Bernhard Vogel (Prime Minister)
Bernhard Vogel (* 19th December 1932 in Göttingen ) is a German politician of the CDU . He was from 1976 to 1988 Prime Minister in Rhineland-Palatinate and from 1992 to 2003 Prime Minister in Thuringia .
education and profession
After attending primary school in Gießen and humanistic grammar schools in Gießen ( Landgraf-Ludwigs-Gymnasium ) and after the family returned to Munich, Vogel passed his Abitur at the Maximilians-Gymnasium there in 1953 . He then studied political science , history , sociology and economics in Munich and Heidelberg . In 1960 he was at Dolf Sternberger with the work The independents in the municipal elections of West German states to Dr. phil. PhD . He worked for four years as a research assistant and from 1961 as a lecturer at the Institute for Political Science in Heidelberg . Vogel aspired to a scientific career.
Vogel joined the CDU in 1960 and was initially involved with the Junge Union . In 1967 he became chairman of the CDU district association of the Palatinate, and in 1974 he became regional chairman of the CDU in Rhineland-Palatinate . From 1975 Vogel was a member of the CDU federal executive board , which he remained until 2006.
On November 11, 1988 there was a violent internal party dispute at the state party conference in Koblenz. Hans-Otto Wilhelm demanded that the office of Prime Minister and that of the chairman of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate not be filled in personal union. Vogel stated that he wanted to keep both offices; otherwise he would resign from both. When Wilhelm was elected as the new CDU state chairman, Vogel resigned as announced. Carl-Ludwig Wagner became his successor and formed the Wagner cabinet .
From 1989 to 1993 and from 2001 to the end of 2009 he was chairman of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS). In December 2009 he was elected honorary chairman at the KAS general meeting. His successor as KAS chairman was Hans-Gert Pöttering , until then President of the European Parliament.
From 1974 to 1988 Vogel was state chairman of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate and from 1993 to 2000 he was state chairman of the CDU Thuringia .
Member of Parliament
From 1963 to 1965 Vogel was a member of the Heidelberg City Council .
In the 1965 federal election he received 48.1% of the first vote and was thus directly elected member of the constituency of Neustadt an der Weinstrasse - Speyer . On July 17, 1967, he resigned from his mandate; Ludwig Knobloch moved up for him .
From 1971 to 1988 he was a member of the state parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate .
In the 1994 and 1999 elections he was elected to the Thuringian state parliament.
On May 18, 1967, Vogel was appointed minister of education to the state government of Rhineland-Palatinate led by Prime Minister Peter Altmeier . He kept this office under his successor Helmut Kohl .
After Helmut Kohl moved to the Bundestag as opposition leader after the federal election in 1976 , Vogel was elected Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate on December 2, 1976.
In this function he was also President of the Federal Council from taking office until October 31, 1977 . From 1981 to 1983 he was chairman of the Prime Minister's Conference and from November 1, 1987 to October 31, 1988, he was again President of the Federal Council.
In the state elections in Rhineland-Palatinate in 1987 , the CDU lost its absolute majority; the Vogel IV cabinet also contained two FDP ministers.
On February 5, 1992, Vogel was elected Prime Minister of the Free State of Thuringia as the successor to the resigned Josef Duchač .
For reasons of age, Vogel resigned from the office of Prime Minister on June 5, 2003. His successor was the then CDU regional chairman and former chairman of the parliamentary group Dieter Althaus .
Already with 32 years gained Bernhard Vogel after two years of membership in the city council of Heidelberg in the federal elections in 1965 , the direct mandate of the constituency Neustadt - Speyer . At the age of 35, Vogel moved to the state government of Rhineland-Palatinate led by Prime Minister Peter Altmeier as Minister for Education and Culture . In the same year Vogel was elected chairman of the Palatinate CDU district. In 1969, Helmut Kohl, fellow student from Heidelberg, took over the office of Prime Minister. In 1971 Vogel gained a mandate from the Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate in addition to his ministerial office . As minister of education, Vogel gained nationwide recognition and appreciation in the conference of ministers of education . One of Vogel's most important decisions was to found the University of Trier-Kaiserslautern (later divided into the University of Trier and the Technical University of Kaiserslautern ).
Chairman of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate
After the election of the previous CDU state chairman Helmut Kohl as CDU federal chairman in 1973, Vogel prevailed against Kohl's preferred candidate Heiner Geißler in the election of the new state chairman at a state party convention of the CDU Rhineland-Palatinate in 1974 . In 1975 Vogel became a member of the CDU federal executive committee .
