Heinrich Welsch (politician)
From 1908 to 1911 he studied law at the universities of Freiburg, Munich and Bonn. In 1911 he passed the first state examination and was then trainee lawyer at the Merzig and Saarlouis district courts, at the regional court and at the Saarbrücken public prosecutor's office and at the Cologne Higher Regional Court . In 1921 he passed the 2nd state examination and was then a public prosecutor in Saarbrücken until 1934. Then he was an assistant to the regional president in Trier and head of the state police station there until 1935 . From 1935 to 1936 he acted as a representative of Germany at the Supreme Voting Court in the Saar area , which was supposed to control the referendum on the membership of the Saarland. Then he worked until 1945 as attorney general at the higher regional court in Zweibrücken . During this time, from 1938 to 1940 he was a special representative at the authority of the Reich Commissioner for the reunification of Austria with the German Reich and from 1940 to 1945 head of the German judicial administration in occupied Lorraine.
Even after the war, Welsch took on numerous functions: from 1948 to 1957 he was President of the State Insurance Office and the State Supply Court of Saarland and, in 1950, President of the Board of Directors of the Saarland Railways.
Activities during the Nazi era
In 1934/35, Welsch headed the Gestapo office in Trier , in which spy reports from the Saarland about anti-fascists were collected, signed by Welsch and forwarded to the Secret State Police Office in Berlin. Welsch provided, among other things, lists of subscribers to the Neue Saarpost newspaper published by Johannes Hoffmann , including 22 pastors, and lists of communist functionaries on the Saar. This information provided the National Socialists with the basis for persecution, torture and murder.
Welsch's career in the Third Reich shows several significant stages:
- Representative of the German Reich in the voting court
- Attorney General in Zweibrücken
- Special representative of the Reich Ministry of Justice in Austria
- Head of the entire judicial administration in Lorraine
From 1951 to 1952 Welsch was director of the Ministry for Labor and Welfare and after the resignation of the Saarland Prime Minister Johannes Hoffmann , who thus drew the consequences of the rejection of the Saar Statute he favored , he became, although he did not belong to any party, on October 29th 1955 his successor as Prime Minister and at the same time Minister of Justice and Minister of Labor and Welfare. On December 18, 1955, the Saarland Landtag was re-elected. Welsch ruled with his cabinet until January 10, 1956. His successor was Hubert Ney .
From 1956 to 1973 Welsch was President of the Saar Regional Association of the German Red Cross .
Heinrich Welsch was awarded the Great Cross of Merit with Star and Shoulder Ribbon of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany . In 1961 he was also appointed first honorary senator of Saarland University. File finds in 2018 and an initiative by the university group "Linke Liste" have sparked a debate about a withdrawal. The application of the University President Manfred J. Schmitt led to the final revocation in July 2018.
- Ernst Klee : The dictionary of persons on the Third Reich . Who was what before and after 1945 . 2nd Edition. Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8 .
- Christine Frick: Welsch Heinrich . Saarland biographies
- Saarland Lexicon ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Luitwin Bies: The CDU Saar - with brown spots . ( Memento of the original from November 29, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Lecture to the Peter Imandt Society / Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung, Saarbrücken , March 5, 2009, p. 9 (PDF; 1.7 MB)
- Saarländischer Rundfunk online v. May 8th, 2018 https://www.sr.de/sr/home/nachrichten/politik_wirtschaft/ns_vergangenheit_welsch100.html Files shatter the myth about ex-Prime Minister Welsch
- Daniel Kirch: Because of active role in National Socialism: University withdraws ex-head of government award. Retrieved September 1, 2019 .
- Saarländischer Rundfunk online v. June 25, 2018 Welsch is threatened with withdrawal of the honorary senator status .
- Saarländischer Rundfunk online v. 07/12/2018 https://www.sr.de/sr/home/nachrichten/panorama/ehrensenator_welsch_titel_entzüge_uni_saarland100.html University revokes Welsch honorary senator status
- Saarbrücker Zeitung v. July 13, 2018, p. Region B3 https://www.uni-trier.de/fileadmin/fb3/GES/Grotum/Gestapo/SZ-20180713-BREG_3-S11.pdf Uni withdraws award from ex-head of government
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Saarland Prime Minister|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 13, 1888|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Saarlouis|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 23, 1976|
|Place of death||Saarbrücken|