Ordre des Palmes Académiques
The Ordre des Palmes Académiques , or Palmes Académiques for short , is one of the highest awards in France for services to the French education system.
Napoleon Bonaparte created this official award in 1808 for members of the university. Only the appointment as a member of the Legion of Honor (French Légion d'Honneur ) is older; the award was launched in 1804. In 1866 the award was also extended to people outside of the teaching business who have made great contributions to education. You were appointed either officier de l'Instruction publique or officier d'académie .
In a decree that he signed on October 4, 1955, the Ordre des Palmes Académiques was introduced by French President René Coty with the levels of Chevalier (knight), Officier (officer) and Commandeur (commander).
For Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Palmes Académiques may be appointed who is at least 35 years old and in possession of his civil rights . A further requirement is that you have served for 15 years in an area that falls within the scope of activity of the Ministry of Education and Schools or the Ministry of Youth, Sports and Leisure.
To be appointed officer , one must have held the title of knight for at least five years.
To be appointed Commandeur , one must have held the title of Officer for at least five years.
The medal is a medal that consists of a violet-colored ribbon and a medallion. The medallion is (originally) formed by branches of a laurel tree and an olive tree. The color violet blue of the ribbon was chosen because it is the color of the École Primaire , i.e. the primary and primary school sector .
The Society of Members of the Order L'Association des Membres de l'Ordre des Palmes Académiques (AMOPA), founded in 1962, is under the patronage of the President of the French Republic and the Grand Chancellor of the Legion of Honor. AMOPA has 115 sections for Paris, the French and Overseas departments and is represented in 75 countries on the five continents. AMOPA enables its members to enjoy cultural activities and friendly, cross-generational encounters. A foundation was established in 1978 in order to expand the field of action towards young people and students.
Bearer of the order
See category: Bearers of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques The medal is awarded very often, any choice follows:
- 1866: Jean-Louis Pascal , architect and teacher
- 1879: Karl von Stremayr , Austrian politician, Prime Minister of Cisleithania and Imperial and Royal Minister for Cultus and Education
- 1890: Émilie Desjeux , painter
- 1908: Alwin Bielefeldt , ministerial official in the Reich Insurance Office
- 1908: Max Kaempfert , composer and music director, Frankfurt am Main and Solothurn
- Paul Rohmer , Alsatian pediatrician
- 1961: Wilhelm Fucks , physicist and university professor
- 1966/1969: Klara Marie Faßbinder , translator of the works of Paul Claudel
- 1966/1974: Rudolf Kellermayr , educator and cultural critic
- 1970: Zabihollah Safa , literary scholar and historian
- 1971: Werner Leibbrand , psychiatrist and medical historian
- 1972: Wolf Häfele , physicist, project manager of the fast breeder at the Karlsruhe nuclear research center
- 1972: Heinz Bittel , physicist, rector of the University of Münster
- 1972: Wilhelm Reusch , archaeologist, deputy director of the Rheinisches Landesmuseum Trier
- 1973: Julius Speer , forest scientist, President of the German Research Foundation
- 1975: Günter Kuhfuß , Lord Mayor of Worms am Rhein
- 1979: Theo Buck , Germanist, head of the DAAD branch in Paris
- 1979: Adolf J. Schmid , high school teacher and local researcher
- 1980: Hage Geingob , Namibian politician
- 1980: Karl August Schleiden , philologist, historian and publisher
- 1981: Franz Austeda , philosopher and educator
- 1984: Klaus-Dieter Kaiser , historian and teacher
- 1991: Heiko Engelkes , journalist
- 1992: Alfred Ehrentreich , reform pedagogue and author
- 1994: Cahit Arf , Turkish mathematician
- 1995: Peter Antes , religious scholar
- 1995: Joseph Anton Kruse , literary scholar
- 1996: Günther Hecht , Rector of the Technical University of Chemnitz-Zwickau
- 1998: Ulrich Karthaus , Germanist
- 1999: Günther Wartenberg , church and Reformation historian
- 2000: Wolfgang Jäger , political scientist and rector of the University of Freiburg
- 2001: Peter Claus Hartmann , historian
- 2002: Anne Neuschäfer , philologist
- 2002: Wilfrid Perraudin , French painter and art educator
- 2002: Guy Martin , French three-star chef
- 2003: Wolf Steinsieck , Romanist
- 2004: Ingo Kolboom , Romance studies, historian, political scientist, university professor
- 2004: Herbert Voßmerbäumer , geologist and university professor
- 2005: Alfred Louis , mathematician
- 2006: Egon Wamers , archaeologist and museum director
- 2007: Wolfgang Balzer , art historian
- 2007: Oscar W. Gabriel , sociologist and political scientist
- 2008: Jochen Riebel , German politician
- 2009: Burghart Schmidt , historian and Vice-President of the Paul-Valéry Montpellier III University in France
- 2009: Pekka Pyykkö , Finnish quantum chemist
- 2011: Bernhard Eitel , Rector of Heidelberg University
- 2011: Karl-Siegbert Rehberg , sociologist
- 2011: Roland Doschka , Romance studies and university professor
- 2012: Rüdiger Ahrens , English studies and university lecturer
- 2012: Ottmar Ette , Romance philologist, comparativeist and university professor
- 2012: Ulrich Rüdiger , physicist and university professor
- 2012: Jens-Christian Wagner , German historian
- 2012: Heiner Wittmann , Romance philologist, historian, political scientist
- 2013: Roland Merten , university professor and State Secretary
- 2015: Wilfried Loth , German historian, university professor