After the federal election in 1976, Helmut Kohl moved to the Bundestag as opposition leader and Vogel was elected Prime Minister of Rhineland-Palatinate on December 2, 1976. In this function, he had numerous federal functions such as President of the Federal Council , Chairman of the Prime Minister's Conference or a member of the ZDF TV Council .
At the CDU state party conference at the end of 1988 there was a fierce internal party dispute, which was triggered, among other things, by Vogel's pardons for the RAF terrorists Manfred Grashof and Klaus Jünschke and also by the grief of many delegates over the loss of the absolute majority in the 1987 state elections . At this state party conference, Environment Minister Hans-Otto Wilhelm called in a form that was very unusual for the CDU to separate the offices of Prime Minister and CDU State Chairman. Vogel announced that he only wanted to keep both offices at the same time. When he was clearly defeated by Wilhelm in the election as state chairman, Vogel resigned his office as prime minister with the words "God protect Rhineland-Palatinate!" And resigned from his state parliament mandate. His successor as Prime Minister was on December 8, 1988 Carl-Ludwig Wagner . In the 1991 state election , the CDU received 6.1 percentage points less than the SPD, which formed the government with the FDP. Since then, Rhineland-Palatinate has only been ruled by the SPD Prime Minister.
Thuringian time and after
After his resignation, Vogel concentrated on managing the Konrad Adenauer Foundation , of which he became chairman in 1989. After the resignation of the Thuringian Prime Minister Josef Duchač on January 23, 1992, there was speculation in the media about Vogel's move from the Adenauer Foundation to Thuringia. On February 5, 1992, Vogel was elected Prime Minister of the Free State of Thuringia. It formed a black and yellow cabinet . From 1993 to 1999 he was chairman of the Thuringian CDU. He gave up the chairmanship of the Adenauer Foundation in 1995 (successor: Günter Rinsche ).
Since Vogel's coalition partner FDP failed in the 1994 state elections because of the five percent hurdle , the CDU and SPD formed a grand coalition . In the 1999 state election , the CDU achieved an absolute majority with 51.0% of the vote . For reasons of age, Vogel resigned from the office of Prime Minister on June 5, 2003. His successor was the CDU state chairman and previous chairman of the parliamentary group Dieter Althaus .
From 2001 to 2009 Bernhard Vogel was head of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation again. He was the patron of the foundation of the Canisius-Kolleg grammar school in Berlin .
In 1968 Vogel was President of the 82nd German Catholic Convention in Essen. From 1972 to 1976 he was President of the Central Committee of German Catholics (ZdK) . From 1980 to 1984 Vogel was President of the German Forest Protection Association (SDW).
In the 1990s, Vogel succeeded in building the Munich-Berlin high-speed line with a 90 km detour through the Thuringian Forest so that Thuringia's state capital Erfurt is on this route.
Vogel has been a member of the board of trustees of this foundation since the Eugen Biser Foundation (Munich) was established in 2002.
He is also a member of the board of trustees of the aid organization CARE Germany .
In June 2007 Vogel took over the patronage of an action for the construction of a child and youth center in Nyagatare (Rwanda).
In the winter semester of 2012, Vogel held a visiting professorship at the NRW School of Governance at the University of Duisburg-Essen (lecturer in the master’s course for “Political Management, Public Policy and Public Administration”).
Vogel's father Hermann Vogel came from Munich and was a habilitation student in biology at the University of Göttingen , and from 1933 to 1945 professor at the University of Giessen . His mother was active in numerous Roman Catholic social organizations. His older brother was the SPD politician Hans-Jochen Vogel .
Bernhard Vogel is single, has no children and lives in Speyer .
Bernhard Vogel is a committed Catholic . Benedikt Zenetti , abbot of the Benedictine abbey of St. Boniface in Munich from 1872–1904, was a great-grand-uncle of Hans-Jochen and Bernhard Vogel.
