20, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
    10. The Landtag: Thuringian Landtag - Imprint . In: .
    11. .html , accessed March 22, 2021
    12. DNB 016708350

    Coordinates: 50 ° 58 '  N , 11 ° 2'  E