Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (née Kramp; born August 9, 1962 in Völklingen ), often called by her initials AKK , is a German politician ( CDU ). She has been Federal Chairwoman of the CDU since December 7, 2018 and Federal Minister of Defense since July 17, 2019 . On February 10, 2020, she announced that she would retire from the party leadership later in the year.
From 2000 to 2011 she was state minister in various departments, and then until 2018 Prime Minister of the Saarland . In 1998 she was a member of the German Bundestag and from 1999 to 2018 a member of the Saarland Landtag . In addition, she was state chairwoman of the CDU Saar from 2011 to 2018 and general secretary of the CDU from February to December 2018.
Family, education and work
Annegret Kramp was born in Völklingen and grew up in Püttlingen with five siblings. Her father Hans was a special education teacher , her mother Else a housewife . Until 1973 she attended the Viktoria elementary school in Püttlingen, from 1973 the Marie-Luise-Kaschnitz-Gymnasium in Völklingen, where she also passed her Abitur in 1982 . From 1982 to 1990 she studied politics and law at the universities in Trier and Saarbrücken . She finished her studies in 1990 with the academic degree Magistra Artium in the subjects of political science and public law.
From 1991 to 1998 she was policy and planning officer of the CDU Saar , headed by the then Federal Environment Minister Klaus Töpfer . In 1999 she was the personal advisor to Peter Müller , the chairman of the CDU parliamentary group and later Prime Minister of Saarland, whom she had met in the Junge Union .
Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is Roman Catholic and has been married to the mining engineer Helmut Karrenbauer since 1984 . The Karrenbauer couple have three grown children (* 1988, 1991 and 1998) and live in Püttlingen .
Party and parliamentary activity
Political career in the CDU (since 1981)
Kramp joined the CDU in 1981. From 1985 to 1988 she was part of the state board of the youth organization Junge Union in Saarland , where she held the office of deputy state chairman. In 1985 she took over the chairmanship of the CDU city association Püttlingen.
From 1999 to 2012 she was state chairwoman of the Saar Women's Union ; since 2001 she has been one of five deputy federal chairpersons of the women's union. On November 16, 2010, she moved up to the CDU Federal Presidium with 57.45 percent at the CDU federal party conference in Karlsruhe. On December 4, 2012, she was confirmed as a member of the CDU Federal Presidium at the CDU federal party conference in Hanover with 83.86 percent. At the federal party conference on December 9, 2014 in Cologne , she received the best result of all presidium members with 85.16 percent. On December 6, 2016, she was confirmed as a member of the presidium with 85.24 percent at the CDU federal party conference in Essen .
On May 28, 2011, Kramp-Karrenbauer was elected as the new chairman of the CDU Saar with a majority of 97.02%. As the first woman in this position, she succeeded Peter Müller , who had previously headed this association for 16 years.
In a representative Forsa survey in December 2017, 45% of the CDU members thought Kramp-Karrenbauer would be suitable to become Angela Merkel's successor. In the survey, Julia Klöckner followed with 43% , Jens Spahn with 36%, Ursula von der Leyen with 31% and Peter Altmaier and Armin Laschet with 28% each .
On February 26, 2018, a special party conference of the CDU elected her general secretary of the CDU . With a result of 98.87%, it achieved the highest approval of a General Secretary in the history of the CDU. On December 7, 2018, she was elected party leader of the CDU with just under 51.8% in a vote against Friedrich Merz .
Public offices and mandates (1984 to 2018)
From 1984 to 2000 and again from 2009 to 2011, Kramp-Karrenbauer was a member of the city council of Püttlingen and was there from 1989 to 1994 and 1999 to 2000 alderman . On March 1, 1998, she replaced Klaus Töpfer in the 13th Bundestag, but left parliament again when the 14th German Bundestag met on October 26, 1998. From September 1999 to March 2018 she was a member of the Saarland state parliament . From 1999 to 2000 she was the parliamentary director of her group.
From 2000 to 2004 she was Minister of the Interior and Sport in Saarland - in her late thirties she was the first female Minister of the Interior in the history of Germany . As chairwoman of the German Conference of Sports Ministers, she promoted the establishment of the National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) . From 2004 she was Minister for the Interior, Family, Women and Sport in Saarland. After a cabinet reshuffle, she took over the Ministry of Education, Family, Women and Culture on September 3, 2007, succeeding Jürgen Schreier . As part of the formation of the Jamaica coalition in Saarland, she became State Minister for Labor, Family, Social Affairs, Prevention and Sport in the cabinet of Prime Minister Peter Müller on November 10, 2009 . In 2008 she was the rotating president of the Conference of Education Ministers .
Since July 2011 Kramp-Karrenbauer has been a member of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung e. V. In the same year Kramp-Karrenbauer became patron of the youth movement of the Talat-Alaiyan-Foundation . She is a member of the Central Committee of German Catholics (ZdK). She has been the foundation's ambassador for the pro missio foundation since 2017 .
From 2011 to 2014, Kramp-Karrenbauer was also authorized representative of the Federal Republic of Germany for cultural matters within the framework of the agreement on Franco-German cooperation . She placed a focus on the area of vocational training.
In 2015, Kramp-Karrenbauer was unanimously elected President of the German Adult Education Association .