Awards and honors (extract)
- 1974: Federal Cross of Merit 1st class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- Large Federal Cross of Merit (1976) with star and shoulder ribbon (1980) of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- French Ordre des Palmes Académiques
- Papal Order of St. Gregorius
- 1984: Awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1983: Order against seriousness
- 1984: Bambi
- 1988: Awarded the Medal of Honor of the City of Speyer
- 1989: Leibniz Medal of the Academy of Sciences and Literature Mainz
- 1990: Order of Merit of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate
- 1997: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
- November 14, 2002: Granted honorary citizenship of the city of Speyer
- 2002: Lucius D. Clay Medal
- 2002: Politician of the year in the Oskar Patzelt Foundation's Grand Prize for Medium-Sized Enterprises
- 2004: Alexander-Rüstow-Plakette of the action group social market economy .
- May 17, 2004: Awarding of an honorary doctorate by the Rector of the German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer , Rudolf Fisch .
- Award of the title of Professor by the Minister-President of Baden-Württemberg , Erwin Teufel
- July 27, 2005: Great Tyrolean Eagle Order
- 2005: Award of the " Peter Wust Prize"
- 2005: Order of Merit of the Free State of Thuringia
- 2007: Leibniz-Ring-Hannover together with his brother Hans-Jochen
- 2009: Oswald von Nell Breuning Prize together with his brother Hans-Jochen
- 2009: Wilhelm Leuschner Medal , the highest award of the State of Hesse together with his brother Hans-Jochen
- 2009: Honorary doctorate from Ben Gurion University in the Negev , Israel
- 2010: Bridge Prize of the City of Regensburg together with his brother Hans-Jochen
- 2010: Ring of Honor of the Görres Society
- 2010: Johann Christian von Hofenfels Medal
- 2012: Simon Snopkowski Prize (together with his brother Hans-Jochen)
- 2012: Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary
- 2013: Grand Order of Merit of the Province of South Tyrol
In the Thuringian state parliament , the meeting room F 001 used by the CDU parliamentary group bears the name Bernhard-Vogel-Saal .
- Karl Marx 1818 - 1883 - 1983. Speech on the 100th anniversary of Karl Marx's death on March 13, 1983 in Trier . Publishing house of the Landesarchivverwaltung Rheinland-Pfalz, Koblenz 1983.
- with Hans-Jochen Vogel : Germany from a bird's eye view. A little history of the Federal Republic. 2nd Edition. Herder, Freiburg (Breisgau) et al. 2007, ISBN 978-3-451-29280-4 .
- with Melanie Piepenschneider, Klaus Jochen Arnold : Places of Freedom and Democracy in Germany . Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Sankt Augustin 2010, ISBN 978-3-941904-03-3 .
- with Günther Nonnenmacher : The country needs courageous citizens . Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau 2012, ISBN 978-3-451-32579-3 .
- State governments of Rhineland-Palatinate: Cabinet Altmeier VI - Cabinet Kohl I - Cabinet Kohl II - Cabinet Kohl III - Cabinet Vogel I - Cabinet Vogel II - Cabinet Vogel III - Cabinet Vogel IV
- State governments of Thuringia: Cabinet Vogel I - Cabinet Vogel II - Cabinet Vogel III
- Literature by and about Bernhard Vogel in the catalog of the German National Library
- Biography at the Konrad Adenauer Foundation
- ^ Günter Beaugrand: The Konrad Adenauer Foundation. A chronicle in reports and interviews with contemporary witnesses , p. 281 f., ISBN 3-927535-15-X
- ↑ Canisius-Kolleg Berlin Foundation ( Memento from November 10, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ welt.de December 11, 2017: The bump in the new racetrack costs 20 minutes and 2 billion
- ↑ www.eugen-biser-stiftung.de ( Memento from March 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Our structure. CARE Deutschland eV, accessed on March 12, 2019 .
- ^ Rwanda campaign "1-2-Help". Retrieved May 12, 2017 .
- ↑ thueringer-allgemeine.de: Thuringia former prime minister teaches at the University of Duisburg-Essen , July 29, 2012
- ↑ www.stiftung-mercator.de
- ↑ 
- ↑ “SPD veteran Hans-Jochen Vogel died at the age of 94 years. A late valued "senior teacher" and admonisher , Domradio from July 26th, 2020
- ^ “Abbot Benedikt Zenetti - Third Abbot of St. Bonifaz” , on sankt-bonifaz.de , accessed on July 27, 2020
- ↑ Action Group Social Market Economy: Winner of the Alexander-Rüstow-Plakette ( Memento from March 26, 2018 in the Internet Archive )
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU), Member of the Bundestag, Member of the Bundestag|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 19, 1932|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Goettingen|