Prime Minister of Saarland (2011 to 2018)
Peter Müller takes office
On January 22, 2011, Peter Müller announced his retirement from the office of Prime Minister and also from the CDU state chairmanship and switched to the Federal Constitutional Court as a judge . He proposed Kramp-Karrenbauer as successor for both offices. The coalition partners FDP and Greens signaled their approval. On May 2, 2011, the Jamaica coalition agreed to elect Kramp-Karrenbauer as prime minister at a special session of the state parliament on August 10, 2011. However, on that day, Kramp-Karrenbauer surprisingly failed in the first ballot, in which she received 25 of a total of 51 votes, two fewer than the coalition had mandates in the state parliament. The SPD counter-candidate Heiko Maas also received 25 and thus at least one additional vote from the coalition camp . One MP abstained. Only in the second ballot did Kramp-Karrenbauer receive the required majority with 26 votes and was elected as the first female prime minister of Saarland. Another 25 votes were cast for Maas. After at least one member of the coalition parties had voted for the opposing candidate, there was mutual suspicion between the FDP and the CDU. In the new Saarland Government Kramp-Karrenbauer took over as the new prime minister in personal union also the Office of the Minister of Justice.
Break of the Jamaica coalition and dissolution of the state parliament
After Horst Hinschberger and Christian Schmitt resigned as parliamentary group leader of the FDP Saar during the legislative period due to internal disputes and Christian Kühn withdrew his candidacy for the successor, Kramp-Karrenbauer reprimanded the liberal coalition partner in December 2011 and spoke openly of the state government's burdened capacity to act on. When the chairmanship of the FDP parliamentary group remained vacant, Kramp-Karrenbauer announced on January 6, 2012 that the Jamaica coalition would be dissolved because of the ongoing staff squabbles within the FDP Saar. The fact that it did so on the day of the annual Epiphany Liberals was seen by some politicians as an affront to the FDP.
After preliminary talks with the SPD state chairman Heiko Maas, the CDU under Kramp-Karrenbauer sought a grand coalition . In the course of the black and red exploratory talks , the SPD brought early state elections in Saarland parallel to the 2013 federal elections , which the CDU rejected. The talks failed on January 19, 2012 because of this question. Kramp-Karrenbauer then announced an early election of the state parliament .
The Saarland state parliament dissolved on January 26, 2012 with the required two-thirds majority. On February 11, 2012, Kramp-Karrenbauer was elected CDU top candidate with 98 percent at a CDU state delegate meeting in Saarbrücken.
Victory as the CDU top candidate in the new election
Despite the failed exploratory talks between the CDU and SPD, Kramp-Karrenbauer and Heiko Maas wanted to form a grand coalition after the early election with the political situation clarified. Since the CDU and SPD were in a head-to-head race (33-34 percent each) in surveys, interest was focused on the performance of the two major parties in the election and the resulting claim to be in this targeted government alliance To provide Prime Minister. On the evening of March 25, 2012, there was a surprise: The CDU from Kramp-Karrenbauer received 35.2 percent and even improved by 0.7 percentage points compared to the 2009 state election . The CDU was above the poll numbers last determined by opinion research institutes and also kept the SPD clearly at a distance, which only came in at 30.6 percent and performed weaker than predicted by polls. Although Maas had to give up his claim to leadership to become Prime Minister in a grand coalition, he reaffirmed his position as a junior partner in a state government led by Kramp-Karrenbauer.
Prime Minister of a Grand Coalition (2012-2017)
On April 24, 2012, the CDU and SPD agreed on a joint coalition agreement and the design of the future cabinet. Each party received three ministerial offices in the new black and red state government . The science department was taken over by Kramp-Karrenbauer in personal union. The party congresses of the future government partners had already confirmed the coalition agreement unanimously (CDU) or with a large majority (SPD). In the Saarland state parliament, the grand coalition had a two-thirds majority with 37 out of 51 seats . On May 9, 2012, Kramp-Karrenbauer was re-elected as Prime Minister in a secret ballot by 37 MPs. Her cabinet was subsequently confirmed with the same number of votes . There were 12 votes against and two abstentions in both votes .
Re-election and continuation of the grand coalition (2017-2018)
For the state elections on March 26, 2017 , Kramp-Karrenbauer was named the top candidate on September 17, 2016 with 98.4 percent. The CDU won the election with 40.7% surprisingly well ahead of the SPD and thus improved strongly by 5.5%. With 24 seats in the new state parliament, the Christian Democrats only missed an absolute majority by two seats. From the point of view of numerous observers, Kramp-Karrenbauer's election victory ended the euphoria surrounding the SPD candidate for Chancellor Martin Schulz and set the trend for the rest of the election year. Therefore, in retrospect, parts of the media took the view that Kramp-Karrenbauer had stopped the Schulz train . The CDU and SPD decided to continue their government alliance. After approval by the respective party congresses, party chairmen Kramp-Karrenbauer for the CDU and Anke Rehlinger for the SPD signed the negotiated coalition agreement on May 16, 2017. On the following day, Kramp-Karrenbauer was elected Prime Minister for the third time with 41 votes. This corresponds to the number of MPs from the two coalition partners. The cabinet was subsequently confirmed with an equal number of votes. In the run of their state government Kramp-Karrenbauer took over in personal union also the Office of the Minister of Science and Technology.
Because Kramp-Karrenbauer finally switched to federal politics after her election as CDU General Secretary in February 2018, she announced her resignation as Prime Minister with effect from February 28, 2018 at 11:59 p.m. Her successor as Prime Minister in Saarland was Tobias Hans . Kramp-Karrenbauer voluntarily waived the transitional allowance that she would have been entitled to as former Prime Minister in Saarland for up to two years.
Change to federal politics
CDU General Secretary (2018)
At the federal party conference of the CDU on February 26, 2018 in Berlin, she was elected general secretary of the party with 98.87 percent of the vote . She had nominated the CDU chairwoman Angela Merkel for this office on February 19, 2018. After taking up her post as general secretary, the presidium and the federal board of the CDU unanimously approved Kramp-Karrenbauer's proposal to develop a new basic program for the party by December 2020.
CDU Federal Chairwoman (since 2018)
After the CDU federal chairwoman Angela Merkel announced on October 29, 2018 that she would no longer stand in the election for party chairman, Kramp-Karrenbauer , along with Jens Spahn and Friedrich Merz, immediately announced the intention to run for Merkel's successor at the head of the party. On November 5, 2018, the state board of the CDU Saar nominated Kramp-Karrenbauer unanimously as his candidate for the honorary federal chairmanship at the federal party conference on December 7 and 8, 2018. The federal board of the Women's Union also unanimously proposed her the following day. In her application as CDU leader, she declared the party chairmanship to be an absolute priority for herself: “You can't give the impression for anything in the world that you are only using such an office to make the next leap to the next state office. That would be absolutely fatal. ”Kramp-Karrenbauer announced that she would give up her previous position as General Secretary regardless of the outcome of the vote on the federal party chairmanship at the party congress.
At the federal party conference on December 7, 2018 in Hamburg , Kramp-Karrenbauer prevailed in the runoff election with an absolute majority of 517 of the 999 votes (51.75%) against Friedrich Merz, who received 482 votes (48.25%). In the first ballot she was in the lead with 450 votes ahead of Merz (392) and Spahn (157). Her successor in office of the Secretary joined the since 2014 acting chairman of the Junge Union , Paul Ziemiak on.
In February 2019, Kramp-Karrenbauer organized a workshop discussion on migration policy, at which the CDU invited experts with practical experience from the judiciary and enforcement as well as CSU delegates to develop ideas for the future refugee policy of the Union parties. Under the title Unser Europa macht stark , the CDU under Kramp-Karrenbauer agreed with the CSU on a common election program for the European elections in Germany in 2019 . With this, the two sister parties adopted a joint European election program for the first time and, with the EPP top candidate Manfred Weber , presented a top candidate for the European Parliament for the first time at national level.
Cancellation notice (2020)
On February 10, 2020, Kramp-Karrenbauer announced in connection with the government crisis in Thuringia 2020 and the inner turmoil of the Union that it revealed, that she would renounce the candidacy for chancellor in 2021 and resign as CDU federal chairman. The election of the new CDU party leader is planned for the second half of 2020 at a special party conference.
Federal Minister of Defense (since 2019)
After Ursula von der Leyen's election as President of the European Commission , government spokesman Steffen Seibert confirmed on July 16, 2019 that the Federal Chancellor had proposed Kramp-Karrenbauer as the successor in the office of Federal Defense Minister . The following day, Kramp-Karrenbauer was officially appointed Federal Minister of Defense by the Vice-President of the Federal Council Michael Müller , representing the absent Federal President and the Federal Council President.
On July 24, 2019, she was sworn in by the President of the Bundestag Wolfgang Schäuble in a special session of the German Bundestag , which took place in the hall of the neighboring Paul Löbe House due to construction work in the Reichstag building . Following the swearing in, Kramp-Karrenbauer made her first government statement as Federal Minister in front of parliament.
Political positions and criticism
Migration and Refugees
In terms of refugee policy, Kramp-Karrenbauer supported Angela Merkel's policy. At the beginning of 2016, she spoke out against the unilateral closure of the German borders, as she feared the European Union would break up . In December 2017, Kramp-Karrenbauer remarked: “A compulsory age test should be introduced for unaccompanied minors” because refugees often give the wrong age in order to be treated in accordance with the Youth Welfare Act instead of the asylum law; Anyone who disguises his identity or destroyed papers must expect severe consequences. Data sources such as cell phones should be checked to determine the identity. Instead of carrying out deportations with line machines, you should use your own aircraft if necessary. In November 2018, she demanded that criminals should be denied re-entry not only to Germany but also to the entire Schengen area for life after expulsion , and cited group rape in Freiburg as an example.
Kramp-Karrenbauer campaigned for the adoption of the UN migration pact and called for a decision on it at the CDU party conference in Hamburg in 2018. After a workshop discussion on the migration policy of the Union parties, Kramp-Karrenbauer declared in February 2019 that in an exceptional situation, a border closure as a last resort would be conceivable.
In March 2019, Kramp-Karrenbauer demanded that agreements be made with other states on seamless EU border protection. If national funds are insufficient, the border protection authority Frontex should increasingly act as an operational border police. By expanding the Schengen information system and an electronic entry and exit register, Kramp-Karrenbauer wants to make it possible for refugee status or other reasons for entry to be checked at the EU's external borders.
After the French President Emmanuel Macron had proposed in a manifesto in March 2019, among other things, to introduce an EU-wide minimum wage, Kramp-Karrenbauer rejected this idea and, from their point of view, the Europeanization of the social systems that was associated with it . Instead, according to their own proposals, a strategy should be developed to promote convergence in order to achieve equivalent living conditions in the EU member states. In addition, in her response to Macron, Kramp-Karrenbauer recommended, among other things, the abolition of the second EU Parliament seat in Strasbourg.
In June 2019 she called for a full right of initiative for the European Parliament in European legislative projects.
After the Russian coast guard refused to allow Ukrainian ships to enter the Sea of Azov , Kramp-Karrenbauer suggested in December 2018 that Russian ships could be refused to dock in European and US ports. As CDU federal chairman, in February 2019 she advocated the maintenance of economic sanctions by the European Union against Russia because of its actions in the war in Ukraine since 2014 and described the state's behavior as contrary to international law.
With regard to the presidential elections in Ukraine in 2019 and the European elections in 2019 , Kramp-Karrenbauer accused the Russian government of wanting to destabilize EU states and neighboring countries, among other things by supporting right-wing and left-wing populist forces. She demanded that the political forces in the middle clearly address the manipulation of discussions in social networks and that Europe should defend the right of states to self-determination with one voice against influence from Russia. Kramp-Karrenbauer explained that Nord Stream 2 is not a matter close to their hearts.
When Turkish politicians had used aggressive rhetoric to bring forward controversial accusations against Germany before the constitutional referendum in Turkey in 2017 , Kramp-Karrenbauer, as Prime Minister in Saarland, announced in March 2017 that foreign politicians would be banned from appearing and decided to become the first head of government in a German state to such a step. She justified her decision with the fact that the appearances of politicians from Turkey endangered internal peace and an escalation threatened because of a mood caused by "Nazi comparisons and insults". In October 2018, Kramp-Karrenbauer accused the Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of driving people of Turkish origin in Germany into conflicts of loyalty and separating them from the community. At the same time, she declared that one would have to discuss the meaning of dual citizenship again in Germany if such conflicts were to continue.
Content profile of the CDU
In 2017, Kramp-Karrenbauer told the Funke media group that the established parties should deal with the AfD as they would with any other party. The AfD and Die Linke are populist parties whose demands are sometimes “amazingly similar”. However, one must clearly distinguish oneself from right-wing radical representatives and positions within the AfD. After the Prime Minister of Schleswig-Holstein, Daniel Günther, considered the Left Party as a possible coalition partner in the summer of 2018, Kramp-Karrenbauer, as CDU General Secretary, ruled out any cooperation with the Left Party and AfD.
In the competition for the party chairmanship of the CDU, their competitor Friedrich Merz accused the party of having accepted the success of the AfD with a "shrug". Kramp-Karrenbauer described this as “a slap in the face for everyone in the CDU who has been fighting against constant false information , against targeted poisoning of the political climate, against hostility and against partly open agitation by the AfD for years on site and in parliaments Show stance in the CDU every day ”.
Kramp-Karrenbauer is an advocate of women's quotas , also within the CDU. In 2012 she pleaded for a higher top tax rate , but announced in January 2019 on the Maischberger television program that she did not want to increase it. Kramp-Karrenbauer told the news agency KNA that the state should not impose any life models on families and that it should create a "framework for free decision-making" when going to school all day . The churches should "remain salt in social life, even if not everyone likes it."
In June 2015, in an interview with the Saarbrücker Zeitung , Kramp-Karrenbauer spoke out against equating registered civil partnerships with marriage. She justified this by saying that the definition of “marriage as a community of man and woman” was opened into “a long-term partnership of responsibility between two adults” and consequently demands for “marriage between close relatives or more than two people “Could not be ruled out. Politicians of the SPD, Left, Greens, FDP, as well as Jens Spahn from their own party accused Kramp-Karrenbauer of comparing homosexuality with polygamy or incest . A board member of the Berlin CSD association tried to take action against Kramp-Karrenbauer for insulting and inciting people. According to the public prosecutor's office, however, criminal proceedings did not take place due to the "apparently non-existent initial suspicion". Kramp-Karrenbauer spoke of a deliberate misinterpretation of their statements. She is in favor of reducing discrimination. In her opinion, however, the debate had shown that some could not stand it if there were other opinions on the subject of “marriage for all”.
In December 2018, before her election as CDU party leader, she declared that she was in favor of joint adoption by same-sex couples and that she did not want to reverse the majority decision of the Bundestag on same-sex marriage despite her personal opinion. In an interview with Münchner Merkur , she emphasized that she wanted to stand up “strictly against all forms of discrimination”.
Utterance related to intersex people
As part of a Carnival speech in 2019, Kramp-Karrenbauer commented on toilets for intersex people: "... This is for men who do not yet know whether they can still stand while peeing or have to sit. For that, in between, is this toilet. ”This brought her nationwide criticism with great public attention. a. by the SPD, the Greens, the FDP and the Left because, in their opinion, they wanted to distinguish themselves at the expense of a minority. Applause and defense came from the AfD and CDU. She declined an apology to intersex people.
Diesel exhaust scandal
With regard to the diesel emissions scandal, Kramp-Karrenbauer advocated hardware retrofitting of affected cars, for the financing of which the respective manufacturer was responsible. In this context, she also advocated that fines from the automobile companies should not flow into the state budget, but into a dedicated fund to promote measures to improve air quality. Consumer protection organizations , including the Federal Association of Consumer Organizations , approved the proposal.
Fridays for Future
In the context of the Fridays-for-Future protests, Kramp-Karrenbauer criticized the "truancy". In a speech to the Junge Union's Germany Day, she emphasized that, although she would not forbid her own children to participate in the protests, she would not sign a written apology for the absence.
In the spring of 2018, Kramp-Karrenbauer spoke out in a video that a discussion should be held on the reintroduction of compulsory military service , combined with general compulsory service . This should also apply to women and non-Germans. Several CDU politicians, including the chairman of the Bundeswehr Reservists' Association , Oswin Veith , supported the appeal, while specialist politicians such as the defense policy spokesman for the Union faction in the Bundestag , Henning Otte , and the Bundestag defense commissioner , Hans-Peter Bartels (SPD), were rather skeptical expressed. Kramp-Karrenbauer also advocated building a European army .
In March 2019 she suggested a relaxation of the strict regulations for German arms exports.
On October 21, 2019, Kramp-Karrenbauer called for an international security zone for the Kurds in northern Syria in response to the Turkish military offensive in northern Syria. To this end, she proposed a NATO initiative involving Russia.
Infrastructure and network expansion
In March 2018, Kramp-Karrenbauer emphasized that a nationwide fiber optic network expansion in Germany was necessary for new services and business models . In autumn 2018, she also called for a nationwide expansion of 5G technology and emphasized the importance of a network connection for rural areas. With the aim of providing “5G on every milk jug”, she contradicted Education Minister Anja Karliczek , who had previously not considered a nationwide expansion necessary with this choice of words.
Copyright in the digital single market
In April 2019, Kramp-Karrenbauer demanded that the copyright reform of the European Union , decided with the votes of the CDU, must be implemented quickly in Germany with a solution without an upload filter in order to prevent technical censorship options. However, according to numerous IT lawyers, the guideline can only be implemented with upload filters.
Controversial statement on the alleged "opinion making" on the Internet during the 2019 European elections
After the European elections in 2019, Kramp-Karrenbauer called a joint appeal by numerous German YouTubers as “clear opinion- making before the election” and compared it to 70 newspaper editors calling for not to vote for the CDU. From this she concluded: “What are the rules from the analog area and which rules also apply to the digital area? Yes or no? ”Previously, the Youtuber Rezo had published a video in which he criticized the politics of the Union parties in particular. A few days later, around 90 Youtubers issued a joint statement calling for something to be done against climate change and therefore not voting for the CDU / CSU, SPD or AfD. Kramp-Karrenbauer called for "opinion making" on the Internet to be dealt with differently. The statements by Kramp-Karrenbauer caused irritation and sharp criticism. On social networks , her words were interpreted to mean that she had encouraged the regulation of expressions of opinion on the Internet before elections. Cicero's editor-in-chief Christoph Schwennicke described this as “the confused thoughts of a loser in the election” and “unworthy of the leader of a democratic party”. Stefan Kuzmany speaks in the mirror of a "self-exposure" and "terrifying nonsense". In this context, the SPD MPs Tiemo Wölken and Karl Lauterbach also referred to fears of censorship in the debate about the EU copyright reform. The German Association of Journalists (DJV) accused AKK of questioning the right to freedom of expression with their demands. According to DJV chairman Frank Überall , she lacks tolerance . According to the constitutional lawyer Joachim Wieland , Kramp-Karrenbauer's considerations are "constitutionally questionable". What she calls "opinion-making is an expression of the constitutionally guaranteed freedom of opinion and freedom of the press," said Wieland.
In her reaction to the criticism, Kramp-Karrenbauer stated that it was “absurd” to “assume that she wanted to regulate expressions of opinion”. She described freedom of expression as a "high good in democracy" and added that calls for non-voting or the destruction of parties by journalists or Youtubers are about a "question of political culture". One therefore has to talk about “rules that apply in the election campaign”. Chancellor Angela Merkel defended Kramp-Karrenbauer and rejected the allegations that the federal chairman of her party wanted to restrict freedom of expression.
honors and awards
Kramp-Karrenbauer has received the following awards so far:
- 2008: Decoration of honor of the technical relief organization in silver
- 2014: Commandeur de l ' Ordre des Palmes Académiques (Commander of the "Palmes académiques" order)
- 2014: Laughing official gray of the DBB Beamtenbund and tariff union
- 2015: Order against seriousness
- 2015: Elsie Kühn Leitz Prize from the Association of German-French Societies for Europe
- 2016: Officier de l'Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur (Officer of the national order of the French Legion of Honor )
- 2017: SignsAward for Politician of the Year
- 2018: Honorary Award of the Mainzer Ranzengarde , the "Ranzengardist"
- 2018: Negative award "Miss Homophobia"
- Manfred Otzelberger: Power is female. Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. The biography. Riva Verlag , Munich 2018, ISBN 978-3-7423-0714-9 .
- Kristina Dunz , Eva Quadbeck : I can, I want and I will: Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, the CDU and power. Biography. Propylaen Verlag , Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-549-07651-4 .
- Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
- tagesschau.de: Kramp-Karrenbauer renounces the candidacy for chancellor. Retrieved February 10, 2020 .
- Kathrin Zehender: Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. In: History of the CDU , Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung , accessed on October 7, 2018; Biography about Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer: "Let them read". In: Rheinische Post , October 5, 2018.
- www.frauenunion.de (last accessed on December 25, 2017)
- Surprising survey: Who the CDU base wants as Merkel's successor huffingtonpost.de of December 4, 2017
- tagesschau.de: CDU special party conference: Yes to GroKo, Yes to AKK. Retrieved February 26, 2018 .
- CV. Personal website Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
- Introduction. In: ZDK.de.
- Foundation pro missio - Foundation Ambassador. In: website of missio Aachen. July 1, 2020, accessed August 3, 2020 .
- Saarbrücker Zeitung from June 24, 2015
- Saar Prime Minister announces withdrawal , spiegel.de
- Müller announces resignation , sueddeutsche.de
- Müller announces resignation , focus.de
- Constitutional for Peter Müller only "an option" , stern.de
- election date has been set: Kramp-Karrenbauer will be Prime Minister ( Memento from March 11, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), article in the Saarbrücker Zeitung from May 4, 2011
- Kramp-Karrenbauer with a stutter start ( memento from January 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), sr-online, August 10, 2011
- Hinschberger vigorously rejects suspicion of treason against the Jamaica coalition Saarbrücker Zeitung 23 August 2011
- Saarland is no longer Jamaica on January 6, 2012
- Sudden end of a chaos coalition time online January 6, 2012
- Declaration by Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer on the situation of the government coalition. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 3, 2017 ; accessed on December 10, 2018 .
- Day of Humiliation for the FDP , focus.de, accessed on January 22, 2012
- FDP sees no effects on the federal alliance ( memento of January 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), sr-online.de, accessed on January 22, 2012
- SPD presidium for discussions with CDU in Saarland , tagesspiegel.de, accessed on January 22, 2012
- While Rösler is talking, Saar-FDP flies out of government , bz-berlin.de, accessed on January 22, 2012
- Jamaica coalition in Saarland failed ( page no longer available , search in web archives ), article in Saarbrücker Zeitung from January 6, 2012
- election after failed exploration. FAZ.net January 20, 2012.
- Landtag dissolves itself , Süddeutsche.de of January 26, 2012
- Aachener Zeitung: New party leader: Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer's way to the top of the CDU. In: aachener-zeitung.de. December 7, 2018, accessed May 13, 2020 .
- Saarland: CDU and SPD agree on grand coalition , Spiegel Online, accessed on April 24, 2012
- Strategy game about the SZ cabinet, accessed on April 24, 2012
- Grand coalition is a done deal: Green light for coalition on the Saar , article on Focus-Online from May 4, 2012
- Kramp-Karrenbauer re-elected as Prime Minister , SZ Online, accessed on May 9, 2012
- Kramp-Karrenbauer is the top candidate of the Saar-CDU , Welt Online, accessed on March 26, 2017
- Preliminary official final result of the Saarland state election 2017. (No longer available online.) Saarland Statistical Office, March 26, 2017, archived from the original on March 26, 2017 ; accessed on March 26, 2017 .
- Person of the Week n-tv January 30, 2018
- With sensitivity and elbow tagesschau.de February 19, 2018
- Coalition agreement signed ( Memento of May 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), SR.de, accessed on May 23, 2017
- Kramp-Karrenbauer re-elected ( memento from May 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), SR.de, accessed on May 23, 2017
- Kramp-Karrenbauer elected CDU general secretary Frankfurter Rundschau February 26, 2018
- Tobias Hans succeeds Kramp-Karrenbauer . Spiegel Online on February 19, 2018.
- AKK waives transitional allowance Saarländischer Rundfunk 25 February 2018
- Election of the CDU general secretary . In: Christian Democratic Union of Germany . February 26, 2018 ( cdu.de [accessed February 26, 2018]).
- Merkel brings Kramp-Karrenbauer to Berlin as General Secretary . Süddeutsche Zeitung, accessed on February 19, 2018.
- Kramp-Karrenbauer: From bottom to top CDU March 19, 2018
- Kramp-Karrenbauer unanimously nominated for federal chairmanship. CDU Saar 5th November 2018.
- FU federalcommittee unanimously nominates Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer for the chairmanship of the CDU in Germany. Women's Union November 6th 2018.
- Robin Alexander , Thomas Vitzthum: New Defense Minister Merkel was in a more hurry than all observers thought. WELT-online July 17th, 2019.
- For a "new era" for the CDU. tagesschau.de November 7, 2018.
- Kramp-Karrenbauer is the new CDU chairman. In: ndr.de . 7th December 2018.
- Hamburger Abendblatt- Hamburg: CDU General Secretary: Paul Ziemiak is Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer's successor. December 8, 2018, accessed December 28, 2018 .
- That something like 2015 won't happen again. Spiegel Online from February 11, 2019.
- Joint election program of the CDU and CSU for the 2019 European elections on the CDU website
- CDU and CSU unanimously decide on their European election program Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of March 25, 2019
- sz.de/espresso: Coronavirus: CDU postpones party conference. In: sueddeutsche.de . March 12, 2020, accessed May 13, 2020 .
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- "It is not wiggled to the right". Zeit.de. February 10, 2020.
- Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer becomes Federal Minister of Defense zeit.de July 16, 2019
- WORLD: Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is the new Minister of Defense . July 16, 2019 ( welt.de [accessed July 16, 2019]).
- New Federal Defense Minister appointed German Federal Government July 17, 2019
- Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer sworn in as Defense Minister German Bundestag July 24, 2019
- Kramp-Karrenbauer warns of the end of Europe , last seen on January 14, 2017.
- Stricter asylum law comes into force. Süddeutsche Zeitung , October 24, 2015, accessed on August 26, 2020 . .
- Kramp-Karrenbauer wants tougher treatment of asylum seekers around the world on December 25, 2017, accessed on December 26, 2017.
- Candidate: Kramp-Karrenbauer with a hard line against criminal asylum seekers Berliner Zeitung of November 8th
- mdr.de: Kramp-Karrenbauer calls for decision on UN migration pact | MDR.DE. Retrieved December 27, 2018 .
- border as “last resort conceivable.” Tagesschau February 11, 2019.
- AKK answers Macron zdf.de March 9, 2019
- “Doing Europe right now” Die Welt March 10, 2019
- Kramp-Karrenbauer presents the EU Tagesschau concept on March 9, 2019
- Christian Schubert, Paris: Dispute with France over Weber: AKK does not give in . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed July 17, 2019]).
- "Anne Will" on the Ukraine conflict Spiegel Online on December 3, 2018
- "Russia wants to destabilize Germany" Interview of February 13, 2019 in the journal Internationale Politik , published on the website of the German Society for Foreign Policy
- AKK: Russia is doing a lot to destabilize the EU dpa on zeit.de from March 31, 2019
- "We must stick together as Europe" Article with a live interview with the CDU leader AKK on ZDF on March 31, 2019
- Saarland prohibits foreign politicians from campaigning on March 14, 2017
- Kramp-Karrenbauer: Appearances by Turkish politicians endanger inner peace, Tagesspiegel of March 18, 2017
- Kramp-Karrenbauer questions double pass for Turks faz.net of October 7, 2018
- Kramp-Karrenbauer (CDU) for more serenity ( memento from January 14, 2017 in the Internet Archive ), last seen on January 14, 2017.
- Kramp-Karrenbauer (CDU) in an interview from September 24, 2017 , last seen on January 26, 2018. Complete quote from minute 3: “ But you have to make a clear distinction between the AfD and its supporters: who is driven by fears and can be approached by other democratic parties again in the future and who is driven by right-wing extremist positions that basically want to change Germany in such a way that it no longer has anything to do with the foundations that define our Germany as a Federal Republic. You have to draw a very clear line and say: Not with them! "
- CDU General Secretary: "We continue to reject cooperation with the Left and AfD" . In: FAZ.NET . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed December 27, 2018]).
- Candidate for CDU chairmanship: What the AfD has to do with Merz's candidacy . In: FAZ.NET . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed December 27, 2018]).
- Interview of the week - Merz: CDU has accepted the rise of the AfD. Retrieved December 27, 2018 .
- tagesschau.de: Merz and Kramp-Karrenbauer: AfD dispute. Retrieved December 27, 2018 .
- Fighter for the women's quota. Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, September 22, 2012, accessed on December 9, 2018 .
- sueddeutsche.de June 4, 2015: Profile Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer
- CDU candidate at Frauen-Union: Kramp-Karrenbauer wants to strengthen the role of women. Retrieved December 27, 2018 .
- CDU politician for higher top tax rate. Die Welt, August 18, 2012, accessed December 9, 2018 .
- Paul Ritter: "Maischberger": Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer in a personal interview. In: NRZ.de. January 31, 2019, accessed January 31, 2019 .
- Candidate for CDU chairmanship: Kramp-Karrenbauer: Do not prescribe life models . In: FAZ.NET . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed December 28, 2018]).
- The Daily Mail: The Daily Mail. December 4, 2018, accessed December 28, 2018 .
- Joint interview: AKK and Göring-Eckardt open to black-green . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed February 25, 2019]).
- Daniel Kirch: "... and then the demand to marry more than two people?" In: Saarbrücker Zeitung. June 3, 2015, accessed June 3, 2015 .
- n-tv news: Spahn positions itself against competitors. Retrieved January 10, 2019 .
- n-tv news: Spahn positions itself against competitors. Retrieved January 10, 2019 .
- Berlin lawyer files criminal charges against Kramp-Karrenbauer. In: Mitteldeutsche Zeitung. June 3, 2015, accessed on June 3, 2015 : "Sissy Kraus, lawyer and defense attorney and member of the board of the CSD Berlin, has therefore now initiated legal action against Kramp-Karrenbauer."
- Robin Alexander, Jochen Gaugele: "I know loving homosexual people". In: WORLD. June 20, 2015, accessed January 5, 2018 .
- Queer.de: Kramp-Karrenbauer now supports the adoption right for gay couples . queer.de, December 6, 2018, accessed December 18, 2018
- Welt.de: "Confidence in a functioning state is sore rubbed" , Die Welt December 6, 2018, accessed on December 18, 2018
- Kramp-Karrenbauer promises in an interview with Merkur: "I make asylum a top priority". December 3, 2018, accessed December 28, 2018 .
- dpa / cwu: Kramp-Karrenbauer irritates with jokes about the third gender. In: world . March 3, 2019, accessed May 23, 2020 .
- Kristina Dunz: "We are the most tense people walking around in the world". In: Rheinische Post . March 6, 2019, accessed May 23, 2020 .
- Jochen Gaugele and Kerstin Münstermann: That is why Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer is against “marriage for everyone”. November 10, 2018, accessed December 27, 2018 .
- Diesel crisis: Kramp-Karrenbauer hits the nerve of consumer advocates. Retrieved December 27, 2018 .
- Kramp-Karrenbauer: "In the CDU we will discuss the subject of general compulsory service". Stern, April 3, 2019, accessed April 3, 2019 .
- Christiane Habermalz: Bundeswehr - Kramp-Karrenbauer wants service for everyone. In: deutschlandfunk.de. Retrieved January 4, 2019 .
- call for the return of conscription is getting louder. In: tagesspiegel.de. Retrieved January 4, 2019 .
- Candidate for CDU chairmanship: Kramp-Karrenbauer for European army . In: Spiegel Online . November 12, 2018 ( spiegel.de [accessed January 4, 2019]).
- CDU leader demands more money for the Bundeswehr. Spiegel Online, March 22, 2019, accessed April 16, 2019 .
- Conflict in Northern Syria: Kramp-Karrenbauer calls for a safety zone. In: tagesschau.de. October 21, 2019, accessed October 22, 2019 .
- Kramp-Karrenbauer: "Path from vectoring to real fiber optic connections" Association of providers of telecommunications and value-added services on March 23, 2018
- Digitization, diesel and compulsory service - How the CDU could change Saarländischer Rundfunk December 5, 2018
- At 4:57 p.m. "AKK" made it Rheinische Post Online on December 7, 2018
- CDU boss calls for quick implementation of copyright guidelines. Reuters, April 11, 2019, accessed April 11, 2019 .
- Jürgen Taeger: The character of the internet would change permanently. Press release. University of Oldenburg, February 19, 2019, accessed on February 24, 2019 (Received by t3n : Commentary - EU Copyright Reform: Your Last Chance to Save the Net , March 17, 2019).
- Christian Solmecke , Anne-Christine Herr: Better no compromise than a bad one. In: Legal Tribune Online . March 6, 2019, accessed March 6, 2019 .
- Response to Rezo: Kramp-Karrenbauer is considering regulating expressions of opinion. Retrieved May 27, 2019 .
- tagesschau.de: "AKK" wants to talk about rules for online "opinion making". In: tagesschau.de. May 28, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- rad./dpa: Sharp criticism of CDU leader Kramp-Karrenbauer. In: FAZ.net . May 28, 2019. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- Reaction to Rezo and Co .: Kramp-Karrenbauer wants rules for influencers in the election campaign . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed May 28, 2019]).
- Christoph Schwennicke: AKK and freedom of expression - confused thoughts of an election loser. In: cicero.de. May 27, 2019, accessed May 13, 2020 .
- Stefan Kuzmany: CDU boss against YouTuber: The self-exposure of @AKK. In: Spiegel Online . May 27, 2019, accessed May 28, 2019 .
- Robert Roßmann: Kramp-Karrenbauer has to take severe criticism. In: sueddeutsche.de . May 27, 2019, accessed May 28, 2019 .
- Journalists Association: Kramp-Karrenbauer questions freedom of expression. Zeit-online May 28, 2019. (dead link)
- Dietmar Neuerer: Kramp-Karrenbauers "opinion making" initiative encounters opposition in the Union. In: handelsblatt .com. May 28, 2019, accessed February 10, 2020 .
- AKK: Discussion on expressions of opinion. Saarländischer Rundfunk, May 27, 2019, accessed on May 28, 2019 .
- A. Kramp-Karrenbauer: It is absurd to assume that I want to regulate expressions of opinion. Freedom of expression is a valuable asset in a democracy. What we have to talk about, however, are the rules that apply in the election campaign. #Rezo #Youtuber. In: @akk. Retrieved May 27, 2019 .
- Kramp-Karrenbauer wants rules for influencers in the election campaign. In: tagesspiegel.de. Retrieved May 28, 2019 .
- Friedhelm Greis: Kramp-Karrenbauer criticizes anonymity on the Internet. In: Golem.de . June 9, 2019, accessed June 13, 2019 .
- Honors ( Memento from September 18, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- The European: Signs Award for Politics goes to Saarland . In: TheEuropean . May 17, 2017 ( theeuropean.de [accessed July 3, 2017]).
- Norbert Blech: Kramp-Karrenbauer elected Miss Homophobia 2018. In: queer . December 18, 2018, accessed June 1, 2020 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kramp, Annegret (maiden name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (CDU), MdB, MdL|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 9, 1962|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Völklingen|